Saturday, June 28, 2008

Sir William GILBERT of Kilminshy, Queen's County


[Compton in Devon, ancient seat of the English GILBERT family, believed to have been ancestors of 
Sir William GILBERT of Kilminchy.]


There were two gentlemen named William GILBERT who did service to the Crown in Ireland in the early part of the 17th century. They have, on odd occasions, been confused with one another.

William GILBERT was born in Locko, Parish of Spondon, County Derby, about 1598; he was admitted to Lincoln College, Oxon, 31 May 1616, obtained his B.A. in 1620, and his M.A. from Gloucester Hall in 1623; his father, Thomas GILBERT of Locko, made intercessions, through his cousin John COKE, to the government in Dublin, seeking a post for William as Assistant to the King's Secretary, dated 4 March 1633; granted, by warrant dated at Dublin Castle, 21 November 1637, the Office of Clerk of the Council in the Province of Connaught, and of the keeping of the signet and records for that Province; M.P. for Dublin University, 1639; he died in London, without issue; his will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 25 January 1649-50, naming, among others, his mother Frances, brothers Henry, John and Phillip, sister HACKER, brother-in-law Gilbert COKE, and numerous nephews and nieces. The Arms of this branch of GILBERTs was "Sable, an armed leg, couped at the thigh pale between two broken spears Argent, headed Or."

This is clearly not the same person as Sir William GILBERT of Kilminchy, Queen's County, the subject of this article. But about Sir William, we know very little.

William was probably born around the late 1580's, and according to an entry in the Patent or Close Rolls of 4 March iii Charles 1 (1627-28), was granted land in the Queen's County, "...as a native," and so probably born in Ireland, and quite possibly in the Queen's County. This grant was for 551 acres of arable land and pasture, with 88 acres of bog and wood in the territory of Upper Ossory, and may have been Knockinay, or instead Kilminchy, which he later occupied.

His first mention in Irish affairs was his appointment as Constable of the Fort of Maryborough in 1622; he was appointed one of the Commissioners for Queen's County for the levying of £800 English for use by the Army, July 1627; he was created a Knight in Dublin on 23 October 1629; he was granted the use of certain alienated lands in the Queen's County of Thomas BARRINGTON and others, 6 March 1632; and he was elected M.P. in the Irish Parliament for the constituency of Maryborough, with Sir Walter CROSBIE, 14 July 1634, and again, for the same constituency, with Nicholas WHITE, 16 March 1639.

Sir William was residing at Knockinay, Queen's County, when rebellion broke out in November 1641; he asserted before the Commissioners on 23 January 1641-42 that he had his house "... rifled by 300 men under the charge of Florence FITZPATRICK and lost £500 in stock and goods and £400 a year in rents." His other property was named, in the same evidence, as Cloonin, also in the Queen's County.

In the same year, 1641, Sir William was recorded in the Army, under "New Companies not listed," together with Captains Thomas WELDON and John SAVAGE. By 30 January 1647, he was Captain of a Regiment of Foot in Dublin, along with his Lieutenant, William GILBERT (probably his son), two sergeants, 3 Corporals, 2 drummers and 61 soldiers [see the Ormonde MSs].

But, in the meantime, Sir William had been restored to his estates, which he was to be again expelled from in September 1643, by Lord Castlehaven, leader of the Rebel Army, at the exact time that the Cessation of Arms was being signed by ORMOND at Siggisford. But this time it was Kilminchy, which lay north of the Maryborough to Stradbally Road, about a mile away from Dysart, where John PIGOTT (about 1590-1646) resided.
Rolf LOEBER has noted that:
"...by the beginning of the 17th century [Kilminshy] was in the hands of Sir William GILBERT, Governor of Maryborough. A sketch on the Down Survey of the mid 17th century shows an oblong structure, which may have been similar to Garanmaconly Castle in the same county. In 1643, GILBERT was forced to surrender the house to Lord Castlehaven after putting up some resistance. As usual, the soldiers plundered the goods of the castle. When Castlehaven received the message of the cessation, Lady GILBERT and her family re-entered into possession of it and were restored of the goods that were found among the soldiers."
['Warfare and Architecture in County Laois through 17th century eyes,' a chapter in "Laois, History and Society," Edited LANE and NOLAN, Geography Press, Templelogue, Dublin, 1999.]

But Kilminchy was to be attacked again, in September 1646, when it finally fell to the Confederate (or Rebel) Army. It was used as a residence by the Papal Nuncio RINNUCINI after his flight from Kilkenny.

And at the same time as Kilminchy fell, so too did the Fort at Maryborough, and Sir William was the responsible officer who made the surrender. It has been suggested that some deaths were occasioned at the fall of the Fort, including the heir apparent to Dysart, Robert PIGOTT, Sir William's son-in-law.

Sir William GILBERT died in Dublin, and was buried in St John's Church, Dublin, on 8 June 1654. His Funeral Entry, College of Arms, Dublin, records his Arms, those of the GILBERT family of Compton, County Devon - "Argent, on a chevron Sable, three roses of the first."



The Herald's records (subsequently published by BURKE in his "General Armoury," citing the Ulster's Office for authority) show a quartered set of Arms, in which the 2nd and 3rd quarterings are the Arms of CASTILLION and COMPAGNI respectively. These clearly indicate the paternal origins of his wife, Catherine CASTILLION, although the Arms should probably have been impaled, and not quartered, and the Arms of her mother, named PEYTON, seem to have disappeared into thin air. To complicate matters, BURKE even mis-identified the COMPAGNI Arms, citing them incorrectly to have been POYTON, with that mis-spelling.

The Arms of PEYTON of Bury-St-Edmunds, County Suffolk, are identifiably different - "Sable, a cross engrailed Or."

And it is clear from this detail, and as well from research of William Jackson PIGOTT of Dundrum, County Down (died 1921) that was published in Notes and Queries, that Sir William was married to Catherine CASTILLION, daughter of Captain Peter CASTILLION (1569-1600; a son of Giovanni Battista CASTIGLIONE - see his separate posting on this blog-site) by Thomasine PEYTON (daughter of Christopher PEYTON, Auditor in Ireland; he died in Dublin in 1612). Thomasine remarried, about 1603, Sir Robert PIGOTT of Dysart; and it was recorded, in her son Peyton CASTILLION's will, that she survived her first husband by between 50 and 60 years.

Sir William's parentage is unknown; but a putative family connection, not uncommon amongst GILBERT family folk-lores, was recorded in a footnote to an article on the finances of the FITZGERALD family of Morett, Queen's County, as follows:
"...the eldest son, Stephen [FITZGERALD], resided at Morett, and married the second daughter of Henry GILBERT, Esq, of Kilminshy in Queen's County (son of Sir William GILBERT, governor of the Fort of Leix, now Maryborough, and great-grandson of the celebrated navigator Sir Humphrey GILBERT, half-brother to Sir Walter RALEIGH."
[Journal of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society, 1866, page 535, footnote 33.]

The Arms Sir William was approved to use by the Heralds at his Knighthood in 1629 are identical with the Arms of Sir Humphrey's family.
But the published pedigrees for Sir Humphrey's family do not provide a positive link. His numerous sons by his spouse Anne, only daughter of John AUCHER of Otterden, Kent, are all accounted for as died without issue, apart from Raleigh GILBERT, who appears to have been married too late to include a son of Sir William's age, and what family he did have appear to have been born in England.

Sir Humphrey was born in Compton about 1535 (son of Otho GILBERT, of Compton, and Katharine CHAMPERNOWN, who, as a widow, married 2ndly Walter RALEIGH Senior), and was educated at Eton and Oxford. He served in Ireland on two occasions, and gained a reputation for ruthlessness. His first period was under Lord Deputy SIDNEY, from as early as July 1566, and in Ulster; as a Colonel, in County Cork, he defeated FITZMAURICE at Tracton, September 1569, and obtained CLANCARTY's surrender in December 1569. For his services, he was knighted at Drogheda by SIDNEY on 1 January 1570. He was M.P. for Plymouth, 1571.


After his early ventures in the Queen's name to Newfoundland and the Americas, Sir Humphrey was back in Ireland in July 1578, when he again attacked FITZMAURICE, this time at Smerwicke Harbour, County Kerry. He may have been with the force, which did include his half-brother RALEIGH, as well as the Earl of ORMONDE, and which slaughtered the Spanish-Italian forces there in November 1580.

It has been suggested that Sir Humphrey may have sired an illegitimate son during his first sojourn in Ireland, about 1566-1570, and that that may have been the link to Sir William GILBERT of Kilminchy. I cannot add much to this hypothesis - it is quite feasible, date-wise, at least, and prior to his marriage in 1570 to Ann AUCHER. But the Heralds would perhaps have required the inclusion of the "stick of bastardy" to have been incorporated into his Arms. Such a device does not appear there.

One possible connection did exist.
In 1593 or 1594, William GILBERT, "an Englishman" alternatively recorded as Sir William GUELFORT, was sent by Sir Richard BINGHAM, Governor of Connaught, into battle with Hugh MAGUIRE, Chief of Fermanagh, near Tulsk, Roscommon Barony. MAGUIRE had in his retinue the Catholic Primate of Ireland, Archbishop Edmund MacGAURAN, recently arrived from Spain with a commission from the Spanish King. In the skirmish, MAGUIRE killed GILBERT with a spear, and put his cavalry and foot soldiers to flight; MacGAURAN also died in the affray. Several dates have been speculated for this event - the Four Masters recorded 3 July 1593; the Analecta, 1598; but BINGHAM himself sent a despatch dated 28 June 1593 to the Privy Council, recording details of the event.

This William GILBERT, be-knighted or not, is of an age to have been the father of our William of Kilminshey; and of an age to have been born in Ireland when Sir Humphrey was there.
He may, as an infant, have been raised by his mother, who was probably acquainted with others in BINGHAM's service, among which number were two CASTILLIONs, one of whom was a father to (Sir) William's future wife Catherine.

I have not yet discovered any published pedigrees for the family of Sir William and Catherine GILBERT.

The following speculative pedigree has been assembled using references to Sir William in the pedigrees of the distaff families into which his alleged daughters married. I cannot be certain that all the claims are correct, but they have been included until further research rules them in, or rules them out.

