John PIGOTT Senior raised his family in Dublin, including his eldest son and namesake, John PIGOTT Junior. Both were employed in the Revenue service of the Government.
[I] JOHN PIGOTT, SENIOR, ABOUT 1759 - 1838.
John PIGOTT Senior was born about 1759.
His precise origins are surrounded in some uncertainty, but it appears that his father was John PIGOTT of the Queen's County, probably sometime of Brockley Park, in the parish of Stradbally, and probably also at some time in his career holding the rank of Captain, that Captaincy being of a West India Merchant ship, undoubtedly engaged in the trans-Atlantic trade.
There are two candidates who fit this description, the more likely being the John PIGOTT who was born in 1704, probably at Kilcromin, Queen's County, the younger son of Captain John PIGOTT (about1668-1710), of Kilcromin and Antigua, by his wife Frances PROCTOR of Rendezvous Bay, Antigua.
See his separate blog on this blog-page, originally posted on 24 May 2008:
The other and less likely candidate was his first cousin, about 10 years his junior, probably the son of Major Walter PIGOTT, and named in the nephew Robert PIGOTT's 1808 Petition (concerning his forced early retirement from the Customs and Excise Department in Dublin), as having arrived back in Ireland in 1761 after many years service abroad. See also the same May 2008 blog-link.
John Senior's mother was Hester or Esther HILCOCK, the daughter of Barnaby HILCOCK, Vintner, and the proprietor of a Cock Fighting Pit on Cork Hill, City of Dublin, by his wife Frances (maiden surname unknown).
A Barnaby HILLCOCK of the Fleece Tavern, City of Dublin, Drawer (?) witnessed a deed in Dublin in January 1723 (Memorial Number 25203, Dublin Deeds Registry), concerning a money transaction between Dennis SHIELL of Ballykillro, county Westmeath, and Terence GEOGHAN of Dublin - but whether this was Esther's father is not yet clear.
Barnaby did make a Deed of Lease dated 4 January 1744 (Memorial No 91471), by which he leased a stable and loft, adjacent to his dwelling, over the cockpitt on Cork Hill, to Glassney McMAHON of Dublin, Merchant.
Barnaby was living in 1751, when his details were recorded on a Book-plate [William HAZLITT, "Roll of Honour," 1971, page 109].
Barnaby and Frances HILCOCK had other issue, including a son Nicholas KILCOCK (born Cork Hill, 1743, and baptised at SS Michael and John R.C. Church, Dublin, sponsors being Francis and Ann DOLAN), and daughters Frances HILLCOCK (born Cork Hill, 1744, baptised ditto, sponsors Dominick BROWNE and Margrett ERWIN), and Caroline HILOCK (born Cork Hill, 1746, baptised ditto, sponsors Rob't GOSON and Dorothy EILDON?) - spellings are as recorded in the www.irishgenealogy.ie web-site, which did not identify birth days or months, probably due to them being obscure.
Frances HILCOCK sponsored the 1742 baptism at Saint Andrew's R.C. Church, Dublin, of Margaret, daughter of John DONOGHOE; and Hester likewise sponsored the 1758 baptism, in the same Church, of Joes Baptist, child of Joes and Lucia HUTON; it is possible that some of these baptismal events may have involved Frances's and Hester's blood relations.
The date of John PIGOTT Senior's birth is unclear.
One version of it, 1758, was given by E. EVANS, in his letter to the Editor, published in the Dublin Builder on 15 February 1896, wrote:
"In an old manuscript pedigree of the family of PIGOTT, I find that Hester HILCOCK, daughter of Barnaby HILCOCK of Dublin (1751), was married 1stly to John PIGOTT, Esq, of the Queen's County, by whom she had a son John PIGOTT of Dublin, born in 1758, and married on 3 December 1793 to Mary VICKERS, daughter of Joseph VICKERS of Dublin, Esq, by whom she had issue. It appears that John PIGOTT, husband of Hester HILCOCK, died soon after the birth of her 1st child, or probably before the birth, because she married her 2nd husband, Peter DECYX, a French Huguenot, on 12 August 1760, by whom she had issue... But in her marriage license with Peter DECYX, she is called Spinster. This license was issued 9th August 1760, by his grace Charles COBBE, Archbishop of Dublin."
He repeated, in another part of his letter, that:
"Esther HILCOCK, Spinster, married 12 August 1760, by License of Archbishop COBB dated 9 August 1760, Pierre DECYX, Silk Throwster of Dublin."
The fact of John Junior's illegitimacy is corroborated in the published record - Hester HILCOCK and Peter DEEYX (sic), 1760, M.L. (Diocese of Dublin), page 143 [Appendix to the 26th Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records of Ireland, page 288].
This is not Hester PIGOTT, a widow!
The letter writer was probably Edward EVANS, the father-in-law of Emily PIGOTT of Cork, John Senior's grand-daughter by his 2nd son Joseph PIGOTT, and so John Junior's cousin.
EVANS does not identify the source of the MS pedigree; but he does clearly illustrate that there was one major flaw in it - that Hester HILCOCK, being a Spinster when she married DECYX in 1860, could therefore not have been John PIGOTT Senior's wife.
The other detail which varies with some other pedigree evidence is John PIGOTT's status, recorded here as Esquire - which is clearly not Captain.
Further, the birth year of 1758 does not agree with his age at burial, which indicates that his family believed he was born after October 1759; or wanted to believe - perhaps his mother may have tried to shield him from his "illegitimacy" by letting him believe he was born a little later, and closer to her actual marriage date.
Further evidence of this family connection comes in the form of three deeds for a residential property in Ring's End, County Dublin, which (Captain) John PIGOTT the Elder apparently signed over to Hester HILCOCK and her son John PIGOTT (Senior).
One of the deeds was evidently in the possession of William Jackson PIGOTT (WJP - one of John Senior's grandsons), as he revealed in his query published in Notes and Queries [4th Series, Volume XII, 8 November 1873], at page 368, under the title of HILCOCK OF DUBLIN:
"...The name seems to have died out, and the only mention of it is in an old deed in my possession, where one Hester HILCOCK, alias PIGOTT, alias DECEYX, makes a consignment of house property at Ring's End, Dublin, to her son John PIGOTT, son of Capt John PIGOTT of Brockley Park, Queen's County."
