William's statue faces eastwards, up Martin Place to Sydney Hospital, and beyond that, across the tip of Rose Bay and out to sea at Dover Heights.
William, who was a native of Monasterevin in Co Kildare, celebrated his 43rd birthday by going ashore at Gallipoli in the second wave of the original landings on 25 April 1915, as a stretcher bearer with the 15th Battalion, A.I.F.
He had already seen a bit of the world, spending time in Dublin, Nebraska, Cuba, Kansas, London, Christchurch and Auckland, before going to Sydney and then Toowoomba. After service in Egypt, on the Gallipoli Peninsula, and on the Western Front, he spent the rest of his life in Queensland, primarily in Brisbane.
His mother, Ann Mary PIGOTT of Portarlington, married in July 1871, as his second wife, Martin Patrick DARBY, of Monasterevin, a Medical Practitioner who apparently also lectured in Osteology, possibly at the Catholic University Medical School in Cecilia Street, Dublin.
[Main Street, Monasterevin, 2005. Census records indicate that the DARBY family lived in
either the green house, or the adjacent one nearer the camera.
William and Anne Emily had only two children - Ann Mary PIGOTT, born in Dublin, 31 May 1841, and her older brother William Blake PIGOTT, born 28 November 1840 and died 11 April 1842 and was buried with his mother at Glasnevin
There is no evidence that William had any further issue by his second wife Katherine REDINGTON; she died on 29 May 1883, and was also buried at Killenard Cemetery.
William Pigott DARBY therefore appears to have had no PIGOTT cousins.
But his mother did - her only known cousin was Alicia PIGOTT, who became a DROUGHT when her father Henry PIGOTT (1805-1884) adopted the surname in connection with his uncle John DROUGHT's deceased estate; she died in London, Ontario, in 1912, unmarried. Henry and William PIGOTT's only known sister was Frances Jane PIGOTT, born 17 February 1808, and she appears to have died in Cape Town on 2 May 1832, without evidence of a marriage or of issue.
William's mother also had some slightly more distant cousins - the issue of her "half-" aunts and uncles, the younger half siblings of her father William PIGOTT the Solicitor, and the second family of Captain William PIGOTT of Loughrea by his second wife, who may been a BURKE.
But as William's Dublin relations had no knowledge of this second family, it appears unlikely that the DARBY family had any contact with them or their children.
1. Edward PIGOTT, born about 1820; died at Loughrea, 11 September 1856; probably unmarried.
2. James PIGOTT, the fourth son; Draper in Kilkenny and Commercial Traveller in Dublin; he was married in Kilkenny, on 12 November 1849, to Johanna HELY; his widow and six children went to New Zealand about 1875; she died at Dunedin, 5 August 1915 - the children were Mary PIGOTT (born Kilkenny, 1849; died Dunedin, 1937; married Joseph HUGHES); William John PIGOTT (born Kilkenny, 1852; died Dunedin, 1883); George PIGOTT (born Dublin, 1855; died Dunedin, 1913); James Henry PIGOTT (born Dublin, 1857; died Invercargill, 1913); Edward PIGOTT (born Dublin, 1859; died Dunedin, 1925); Johanna Mary PIGOTT (born Dublin, 1862, a twin; died Dunedin, 1890); and Anne (born Dublin, 1862, the other twin; died Dunedin, 1932; married Peter HARRINGTON).
3. Anne Emily PIGOTT, born about 1824; she was married in St Mark's (C.of I.), Dublin, on 19 August 1852, to Ralph Allen Charles DANIELL; they went to Dorset, then emigrated to Fauquier County, Virginia, U.S., where she died on 29 October 1880, and was buried in Greenwich Presbyterian Cemetery, Nokesville, aged 55; he died there in October 1895, aged 80; they had issue (the elder three before the marriage) - Ray (or Ralph) William DANIELL (born in England, 7 March 1848; died in Fauquier County, 10 June 1927; married Lucy Ellen DOUGLAS, with issue); J.H. DANIELL; Henrietta DANIELL (born at Lancaster, England, about 1853; married in Fauquier County, 18 March 1880, Howson HOOE, with issue); Charles DANIELL (born at Gallen Priory, King's County, Ireland, 1855; died in Virginia, 1925; married firstly, in Fauquier County, 1 March 1892, Eliza L. HOOE; he married secondly, at Fauquier County, 22 December 1896, Eliza R. PAYNE); Robert Allen DANIELL (born at Gallen Priory, King's County, Ireland, 9 November 1857; died at Fairfax, Virginia, 14 August 1916; he married Laura Virginia LOVE); Adelaide Elizabeth DANIELL (born at Wimborne, Dorset, 1863; died in Virginia, 1900; married her cousin, Henry Vivian LUKE); and possibly also Ellen Emily DANIELL, (born 7 September 1880; died 3 October 1881).