William GILBERT evidently married, and about 1615, Catherine CASTILLION (born about 1594-95, the only surviving daughter of Peter CASTILLION and Thomasin PEYTON, who were married about 26 November 1593); they appear to have had issue:
1. Henry GILBERT, evidently born about 1616 [age recorded in his 1644 Deposition]; also of Knockinay in 1641, when he, like his father, claimed losses to the rebels amounting to £300 in value, and rents of £400 in Cloonin; Lieutenant Henry GILBERT, late of Knockinay, made a Deposition on 1 January 1643-44, where his age was recorded as about 28 years, and in which he stated that at the Cessation of Arms (September 1643), his mother, Lady GILBERT, his five sisters and one brother, were forcibly taken prisoner when the Earl of Castlehaven took the house; M.P. for Maryborough, 1644; Esq, of Kilmensey, Barony of Maryborough, "Census" of 1659, with 8 English and 30 Irish; he may have died in April 1681; he married, perhaps around 1638-40, Martha PIGOTT (daughter of John PIGOTT of Grangebegg and Dysart, by Martha COLCLOUGH); issue:
     a. St Leger GILBERT.
     b. Castilliana GILBERT, wife of Charles LAMBART, 4th Earl of Cavan.
     c. Martha GILBERT, wife of Stephen FITZGERALD.
     d. Ann GILBERT, wife of John TARLETON (Susan GILBERT, in an email dated June 2005, cites T.C.D. MS 1317 as recording this Henry as having married Gertrude ST LEGER, with issue John, William and Catherine).
2. Ann GILBERT; probably born about 1618-20; probably the Mrs PIGOTT at the Castle of Burrowes (Villiers Manor, Borris-in-Ossory), 1641, when Sir William GILBERT sent her a letter, to bolster her resolve in resisting the siege of that castle (the governor of which was her husband Robert PIGOTT) by Florence FITZPATRICK, the rebel Lord of Upper Ossory [see Walter DISHCOME's Deposition, dated 11 April 1642, MS 815, fol. 186r-187v, T.C.D.]; died before 1654; she married about 1638-40, Robert PIGOTT, heir-apparent to Dysart, Queen's County; he was killed at Maryborough in September 1646; issue:
     a. Thomas PIGOTT, born about 1640-41; the heir-apparent of Dysart, Queen's County; listed in 1654 as an orphan, when he received a monetary grant, made by Henry CROMWELL; gained livery of the Dysart Estates, about 1662; died 1702; married in Dublin, 1663, Elizabeth WELDON; with issue.
     b. another child, gender unknown; listed in 1654 as an orphan, when he/she received a monetary grant, made by Henry CROMWELL.
3. William GILBERT; probably the Lieutenant in his father's Regiment, Dublin, 1647; perhaps Sheriff of Queen's County, 1677, 1678.
4. Catherine GILBERT; married Garret COMERFORD (born about 1611, son of Foulk COMERFORD).
5. John GILBERT of Kilminshy, Esq.; M.P. for Maryborough, 1661; died in 1686.
6. Thomasine GILBERT; married Essex DIGBY (son of Sir Robert DIGBY, M.P. for Athy), Rector of Geashill, King's County, Dean of Cashel, and Bishop of Dromore; issue.
7. Grishild GILBERT; married Francis BARRINGTON (eldest son of Alexander BARRINGTON by his 2nd wife, Margaret BOWEN, daughter of Robert BOWEN of Ballyadams).
8. Hannah GILBERT; died 1666; married firstly, at the Church of St John the Evangelist, Dublin, 3 March 1653, Charles ORMSBY; she married secondly, Edmund DONNELLAN of Cloghan, County Roscommon, with issue.
9. Thomas GILBERT was baptised at Holy Trinity, Cork, 7 October 1645, son of William and Catherine GILBERT [I.G.I]. Despite the right parents, the date seems too late (I speculate that the first seven children were born about 1615-1630), and the location a bit out of territory.
________________________________________________________________________________

Sir William GILBERT was my great-x-9 grandfather.

Saturday, June 21, 2008

A Missionary in Ceylon: Henry Robert PIGOTT



Henry Robert PIGOTT was born at 16 Charlemont Street, Parish of St Peter, City of Dublin, on 16 October 1838. He was baptised at the Parish Church of St Peter (Church of Ireland), Dublin, 23 July 1839, together with his elder brother George Maguire (aged 3), the family then residing at Mount Pleasant Avenue, County Dublin.

HENRY'S EARLY LIFE.

His father, John PIGOTT (born in Dublin, 22 October 1796), was a Merchant and a Civil Servant in Dublin prior to his emigration to Brooklyn, New York, about 1857.


[John PIGOTT Senior, aged 67, in New York, 1863; he was buried in Section 4, Oak Hill Cemetery,
Lawrence City, Douglas County, Kansas, in September 1877.]

See his separate blog on this blog-page, posted in December 2012:
http://pigott-gorrie.blogspot.com.au/2012/12/john-pigott-of-dublin-tax-collectors.html

Henry's grandfather, yet another John PIGOTT (about 1759-1839) of Dublin, was the illegitimate son of Captain John PIGOTT of Stradbally.
See his separate posting on this blog-page posted in May 2008:
http://pigott-gorrie.blogspot.com.au/2008/05/vital-statistics-can-be-hard-to-come-by.html

Henry was not yet a year old when this grandfather was laid to rest in the Vicar's Bawn of St Patrick's (Church of Ireland) Cathedral, Dublin, beside his wife Mary VICKERS (1769-1828), a daughter of Joseph VICKERS, Silk Weaver.

Henry's mother was Elizabeth MAGUIRE (born in Dublin, 1 December 1804; died County Dublin, 13 August 1854), eldest of sixteen children of William MAGUIRE (1782-1844), Inspector of Taxes for the Dublin Corporation, and Sexton of St Patrick's Cathedral, by his spouse, also named Mary VICKERS (born in Dublin, 1768; a daughter of John VICKERS, Silk Manufacturer). See his separate blog on this blog-page, posted in September 2010.
These two Mary VICKERS were related - as aunt and niece. Which means that Henry was the issue of cousins-once-removed. His father John had married his own first-cousin Mary's daughter Elizabeth.

Henry was only 16 when his mother died. She was laid to rest in the Cathedral churchyard next to her father William MAGUIRE's granite obelisk. Some years later, Henry's widowered father went to America "... to reside with his sons," and where, it has been claimed, but without corroborating evidence, that he married again, several times, without further issue.
Henry stayed behind, with at least one sister Elizabeth (she too went to America, about 1870), and by 1861, had encountered the preachings of a new Baptist Pastor at Rathmines, the Rev John Eustace GILES (1805-1875), a native of County Devon.

Henry also encountered one of the Rev John GILES's daughters, Ellen, who had been born in Leeds, Yorkshire, 22 March 1839, in the year after his own birth.
The encounters made a deep impression - Henry converted to the Baptist cause; he married Ellen GILES; and together they "laboured in the Lord's vineyard" in Ceylon for 28 years before retiring to New South Wales.

But before we leave Ireland, some picture of Henry's early life might prove interesting.

His father John PIGOTT was a Tax Collector, firstly from about 1818 for the Dublin Foundling Hospital; secondly from September 1823 for the Paving Board of the Corporation for the Paving, Cleansing and Lighting the Streets of Dublin (which became the Dublin Corporation), and for which Henry's maternal grandfather, William MAGUIRE, was Inspector of Taxes; and finally as rural Receiving Officer for the South Dublin Union (from about 1835 until after 1851).
To add to the family connection, John also served as Assistant Sexton of St Patrick's Cathedral, where MAGUIRE was Sexton. The Established Church and the Public Service affiliations appear to have been quite strong.

Henry's parents were married in the Parish Church of St Peter, City of Dublin, on 25 June 1824; he was the sixth of their ten children.
His father's subsequent movements, recorded in Dublin Triple Almanacs and THOM's Directories, almost certainly indicate where the children were born - 12 Charlotte Street, Dublin (next door to his father), 1824; 12 Mountpleasant, 1827-31; Sandymount, County Dublin, 1832-33; 12 East Hanover Street, Dublin, 1834; back at 12 Charlotte Street, 1835-38; 16 Charlemont Street, 1839; 2 Rehobeth Street, off South Circular Road, Dublin, 1841-42; Cullenswood Avenue, Ranelagh, County Dublin, 1844-47; Elm Park, Roundtown, County Dublin, 1851; and Terenure Lodge, Roundtown, 1852-55.

Several of these later entries, in County Dublin, record John PIGOTT as a Receiving Officer.
He was probably also listed as Muslin and Lace Warehouse, 9 Dame Street, Dublin, 1856, 1857.
Henry's father appears to have been listed in several addresses in New York, as Book-keeper - at 94 Columbia Street, Booklyn, 1858, 1859; and at 28 Middagh Street, Brooklyn, 1874-75.

The London Times of 15 October 1877 recorded that he died on 30 August 1877, late of Brooklyn, but his death has not been located in Brooklyn records, and the six week delay in reporting it suggests he was well away from there at the time of his death - a death in Kansas would fit that criterion.

Henry's fairly large extended family appear to have remained in or around Dublin, with one PIGOTT uncle settling in Cork, while several of his MAGUIRE uncles going to England, and another emigrating to Australia.
Details of the MAGUIRE family may be found in a later posting (September 2010) on this blog-page.

HENRY JOINS THE CHURCH.

Henry appears to have committed himself to the church quite early. A brief obituary notice in the Blayney Advocate of 30 April 1904 noted about Henry that:
"A few months ago he celebrated his 50th year in church work."

This suggests that Henry received a spiritual call at the age of 16, around the time of his mother's death.
But whether he commenced work with the Church of Ireland, and then converted to the Baptists, is a detail not yet clarified from historical records.
Although his family connection to the Church of Ireland may only have been nominal, as both the PIGOTT and MAGUIRE families of Dublin were actually Primitive Wesleyan Methodists (a conservative faction of Methodists who adhered to Rev John WESLEY's admonition to remain loyal to the Established Church in matters sacramental).

Henry may have attended the Regent's Park Baptist College in Oxford, although his name does not appear on their alumni lists. The college, founded in 1810 as the Baptist Academical College, Stepney, later moved to Regent's Park, then to Oxford. It was the college of Henry's future GILES brothers-in-law.

HENRY WOOS A BAPTIST.

On 13 February 1862, Rev Henry offered his services to the Baptist Missionary Society. And 6 days after that, Ellen GILES accepted his proposal of marriage.
If Henry was already an ordained pastor by this time, it suggests he may have been influenced earlier than the GILES family's arrival at Rathmines in November 1860, although Ellen's brother William Leese GILES was already established at the Chapel in Abbey St before then, and probably secured his father's invitation to settle in Rathmines. And there Rev John GILES did not last long, finding the congregation too much "...infected by the spirit of Plymouth Brethrenism," he had returned to England by April 1862.

On 13 March 1862, Henry, at 27 Lennox Street, Dublin, wrote to Ellen:
"My dearest 'Litle' Nellie,
"Is it not a great privilege tho' absent for a while thus via the postman to hold a little intercourse with you whom I love...
"Yes, dearest little Nellie (though not yet entitled to the name in verse 11, Proverbs 31) can I not safely trust in you, you will do me good all the days of my life... You, my own Nellie, have already done me much good, both Spiritually and Temporally - Temporally, for I have been happier for the last few weeks than I have ever been in my life before; Spiritually, for you have been given to me by the Lord as an answer to many prayers, and nothing can strengthen one's faith so much as the knowledge of the fact that God has heard and answered their prayers...
"Yet dearest Nellie, though severed by the sea, we in spirit are never apart, and we can meet at the Throne of Grace again, and will work together for our good in the end.
"This is the prayer of your loving Henry."

Rev Henry Robert PIGOTT, Missionary-elect to Ceylon, and Ellen GILES were married on 5 June 1862, at the Battersea Baptist Chapel, Wandsworth, London, by her father Rev John Eustace GILES, assisted by Rev J.M. SOULE; witnesses were William F. DROUGHT and Mary Ann C. WALTERS. The marriage registration recorded Henry as residing at 1 Turret Place, Lark Hall Rise, Clapham; and Ellen at 13 Milton Street, Wandsworth Road, Clapham. Henry's father was recorded as John PIGOTT, General Merchant.