This deed has not yet been located in the Deeds Office, and may only have been a draft. And in his 1873 letter, WJP does not reveal the date of the "alleged" deed.
The two other deeds were registered, as was required by law, in the Registry of Deeds, Henrietta Street, Dublin.
One was a Deed of Lease dated 26 March 1756 (Memorial Number 120390) by Jeremiah O'SULLIVAN, Builder, to John PIGOTT, Esq, of a newly built dwelling house at Ring's End, for the price of £100, and at a yearly rental of £8 sterling.
The other was a Deed of Assignment dated 7 January 1762 (Memorial No 141387), by Peter DECEYX, of the City of Dublin, Gent, "... in whom the said premises were then legally vested," and for the same property, to Isaac VIGNAU, of the City of Dublin, Gent, for the considerably reduced price of £20.
The fact that the second Deed of 1762 was made as an endorsement on the back of the original Deed of 1756, suggests that WJP's "alleged" deed was not found in the Deeds Registry at the time, so probably was never registered.
Hester's property would have become Peter DECYX's when she married him.
However, it is clear from the above that Hester was not married to John PIGOTT the Elder, so her tenure on his property would have been precarious, especially without the deed referred to by WJP.
And without the deed, DECYX's sale of the leasehold of the property may only have been possible if John PIGOTT the Elder was already dead.
Indeed, perhaps John's death removed the perceived necessity for registering it.
But it appears that John PIGOTT the Elder did not die until December 1763!
So perhaps we have the wrong John PIGOTT?
Further, this evidence indicates that WJP, in his 1873 query, was probably putting his own slant on events - the deed could not have stated that Hester HILCOCK was "alias PIGOTT" as she had never been married to any PIGOTT - and the difficulty presented by being unable to find the deed is that we cannot tell just how much of the wording WJP cites was actually in the supposed deed.
But it does appear that WJP wanted to find a legitimate grandfather, and this would explain why he and EVANS came to verbal "blows" after EVANS revealed, but without stating, the truth of it.
[Detail of the ROCQUE Map of County Dublin, 1756.]
The infant John Senior was probably raised by his mother Hester and step-father Peter DECYX. But he was to retain the use for life of his father's surname. The association with the Silk industry probably explains how John Senior made the acquaintance of his future wife, Mary VICKERS (1769-1828), the daughter of Joseph VICKERS, a Dublin Silk Manufacturer.
His step-family was as follows:
2. Susannah DECYX, baptised at Saint Peter's, Dublin, 23 July 1762.
3. Peter DECYX, born Dublin, 1763; probably married Mary HALL (perhaps a sister of John HALL who married Dinah WILSON); issue - an eldest son William De SAIX, who married Bridget NORTON, and a third son John De SAIX (born 1795, married 2ndly, his 2nd cousin Diannah HALL, daughter of John HALL and; Dinah WILSON
4. (?) John De SAIX, who had issue a son Peter De SAIX, by whom grandsons Miles De SAIX (born Wicklow, 1819) and Peter De SAIX (born Wicklow, 1832).
However, not all of this descent has as yet been validated.
The "early" death of Peter DECYX does raise some interesting questions - in particular, how did Esther manage, as a widow with five young children, all under 6 years of age, the youngest perhaps not yet born? We have no indication as to whether she re-married, which I expect she would probably have done. But it may have resulted in relations offering help, and John PIGOTT may perhaps have been "looked after" by PIGOTT relations in Dublin. Perhaps the DECYX or DESAIX relations, if there were any, took the DESAIX children to Wicklow?
But a far more interesting question arises as to what John PIGOTT Senior might have thought of his illegitimate son's step-father. If young John's father was the M.P. for Banagher, then he would have been sitting in Parliament when Peter DECYX made his second petition in February 1762, praying to be included in a Heads of a Bill for the relief of Insolvent Debtors. And he may well have been alerted to the fact that Peter then "cashed in" young John's "inheritance" by selling the house property at Rings End. In respect of that sale, the Deputy Registrar, William HALL, did endorse the earlier deed with a reference to Peter DECYX "...in whom the said Lease and premises were then Legally Vested" - although I wonder, in the absence of formal registration of the alleged deed granting Esther HILOCK that property for the benefit of their son John PIGOTT (the undated deed William Jackson PIGOTT claimed to have in his possession), what proof he had asked DECYX to furnish. And what John PIGOTT, M.P., might have made of all of that? If indeed, he was the father. I am beginning to think that all of this mitigates against that speculation, and that young John's father may have been the other Captain John PIGOTT, who had returned to Ireland after many years service abroad, about the time of John junior's birth.From 1805 until 1816, John PIGOTT Senior resided at 2 Grafton Lane.
John PIGOTT Senior was named as grantee in a Deed of Lease, dated 1 February 1805 (Memorial No 385902, Deeds Registry, Dublin), made by John CROSTHWAITE, of the City of Dublin, Esq, concerning the dwelling house at No 2 Grafton Lane, at the yearly rental of £28 8s 9d, for the term of three lives, viz't the longest survivor of himself, or his son John PIGOTT (Junior) aged about 8 years, or his younger son Joseph PIGOTT aged 3 years.
[Part of ROCQUE's 1756 Map of Dublin, showing Span Lane, later Grafton Lane,
now Lemon St. The PIGOTT house probably the one highlighted in red.]
This dwelling stood on the north side of Grafton Lane (formerly Span's Lane; now Lemon Street), between the holdings of Mrs ENNIS (on the north and east boundaries) and Mr BURNES (west boundary). Methodist records suggest that CROSTHWAITE was probably a Member of that Society.
John PIGOTT Senior, of Grafton Lane, City of Dublin, made a Deed of Conveyance, dated 27 April 1811 (Memorial No 437851), as a joint party together with his wife Mary PIGOTT otherwise VICKERS, and her sister Eliza HALE otherwise VICKERS, concerning a dwelling at No 2 Ormond Quay, City of Dublin, to John VICKERS, of Hanover Street, City of Dublin, Silk Manufacturer.
John PIGOTT Senior, of the City of Dublin, was grantor of a Deed of Release and Assignment, dated 16 May 1816 (Memorial No 481337), by which he disposed of the same premises at 2 Grafton Lane, to Martin FARRELL, of the City of Dublin, Horsdeman.
published by William Jackson PIGOTT in "The Modern Visitation of Ireland," Edited by HOWARD and CRISP, 1895, Volume 2, page 94.]