4. Elizabeth PIGOTT, born April 1835, the 6th daughter; married at Poole, Dorset, June quarter 1862, Walter Edward LUKE; they went to Queensland and New Zealand, then settled in Virginia near her sister; she died at Washington, D.C., 22 February 1908, and was buried at Warrenton Cemetery, Fauquier County, Virginia; with issue - Henry Vyvyan LUKE (born Queensland, 20 January 1863; married firstly, his cousin, Adelaide Elizabeth DANIELL; he married secondly, Clara B.); Caroline H.enrietta LUKE (born Christchurch, New Zealand, 1868; married at Fauquier County, 12 November 1894, Frederick Arthur Berkeley PORTMAN; he died 1907); another un-named daughter born and died in New Zealand, 1869; and possibly a son Edward Pigott LUKE born and died in Taunton, Somerset, 1874.
5. Samuel J. PIGOTT; went to Fauquier County, Virginia; died there on 17 August 1893 and was buried in the LUKE family plot in Warrenton Cemetery, Virginia; unmarried.
It is not clear whether William and his paramour were discovered "in flagrante delicto" - or whether some other manifestation of the dalliance may have become apparent.
WILLIAM GOES IN SEARCH OF ADVENTURE IN AMERICA.
His father's death may have left him free to return "home" - his mother's meant the final distribution of the family inheritances (her will proved 21 August by William and a sister, value £1,429 10s) - both apparently proved irresistible.
It is apparent that while his father may have banished him, he still maintained contact with his family.
However, the Police also found substantial circumstantial evidence that BRIDGWATER had been engaging in illegal terminations - and it is a little hard to believe that William would have been unaware of that practice. But that was not what the charges related to.
William's further evidence in the Old Bailey, on 20 Nov, and in response to cross-examination by a Mr WRIGHT, did touch on his termination by BRIDGWATER, in the following terms:
"I left BRIDGWATER on bad terms with him. - He never accused me of habits of intoxication, or threatened to dismiss me if I continued."
A generous employer was BRIDGWATER. And to a further apparent question on the same topic:
"I left, and he did not dismiss me on account of my drunken habits."
Then, getting to what was probably the real point:
"KEYS was a great friend of mine, and I believe he was on bad terms with BRIDGWATER - I and KEYS went to a Police Station and KEYS made a complaint against the doctor."
It appears from William's earlier evidence that "Dr" KEYS was an assistant of BRIDGWATER and looked after his branch establishment at Pimlico!
But yet more answers to yet more questions about the drinking:
"When I went back to the doctor's after that, I believe I had had some drink, but I was not drunk - I did not some weeks afterwards see BRIDGWATER in the street and tell him that I deserved my dismissal."
And on his financial losses, William added:
"I asked him for some of my money back - I did not ask him for a little present."
It appears that there may have been a culture of drinking on BRIDGWATER's premises.
The manner of his departure from Kansas four years earlier, if it did involve actual Military "desertion," would probably have precluded him being allowed to return there without being subjected to some sort of "penalty."
So he turned his attention south, and headed off to New Zealand.
A Scotsman, and medically unqualified, BRIDGWATER had spent time in prison for theft before emigrating to N.S.W.; there he peddled "Eclectic Medicinal Cures" around country towns (Armidale, 1883; Inverell, 1884; Tamworth, Cootamundra, Tumut, Adelong, Ulludulla, Milton, Wilcannia and Orange, 1885); he was in Otago, New Zealand, as an Eclectotherapist (August 1885); back in N.S.W. (Queanbeyan, July 1887) and then in Adelaide (July 1890). He was charged in Adelaide with falsely pretending to be a legally qualified medical practitioner and fined £25; undeterred, he was finally, in March 1892, brought to book, on a charge of indecently assaulting a married woman during a consultation; whereupon he absconded to Melbourne, but not until after a blazing row with his business partner on a Railway Station in the Adelaide Hills, as the Melbourne express was about to depart, during which row a large number of gold sovereigns BRIDGWATER had concealed on his person were spilled all over the place.
He returned to New Zealand, and under the alias John Henry BROWN, set up a "practice" firstly in Christchurch and then in Wellington; in November 1895, he was charged with illegally procuring an abortion on Alice Mary MARSHALL, who died at Palmerston North on 27 August 1895 as a result of the procedure (the father of the unborn child may have been a noted Maori Rugby player and Wellington Solicitor named Tom ELLISON); BROWN (alias BRIDGWATER) was convicted, and sentenced to serve 18 years imprisonment with hard labour; but he was released early, in June 1902, due to ill-health, perhaps contrived by himself; but he did not go quietly, and as a parting shot, claimed damages of £2,000 against the Prison Surgeon for alleged Medical malpractice, which claim was not sustained - at the preliminary hearing, just before he was released, he stated that he had been "...found out using his knowledge and skills as a medical student to save the reputations of many so-called respectable people."