 [The happy couple, photographed in London, 27 June 1862.]

On 23 July 1862, Rev Henry and Ellen PIGOTT were set apart for their Missionary work in a service at Regent Street, Lambeth, presided over by the church's Pastor, and with Revs W. HOWIESON and C. ELVEN of Bury St Edmunds, and J.H. MILLARD and W. BARKER taking part. The designation prayer was offered by her father. At least one source, the Juvenile Missionary Herald [1862, page 118], recorded that Mr WALDOCK, of Regent's Park College, had been set aside to his work in the same service

REV HENRY TAKES HIS NEW WIFE TO CEYLON.

In August, the newlyweds embarked in London on the ship Teviot, bound for Ceylon, via the Cape of Good Hope. After encountering "...one severe hurricane and much rough weather, by which the ship was damaged," they arrived in Colombo on 17 November 1862. There they were met by the senior Missionary, Rev James ALLEN, who presented Henry with an inscribed New Testament, translated into Sinhalese.

The Baptist Mission had been established in Colombo by:
1. Rev James CHATER (born Combroke, Warwickshire, 6 February 1779); originally sent by the B.M.S. to Serampore in North India (1806), he was opposed by the Government, and went instead to Burma; he retired from Burma due to the wars, and the failing health of his wife Anna Debora [McCULLY]; they arrived in Colombo on 18 April 1812; he commenced preaching in 1813 in a dis-used warehouse in the Pettah, probably behind a shop on the north side of Prince Street, just west of the old Dutch Governor's residence; he died on the ship Seppings on 2 or 3 January 1829, on his voyage home for the recovery of his health, leaving a widow in Ceylon and 8 "orphaned" children in England; his widow married secondly, as his fourth wife, Daniel GOGERLY, of the Methodist Mission; she died in Colombo on 21 December 1861.
CHATER was succeeded by:
2. Rev Ebenezer DANIEL (born Luton, Bedfordshire, 15 September 1784), who had been the Baptist Pastor at Luton since 1821; he arrived in Colombo on 14 August 1830 with his wife Sarah (probably MEACHER) and three daughters; they returned home in 1835 for the recovery of the children's health, during which voyage Sarah died; Ebenezer returned to Colombo, and when HARRIS arrived in 1838, went into the country to evangelize the natives; he returned to Colombo when HARRIS and DAWSON removed to Kandy in 1841; he died in Colombo on 2 June 1844.
3. Rev Joseph HARRIS, from Saint Albans, was sent out to assist DANIEL in the Spring of 1838; he arrived at Colombo on 2 November 1838 with his wife and family; he was Pastor at Colombo, 1838-1839, enabling DANIEL to go out into the country; his wife gave birth to a son in Colombo on 27 Oct 1841 [Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany, 1841]; he removed to Kandy in 1841; he returned to England for the sake of his health, arriving in London on 15 May 1943, still suffering from debility [The Missionary Herald, June 1843, page 336].
4. Rev Charles C. DAWSON left for Ceylon in the Autumn of 1840, with his wife Susanna and family, as well as a printing press; he was sent to Kandy in 1841 with Joseph HARRIS, and the printing press; he sailed for England with his wife and three children, their ship foundering during a storm in the Indian Ocean, March 1851, with loss of all on board.
5. Rev Jacob DAVIES, of Winchester, and his wife Eliza (GREEN, of Camberwell), arrived in Ceylon on 16 September 1844; he died in Colombo in November 1849, aged 33.
6. Rev James ALLEN (born Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, 16 April 1810) arrived in Colombo in January 1846, with his wife Jane (WHITTARD) and their two daughters; his third child was born at Kandy in 1848; he was responsible for building the new Chapel at the Pettah in 1851 (see next); he died at the Pettah on 30 April 1866.

Henry was firstly appointed to assist ALLEN at the Pettah Chapel, which had been built in six months during 1851, probably on the site of the former warehouse it replaced; it was opened for service in September of that year. The location is probably revealed by the existence of an access laneway running north from Prince Street, and now known as Chapel Lane. I speculate that it was not on the street frontage of Prince Street, but behind the shop-fronts there, and that the easement providing access to it from Prince Street became know as Chapel Lane. The chapel building was still in use in 2003, occupied by the Asiatic Trading Agency.


[The white colonnaded building is the Dutch Museum (former Dutch Governors residence, about 1690),
looking westwards down Prince Street, the Pettah, Colombo, in 1983.
Chapel Lane heads off to the right between the two yellow buildings in the foreground.
The single storied yellow building next to the white Museum building may have been the old Pettah Chapel, unless it was just to the rear of it.]





[A reverse view up Prince Street, looking east. The Dutch Museum in the left middle distance.

Chapel Lane is at the other end of the Museum building.
Both of these images were digitalised from my original transparencies.] 



When I visited Colombo in 1983, I formed the impression, and evidently an erroneous one, that the Dutch Museum in Prince Street had been that Chapel. That is why it was the focus of my photographic attention on the day I visited the Pettah, completely unaware that, just a few metres from where I was standing to take the first of the above two photographs, the old chapel was still standing, probably a short distance up Chapel Lane.
I do wonder where the congregation met while the new chapel was being built in 1851 - perhaps they rented a large room in the 17th century building that was to become the Dutch Museum?

Henry and Ellen initially settled into a house in Mattakuliyah, a northern suburb of Colombo. where their first child, Annie, was born in March 1863.
In the same month, it was reported that Henry was "...sedulously attending to the language, to which he devotes nearly all his time, preaching once Lord's Day at the Pettah Chapel."
The July 1863 issue of the Baptist Missionary Herald reported that:
"The Church at Pettah has kindly arranged to assist Mr PIGOTT by sending some of their number as deputies to the stations in the Jungle. The attendance at the new chapel in Mattakuliyah continues good. Mr PIGOTT has, however, visited most of the stations, and particularly examined the schools. He preaches twice at the Pettah chapel each Lord's day."

By April 1864, the PIGOTTs had moved to Slave Island, a suburb about 2 km east of Fort, to be nearer the Baptist Chapel in Pettah, the market district of the city, in a building which was built in 1851, on the north side of Prince Street, Pettah, probably on the corner of Chapel Lane, about two doors west of the historic and elegant Dutch Museum (see above).
Here, Henry and Ellen's next two children, Aileen and Frank were born.
The Missionary Herald of November 1864 reported:
"Mr PIGOTT, in addition to his Sinhalese work, has begun a service in the Fort, and another in the Jail. Mrs PIGOTT also visits the Jail once a week to instruct the Sinhalese and Tamil prisoners."

By February 1865, Henry was "much encouraged" by the prospect of having three Europeans to baptize. But he must have been dis-heartened in the next month, when they lost baby Aileen, and he and Ellen were forced to go to a coffee plantation 13 miles from Gampola, for the restoration of Ellen's health, she being then already six months pregnant with their third child.

And the Missionary Herald of September 1865 recorded a bigger work schedule for Henry:
"Sunday: Pettah Chapel, preaching twice. Tuesday: Preach at Fort. Wednesday: Prayer meeting. Thursday: 4 p.m. Preach at Wadicalle Jail, 7 p.m. Mission House, Maradana. Friday: Preach in Fort."

During this time, Ellen had opened a limited free school for poor girls in Matakuliyah, which was delayed by lack of funds until July 1863. By 30 June 1864, Treasurer Henry PIGOTT was able to report that there were five free pupils, and one paid, with accounts amounting to £72. The teacher was Donna Velloe PERERA. By 1865, there were nine pupils, and in 1866, Ellen took over Mrs ALLEN's school, when that lady returned to England due to ill health - this school had been intended to train young women to go into the countryside and evangelise the natives, but that aim was modified after Ellen PIGOTT took over.

In 1865, Henry was presented with an inscribed gold fob watch; it marked three years in Ceylon, which may have been an original "contract" commitment which his parishioners were keen to see extended?

[Gold fob watch presented to Henry in Colombo in 1865 - still in family possession.]


Henry's name, mis-spelled as PIGGOTT, is recorded on a List of Pastors which is hanging on a wall in the vestibule of the Cinnamon Gardens Baptist Chapel. This building was not built until 1877, so it is evident that the dates for Henry, 1863-1868, are for the period he served at the Pettah.


[Photos of the Cinnamon Gardens Baptist Chapel, Colombo (below), and the List of Pastors within (above),
 taken by Tim WALDOCK of Sydney during his September 2015 visit to the chapel designed and built by his 
great-grandfather, Rev Frederick D. WALDOCK. 
WALDOCK had served, after Henry PIGOTT, as Pastor of the Pettah Chapel before the new Chapel was built at Cinnamon Gardens.]  



Henry also preached in a newly constructed chapel, in Ferguson Road, also to designs of Rev WALDOCK, which was still standing, although unused, when I visited in 1983. I have no details yet of the date on which this church was completed.

Rev James ALLEN died in Colombo on 30 April 1866, aged 56; a memorial tablet to him was removed from the Pettah Chapel when it was closed in 1905.




[The Baptist Chapel on Ferguson Road, Mattakuliyah, built by Rev F.D. WALDOCK.]

Further severe ill-health struck the PIGOTT family, as the Missionary Herald of January 1870 reported:
"Mr and Mrs PIGOTT are continuing their labours... generally enjoying good health... Mrs PIGOTT had been very ill but was recovering. The youngest child had dide of malignant sore throat, and a fortnight later the eldest boy caught the disease, and was in danger for two days, but was happily restored. Mr PIGOTT too had suffered."

[The Mission House in Maradana, Colombo, where several of the PIGOTT children were born.]

HENRY TAKES HIS FAMILY ON A VISIT TO ENGLAND.

Within a few years, ill-health was to affect the family connections back in England. As early as 1872, Ellen's father was suffering from effects of heart disease, when he had written a sad "final" letter to his children. But he was to live on for another 3 years.

In May 1875, Ellen left Colombo on the S.S. Sirius, with the children, bound for Malta. There, they embarked on the S.S. Navarino to complete the voyage to England, on which leg, and still in the Mediterranean, their youngest daughter Winifred died on convulsions, aged 11 months.
They were nearly too late - several days after they landed in London, Rev John Eustace GILES died at 37 Fitzwilliam Road, Clapham, on 24 June 1875, aged 70. He was buried at West Norwood Cemetery, Norwood Road, London SE 27 (Grave No 15474, Sq. 26).
And Ellen was again six months pregnant.
Henry, who had to await Rev WALDOCK's arrival back in Ceylon, had not yet made his departure for home by 1 July.

While in England, arrangements were put in place for the children's education - the girls at the Mission School at Walthamstow (which later moved to Sevenoaks in Kent), the boys at the School for the Sons of Missionaries in Blackheath Village (later relocated as Eltham College). Annie, Frank and Harry were left in school, and the others joined them later - Norah in November 1880, Effie in March 1881, Mary in March 1883, and the then new-born John in July 1885.