Where John Senior resided, with his family, from that time until 1825 remains unclear.
John's early career is also obscure. Nothing is known of him prior to his marriage in 1793 to Mary VICKERS, whose father, Joseph VICKERS, was a Silk Manufacturer. This might suggest that our John had found his new wife in the milieu of the silk trade in Dublin, but it does not prove that he worked in that industry himself, although the possibility does exist.
[James MALTON's 1792 view of the then recently completed Customs House on the north bank of the Liffey, Dublin.]
His retirement on 14 December 1824, aged 64, after 20 years service, on a pension of £15/-/- ["Return of Officers of Excise in Ireland who have been Superannuated and are now receiving Pensions..." and published by order of the House of Commons, 1 February 1832], provide dates which all fit our John rather well, especially his age, and the two employment dates approximate with the dates of John's house movements as well.
John Senior was recorded with the occupation "Publicanus" (otherwise Public Servant/Tax Collector), in the Admissions Register of Trinity College, Dublin, for the entry on 5 July 1832 of his youngest son William PIGOTT (he was to become the father of William Jackson PIGOTT or WJP).
John PIGOTT Senior died at his residence, in Charlotte Street, on 30 September 1838, aged 79.
His death notice was published in the Saunder's Daily News Letter, Friday 5 October, as follows:
"Died, on the 30th ultimo, at his residence, No 12 Charlotte Street, Mr John PIGOTT, aged 78 years."
The Cork Chronicle published a similar notice, but gave his age as the more appropriate 79 years.
He was buried on 2 October, with his late wife in the PIGOTT family plot in the Vicar's Bawn, the burial ground of Saint Patrick's (C. of I.) Cathedral, Dublin. This unmarked plot lies immediately adjacent to the north of the MAGUIRE plot, marked by the granite obelisk erected by William MAGUIRE in 1828, both about 20 feet due south of the S.W. corner of the Lady Chapel of the Cathedral.
[One of James MALTON's views of Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, looking across the Vicar's Bawn.
The PIGOTT plot lies just above and a little to the right of where the dog is wagging its tail.]
JOHN PIGOTT SENIOR'S MARRIAGE AND FAMILY.
John PIGOTT Senior was married in Saint Catherine's Church of Ireland, Dublin, on 3 December 1793, to Mary VICKERS, the daughter of Joseph VICKERS of Elbow Lane, Silk Manufacturer, by his wife Elizabeth (see below).
Mary died at Charlotte Street, on 21 April 1829, aged 59, and was buried on the 24th in the plot in Vicar's Bawn, Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
1. Elizabeth PIGOTT, born at Dublin, 19 August 1795; died on 3 September 1795, aged 2 weeks.
2. John PIGOTT, born at Dublin, 22 October 1796. See "JOHN PIGOTT, JUNIOR" next below.
3. Hester PIGOTT, born at Dublin, 1 October 1797, and baptised at Saint Luke's (C. of I.), Dublin, 15 October 1797; died aged 2 years.
4. Susannah PIGOTT, born at Dublin, 11 October 1798; Robe Keeper, Saint Patrick's Cathedral, 1855, and resigned 17 November 1871; death details not found in Irish records - she may have gone to Cornwall, and been recorded in Penzance in 1871; she died before her husband; she was married at St Peter's (C. of I.), Dublin, on 18 January 1827, to Charles Aylmer KELLY, Chandler and Coal Merchant in Dublin; resided at 51 Patrick Street, Dublin (1836, 1838), 6 Bishop Street (1839), 31 Clanbrassil Street (1841-44), and 4 Patrick's Close South (1846-77); he succeeded William WHITE as Beadle, Saint Patrick's Cathedral, 4 July 1839, and resigned in favour of his son Joseph, 16 June 1858; he succeeded William MAGUIRE as Sexton of Saint Patrick's Cathedral, 4 July 1844, and resigned 3 July 1878; he died at Harcourt Terrace, Dublin, 9 May 1879, aged 82, a widower; issue:
i. Charles Richard KELLY, born at Donnybrook, 12 January 1868, Outfitter, married in 1891, Susan O'KEEFE.
ii. Arthur Henry KELLY, born at Donnybrook, 7 February 1870, Auctioneer and Land Agent, married in 1896, Katie Mary O'KEEFE, with issue.
i. Charles Joseph Aylmer MARTIN, born 1 April 1866; died 24 April 1866, inf.
ii. Joseph MARTIN, born Dublin, 2 April 1867.
iii. Charlotte Priscilla MARTIN Junior.
5. Joseph PIGOTT, born at 2 Grafton Lane, Dublin, on 6 February 1802; Hairdresser and Perfumer in Cork City, styled as the Court Hairdresser; resided at 28 Marlborough Street, 1842-44, later 38 Marlborough Street; he died at 39 Marlborough Street, Cork, on 7 January 1861; married at Cork, by License dated 14 February 1830, Ellen RUMLEY (or ROMILLY), of Ballytrasna House, Cloyne (daughter of William RUMLEY); she died at 39 Marlborough Street, Cork, 20 September 1857; issue:
i. William George EVANS, married in Dublin, 23 September 1885, Jennie Nicholson EVANS, with issue.
ii. Frederick C. EVANS, born Dublin, about 1861, Wholesale Druggist, 1901.
iii; Edith Florence EVANS, born Dublin, 31 May 1866, and baptised S.P.C.
iv. Robert Charles EVANS, born Dublin, 21 September 1872.
i. Nicholas Robert WHITE, born Dublin, 21 July 1871; aged 29, Grocery Clerk, with mother and his PIGOTT uncles in Cork City, 1901 Census; aged 39, Clerk (Land Agent), 1911 Census, with mother and his PIGOTT uncle at Marlborough Street, Cork City.
ii. Mary WHITE, born Surrey, 1875; aged 35, with mother and her PIGOTT uncle, Cork City, 1911 Census.
iii. Frederick WHITE, born Surrey, 1878; aged 22, Perfumer's Clerk, with mother and his PIGOTT uncles, Cork City, 1901 Census.
iv. Ethel Esther WHITE, born Chelsea, 1879; with parents 1881.
