UNTIL THIS NOTICE IS REMOVED * * *
MAK Sai Ying arrived in N.S.W. from Canton (his birthplace) in 1818 as a free man, and settled, originally at least, and for two periods either side of a return visit to China, in the Town of Parramatta.
being halves of the character pairs generated by translations of:
Wheat (Xiao-mai), World (Shi-jie) and Hero (Ying-xiong).]
Valerie BLOMER, in her "An Alien in the Antipodes," noted that the 3rd Officer on the voyage of the 'Laurel' from Canton in 1818 was George BLAXLAND, a son of John BLAXLAND of Parramatta. She rightly speculates upon the likelihood that this is how SHYING came to work for his father. Indeed, it may well be asked if that is how he came to be on that ship in the first place - had George been on the lookout for a suitable and perhaps oriental artisan to go to N.S.W. and become one of his father's employes?
This list, covering surnames beginning with H through to Y, comprised a total of about 400 names, more-or-less.
These details have also been abstracted in the book "General Muster List of New South Wales, 1823, 1824, 1825," edited by Carol J. BAXTER, and published by AGBR, Sydney, 1999, at pages 519 and 520. The Muster information for PArramatta was gathered in the Court House there, and for surnames commencing with "S" this was collected on three dates - 12 September 1823, 24 September 1824 and 7 October 1825. It should be noted that on both of the family history web-sites, Ancestry.com and Findmypast.co.uk, the transcriptions of the page images appear to have wrongly interpreted the use of double commas - which nowadays is used to denote "ditto" - and thereby incorrectly indicating that all three SHEANGs were convicts - which they most definitely were not (although for Sarah, it was evidently a close call).
This is the only age for John SHYING, recorded on his own information, that I have been able to find.
This image, and those following, have been posted by me on memorials created for them on the www.findagrave.com web-site.]
The graves face towards the east, and are in Section 1, Block C (see illustrations under the Lych Gate at the entrance), about 20 rows in from the entrance on O'Connell Street, and directly uphill from the monument to the "flogging parson," the Reverend Samuel MARSDEN.]
There appear to be no indications of the four sons living with them.
Some other researchers have suggested that Bridget may not have been a widow, and that she had emigrated as an unmarried woman named GILLOOLY.
The grave is not far (perhaps about 30 metres) from the entrance gate on the corner of Church Street and Pennant Hills Road; it faces east-north-east, towards Pennant Hills Road.
The road in the background of the third photo is the extension of Church Street north of the Pennant Hills Road intersection.]
16 March 1844 - The Parramatta Chronicle, Saturday:
"SALE OF TOWN PROPERTY. - On Wednesday last the premises occupied by Mr STOW, situate in Church Street, and known as the Peacock Inn, the property of Mr SHIYING, was brought to hammer by Mr PHILLIPS, and knocked down to Mr GOODING for 585 pounds. The weatherboard house in which Mr SHYING resides was also put up for sale, but in consequence of Mr Nicholas CAVILLION stating at the sale that he had a disputed claim upon the premises, pending in the Court of Claims, and having previously cautioned intending purchasers by public advertisement, a bid could not be obtained for the property."
The fact that John SHYONG is recorded as having made two separate Signs and Seals here does appear to ask the question - were these two different John SHYONGs? Or, in other words, might this constitute evidence that John SHYONG the Elder may have still been living in 1854? The actual signatures may only have been made on original documents that were not archived (those that went to the grantee as evidence of holding title) and may have not survived. The absence of George SHYING from the signatories to this deed is of interest - although I can think of no particular reason why that might have arisen.
1. John James SHYING; born at Parramatta, 1823; Foreman to the late Mr Richard HANSLOW (he died in 1861), Undertaker, of George Street South; in May 1865, after having carried on the Undertaking business for HANSLOW's widow, he commenced in business with his brother George, as Undertakers, at 709 George Street South, opposite Christ Church [The Empire, 1 May]; of Kent Street, Sydney, 1848-49 Electoral Register for Brisbane Ward; he died on 19 November 1885, aged 62 years, and was buried on 21 November, at Rookwood Necropolis, Anglican, Section CC, Plot 440.
[Photograph taken in December 2018 by the author of this article.]
a. John Joseph SHYING; died 21 August 1900; as the "... only son of Mr John SHYING of Sydney," he was married by the Rev Dr FULLARTON in Sydney, 8 April 1867, to Sarah Annie DUNN, ".. second daughter of Mr John DUNN, late of Waterloo, Sydney" [S.M.H., Tuesday 16 April]; they had issue.
b. Sarah Louise SHYING, born 1846; she was buried at St James's, Sydney, 20 March 1853, late of Margaret Street, aged 6 and a half years.
c. Mary Ann SHYING, born 1850.
John James SHYING, Widower, a Communicant Presbyterian, was married secondly, by Special license, at St Andrew's (C. of E.), Sydney, 28 December 1854, to Eliza Jane HALL; she died on 8 May 1897, aged 58 years, and was buried with him at Rookwood.