Henry was back in England in 1877; on Tuesday 9 October, he attended the Missionary Resignation and Valedictory Service at Stow Hill Chapel, where leave was taken of "...Mr H.R. PIGOTT, of Ceylon... returning to the mission Field" [Report of the Autumnal Session of the Baptist union of G.B. and I., held at Newport, Monmouthshire, 8-11 October 1877],

Back in Ceylon, Henry and Ellen were moved to Ratnapura, in the Sabaragamuwa District, 63 miles E.S.E. of Colombo. Their youngest child, Ellen, was born there in 1878; and Henry opened a new church there in 1883, which was still in use when I visited in 1982, a year before it was due to celebrate it's centenary.

[The Baptist Church at Ratnapura, photographed in 1982, a year before it's centenary.]

They returned to Maradana by July 1885, with regular excursions to the cooler climate in Nuwera Eliyah. Last formal mention of them in published records was made in the Missionary Herald of October 1889:
"On August 15... Madampe, 43 miles N.E. of Colombo - the mission station here was commenced by Mr PIGOTT in 1870... The Rev H.R. PIGOTT, our good indefatigable missionary, with his equally zealous missionary lady, and their two daughters... singing of hymns, especially by Mrs PIGOTT."

REV HENRY AND ELLEN GO TO N.S.W. ON FURLOUGH.

And illness was to have the last say.
On 25 December 1889, Henry and Ellen, with two daughters, undoubtedly Effie and Mary, set sail for Sydney, in the 2nd Class Saloon on the R.M.S. Ballarat. Their plan may have been to take furlough leave with their son Harry, and return when Ellen's health had improved. But her illness was severe, and in time, Henry, having decided to remain in N.S.W., tendered his resignation to the Baptist Missionary Society, citing his plans to enter into a tea importing business with his son.
They had left behind two daughters, one married, and two grandchildren; the balance of their own children were still in schools in England.

However, the sale of Henry's household goods, by auction slated for 7 Dec 1889, at the Mission House at Maradana [Courier and Middlesex Chronicle, 29 Jan 1890], indicates that Henry had probably already made up his mind not to return.
______________________________________________________________________

Henry and Ellen disembarked from the Ballarat in Sydney on 16 January 1890. For the time being, they went to reside with their second son, Harry PIGOTT, in Milton, just north of Ulladulla, on the N.S.W. South Coast.

By December 1890, Henry had made his decision to resign from the B.M.S., and had selected his future course of action - on 19 December, the Board of the A.J.S. Bank allowed a request from H.M. TODHUNTER, Manager of their Parramatta Branch, seeking approval of an advance for Rev Henry R. PIGOTT "...of £900 on the guarantee of Arthur GILES and H.R.[M.] PIGOTT of Milton; also deeds of a Freehold Orchard valued at £1300, interest 8%."
[Arthur GILES, Senior Master of the Lower School at Sydney Grammar, was Ellen PIGOTT's younger half-brother.]

Henry acknowledged, by letter dated at Kellyville, N.S.W., on 29 April 1892, the B.M.S.'s acceptance of his resignation, and their offer of £250 in severance pay. His name was placed on the Baptist Church of N.S.W.'s Unattached Pastors List.

The orchard was on Windsor Road, on the north-eastern side, and between President and Wrights Roads, covering an area of 18 acres and 29 perches.
Deeds of sale were executed on 2 January 1891, transferring title from Henry Havelock McNAUGHT of Baulkham Hills to Rev Henry Robert PIGOTT of Milton.
Henry mortgaged the property immediately to the Sydney Permanent Freehold Land and Building Society, which became, in March 1892, the A.M.P. Society. Henry took out a second mortgage to William Alfred BRODIE of Parramatta, which was transferred to Isaac HIMMELHOCK, Financier of Sydney, on 1 May 1891, and discharged in May 1892.
The title deeds to the orchard were transferred on 1 April 1897 to Robert Hamilton MATTHEWS of Parramatta, Licensed Surveyor.

HENRY TRIES HIS LUCK IN COLONIAL POLITICS.

In June 1894, General Elections were held for the N.S.W. Legislative Assembly.
Henry presented himself as a candidate for the Seat of Sherwood, although he had earlier shown some interest in the seat of Granville.
He stood on a platform of Free-trade and Temperance, expressing strong support as well for:
"...qualifications for members; reduction of the customs duties on all articles excepting narcotics and stimulants; tax on the unimproved value of land; issue of treasury notes only; local government; settlement of the people on the land; free education in ordinary State Schools; payment of members; an elective Upper House; womanhood suffrage; and federation."

The Division of Sherbrooke covered Blacktown (with Eastern Creek, Seven Hills, Toongabbie and Rooty Hill); Castle Hill (with Baulkham Hills, Kellyville and Crossroads); Dural (with Galston, Kenthurst and Upper Dural); and Smithfield (with Fairfield, Prospect and Wetherill Park).

In most of these districts Henry was an unknown, which did not help his cause. In addition, his pitch for the votes of free-traders was severely queered by the endorsement by the Free-trade Council of another candidate, Mr Jacob GARRARD. Henry wrote in protest to the "Argus" newspaper of 14 July:
"As I decline to commit political suicide at the dictation of outsiders in the interests of an outsider; and feeling the injustice done to this electorate and to myself by the Free-trade Council in selecting a candidate in the absence of that inquiry which they themselves said was necessary too discover the strongest Free-trade candidate, I mean to go to the polls against all comers."

Henry canvassed meetings in all the parts of the electorate, and received attentive hearings, but from relatively small numbers of electors, where he was reported to have given lucid accounts of his views, and was noted for his "ready repartee" and acclaimed as a man of "...sterling character and ability."
But his chances were doomed, if not just by the report of the Cumberland Argus on the day before polling:
"...Mr PIGOTT has yet to make himself more in touch with the people..."

Henry was obliterated by the electors - he polled only 8 votes of 1336, with even "Informal" out-polling him on 28 votes.
The seat was won by the endorsed Free-trade candidate, Jacob GARRARD, who had previously represented the Division of Central Cumberland (abolished in a re-distribution prior to the poll) and had served in the previous Government as Minister for Education.
Henry had never stood a chance!

Throughout 1893-95, Henry is frequently mentioned in Argus reports concerning the Baptist Church's activities in Kellyville and the district, addressing various meetings on the subject of Temperance. He also chaired meetings in Parramatta connected with the Baptist Church's Missionary activities.
He also had dealings with Anglicans in the area, attending a church social at Dural in June 1894, and the re-opening of St Paul's, Castle Hill in December 1895. In April 1894, his eldest son Frank, on furlough from the P.W.D. in Ceylon, was appointed a Church Warden at the Kellyville Church of England (St Stephen's).

REV HENRY REVERTS TO HIS ANGLICAN ROOTS.

This drift back to his Anglican roots was complete by 25 April 1898, when Henry severed his final connection with the Baptist Church, citing "...a difference of opinion on theology." [See "Baptists in the Cradle City," Baptist Historical Studies Publication #4.]
On 24 June, Henry was made a Deacon of the Sydney Diocese of the Church of England, by the Primate, the Right Rev Lord Bishop of Sydney, Dr Saumarez SMITH. On 1 July he was ordained priest, and appointed Curate of Castle Hill, assisting the incumbent, Rev Edward HARGRAVE, by taking services at St Stephen's, Kellyville, which had opened in September 1890, and built on land given by Edward Harte ACRES (ancestor of his eldest son Frank's two wives).
Henry also assisted with religious instruction in some of the 18 schools in the Parish.

Henry was Chairman of the School Board of Kellyville State School. A new Public School building was opened on 13 August 1898, and Henry presided over the ceremony. He had the dubious pleasure of introducing the guest speaker, his old political foe, Jacob GARRARD, who had retained the portfolio of Minister for Public Instruction.
In 1898, Henry was also President of the Kellyville Progress Association.

Henry resigned the Curacy of Castle Hill on 11 May 1901, and was appointed to the vacant Curacy of St John's, Parramatta, at a salary of £200 with residence in Marsden St. He and Mrs PIGOTT were farewelled in a meeting at Annan Grove Church on Sat 25 May. Part of his Parramatta salary was attached to the Chaplaincy to the Asylum, and he was also involved in religious visitations to The King's School (where his grandson and namesake was later a Master).
[Six churches in Castle Hill/Parramatta which Rev Henry Robert PIGOTT used for his services:
Top row - Christ Church, Rouse Hill; St Matthew's, Holroyd (then in Arcadia Street); Holy Trinity, Baulkham Hills
Bottom row - St Paul's, Riverstone; the Presbyterian Church at Marsden Park; St John's, Parramatta.
St Stephen's, Kellyville, then on the corner of Windsor and President Roads, no longer exists]

REV HENRY GOES UP INTO THE MOUNTAINS.

Henry had begun to suffer from ill-health. In October 1902, he wrote to his daughter Norah PARKER, in Adelaide, that he had just returned from 2 weeks in Springwood, where he went on doctor's orders for his asthma. He continued suffering from bad bouts of asthma, which prompted him to seek a permanent posting in the mountains. He had even briefly contemplated returning to the Kellyville orchard, as he noted in his diary on 21 March 1902.

[The old Holy Trinity Church, Armstrong Street, Wentworth Falls, in November 2012.]

This mountain posting he achieved in February 1903, when he resigned the Curacy of St John's to take up an appointment as Curate of Springwood (including Glenbrook, Lawson and Wentworth Falls). His church was the Holy Trinity Church in Wentworth Falls, and his residence was probably in Wentworth Falls (1903 Electoral enrolment).

Henry's "bad asthma" was in fact an "asthmatic" heart condition. He resigned the curacy in November 1903, and it appears that he then vacated the vicarage, and went to reside in Faulconbridge.


[The old Rectory at Wentworth Falls. Henry and Ellen probably lived here from March 1903
until his retiremant as Curate in November of the same year.]

Henry wrote an "Epistle to his children on his dying bed" dated 9 November 1903, "on being told that his days were numbered."
The letter states, in part:
"As for many years I have committed all my ways unto the Lord, I had only to feel and know that my ways were in His all wise, all loving, all mighty hands, to be satisfied to leave them still there, and simply said 'Thy will be done,' and the matter is His, and not only mine.
"What is my hope for Eternity? ...while the Holy Spirit here below worketh in the soul, revealing Christ more fully every day, as my Keeper and Friend. Death therefore has no dark passage for me. 'The Valley' will end as soon as 'Death's bright angel' opens the door and I pass into life and light. This is not a new faith. I have had it for 50 years...
"I do not know why my ministry here is cut so short, and so suddenly. God has his own reasons and plan in the matter; so it must be right, and let all the people say Amen.
"I commit to the keeping of God of all my dear ones. My loving faithful wife and fellow worker in the Master's vineyard for 41 years. Her record is on high..."

Four months later, on 26 April 1904, Henry uttered his last words - "what language are they speaking?" - and died at his Faulconbridge residence, aged 65. This residence has not yet been identified.
His mortal remains were buried in Faulconbridge Cemetery, in a grave which has remained un-marked, and which location is unknown. Several bushfires have, over the years, destroyed cemetery records. Details of his birth and death were later recorded on the gravestone placed on his widow's grave in South Head Cemetery at Vaucluse.

ELLEN SURVIVES HER HUSBAND.