v. Jessie WHITE, born London, 1881; aged 19, Scholar, with mother and her PIGOTT uncles, Cork City, 1901 Census.
j. George PIGOTT, born City of Cork, ca 1844; aged 56, Clerk (Land Agent), unmarried, with brother Joseph, 1901 Census; at Marlborough Street, City of Cork, 1911 Census, aged 66, Commercial Clerk (Land Agency), Unmarried, with sister Julia and her two children.
i. John Dryden SMYLLIE, born at Galway, 3 November 1870; a Surgeon on the White Star Line, and retired in 1933.
ii. Charlotte Elizabeth SMYLLIE, born at Killaloe, 30 October 1871; married in 1898, Rev William George DORMER.
iii. Jane Ellen SMYLLIE, born at Wexford, 28 April 1873, and living 1898.
iv. Robert Romilly SMYLLIE, born at Limerick, 14 April 1875; Barrister-at-Law, of 14 Lansdowne Road, 1918.
v. William George SMYLLIE, born at Clontarf, 28 November 1876; died an infant.
vi. William George SMYLLIE (2), born in Dublin, 23 November 1878; M.A. (T.C.D.) 1909; Vicar of High Wycombe, 1924.
vii. Thomas SMYLLIE, born at Rathmines, 3 November 1880; M.A. (T.C.D.) 1909; Curate of Saint Mary's, Bexley, Kent, 1913.
viii. Margaret Webber SMYLLIE, born at Rathmines, 1 August 1882; married at Dublin, 5 June 1912, Rev Ernest Maunsell BATEMAN; with issue a son Arthur and daughter Sheila (Mrs CHILLINGWORTH).
ix. Joshua Luke Leonard SMYLLIE, born in Dublin, 14 May 1886; a Clerk in Holy Orders in Ireland and England; married Mary Violet Alderson SHAW, with issue a daur Mary Patricia SMYLIE.
6. Charlotte PIGOTT, born at 2 Grafton Lane, 21 July 1805; at Winding Alley, Dundrum, County Dublin, 1877; died at Gloucester Place, North Dublin, 6 November 1882, a widow; married at Saint Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 19 January 1837, James Henry GREY, Merchant and Brush Maker of Dublin; he resided at 12 Charlotte Street, (1837-39), Lower Sackville (1840), and at Mount Anville Park (1842-48); he died at North Dublin, 17 March 1897; issue:
i. Margaret GRAY, born Dublin, 6 June 1866.
ii. John Joseph GRAY, born Dublin, 21 November 1867; Accountant; died in 1940; married in 1899, Annie Mary WALLACE with issue.
iii. James William GRAY, born Dublin, 31 June 1870; died an infant.
iv. Archibald Crichton GRAY, born Dublin, 21 June 1872; House Agent.
v. Eliza Charlotte GRAY, born Dublin, 15 February 1875; died a child.
John Joseph married secondly, at Drumcondra Church, 7 February 1891, Elizabeth BATT, with further issue:
vi. Thomas Henry GRAY, born Dublin, 1892; Bank Clerk.
vii. Percy Edward GRAY, born Dublin, 1893; Insurance Clerk.
viii. Dorothy Rachel GRAY, born at Clontarf, 1 May 1897.
7. William PIGOTT, born at 2 Grafton Lane, 29 July 1810, and baptised at Saint Luke's (C. of I.), Dublin, 19 August 1810; admitted Trinity College, Dublin, 1832; published a pamphlet, in Dublin, 1833, entitled "Is England an Enemy to Irish Progress, Considered; or, Political Disturbances in Ireland, Remedied," then residing at 12 Charlotte Street; Clerk, Secretary's Office, Paving Board, Dublin, 1835; 1st Clerk, Paving Board, 1841-48; Solicitor, Bolton Street, Dublin, 1842, and 7 Mountjoy Street Upper, 1844; he died at Mountpleasant Square, Dublin, 11 May 1856, his death notice recording him as the "...grandson of Captain John PIGOTT" [Notes and Queries]; married at Saint Bridget's (C. of I.), Dublin, 23 February 1841, Mary JACKSON (daughter of Joseph JACKSON of Brockfield, Tencurry, County Tipperary, by Sarah MILLER); Mary was married secondly, at Saint Thomas's, Dublin, on 3 November 1857, to John ROBERTS, of Dundrum, County Down.
William and Mary had issue an only son:
i. Dorothy de Say PIGOTT, born at Dundrum, 2 September 1893.
ii. Ethelreda Jackson PIGOTT, born at Dundrum, 2 January 1901; probably married R. BRITTON.
William Jackson PIGOTT published the pedigree of his grandfather's family in Volume 2 of HOWARD and CRISP's "Modern Visitation of Ireland" in 1895. In it he records that John PIGOTT Senior had fathered, by an earlier wife named Catherine, two children, both of whom died in infancy. Whilst there is certainly time enough for this earlier marriage to have taken place, no other evidence has yet been found to support W.J.P.'s assertion.
[Only known photo of John PIGOTT Junior, aged 67; picture taken in New York, 1863.]
Details of his early life and his education are not recorded.
The Foundling Hospital was created in 1729 in the main part of the Poor House which had been established in 1704, south of Mount Brown, between Throat Lane and the City Basin. Intended to prevent the widespread mortality rates prevailing among new-born illegitimate children (many of which deaths were apparently deliberate), it had, over the long term, largely failed to achieve that purpose (essentially institutionalising the "infanticide" process); despite being "taken over" from the Dublin Corporation by government in 1797, it remained substantially ineffective, and by 1830, after a Parliamentary enquiry, had been ordered to close.
During the period of its operation, it was subsidised by government grant as well as a local tax on Dublin houses (in 1818, these figures stood at £34,000 grant and nearly £8,000 in house taxes).
The building then reverted back to its original use as a work-house for the poor, and became part of the South Dublin Poor Law Union, which was formally declared in June 1839, under the governance of an elected Board of Guardians, and which John Junior would serve once more in the future.
During John Junior's time at the Foundling Hospital, their Supervisor of the House Tax and Accounts was James HENDRICK, who also acted as Treasurer to the Paving Board of the Corporation for the Paving, Cleansing and Lighting the Streets of Dublin (which would become the Dublin Corporation).