He clearly, and shortly after, returned to London, and set up his next "clinic" at 59 Oxford Street.
In all probability, BRIDGWATER was sizing William up to see if he was "compatible" with the aims of his "corporate" model.
The termination of William's employment may therefore have been, for William, quite fortuitous.
This last entry appears to have been the final time William professed an involvement in the Pharmaceuticals industry. Unqualified to the standards of the Pharmaceutical Society, he would have unable to dispense; and I am not cognisant of what qualifications, if any, those who manufactured pharmaceuticals were required to possess.
He had certainly identified his connection in London, as "Manufacturing Chemist" in October 1904 (son Harold's birth registration), in his "Druggist's Shop" at Willesden in November 1905 (Old Bailey evidence), and as "Chemist" in December 1906 (daughter Rita's birth registration).
It is possible that some of his later stints as Commercial Traveller may have involved the selling of pharmaceutical products.
Again, it appears that he moved on ahead of his wife and family, although it is beginning to look like there might have been a little more to it than just "...going on ahead."
[54 O'Neill Street, Ponsonby, in 2008. William's residence in 1911, unless since re-numbered.]
William was enrolled as a Postal Assistant, at 42 Hopewell Street, Glenmore Subdivision, (Paddington), East Sydney Division, in the 1913 Commonwealth Electoral Roll. Archival records of the Post-Master General's Department that have survived for that period have not yet been located.
[No 42 Hopewell Street, Paddington, in 2008. William's residence in 1913, unless since re-numbered.]
[H.M.A.T.Ceramic in Port Melbourne in 1915. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial (A.W.M.), Ref H19500.]
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre web-site records;
"Doctor LUTHER, who was as hard worked in those early days as any member in the unit, found time to scribble a few lines in a little diary found upon his body after his death. 'The bearers were wonderful and did the work of a hundred men,' he recorded. It was estimated that over 250 cases were handled by the 15th stretcher-bearers during the fighting. Among the bearers were Jack HYPES, Corporal Keith MURRAY, J. E. HAMMANS, G. E. GOWER, W. F. STEVENSON, W. P. DARBY and MOLES, RUBONISON and McKENZIE.
"LUTHER knew the strain his men had been under and, when the Battalion was relieved from the front line and was bivouacking in Rest Valley, he gave them permission on May 4 to go down to the beach for a swim. On their return from the swim two shrapnel shells burst among them and two of the bearers were wounded and there were 14 casualties among a number of men nearby."
One obituary stated that William had been "...mentioned in despatches" - this has yet to be confirmed from other sources, but may have occurred as a result of the entry in LUTHER's diary, or interpreted so.
Captain John Fitzmaurice Guy LUTHER, a graduate of the University of Dublin Medical School, was fatally wounded at Hill 60, Anzac Beach, north sector, at 4 p.m. on 25 August 1915, by a single sniper shot to the head; he had accompanied an Officer and several men to show them the dangerous spot on the communication line when he was hit; he was examined by Doctor MacDONALD, 16th Battalion, whose "...expression upon his face when he rose to his feet dispelled all hopes of the Doc's recover"; whereupon LUTHER's "...own stretcher bearers bore him gently to the beach, where he passed away about an hour later, without regaining consciousness." [CHATAWAY, page 93]. He was buried "...by a Church of England chaplain, on 8 o'clock on the evening of his death, in the presence of Father NOURE, the Roman Catholic chaplain, and 20 others. The spot where he lies is called Waldron Point, near Suvla Bay" [Brisbane Courier, Tuesday 2 November 1915].
Willliam was sent on sick leave, 15 August, to Lowlands Casualty Clearing Station, 3rd A.G.H., on Lemnos Island, suffering from Diarrhoea/Enteritis; he rejoined his Battalion on 8 October, which had gone to Lemnos on a brief rest leave.
So he was not one of LUTHER's bearers who "...bore him gently to the beach"; nor was he among the twenty who attended his burial. But there can be little doubt that LUTHER's death would have been a major blow to him, as it would have been to all of the Battalion's stretcher-bearers.
William was promoted to the rank of Corporal on 14 March 1916, while in Egypt.
[S.S. Transylvania loading British troops earlier, at Alexandria, in March 1916.]
[The Village of Pozières after the battle of August 1916. Image courtesy of A.W.M, Ref EZ 0097.]
[Australian soldiers in Sausage Valley in August 1916. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial, Ref EZ 0084.]
promoted to the rank of Corporal.