His widow Ellen survived for another 21 years, residing variously at - 60 Bayswater Road, East Sydney (1906); 1 Oswald Street, Woollahra (1904-09); Rae Street, Randwick (1913); Avoca Street, Randwick (1915-17); 'Richmond,' Belmore Street, Burwood (1921-22).
She revisited England in 1913, sailing on the S.S. Persic via South Africa, and returning via Ceylon, on the R.M.S. Mongolia. She stayed with her daughter Annie LAURIE and her family in Wimbledon Park; and spent a month in Ceylon with her son John and with her daughter Mary FOUCAR.

Ellen died at her residence, 79 Lucas Road, Burwood, on 21 July 1925, aged 86. She was buried in the Church of England Section of South Head Cemetery, Vaucluse.


[Ellen PIGOTT's grave in South Head Cemetery, Vaucluse, recording details also of her late husband, 
who had been buried in an unmarked grave in Faulconbridge General Cemetery.]

THE FAMILY OF REV HENRY AND ELLEN PIGOTT.

Henry and Ellen's own family were:

1. Annie Eliza PIGOTT, born Matakuliyah, Colombo, 12 March 1863:

Annie was at 3 Vineyard hill, Wimbledon, Surrey, 1939 Register, Domestic Duties, Widow, with her daughter Irene; she died at Wimbledon Park, London, on 18 January 1941; she was married by her father, with Rev WALDOCK assisting, at Cinnamon Gardens Baptist Church, Colombo, on 15 December 1885, to Frank Maxwell LAURIE (born at Luton, Bedfordshire, 26 August 1854, son of Dr William Forbes LAURIE and Mary UNWIN), Proprietary Planter; the family retired to 3 Vineyard Hill Road, Wimbledon Park, about 1910; he died there on 1 February 1937; issue:
     a. Maxwell LAURIE, born Maradana, 17 November 1886.
     b. Irene Ada LAURIE, born Rakwana, 18 March 1888.
     c. Eric Unwin LAURIE, born Rakwana, 11 October 1890, and killed in action, Belgium, 24 March 1918, M.C.
     d. Beatrice LAURIE, born Bogawantalawa, 12 November 1893, and died Wimbledon, 6 February 1984, unmarried.
     e. Gertrude M. LAURIE, born Ceylon, 3 October 1895, unmarried.
     f. Winifred Annie LAURIE, born Ceylon, 1897, and died off Perim, 30 June 1898, aged 9 and a half months.
     g. Kathleen Frances LAURIE, born Ceylon, 26 April 1900; M.A., University College, London, 1929; Teacher's Diploma, 1924; Mental Health Diploma, 1938; Diploma of Drawing and Painting, Ruskin School, Oxford, 1949 [Who's Who of Art]; living Southgate, London, 1982; unmarried.


[Bonnie THOROUGOOD and her cousins Kathleen and Beatrice LAURIE, about 1972.]

2. Aileen Kathleen PIGOTT, born at Slave Island, Colombo, 7 May 1864; died at Slave Island, 1 March 1865, aged 9 months.

3. Francis Joseph PIGOTT, born Slave Island, 27 June 1865:

A graduate of the Crystal Palace Engineering School, London; District Engineer, Public Works Department, Ceylon; transferred to P.W.D. Singapore, 1904, as Deputy Colonial Engineer and Surveyor-General; Colonial Engineer and Minister for Works, 1909; retired to N.S.W. in 1921 when his first wife died; lived at Baulkham Hills, then at Manly, and died in 1939; he married firstly, at Castle Hill, 22 December 1894, Isabella Adelaide Mowbray ACRES (daughter of Edward Harte ACRES and Henrietta PENNINGTON), with issue three daughters - including the only survivor:
     b. Beatrice (Bonnie) Kathleen PIGOTT, born 2 July 1897; at Greenways, The Coombe, Dorking, Surrey, 1939 register, with husband and a cook; married Freddie THOROUGOOD, Banker in the Far East; he was with Beatrice, in 1939, Eastern Bank Manager (on leave); issue a daughter John THOROGOOD, who married Captain YOUNG.
Frank was married secondly, at St John's, Parramatta, on 5 May 1933, to Kathleen Georgina ACRES, his late wife Isabella's sister; they had no further issue.

4. Henry Robert Maguire (Harry) PIGOTT, born at Matakuliyah, 2 October 1866:
 Bank Clerk in London; emigrated, via Ceylon, to N.S.W. on the R.M.S. Sutlej, arrived Sydney, 10 July 1884, to join the Australian Joint Stock Bank; worked in Burwood, Grafton (1886-87), Cooma (1888-89), Milton (1889-92), Wingham (1892-93), and finally as branch manager in Blayney (1893-99); opened in business in Blayney, 1900, as a Stock and Station Agent; M.H.R. for the Division of Calare, N.S.W., 1914-19; grazier at Cadara, near Tottenham; retired to Fairlight Crescent, Manly, about 1945; died on 8 July 1949; married at Blayney, 23 March 1898, Margaret Paton ADAM (born Carcoar, 26 August 1874, daughter of Rev James ADAM, Presbyterian Minister, and Elizabeth SPENCE); she died in 1970; issue:
     a. Henry Robert PIGOTT, born Blayney, 25 May 1899; Schoolmaster; married Betty GORRIE, with issue.
     b. James Adam PIGOTT, born Blayney, 1902; Farmer and Grazier at Backwoodlands, Narromine; married Eleanor WEBB, with issue.
     c. Elsa Grace PIGOTT, born Blayney, 1906; died 1976; married Paul CUTTS, with issue.
     d. Francis Paton PIGOTT, born Blayney, 1917; Gynaecologist; married Patricia COLMAN, with issue.

5. Frederick Steven PIGOTT, born at Matakuliyah, 29 May 1868; died there of a "malignant sore throat," 5 June 1869, aged 1 year.

6. Norah Agnes PIGOTT, born Matakuliyah, 19 July 1869:

Norah emigrated to N.S.W., 1899; died at Beulah Park, Adelaide, 13 July 1950; married at Trincomalee, 29 March 1894, Charles PARKER (born Birmingham, 1868, son of George PARKER and Ann DAVIES); he was with the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, and served in both N.S.W. Permanent military Force, and then the Australian Army as a Drill Instructor; he died at Caulfield, Melbourne, 29 April 1921; issue:
     a. Mary PARKER, born Trincomalee, 21 December 1894, married 1914, Cecil HOWARD, with issue.
     b. George Henry PARKER, born Colombo, 27 March 1896; married 1921, Hilda PHILIPSON, with issue:
     a. Charles Maurice PARKER, born Colombo, 18 July 1897, and died there aged 11 months.
     b. Arthur Leese PARKER, born Singleton, N.S.W., 27 March 1900; killed at Ambon in 1942; married Margaret WALLACE, with issue.
     c. Norah PARKER, born Singleton 22 May 1901, married Herbert CUNDY.
     d. Dorothy PARKER, born Prospect, S.A., 25 May 1906, and married James BIRRELL, with issue.

7. Effie Giles PIGOTT, born Maradana, Colombo, 8 November 1870:

Effie went to N.S.W. with her parents, 1890; she died in Tamworth, 13 March 1943; married at Castle Hill, 28 January 1892, John Reginald WOOD (born Currawang, N.S.W., 28 August 1865, son of William WOOD and Ellen LYNCH - she married secondly, Port Douglas, William THOMSON, and was hanged in Boggo Road Gaol, Brisbane, 13 June 1887, for his murder), Orchardist in Castle Hill and Tamworth; he died at Tamworth, 23 October 1920; issue:
     a. Reginald Kenneth WOOD, born at Castle Hill, 20 November 1893; he died in 1965; he married firstly, at Tamworth, 1914, Ruby Pearl CAMERON; she died at Redfern, April 1927; with issue:
          i. Kenneth William John WOOD, born Tamworth, 1915; died 1971; married Elizabeth STARK.
          ii. Margaret Cameron WOOD, born Tamworth, 1918; died 2002; married Alan John EAGLETON.
          iii. John Reginald WOOD.
          iv. June WOOD; died at Drummoyne, 1925.
Reginald Kenneth married secondly, at Moree, 1928, Rose WILLIAMS; she died at Murrurundi, 1992; with further issue:
          v. Josephine WOOD, born 1929; died 1996; married Kevin RUSSELL
     b. Marion Katherine WOOD, born at Castle Hill, 10 February 1895; she married in 1921, as his first wife, Henry Albert KELSO (he married secondly, about 1962, Violet Vera HYNDS); with issue:
          i. John Henry James KELSON, born 1922; died 1978; married Lorna Irene.
          ii. Robert Bruce KELSO, born at Bondi, 1924; died 1984, late of Yowie Bay; married at Bondi, 1951, Freda WATKINS.
     c. Ethelwyn Irene WOOD, born at Castle Hill, 1896, and died aged 21.
     d. Francis William John WOOD, born at Castle Hill, 14 December 1897, married at Tamworth, 1927, Marguerite Della BARBER (she married secondly, at Moree, 1953, James Henry Cormie McDONALD; with issue:
          i.  Lloyd WOOD; went to Honolulu.
          ii. Bruce WOOD.
     e. Harold Edwin WOOD, born at Tamworth, 12 July 1899; he died in 1962; he married at Casino, 1924, Annie M. JORDAN; with issue a daughter; harold married secondly, about 1930, Lilian Edith WAGSTAFF; she died in 1983; with further issue.
     f. Grace Freda WOOD, born at Tamworth, 4 October 1900; died at Manly, 1978; she died at North Manly, 6 June 1969; she married firstly, at Waverley, 1921, Ernest Alfred MOSS, of Parramatta, Prison Warder; with issue:
          i. Ernest K. MOSS; died at Parramatta in 1924.
          ii. Winifred Grace MOSS; married Thomas Henry HAIGH.
Grace married secondly, at Canterbury, 1944, Stanley Foster DODGSON; he died at Manly, 1962.
     g. Ellen Marjorie WOOD, born Tamworth, 19 March 1903; she died on 3 July 1976; she married at Waverley, 1923, George Leo Hopeton INGRAM, Cook with the R.A.N.; with issue:
          i. Effie Marjorie "Toni" INGRAM; she died in June 2012, aged 87; she married Eric Bruce LEE, Medical Practitioner; he died in July 2001, aged 79; with issue.
          ii. another child, details unknown.
     h. Effie Dorothy WOOD, born at Tamworth, 1905, and died there on 28 October 1905, aged 6 months.
     j. Evelyn Janie WOOD, born at Tamworth, 23 October 1906; she died at Bondi, 13 December 1973; she married on 29 December 1934, Keith Joseph MILLER; he died in 1974; with issue - one married daughter living in Wisconsin, U.S.A..
     k. Lillian Edith WOOD, born at Tamworth, 28 May 1909; she died in 1978; she married at Waverley, 1941,  Edward Henry DOUGLAS, Upholsterer.

8. Mary Oakley PIGOTT, born at Maradana, 4 April 1873:

Mary came to N.S.W with her parents, 1890; Missionary in Solomon Islands, and Coonoor, South India; died in Colombo, 1921; married about 1909, Louis Ferdinand FOUCAR; issue 2 daughters:
     a. Isabel FOUCAR; Nursing Sister in South Africa; retired to Fairford, Gloucestershire; unmarried.
     b. Betty FOUCAR; an artist; also died unmarried.