In September 1823, HENDRICK recommended John Junior to fill a vacancy that had arisen among the Collectors of Tax for the Paving Board, stating that PIGOTT had been:
"...for some years a Collector of the Foundling Hospital Tax, in which department he has conducted himself in a very satisfactory manner."
[HENDRICK's letter, Paving Board Minutes, Dublin City Library, Pearse Street, Dublin.]
John Junior's appointment was dated 1 October 1823, at a salary of £110 per annum, paid monthly, with "...responsibility for collecting the Paving and Lighting Tax, and the assessment for works chargeable" [Returns of the Commissioner, Paving Establishment, 1831-32]; he was required to post two sureties of £500 each.
In this election, the Government (or Tory) candidates, George Alexander HAMILTON and John Beatty WEST, were narrowly defeated by the Repeal candidates and sitting members, Daniel O'CONNELL (Leader of the Repeal Association, which had entered into a pact with the ruling Whig Party under P.M., Baron Melbourne) and Edward RUTHVEN. Thereupon WEST and HAMILTON petitioned the new Parliament, alleging that O'CONNELL and RUTHVEN had engaged in electoral fraud, bribery and corruption.
It appears that electors could be disqualified if they were in arrears on their taxes, and John Junior was collecting these arrears details, probably from among lists of voters who were known, or suspected, to be supporters of the two Repeal candidates.
John PIGOTT himself gave evidence to the Commission of Enquiry, on Friday 20 October 1835, as reported in Saunders News-letter (Dublin), Monday 24 October 1836?], as follows:
"John PIGOTT was examined - He was formerly in the employment of the paving board; he proved that in February 1834, he was employed by Mr REILLY to make out a list of registered persons who had not paid their taxes in 1832; that WEST and HAMILTON were to have paid him for his trouble, and that he was employed in the paving board office on electioneering purposes, and had access to all the books."
In later evidence, he is recorded as having said:
"I have not the slightest hesitation in saying that I knew to be a fact that Alderman SMITH took a very active part in forwarding the elections of the government candidates. I mean in the two elections where Mr O'LOGHEN, Mr LATOUCHE, Ald. HARTY and the present Judge PERRIN were concerned."
There is a possibility that this John REILLY was related to several members of the REILLY family who married into the family of Robert PIGOTT, one of the Inspectors General of the Excise in Dublin, 1808, who was probably a cousin of our John Senior.
John Junior's subsequent movements, recorded in Dublin Triple Almanacs and THOM's Directories (Listings of the Corporation for the Paving, Lighting and Cleansing the Streets of Dublin), almost certainly indicate where the children were born - Tax Collector, 12 Charlotte Street, Dublin (next door to his father), 1824; Collector, 12 Mountpleasant, 1827-31; Collector, Sandymount, County Dublin, 1832-33; Collector, 12 East Hanover Street, Dublin, 1834.
John Junior's final role in Dublin as a Revenue Collector was as Receiving Officer for the South Dublin Union, from about 1835. The premises occupied by the Union was the old Work House together with that part of it that had served as the Foundling Hospital; but again John was not a residentiary officer, and his collecting area was much larger, covering large areas of County Dublin towards the south, in the electoral sub-divisions of Whitechurch and Rathfarnham.
[Early plan of south west Dublin showing the Work House on James's Street. The Foundling Hospital
was established just south of the Work House. It is now the site of Saint James's Hospital.]
Here again, John Junior got into some temporary difficulties, perhaps again at the hands of his political "enemies." In 1851, John BYRNE, one of the Guardians, accused PIGOTT of "...assisting to deprive the very rate payers who paid him his salary of their parliamentary franchise." He was called upon by the Board of Guardians to explain, in writing, the circumstances of his appearing as an employed political agent in the Voter's Revision Court at Heuston Street, and elsewhere when the court met.
His reply was dated 23 July 1851:
"Having been called upon to explain the circumstances of my appearing as an agent in the Court of Revision of Parliamentary Franchise, I beg respectfully to state that I did so in consequence of the great reduction (namely, one-third of my salary as one of the rural receiving officers) made on account of the diminution of duties. stated to be caused by the cessation of outdoor relief, and also agreeably to the understanding I had with the Committee, who recommended such reduction, which was, that if the board acted on their report, the officers affected by it should be at liberty to make what use they could of any unoccupied time they might have to advance their interests in the support of their families, provided their duty was not neglected, which I trust the Board will admit has not been the case. Hoping this explanation will appear satisfactory, I remain your very obedient servant.
"John PIGOTT, Relieving Officer."
When the Board considered PIGOTT's explanation, his "patron" supporters amongst the 33 elected Guardians, including Sir Robert SHAW (Whitechurch division), Dr KIRKWOOD (Rathfarnham division), and John Ousley BONSALL were in the ascendant, the vote being 13 to 7 to keep him on, with his original detractor, John BYRNE, abstaining.
John Junior's further house movements are recorded in Dublin Triple Almanacs and THOM's Directories (Trade Listings), and in his children's baptismal registrations - Tax Collector, 12 Charlotte Street, 1835-38; Collector of Public Monies, 16 Charlemont Street, October 1839; Agent and Collector of Public Monies, 2 Rehobeth Street, off South Circular Road, Dublin, 1841-42; Collector of Public Monies, Cullenswood Avenue, Ranelagh, County Dublin, 1844-47, and August 1842 (St Peter's Register); Aspen Cottage, Rathmines, April 1847 (St Peter's Register); Receiving Officer, Elm Park, Roundtown, County Dublin, 1851; and Receiving Officer, Terenure Lodge, Roundtown, 1852-55.
To add to the MAGUIRE family connection in revenue collection, John Junior also served in several capacities at Saint Patrick's Cathedral, where William MAGUIRE was Sexton - he was appointed Assistant Sexton on 7 January 1839, and was succeeded by his nephew Joseph KELLY in January 1850; and he was appointed to succeed his brother-in-law Charles KELLY as Beadle there on 4 July 1844, and was himself succeeded (Richard Matchet CARNEGIE's name is inserted without date) again by his nephew Joseph KELLY on 16 June 1858.
Despite this apparently strong connection with the Established Church, it appears that John Junior was instead a Member of the Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Society of Dublin, as was his mother's VICKERS family and his wife's related MAGUIRE family. He inserted an affecting obituary notice for his son William in the Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, 1842; and he was recorded in the Minutes of the Society's Annual Conference of 1855 as having subscribed 10/- to the Superannuated Fund.
The Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Society of Ireland separated from mainstream Methodism by exercising their desire to remain loyal to the Established Church in matters relating to the dispensation of the sacraments (communion, as well as the basics - baptism, marriage and burial). John WESLEY, the founder of Methodism, had made it as his last request that his followers should never separate from the Established Church; and they had followed him to the hilt, their Preachers showing their allegiance by attending service in Saint Patrick's Cathedral each year to receive the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper at the hands the the Ministers of that church [Report of an address by the Archeacon of Ardagh to the Irish Church Convention, published in the Press (N.Z.), 17 February 1871].
John Junior was "...regularly initiated" into membership of Masonic Lodge No 1672, Dublin City, by certificate dated 21 January 1824, which was signed by him (with a signature that matched that on his 1834 Deed), and by William HILL (Master), A. ELLISON (Deputy Master) and Thomas B. SUTHERLAND (Secretary).
John PIGOTT of Sandymount, County Dublin, Gent, was named as grantee in an Indented Deed dated 15 December 1832 (Memorial No 588926), made by William BATES of Clare Lane, City of Dublin, Coach Owner, concerning the dwelling house on the corner of Fitzwilliam and Baggot Streets, and known as No 11 Fitzwilliam Street (and still is in 2012), for a term of 115 years, subject to a mortgage to Lawrence CORCORAN, witnessed by two including William MAGUIRE.
[No 11 Fitwilliam Street, Dublin, on the intersection with Baggot Street. Photographed in 2004.]
By his Deed of Assignment dated 23 December 1833 (Memorial No 1834, Vol. 8, p. 18), John PIGOTT, of East Hanover Street, City of Dublin, Gent, and late of Sandymount, standing "...fairly in debt" to William MAGUIRE (his father-in-law) for the sum of £105, assigned all his right, title and interest in the said dwelling house and premises known as No 11 Fitzwilliam Street, City of Dublin, witnessed by two including William MAGUIRE "...the younger," Attorney-at-Law (John's brother-in-law).
In December 1841, John PIGOTT was admitted to the Freedom of the City of Dublin, by right of servitude [Freemans Dublin Journal, Tuesday 21 December]; in March 1847, John PIGOTT applied for the position of Clerk to the South City Relief Committee, but was defeated on the 3rd and last ballot by Mr SCANLON [Freeman's Dublin Journal, Saturday 27 March]; it is not certain whether either or both of these entries concern our John Junior, but in the absence of other suitable candidates, it seems likely.
In May 1851, a published list of Insolvent debtors included "John PIGOTT, late of Terenure, County Dublin, Receiving Officer, his petition to be heard on 18 June" [Freeman's Dublin Journal, 28 May].
John PIGOTT Junior was recorded in the Griffith's Valuation of the County of Dublin (ca 1852-55), at Kimmage Road, Terenure, Parish of Rathfarnham - for House, Office and Garden, rated at £1 10s. per annum; and 38 perches of land rated at £38 p.a.; Lessor William MOYERS, Esq.
On 13 August 1854, John Junior's wife Elizabeth died "...at Garville Terrace, Rathgar, after a lingering illness, which she bore with Christian resignation... an affectionate mother, and regretted by all who knew her", John being recorded as "...Esq, late of Terenure Lodge, County Dublin" [Saunder's Newsletter, Dublin, Wednesday 23 August].
On 16 June 1858, Joseph KELLY was appointed Beadle of Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, to succeed his uncle, John PIGOTT Junior. This appears to be the last "implied" reference in Dublin records to John's former and apparently relatively "recent" existence there.
While the elder John PIGOTT is clearly the wrong age for our John Junior, the three boys are exactly the same ages as were his three eldest sons John Vickers, William Frederick and Thomas Lancelot (see below); however, if this was a family group of father and 3 sons, then it is evident that the age recorded for the elder John PIGOTT could not have been correct; although he may have been instead another relation (uncle, or cousin).
I can think of only one family of relations then living in New York - Rev John PHAYRE, a Methodist, was a first cousin of John Junior's wife Elizabeth MAGUIRE; with him was his first wife Frances A. (BOGERT) and their daughter Sarah Ann PHAYRE, then aged about 11, who would much later become Thomas Lancelot PIGOTT's wife!
If it was our PIGOTT family with a wrong age for John Junior, then it is clear at least John Junior and son William returned to Ireland. But it is not impossible that John Junior's financial predicaments may have inspired him too look early at emigrating, and he may even have "deposited" one or two of his sons in New York well earlier than I had ever thought possible.
This might also account for the elder boys later "getting away" with passing themselves off as U.S. born - they would not have had time to acquire anything resembling an Irish accent.
[The park where 94 Columbia Street used to stand, photographed in March 2001.
The classic downtown Manhattan skyline, viewed across the East River.]
[A "birds-eye" illustration of the part of Lawrence, Kansas, looking approximately S.S.W.
Henry Street is the one running across the lower right part of the picture.
The PIGOTT residence in 1873-74 was one of those with a view across Delaware Street,
somewhere under the smoke plume, through a grove of trees towards the Railroad.
Photo taken of a glazed and framed poster hanging in Lawrence City Library, November 2011.]
Searches have failed to find credible enumerations for our John PIGOTT Junior in either of the 1860 or 1870 Federal Censuses. His "breaching" the conditions of his temporary "visa" might account for this reticence in being recorded in government census returns, although circumstances of his time may not have required such caution.
In the PIGOTT family pedigree published in HOWARD and CRISP's "Modern Visitation of Ireland," William Jackson PIGOTT states that his widower uncle, John PIGOTT Junior, made two more marriages in America, without further issue. Once again, there is time enough for these later marriages to have taken place, but once again, no other evidence has yet been found to support W.J.P.'s assertion.
The Dublin Weekly Nation, 3 November 1877, carried this death notice:
"PIGOTT. August 30, at Lawrence, Kansas, U.S., John PIGOTT, Esq, of Brooklyn, in the 81st year of his age; eldest son of the late John PIGOTT, Esq, Dublin, and Mary, daughter of Joseph VICKERS, Esq; grandson of John PIGOTT, Esq, the Queen's County; and brother of Sir William PIGOTT, Bart."