The name of the second witness may be significant. If Margaret SHEEN was single, she may well have been directly related to the bride. But if Margaret was married, then it would suggest her husband was related to the bride. If the latter scenario, and if she had only recently, as Margaret McGovern, become the wife of John SHEEN, then the potential exists, if John SHYING Senior and John SHEEN were one and the same, for there to have been some degree of kinship relationship between George SHYING and Mary SHEEN before they were married, perhaps even closing in on the prohibited degrees of consanguinity under Canon Law?
b. Sarah SHYING, born at Union Street, Sydney, 2 February 1849, and baptized at St James's (R.C.), Sydney, 18 March, by Rev John McCLENNAN (mother Mary SHEEN).
a. George Edward SHYING, born 13 February 1854, and was baptised at St Lawrence (C.of E.), Sydney, 9 April; he was buried at St Mary's (R.C.), Sydney, 2 April 1857, aged 3 years.
b. Henry J. SHYING, born 1859; died 1897; probably married at Newtown, 1884 [#2718], Blanche E. BRADFORD (unless he was instead the cousin?).
c. Thomas McDonald SHYING, born 1861; died on 28 August 1871, aged 10 years, late of Sydney.
d. John L. SHYING, born 1863; died 1935; probably married at Woollahra, 1887 [#3111], Minnie C. IRVING.
e. Sarah L. SHYING, born 1865.
f. Blanche A.M. SHYING, born 1868.
g. Alice A. SHYING, born 1870.
a. Henry John SHYING, born 2 August 1852 [Volume 38A, number 1277]; died on 11 May 1854, aged 2 years, and was buried with his grandmother at St John's Cemetery, Parramatta.
b. George SHYING, born 1854 [Volume 40, number 280]; as the "... eldest son of Mr Thomas SHYING" he was married at Short Street, Forest Lodge, on 27 March 1875, to Catherine FORD, "... only daughter of Mr Henry FORD" [Sydney Mail, Saturday 15 May].
c. Henry John SHYING (II), born 15 May 1854.
d. Annie Eliza SHYING, born 25 February 1856, and was baptised at St John's, Parramatta, 23 March; she died at 121 George Street, Camperdown, October 1899, aged 43 years, and was buried on 19 October at Rookwood [Anglican, Section EE, Plot 761]; she was married in Sydney, 1876 [#1167], to Levy MILHAM; he was buried with his wife on 10 February 1936, aged 80 years.
e. Albert Thomas SHYING, born 15 January 1858, and was baptised at St John's, Parramatta, 7 February; he died on 26 January 1894, aged 36, and was buried at Rookwood [Anglican, Section CCC, Plots 85, 86], with his mother (no gravestone).
f. Emily Seline SHYING, born 9 January 1860, and was baptised at St John's, Parramatta, 19 February; she was married at st Stephen's (C.of E.), Newtown, on 8 November 1881 to Thomas Henry Robert MARSHALL, a Drayman from Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Thomas evidently married secondly, Elizabeth KENNAGH, who survived him.
13 February 1841 - Margaret McGOVERN arrived in Sydney on the ship 'Jane Gifford' with her sisters Alice and Catherine, all daughters of Norah McGOVERN
John Dunmore LANG was under an obligation to ensure that when he married two people, they were both clear to do so. If John SHIN was the same man as John SHYING, then LANG should rightfully have established whether John was previously married - that he records him as a bachelor suggests he either did not know, or ask, or even care? That both of John SHYING's wives were already deceased meant, of course, that there would be do impediment - barring any unlikely breach of consanguinity limitations under Canon Law. Perhaps the more interesting reference LANG makes is to John SHIN's place of nativity - could he have perceived that John was not 100% Chinese? Or might this have been a "before-his-time" allusion to what we now refer to as Indo-China?
It is not clear who this Margaret SHEEN was, whether she was married or single, and whether she had any kinship relationship to Mary SHEEN. It would surprise me if she wasn't related, either directly (if single), or otherwise by marriage. If she was married, and if she was the Margaret McGOVERN who had only very recently married our John SHEEN, also in Sydney, then the kinship relationships could prove to be very interesting indeed.
This is the only age I have yet found for John SHEEN, but it was clearly not recorded here by him. The birthplace and time in the Colony are uncannily similar to information recorded earlier for John SHYING. Their ages do differ, by 5 years or so, but I have only been able to find one age given by John SHYING himself (in 1828) Census, and one for John SHEEN (but that was recorded after his death on the information of his son). I have become used to seeing some degree of variation in the ages of individuals recorded on their own information and over their lifetime. So, one verified record of age is a very small sample - too small to be making a final call as to its accuracy, in my view.
Sarah was married at Elizabeth Street Presbyterian Church, Sydney, 24 December 1867, to John MOY MOW; he was a native of China, and was naturalized in the Colony of N.S.W. on 16 August 1872; he died on 29 January 1886, and was buried at Rookwood [Anglican, Section J, Plot 215], aged 47 years.