9. Winifred Leese PIGOTT, born at Maradana, 18 July 1874; died of convulsions on board the S.S. Navarino, 3 June 1875, aged 11 months.

10. John Eustace Giles PIGOTT:

Born at Clapham, S.W. London, 23 September 1875; raised early in Ceylon, but returned to London, 5 June 1885, to attend the School for the Sons of Missionaries, at Blackheath; re-joined his family, about 1895, since retired to New South Wales; at Kellyville, 20 October 1894, when he received the Castle Hill Football Club's 3rd proficiency award for the recent season; returned to Ceylon from Castle Hill, about 1895; Planter, Retenagalla Estate, Bogawantalawa, Ceylon, 1896-97 (this estate was managed by his brother-in-law, Frank LAURIE); Planter, Glen Mary Estate, Central Peermaad, Travancore, South India, 1898-99; Planter, Rannecoil Estate, Peermaad, Travancore, 1903 to 1906 [Ferguson's Directory listings].
Glen Mary, Peermade, Kerala, South India, lies about 70 km inland from the western coast of India, and about 130 north from the southern-most tip of India.
John is believed to have died at or near Nagercoil, South India, in 1941, and was buried at the Salvation Army Cemetery, St Xavier's College Road (about 300 metres from the highway), Chunkankadai, about 5 km W.N.W. of the town of Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, and about 8 km north of the southern coast and a little west of the same southern-most tip of India.
John is said to have married a Miss GRAHAM (although I have not yet been able to confirm her identity); it was further alleged to me in Colombo in 1984 that he had had issue 2 sons, one of whom (Daryl PIGOTT) was said to have been then still living, an itinerant piano tuner and hawker of plastic flowers (again, I was unable to confirm any of this information, then or since); she is believed to have died about 1909.
However, very recent information indicates that he had instead had two daughters:
     a. Evelyn Gladys PIGOTT, born at Ranicoil Estate, 1904; apparently unmarried.
.    b. Muriel Grace PIGOTT, born 1908; married John EGAN, with issue two sons and four daughters.

11. Ellen Corbett PIGOTT:


Born at Ratnapura, Central Ceylon, 8 June 1878; Florist, Circular Quay, Sydney; she married firstly, in Sydney, as his second wife, Walter ADAMS, Chief Engineer of the Maritime Services Board; married secondly, as his third wife, her second cousin Bertram Sandes GILES.
_______________________________________________________________________________

Henry Robert PIGOTT was my great-grandfather.

Thursday, June 12, 2008

"A peremptory, bold companion: Major John PIGOTT of Grangebegg.

[Ruins of the Tower House of Grangebegg, Borris-in-Ossory, Queen's County, Ireland, 2004.]

"In Disert did inhabit a peremptory, bold companion, Sir John PIGOTT, a captain of foot before these commotions, confiding too much in the strength of his castle, in the number of his men, in the abundance of both provision and ammunition, and in his own supposed skill, and also in the ancient friendship of the house of Tyrone (whereof he was fosterer by his mother's side of the OVENTONs) would not by any means surrender, either for friendship or in intimation of the rest, though severally attempted by noble messengers, and honourable quarter of life, goods, arms and castle, only to swear fealty to King and country.
"Shewing himself so stiffnecked, the Catholic General (though his well-wisher) grew mighty descontented, commanded Colonel O'FARRELL and Colonel Roger McGUIRE's regiments to take that Castle..."
[Report of the 1646 "Aphorismal Discovery, Volume 1" and cited by Michael CAREY in his "History of the Queen's County," 1857.]

Whether John PIGOTT, formerly of Grangebegg, had entered into "negotiations" with his besiegers, or whether his brother-in-law Barnaby O'DUNNE had, fearing the worst, made his escape by breaching his relation's terms and opening the door to the ensuing attack, we may never know. But we do know that PIGOTT was killed, along with his youngest son William, and some 40 or more other members of the garrisoned estate.

The date was 6 October 1646, and the King, to whom John had been loyal at the outbreak of the Catholic Rebellion in October 1641, had lost his support by actively seeking Irish Catholic reinforcements to his own depleted Army in England. John had laid down his arms at the Cessation negotiated in September 1643.
The women folk, including his widow Martha and undoubtedly several of their daughters, although witnesses to the atrocities, were, under O'NEILL's own instructions, allowed to go unmolested, despite being stripped naked, in a move probably designed to winkle out those men who had disguised their gender under women's attire.
His naked body lay, unburied for some time, in the ditch where it was thrown.

John was the eldest son and heir of Sir Robert PIGOTT (1565-1642) of Dysart, Queen's County, by his first wife Anne ST LEGER (died in 1599). He was probably born in Dysart, around about 1590. His father, created Knight in 1609 for his part in the clearing of the O'MOREs out of the County (see his separate post in this blog), had probably handed over the running of the Dysart estate as early as March 1639 - John recorded his residence there when re-elected as the Member for the Queen's County in the Irish Parliament. John's earlier election, in July 1634, had recorded him as residing at Grangebegg, an imposing tower house in Borris-in-Ossory, the ruins of which are still standing (see attached photograph above).

John's early career is overshadowed by that of his father. He was about 10 when his mother died, and from about 1601-02, he was raised by his step-mother, Thomasine PIGOTT alias CASTILLION alias PEYTON, along with his 5 surviving blood-siblings, his 2 CASTILLION step-siblings (which included Catherine, the mother of his future daughter-in-law), to which number was added half-siblings from his father's second marriage.


 [Sir Thomas COLCLOUGH of Tinterne Abbey, County Wexford.
Image courtesy of John COLCLOUGH's blog-page at www.colclough-resource.blogspot.com.au.]

He himself was married to Martha COLCOUGH, daughter of Sir Thomas COLCLOUGH of Tynterne, County Wexford, by his spouse Martha LOFTUS, a daughter of Adam LOFTUS, Archbishop of Dublin, by Jane PURDON.


[Rev Adam LOFTUS, about 1533 - 1605; Archbishop of Dublin.]

We have no particulars of the marriage, which probably occurred about the time John came of age, probably around 1611-13.
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And there were 11 known children of the marriage, who were probably raised at Grangebegg:

1. Robert PIGOTT, the eldest son, probably born about 1612-13; the heir apparent to Dysart; possibly the Mr Robert PIGOTT (unless instead his father's younger half-brother) referred to by Samuel FRANCK of Dernesharagh, Queen's County, in his Deposition dated 1 February 1643, as being the Governor of Castle Burrowes (Borris-in-Ossory), Queen's County, during the siege led by Florence FITZPATRICK, the rebel Lord of Upper Ossory (who had been dispossessed of the castle by the grant of it to George VILLIERS, Duke of Buckingham, by James I); Walter DISCHOME, in his Deposition dated 11 April 1642, mentioned that his Irish wife, bred a Protestant, was employed to carry letters, and "...was employed in a second service by Sir William GILBERT (governor of Mary Burrow and the fort there) to go to Captain PIGGOTT's wife at Burridge who he had heard was so hard beset that shee was like to give up the castle there; but upon Sir William GILBERT's letter, she, though much bestraited for victuals, kept the castle safe from the rebels" [MS 815, fol.186r-187v]; if so, it was his daughter Ann to whom Sir William GILBERT wrote, evidently recently married to Robert PIGOTT; and if so, it was his father, John PIGOTT, who led a troop of English to relieve it for the second time (some months after Sir Charles COOTE's first relief at Easter, 1642).
Robert was reported to have been killed at the fall of the Fort of Maryborough (of which his father-in-law, Sir William GILBERT, was governor), in September 1646, about a week before the sack and storm of Dysart.
Robert married Anne GILBERT, daughter of Sir William GILBERT (died in 1654) of Kilminchey, Queen's County, by his spouse Catherine CASTILLION (John's step-sister); she evidently died in or before 1654, and possibly before the Sack of Dysart in October 1646; they had issue two children, who were probably living with their PIGOTT grandmother at Dysart in October 1646, and were living as orphans in 1654, one of whom was:
     a. Thomas PIGOTT, probably born about 1641-42; he witnessed his grandfather's death at Dysart, October 1646, and died at Dysart in 1702), the heir to Dysart; married in Dublin, 1663, Elizabeth WELDON, with issue.

2. Thomas PIGOTT; probably born about 1614-15; admitted Scholar at Trinity College, Dublin, 14 September 1629 (age not recorded, but presumed to be 14 or over); B.A. 1634; an Army Colonel, he went to England during Civil War, firstly in November 1641, and again in October 1643, when he remained there, eventually settling at Brockley Park, Somerset; he was appointed Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries in Ireland under Charles II; he was buried at Long Ashton Parish Church, near Bristol, 10 January 1673-74; he married, perhaps secondly (although no evidence has yet been found to support a notion that he may have had an earlier wife), about 1644 (probably some time between October 1643 and January 1645), Florence SMYTH, the widow of Thomas SMYTH of Long Ashton, Somerset (he was buried there on 21 October 1642), and daughter of John, Lord POULET of Hinton St George, Somerset; Florence PIGOTT was buried in the SMYTH family vault, under the Chancel in Long Ashton Parish Church, on 8 November 1676; they had issue:
     a. Martha PIGOTT, bapt at Long Ashton, 2 October 1645; died in September 1682, and was buried at St Audoen's (C.of I.), Dublin, 31 September; she married at Long Ashton, 31 December 1663, Christopher USSHER, Esq, of Bridgfoot; he died in 1706, aged 72, and was buried at St Audoen's, Dublin, 10 June; with issue, including:
          i. Florence USSHER, bapt Long Ashton, 2 February 1665-66; buried there 28 June 1668.
          ii. Catherine USSHER, bapt Long Ashton, 18 October 1667; buried there 12 May 1669.
          iii. Elizabeth USSHER, born in 1674; buried at St Audoen's, Dublin, 23 December 1675.
          iii. William USSHER, bapt St Audoen's, Dublin, 19 November 1675; of Ussher's Quay, Dublin; M.P. for Limavady; died in 1719; married in 1695, Lettice WADDINGTON, with issue.
          iv. Martha USSHER, bapt St Audoen's, Dublin, 17 July 1677.
          v. Florence USSHER, born in 1678; buried at St Audoen's, Dublin, 3 October 1682.
     b. Paulet PIGOTT, bapt Long Ashton, 29 October 1646; bur there, 12 February 1646-47, aged 3 mos.
     c. Paulet PIGOTT, bapt Long Ashton, 2 December 1647; bur there, 26 November 1673, aged 15.
     d. John PIGOTT, bapt Long Ashton, 3 January 1648-49; of Brockley, and The Grange, Weston, both in Somerset; he died on 23 December 1727 - "Bristol... The Hon Coll John PIGGOT, son of the Hon Coll Thomas PIGGOT, Master of the Court of Wards in the Kingdom of Ireland, died the 23rd, aged 80, and was interred last Thursday. He was a Seaman and a Soldier in the Reign of K.Ch.II, an early man of the Revolution, a steady Friend of the House of Hanover and a bold Asserter of the Liberties of his Country" [The Daily Journal, Thursday 4 January 1728]; he was buried at St Nicholas's Church, Brockley, Somerset, 28 December 1727; married (his wife has not yet been identified), perhaps in Ireland (no appropriate PIGOTT marriage found in Somerset parish records), with issue:
          i. Florence PIGOTT; probably born in or before 1692; married at Brockley, 1 June 1710, Anthony BIGGS, Gent, of Bath, with issue including a son John BIGGS, who adopted the PIGOTT surname, and was buried at Brockley Church, 13 January 1795, aged 84 (having married Anna COWARD, died in 1810, with issue).
          ii. John PIGOTT; High Sheriff of Somerset; inherited Brockley from his father; died on 14 April 1730 - "On Saturday died John PIGOTT, of Brockley, Esq, High Sheriff of the County of Somerset, of the Gaol distemper, which he caught the last Assizes. He married a sister of Sir John SMITH of Long Ashton in that County" [Daily Journal, London, Saturday 18 April 1730]; he was buried at Brockley Church, 20 April, s.p.; the Brockley estate went to his nephew John BIGGS, who adopted the surname PIGOTT; he married on 15 February 1728, Florence SMYTH (she remarried Sir Jarret SMYTH).
     e. Elizabeth PIGOTT, bapt Long Ashton, 13 July 1650; married Mr LONG of Bristol.
     f. Thomas PIGOTT, bapt Long Ashton, 27 December 1651; buried there, 17 December 1651 (dates thus in Parish Register, Taunton Records Office, evidently in error).