His remains were interred in Grave 549, Section 4, Oak Hill Cemetery, Lawrence, Kansas, on 31 August 1877.
JOHN PIGOTT JUNIOR MARRIES HIS COUSIN'S DAUGHTER.
John PIGOTT Junior and Elizabeth MAGUIRE were married in the Parish Church of Saint Peter, City of Dublin, on 18 June 1824, by Rev Robert MAGUIRE (Elizabeth's first cousin), and witnessed by E. PERROT of College Green, Charles KELLY (John's future brother-in-law) of Georges Street, and William KELLY.
Notice of the marriage was published seven days earlier, in the Dublin Evening Mail of Friday 18 June:
"This morning, in Saint Peter's Church, by the Rev Robert MAGUIRE, John PIGOTT, of Charlotte Street, Esq, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mr William MAGUIRE, of Peter Place."
Elizabeth was born at 5 South (or Patrick's Close), Dublin, on 1 December 1804, the eldest child of William MAGUIRE and Mary VICKERS (Mary was John Junior's 1st cousin - see the VICKERS Family below).
See also William MAGUIRE's separate blog on the blog-page, originally posted on 20 September 2010:
It is evident Elizabeth's family were Members of the Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Society of Dublin; as had been John Junior's mother before she married his father back in 1793; but whether John Junior had joined them, or when, is not yet established.
Elizabeth died "...at Garville Terrace, Rathgar," on 13 August 1854, after a lingering illness, aged 50, the "...wife of John PIGOTT, Esq, late of Terenure Lodge, County Dublin" [Dublin Evening Mail, Wednesday 23 August].
She was buried in her father's plot in the Churchyard of Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin
John Junior and Elizabeth had issue:
However, a family tree on ancestry.com records his origins in Mitchellstown, County Cork - if this is correct, he could not be our J.V.P. Although John PIGOTT, a native of Mitchellstown, was last heard of in Saint Louis, Missouri, in May 1857, and being sought by his friend John TOBIN of Bridgeport, Hanson County, Virginia [a Missing Friends advertisement, Boston Pilot newspaper].
This John PIGOTT was at District 2, Augusta County, Virginia, in 1850, aged 25, Laborer, with wife and daughter; he settled in Rose Township, Ramsay County, Minnesota, and enumerated there in 1860, 1870 and 1880 Census returns, with wife Mary O'BRIEN, and 4 children; she was residing in Saint Paul, Minnesota, when she posted a "Missing Friends" notice, 3 January 1874, seeking word about her brother, John LUDDY, who had been living in Lynn, Massachusetts, for several years with his wife and children.
John was enumerated in the Minnesota State Census of 1857, aged 45, Farmer, with wife Mary and 4 children; and at Rose Township, Ramsey County, 1870 and 1880 U.S. Federal censuses, Gardener, with wife and family.
a. Catharine PIGOTT, born Virginia, ca 1849; aged 1, with parents, 1850; died young.
i. Bertha PIGOTT, born Minnestoa, January 1880; died at Hennepin County, 7 January 1927; married Edwin D. BOWEN, with issue a son Francis BOWEN (born ca 1905).
i. Mary E. HENNESSEY, born Ramsey County, 1883, and buried Calvary Cemetery, 1886.
ii. Charles E. HENNESSEY-BELL, born Minnesota, 12 March 1885; adopted his step-father's surname, a Cinemtographer, died 197?, married Florence SCHULTZ.
iii. George HENNESSEY-BELL, born Saint Paul, Minnesota, 17 March 1890, also adopted his step-father's sur-name, went to California and died Los Angeles, 5 April 1976, apparently unmarried.
i. Pearl Alma PICKETT, born Iowa, September 1881; died 1973; married BOWEN.
ii. Jenevieve Grace PICKETT, born Iowa, May 1883; died 1943; married BLATT.
iii. Iva Dale PICKETT, born Iowa, June 1891; died 1988; married GAY.
iv. Charles Dwight PICKETT, born South Dakota, 1903.
i. Marnie PIGOTT, born Colorado, December 1889, a Hotel Porter in Salida City, 1910; 2 children died young.
ii. Irene (Nina) A. PIGOTT, born Colorado, April 1898, with mother 1910, went to Portland, Oregon.
i. Albert A. PIGOTT, born Minnesota, March 1886; with father, 1900. Possibly instead his step-son, a son of Mrs Julia OTT by her 1st husband.
Charles married 2ndly, August 1898, Julia Louisa STAUS, the widow OTT; she died at Yakima County, 1951; they had further issue:
ii. Lucinda C. PIGOTT, born Minnesota, ca 1903; with parents, 1910, 1920 - possibly instead adopted; married KRUGER.
Sarah died in New York, on 14 March 1890, and she was buried in the plot of her late father, Rev John PHAYRE, at Cypress Hills Cemetery. They were also a Methodist family, Rev John PHAYRE having been raised in Dublin by his widowed maternal grandmother, Mrs Letitia MAGUIRE, who was Thomas Lancelot PIGOTT's great-grandmother.
[88 President Street, Brooklyn, the middle building of yellowish brick, photographed in March 2001.
Alfred Joseph PIGOTT received his Army Leave approval notice at this address in 1862,
where his brother Thomas was then residing, possibly with their father John Junior.]
[Captain Alfred Joseph PIGOTT, in officer's uniform, Union Army, New York, 1863.]
In Camp Brightswood, D.C., when granted leave, 12 January 1862, for 7 days, to conduct essential business affairs; further sick leave of 30 days (chronic dysentery), 8 January 1863, the letter of approval sent to him at 88 Brooklyn Street, Manhattan. While on that home leave, Alfred married Ellen WALSH, at Saint James's Roman Catholic Church, New York City, on 6 February 1863, witnessed Thomas and Mary WALSH; she may have been a relation of his commanding Officer, Lieut-Colonel James J. WALSH.