Photo courtesy of John O'GRADY of Dublin.]
He was Medically discharged, 2 July 1918 [Military Board Discharge]. He had been residing at "The Priory" on Bowen Terrace, Brisbane.
The mainstay of his continuing support was John Percival ("Jack") CRAVEN, whom William had known since Gallipoli before CRAVEN was transferred from the 15th Battaion to the 16th (Signals), and who since the war had become a Militia Colonel, and was Principal in the firm of Forster Canvassing Agency, Queen Street, Brisbane, which is probably where William worked in the latter stages.
CRAVEN, a Yorkshire Mariner before turning soldier, informed the Queensland Registrar of William's death.
CRAVEN was a political Conservative, and in March 1930 was elected Vice-President of the Maree branch of the fledgling Country and; Progressive National Party, and their Campaign Director - at the same meeting, William was elected to the Committee. This party was formed in 1925, as a fusion of the United Party and the Country Party in Queensland, to oust the long-serving Labor Government there; which it did in 1929; but it served only one term, before being defeated in 1932; and disbanded after an even heavier defeat in 1935.
CRAVEN also strongly supported the formation of the 15th Battalion Association in Brisbane in September 1930, being elected to serve as one of the Vice-Presidents, and once again, William was elected to the Executive Committee.
William's story is by no means a unique one, and many others who served in that war must had fared similarly, especially as the effects of the Depression took hold.
[The Brisbane Courier Mail, Mon 4 November 1935, under the heading of "CASUALTIES."
and in the Sydney Morning Herald, Thu 9 January 1936 (right). Not all of the details appear to be accurate.
Images courtesy of the N.L.A. "trove" web-site.]
A Coroner's Inquest was held, at which it was recorded that William had arrived in Queensland just before the Great War; that in 1924 he had received a lump sum payment of £120 for his war injuries; and that no particulars of living relations could be discovered.
An acquaintance of 3-4 years, Vincent Patrick FITZGERALD, who also resided at Marr's Boarding House, told the deputy-coroner that William was "...a quiet individual, being the worse for liquor on several occasions."
William's remains were buried in an unmarked grave in Toowong Cemetery, Portion 10, Section 70, Grave 23, about 10 metres ENE of the Museum, a short distance inside the main gates on the corner of Frederick Street and Mount Coot-tha Road .
Right - William lies buried approximately 130 metres inside, to the N.N.W., among the gravestones
in the middle distance, just to the left of the small Museum building behind the flag-pole.]
The photos were taken facing due west (left photo), due east (middle) and south-west (right).]
An "alone" and unhappy ending to what appears to have been a less than happy life.
Photo courtesy of William's grand-nephew John O'GRADY of Dublin.]
Right - the only Edwardian dwelling near 59 Marine Parade, Herne Bay. Possibly Elizabeth's 1913 Boarding House.]
Elizabeth took out a lease on the Boarding House "Balmoral," in Grafton Road, Auckland, on 15 January 1913, and advertised it to open on 26 Feb; she had difficulty making ends meet, and convinced the landlord to give her a rental reduction for 4 months, in early 1914, to enable her to restore her financial footing; but on 4 April 1914, the place was raided, and Elizabeth charged with "selling sly grog" without license, was convicted and fined £10; but the landlord had already put in Bailiffs, and Elizabeth filed for bankruptcy on 27 April.
[33 Clifton Road, Herne Bay, in 2007. Elizabeth resided her in 1928, unless since re-numbered.]
She later resided at the Park Hotel, Thames, Waikato, September 1929; at the Cornwall Arms Hotel, Thames Division, 1931; then with her son at Whakatne, Bay of Plenty, 1935, and later again with her daughter at Albany Flats, Dunedin West, in 1938.
Elizabeth died at the Memorial Home, Gisborne, on 17 July 1941, and was buried in an un-marked gave in the Taruheru Lawn Cemetery, Gisborne, Block 14, Plot 29.
[25 Argyle Street, Herne Bay in 2007. Rita's residence in 1928-31, unless since re-numbered.]
Rita went with her husband to London, 1934, and attended lectures at the London School of Economics by Henry LASKI; Rita was an enthusiastic disseminater of Left Book Club literature in Dunedin, 1935; promoter of study groups in Dunedin critical of the new Labor Government's failure to implement the Left Book Club's more radical reforms; she began a co-operative publishing venture producing radical pamphlets, and ran a co-operative Left Bookshop in Dunedin; she was remembered from this era "...as much for her own fascinating personality as for her ardent enthusiasms"; she was residing at 6 Albany Flats, Dunedin West, in 1938, with her husband and her mother; and at Arthur's Walk, Waverly, Dunedin, in 1943 and 1946.