3. Alexander PIGOTT; of Innishannon, County Cork; served with distinction in the Earl of Inchiquin's Regiment, Civil War; Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army; will dated 1680, proved 1683; married Ann ADERLEY, the widow of Thomas ADERLY, and the daughter of Sir Edward BOLTON of Brazil, County Dublin, with issue.
Ancestor of the PIGOTTs of Chetwynd, County Cork, of Loughrea, County Galway, and the Baronets of Knapton.

4. John PIGOTT; of Rahineduff, Queen's County; a Captain in the Army; died in 1668; married Mary MOORE, the widow of Pierce MOORE of Rahineduff, and the daughter of Francis EDGEWORTH of Edgeworthstown, County Longford, by his spouse Jane TUITE, with issue.

5. William PIGOTT; born about 1627, the youngest son; killed with his father at Dysart, 6 October 1646, aged 19.

I. Thomasin PIGOTT; said to have married Foulk COMERFORD of Inchiclohan, although there are some date difficulties in determining which Foulk COMERFORD this might have been; said to have been mother of Garret COMERFORD, born about 1611, but this appears to be (and in my view clearly) impossible.
She may instead have married William COMERFORD (1613-1664), a son of Foulke COMERFORD; it was probably his farm, four miles from Rosse, County Wexford, which he held of Job WARD, and which John PIGOTT was recorded as have been visiting, about Easter 1642, as his "brother"; if so, he appears to have had issue (although not fully in conformity with expected family naming traditions):
     a. John COMERFORD.
     b. Richard COMERFORD.
     c. James COMERFORD.
     d. Catherine COMERFORD.

II. Martha PIGOTT; married Henry GILBERT of Kilminchey (born about 1623, son of Sir William GILBERT by Catherine CASTILLION; thereby the brother of Ann GILBERT, the wife of Martha's elder brother Robert PIGOTT); with issue:
     a. St Leger GILBERT; of Kilminchey, Queen's County; probably married Gertrude VIGOURS; she died in September 1713, a widow.
     b. Martha GILBERT; married her cousin, Stephen FITZGERALD.
     c. Castilliana GILBERT; died in 1743, at a very advanced age, and was buried in St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin; she married in 1670, Charles LAMBERT, the 3rd Earl of Cavan; he died in 1702, aged 53; issue:
          i. Charles LAMBERT; died v.p. in 1689.
          ii. Richard LAMBERT, born at Lamberton House, 1676; co-appellant, with his cousin Thomas PIGOTT, in the 1725 House of Lords litigation over the Kilcromin estate; 4th Earl of Cavan, 1702; died in 1742; married at Barbadoes, Margaret TRANT, with issue.

III. Jane PIGOTT; living at Dysart, October 1646 (named as second daughter of three in her mother's deposition, so perhaps younger than Mary); bequest of a mourning ring in her brother Thomas PIGOTT's will, 1670; married, perhaps in England in 1647, Major Ion GROVE of Dulhallow, County Cork; he died in 1692, aged 79; with issue:
     a. Jane GROVE; married in 1679, William HODDER of Bridgeton, County Cork; with issue.
     b. Alexander GROVE; of Ballyhemock; attainted by the Jacobite Parliament, 1689; died in 1707; he married firstly, Dorothy MANSERGH, with issue; he married secondly, Mary BRUCE, with further issue.

IV. Mary PIGOTT; living at Dysart, October 1646 (named first of three daughters in her mother's deposition, so perhaps older than Jane); bequest of a mourning ring in her brother Thomas PIGOTT's will, 1670; married, as his fourth (or perhaps fifth) wife, Dudley PHILLIPS of Newton Limavady, County Derry; recorded in several published pedigrees as having had issue:
     a. Robert PHILLIPS; of Limavady; said to have married Ann PIGOTT, with issue.
     b. Thomas PHILLIPS.
     c. Alexander PHILLIPS.

V. Sybilla PIGOTT, probably born about 1633; living at Dysart, October 1646; made a Deposition, undated but probably in January 1653, concerning the death of her father at Dysart in October 1646, stating that she was aged 19 [see MS 815, fols 419v-420v, Trinity College Library]; she was living in 1670; she married firstly, before 1662, Thomas FITZGERALD of Morett and Kilcromin, Queen's County, with issue; she married secondly, Walter BERMINGHAM of Dunfert, County Kildare.
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John was a Captain in the Army when he was named, on 9 July 1641, with his father Sir Robert, in certain orders dated of the Irish Parliament, relating to the Advowson of the Rectories of Dysart-enos and Kilteale, Queen's County.
He was certainly part of the Irish Establishment [see Ormond MSs, Series 1, Volume 1, page 123] when the Civil War broke out in October 1641, and either was, or quickly became attached to the Earl of Kildare's Regiment in Leinster, under the Colonelncy of Sir Charles COOTE (the proprietor of the Mountrath smelter where John's Dysart iron ore was smelted), and with other Captains including his half-brother William PIGOTT, and eventual half-brother-in-law Primeiron ROCHFORT.
But he was also still in Parliament, and on 16 November 1641 was, with others, appointed to a commission to treat with the rebels in Ulster.

By 1642, ORMOND [MSs, Op. Cit.] recorded that John and William PIGOTT, both Captains, were attached to the Athy Garrison. It was probably from here, and sometime around March to April 1642, that John was reported to have been in Rosse, County Wexford, having just visited his brother-in-law (the COLCLOUGH family were of that county) in Wexford, at a farm 4 miles from Rosse, and held by Job WARD, Esq. It appears that he may have given information to a protestant prisoner in Rosse concerning the destruction of some of his property. [See William WHALLEY's evidence before the 1642 Commissioners, cited in HORE's "History of Wexford," 1901, Volume 1, page 311.]

John was also said [see Rolf LOEBER's "Warfare and Architecture in County Laois," a chapter in "Laois, History and Society," Edited by NOLAN and LANE, Dublin, 1999] to have been involved in the Siege of Villier's Manor at Borris-in-Ossory, where numerous Protestants had fled for safety at the end of 1641. It was the Duke of Buckingham's estate, and leased to Sir William ST LEGER, the Lord Deputy of Munster (he was John's cousin german); this estate was garrisoned with a Constable and 30 wardens due to its strategic importance for guarding the main road to Roscrae, County Tipperary, and further into Munster; and there is some evidence that his eldest son, Robert PIGOTT, was governor. Florence FITZPATRICK, the rebel lord of Upper Ossory, laid siege to it for 17 weeks until relieved by Sir Charles COOTE at Easter 1642, and John was probably part of this relieving force.
Some idea of the condition of the place can be gleaned from the following report:
"In 1642, accompanied with the Lord Upper Ossory, Andreas FITZPATICK of Castle Fleming, Colonel FITZPATRICK of Rathdonagh, with about six or seven hundred men, he besieged the castle of Borras, whither all the Protestants of the Barony had retired in the beginning of the rebellion for protection, but was obliged by Sir Charles COOTE to raise the siege on Easter Day that year; to which, however, he returned about Lammas, and so reduced the place, that the besieged for a long time fed on horses, dogs, cats, bean leaves, potatoe-tops and cowhides, being without bread, drink or salt; and about All-Hallowtide, Colonel PLUNKET, with about 1000 men, demanded the surrender of the castle in the King's name, saying that if the warders held the castle, to the King's use, he would send in more armed men to assist them; unto which Andrew BRERETON, of Killadowle, Queen's County, Gent (being left by Sir Charles COOTE, Chief Commander of the place), replied that if he would shew any authority, under the King, for what he required and offered, that he would obey. Whereupon (for the want of such authority) he departed."
[COLLINS, "Peerage of England; Genealogical, Biographical and Historical," 1812, Volume 3, pages 304-05.]

John appears to have been, at some time, appointed Governor of the Garrison at Athy (see below). But he was not named in a report dated 15 April 1642, concerning ORMONDE's return to Dublin, and his encounter with the Rebel Army near Kilrush, having left the Athy Garrison under the care of Captains Erasmus BURROWES, GRIMES and Thomas WELDON and their companies. Although by 15 August 1642, Captains BURROWES, PIGOTT and GRIMES had defeated 800 rebels near Athy, and slew about 200 of them.

By 18 September 1643, ORMOND had negotiated a Cessation of Arms. GRAHAM wrote that the Irish:
"...continued the siege of Castlecoote after the Cessation was published. The Earl of Castlehaven, after he had been fully informed of it, battered the Castle of Disert in the Queen's County, and when he had taken and plundered it, he shewed the Garrison the Articles of the Cessation, pretending that they were just come to hand, and that he was sorry they did not get here sooner..."
[See Richard COX's "Hibernia Anglicana," Volume ii, page 135.]

It would appear that the PIGOTTs were allowed back into possession, although it is likely that one of the conditions was that John lay down his arms for the duration, and it appears that he did. Until the rebel army under Sir Phelim O'NEIL came calling again in late 1646.

And we find some poignant correspondence in the Egmont Manuscripts [Volume 1, Part 1, pages 329-31, Historical Manuscripts Commission], which chronicle the deterioration in the security of Ireland at that time, and specifically as it affected Dysart in Leix.
Roger BRERETON, in Dublin, had written to John's second son, Colonel Thomas PIGOTT in Somerset, a letter dated 5 January 1646, which stated:
"Your father, mother, and friends in Leix are all in good health and daily expect to hear good news from England."
By 10 November, we find in a letter of Colonel Thomas PIGOTT to Sir Phillip PERCIVAL in London:
"...Alexander writes me word that my brother Robin was slain when Maryborough was taken. What is become of my father I cannot hear, not now the rebels are in Dublin..."
And by 13 November, Thomas, again in a letter to PERCIVAL:
"...the cruel massacre of my father and younger brother I believe you have heard. The Lord grant me and mine patience to bear it... I daily expect my mother over..."
And again, on 20 November, also to PERCIVAL:
"The sad story of my father's death I received from Sir Adam LOFTUS, and he from my mother, to whom I hope God will proportion her patience to her affliction, and grant that we might make good use of it. I fear 'tis but the prologue to the rest of the poor Protestants there. It much moderates my grief that he died in a good cause, and left a good favour behind him. I pray God give me grace to look and submit to His pleasure, as in this, so in all past and to come afflictions and sufferings of my friends there, for I do not see an end to them."