Alfred died at the Citizen's Volunteers Hospital, Philadelphia, on 5 July 1863, as the result of "concussion of the brain" received while on the roof of a rail-car (on his C.O.'s orders), on the Railroad at Darby Creek near Philadelphia, while returning to New York at the end of his 2 year tour of duty; this notice appeared in the New York Herald, 9 July 1863:
"It is our painful duty to record the death of the gallant Captain Alfred PIGOTT, of the 36th New York volunteers, who bravely fought in 22 engagements in Central India (Siege of Lucknow, etc) and in our wicked and fratricidal rebellion, was accidentally killed while returning to New York by coming into collision with one of the bridges over the railroad from Washington to Philadelphia. He is deeply regretted by his brother officers and privates of the Regiment, by all of whom he was admired and beloved. He died in the Citizen's Volunteers Hospital, Philadelphia, on Sunday July 5th, 1863, from the effects of the injuries he received on the Wednesday previous, aged 30 years."
6. George Maguire PIGOTT, born in Dublin, 11 September 1836, and baptised at Saint Peter's (C.of I.), 23 July 1839 (from Mount Pleasant Avenue); went to America; enlisted as a Private, "C" Company, 3rd U.S. Cavalry, 18 February 1858; settled in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 20 July 1858 [the Kansas Memorial]; Civil War veteran, discharged 27 April 1865, after 60 months service; he was enumerated at Wakarusa, Douglas County, 1875, 1880, 1895 Census returns; he joined the Grand Army of the Republic, Washington Post, Lawrence, Kansas, in 1891; at 811 East Lee Street, Lawrence, Douglas County, 1900 U.S. Census, aged 64, married for 33 years, with wife Elizabeth, aged 58, born Alabama; George died at his brother Edward's farm at Kiowa, Oklahoma, 26 February 1910, by his own hand, while suffering depression over the death of his wife; his body was returned to Lawrence, and buried Oak Hill Cemetery, Section 5 Old, Row A, Grave 8, next to his wife Lizzie (1843-1907) in grave 9.
He was recorded in 1900 as having had no children - however, a burial in Section 4, Oak Hill Cemetery, of W. J. PIGOTT, born and died in 1871, was probably his; and a "...child of George PIGOTT" was buried in Section 4, Grave 363, on 1 June 1873.
7. Henry Robert PIGOTT, born at 16 Charlemont Street, Parish of Saint Peter, City of Dublin, on 16 October 1838, and baptised as Robert Henry, at Saint Peter's, Dublin, 23 July 1839 (from Mount Pleasant Avenue).
See his separate blog on this blog-page, originally posted on 21 June 2008:
[Georgian houses in Charlemont Street, in 1982. Number 16 had been demolished,
Edward was Directory listed as Gardener, residing with his brother George, in Lawrence, Kansas, 1873-74; he was at District No 7, Grayson County, Texas, 1880 Census, aged 30 (sic), Switchman, with wife Annie; Edward settled in Oklahoma, ca 1882, with his wife, apparently on a Government grant of Indian land; he was at Township #2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, 1900 Census, aged aged 58, Farmer, with wife Annie (married 27 years) and daughter Mary; Edward applied to the DAWES Commission, 1902, for Citizenship of the Choctaw Nation by right of inter-marriage, citing his residence for 20 years, and naming his parents as John and Eliza (both "Non Citizens"); Edward was at Kiowa, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma, 1910 Census, aged 69, with wife Annie (58), having one child surviving of 3 born.
[A photograph of Mary PIGOTT, in the possession of Sidney Schuhmann LEVESQUE, of the U.S.;
Mary was married at McAlister, Central District, Indian Territory, by Rev J.F. YORK, on 28 January 1906, to George Albert ROGERS, Farmer (born at Walnut Springs, Hill County, Texas, on 1 February 1883, son of Dense ROGERS and Martha Ollivein MILLARD); George and Mary were at Kiowa, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma, 1910 Census, living next door to Mary's parents; he was at Martha Township, Jackson County, Oklahoma, 1940 Census, aged 47, Widower, with widowed mother "Ollie" ROGERS (68) and two daughters Thelma (15) and Marie (14) by his 2nd marriage to Eva May BONDS; he probably died at Blair, Jackson County, 1953, and was buried at Blair Cemetery, having married yet again, by which 3rd wife he acquired a step-daughter Barbara Ann BELL (born ca 1933).
i. Mary ROGERS who died in infancy.
ii. Charles Arnold ROGERS, born Oklahoma, 12 April 1907; living with parents in 1910; residing with his father at Blair, Jackson County, Oklahoma, 1940 Census, with wife Elizabeth; probably died at Altus, Jackson County, 26 December 1966, and buried Blair Cemetery.
9. Elizabeth Letitia PIGOTT, born in Dublin, 9 October 1843 and baptised at Trinity Church Rathmines (Parish of Saint Peter), 1 April 1847 (from Aspen Cottage, Rathmines); went to America in 1870 [1900 Census return].
[Lizzie Letitia PIGOTT, in New York, July 1874, aged 34.]
Elizabeth was listed as Music Teacher, res 306 West 14th Street, Manhattan, 1884, 1898, and 348 West 21st Street, 1900 Census ("boarding" with Augustus NEVIES, Hotel Clerk), 1903, 1906.
She was named as a beneficiary in the 1896 will of her uncle Richard MAGURIE of South Amboy, New Jersey, to have the monies due to him on deposit in The Seaman's Savings Bank in New York City, as well as a half share of the monies due to him on deposit in The Bowery Savings Bank, also in New York City.
[348 West 21st Street, Manhattan, photo taken in January 2001. Elizabeth Letitia lived here 1903-06.]
Elizabeth was enumerated in the 1915 New York Census, as an Inmate in the Home for Aged and Indigent Females, Amsterdam Avenue, aged 71; ditto, 1920 Census Federal Census, aged 75, an Inmate at the Association for the Relief of Aged and Indigent Females, 891 Amsterdam Avenue, Manhattan; she was still there in 1930, aged 86, a Patient; unmarried; she died in Manhattan, 17 February 1935, aged 91 [Certificate #4116].
[The former Home for Aged and Indigent Females, 891 Amsterdam Ave, Manhattan.
[A] Joseph VICKERS, born 1734; Silk Weaver, New Row, Saint Catherine's Parish, Dublin, October 1766; Silk Weaver, of Golden Lane, of the Coombe (1780), and of Chambre Street (1792); death details not yet found; married Elizabeth (maiden surname unknown, possibly YATES); she probably died 14 May 1797, "...relict of the late Mr VICKERS of Dublin."