[Dysart Churchyard, with a rear view of the 18th century church, probably built in the earlier burial ground.]

And we continue with CAREY's account of the storm and sack of Dysart, on 6 October 1646, with which we began this article:
"...With PIGOTT were six-score musketeers, well appointed, the house strong enough as was thought for such a party. No sooner did this party arrive at the fort, and merely advancing, than a volley of shot issued from the castle, whereof one Alexander McALLEN, a captain of Roger McGUIRE's regiment, was killed; hereby growing discontent, advancing towards the haggard whence (as the ill-luck of the defendants would have it) the wind with a good blast did blow towards the castle, commanded to set the same on fire, the musketeers still playing on the enemy, the pikemen carrying on the points of their pikes lighted sheaves, throwing them as thick as hail into the castle windows, and thrusting armed men to oppose if any offered to quench the angry progress thereof, enkindled also the door through the grate, so that the defenders could act no service, were all smoked and returning to corners, as from the fury of both fire and sword, were slaughtered within before any entered the door, such outcries were heard within as if on doomsday.
"Bryen Oge O'DWYNE, a rank Puritan, a brother-in-law of said PIGOTT, and chief mover of his obstinacy, ran to the castle door, now half-burnt, some of the assailants offering to enter, presented himself to Colonel FARRELL, and begged his life; it being promised with all the danger of his own, defended him from the militia fury, who, rushing in, did butcher all that came in their way, both PIGOTT and others, except women and children, as by the General commanded under pain of death not to offer violence to either of theses classes; ten or eleven men were mercifully saved under female disguise.
"The house was very rich, and in an instant rifled all for the common soldiers, or such as laboured most for it. Thus was Disert taken by force, PIGOTT and the wooden-legged minister slain."

John's will was not proved until 14 April 1654 [Genealogical Office, Dublin, MS 113, page 365].

But, in the meantime, his widow, Martha, had much difficult business to attend to in Dublin.

On 31 October, only 3-4 weeks after the event, she gave, in Dublin, a very detailed account of the Storm and Sack of Dysart before two Commissioners, Henry CLOGHER and Henry BRERETON; which not only makes chilling reading, but gives details found in no other source; and in the process, casts serious doubt on some of the claims made elsewhere, by others.

Further, a series of additional depositions were taken from Martha, and from other survivors of the Sack, in February 1653, during which it becomes clear that Colonel FARRELL, one of the Confederate Commanders at Dysart during the Sack, is in prison in Dublin, and probably being investigated for his role in it.
All of these are in the MS collections of the Trinity College Library in Dublin, and have recently been digitalized and made publicly available on-line at their http://1641.tcd.ie/ web-site.
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The essence of Martha' original evidence is as follows:

She summarised her losses, apart from the deaths of family members, as totalling £5,120 or thereabouts.

She noted that before the attack, which commenced about 3 p.m. on Tuesday 6 October 1646, there had been two separate occasions on which Rebel or Confederate troops had Summoned the Castle to be delivered up - the first being during Divine Service on the previous Sunday (4 October) - the second on the Tuesday following (6 October), several hours before the attack proper commenced.
On both occasions, she notes that Major John PIGOTT had replied "...that the Castle was his own inheritance, and descended unto him from his ancestors, and that he always kept it for His Majesties use, and therefor would not deliver the possession of it to any MOORE breathing..."; adding, on the second occasion, "...that the Irish already have been his bitter undoing and ruin, and that he thought that winter time was no seasonable weather for him, his wife and children to go begging."

Martha identified that "...the men within" (presumably able-bodied and prepared to fight) consisted "...only in number three score and fourteen"; and that only 30 of them were musketeers.

During the assault, accompanied by the firing of the haggards and the outlying houses, as described well enough elsewhere, Martha, with others, implored her husband to call for Quarter, which he resisted for some time, but eventually was prevailed upon; which he did, and which was accompanied by a cessation of shooting by both sides, assailants and defenders.
During this pause, John PIGOTT himself went to the "grate" in the front door, and spoke directly to several Confederate Officers; with the result that John PIGOTT appointed his brother-in-law, Barnaby DUNN, to go out and settle the terms of Quarter with the assailants in writing.
John and Martha then retired up stairs to one of a number of rooms there, in order to "...clean up" a little; and in the meantime, John's younger half-brother Arthur PIGOTT went with Barnaby DUNN and let him out the grate, securing it behind him.
As soon as Barnaby was clear of the Castle, he was dragged away, and the assailants re-commenced their attack, very quickly breaking through one or two of the ground-floor windows into the hall, and at about the same time gaining entry through the grate, although it remains unclear exactly how it was opened and by whom.

John PIGOTT, alarmed by the sounds coming from below, ordered the men remaining with him to barricade the stairs, to prevent the headlong and upward rush of attackers; which they did, with whatever they could find, including "...several stools and chairs, a pair of virginals, and other luggages"; with the attackers stopped again, PIGOTT once more sought, and apparently gained, what he believed to be promise of fair Quarter for life only.
Whereupon he ordered his men to remove the barricade; with the direct result that the attack resumed, PIGOTT and the men were overpowered and disarmed, and the whole of the assembled occupants, which she numbered at 150 persons, were stripped naked; after which John PIGOTT, and his 19 year old son William, were taken down to the grate and there killed.

Martha then described her ordeal, with the other women, of being forced to walk naked through fires and bramble bushes, and into the rebel's camp, then into Rev BRERETON's former dwelling, where she was made to sit upon a hill of dung, all night, wearing nothing but stockings on her feet; before being sent, next day, to the house of Sir William GILBERT at Kilminchey.
With her, among others, were her three daughters Mary, Jane and Sybilla, and her two unidentified grandchildren (undoubtedly Thomas PIGOTT, the new heir-apparent, and his sibling); although she made no specific mention of her daughter-in-law Ann (perhaps already deceased, which would account for the two grandchildren being in Martha's care at Dysart), nor of her sister-in-law Sibilla DUNN (John's sister, formerly the wife of Richard COSBY).

Martha makes no mention of men escaping dressed in women's clothing - all that is mentioned is that several men escaped with their lives by using the secret pass-word, which was "Sancta Maria" - perhaps that was misconstrued later by others.

But the most disturbing evidence she gave was about the genital mutilation of her husband's corpse, in which "...modesty would blush to relate it, this examinant's husband laying dead and breathless upon the ground, some of those cruel executioners slitted and scarred his private parts in many pieces."
And she confirmed that "...they would not admit him any Christian burial from Tuesday until Friday, giving forth in speeches that his dead corpse should never be buried, but left to rot above ground"; after realising they would get no ransom from the now despoiled estate, they "...dragged his dead corpse, with a halter about the neck, and threw him into a ditch"; and after much entreaty, the Generals did "...admit him for burial in the next adjoining churchyard, but upon no terms within the body of the Parish Church."

Martha also recorded a full list of the names of those killed, numbering 40 men, several as old as 80 years, and several "children," as well as several more, un-named, who had died in burning out-houses.
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Martha arrived in Milford, in Wales, shortly before 5 February 1647, on which date her son Thomas had written, from Ashton near Bristol, of his intention to go there and fetch her. But he cancelled his plans, and sent for instead, citing his grief over the death of his infant son on 11 Feb.
She was in Ashton by 26 February, about to head to London by the first coach, and seeking accommodation in London near to Sir Phillip PERCIVAL.
PERCIVAL wrote to Thomas on 23 March that Martha was "...well, and shall want no help that I can give her..." But by 18 June, Thomas was pleading with PERCIVAL for his "...care for his poor mother, who lies like a cripple at the pool..."
Sir Phillip PERCIVAL, M.P, was Commissioner for the Victualling of the Army in Ireland. Colonel Thomas was his agent in Bristol, appointed to report on Irish movements through that port. His wife was Catherine USSHER a first-cousin-german of Martha (their mother's being the LOFTUS sisters, Isabella and Martha).

By 30 July 1647, Thomas is more up-beat, and:
"...glad to hear that my mother has broken the ice as regards her business, and pray God to send her a good issue."

This business was undoubtedly connected with her petition to the Parliament, dated 24 July 1647:
"Petition of Martha PIGOTT, relict of Sergeant-major John PIGOTT, deceased, on behalf of herself and her children. Petitioner's husband, about the beginning of the rebellion in Ireland, was appointed Governor of Athy, on the River Barrow, where he did very good service until the cessation of arms, when, not wishing to serve against the Parliament, he retired to his Castle of Disert, in the Queen's County, which at great expense he fortified as best he could against the rebels.
"About the beginning of October last, he was attacked by them when they were advancing to besiege Dublin, and at last, after defending the Castle as long as he could, overpowered by numbers, he surrendered, on promise of quarter. The rebels, in spite of their promise, rushed in, stripped her husband, herself and her children naked, dragged him down the stairs, and cruelly murdered him, his son William, Mr BRERETON a minister, and 30 other English Protestants; which done, they placed her husband and the minister in chairs, and having torn all the Bibles in the house, put some of the leaves into the dead minister's hands and bade him preach to his patron. Then they drew away Petitioner and her daughter, naked as they were born, throwing her dead husband's body into a ditch, where it lay unburied for 3 days. She and her children afterwards escaped to Dublin, and thence to England, where, besides the lamentableness of their condition, they are in the want of the means of subsistence.
"She prays that some present relief may be given her out of the arrears of her late husband, which amount to upwards of £2,000; his estates, worth £900 per annum, and personal estate worth £5,000 and more, having been destroyed by the rebels."
[House of Lords Calendar, 24 July 1647, Appendix to the 6th Report, Historical Manuscripts Commission.]

On 29 September 1647, she acknowledged receipt of £15 from PERCIVAL, by order of her son Thomas, "...which he paid for the Lord of Inchiquin's daughter."
Her petition was specially recommended to the House of Commons, under Further Orders of the Committee dated 12 November 1647, with recommendations in her favour. Another reminder was dispatched to the Commons on 18 January following, together with another petition of her son Thomas.
Finally, on 17 February, an order was made to pay her £200 for her crying wants, with another dated 6 August for a further £175.
By February 1648, the matter was with the Committee for Advanced Money, to whom she made a further petition:
"Parliament, considering the great service of her late husband in Ireland, and her loss of goods and estate, assigned her £200 a year ago, but she has not received half, having contracted debts, has been forced to retire into the country. Begs payment of the remainder, that she may pay her debts, and transport herself and her children to Ireland."

And again, to the same Committee, in August 1649, Martha:
"...petitions Lord HOWARD for payment of the £100 still due, that her children may not starve..."
History does not record what happened to Martha, although the wording of her son Thomas's will suggests she may have still been living, in March 1670, when Thomas bequeathed to his own son, John, a "...copyhold in Queen's County after my mother's death..."
It has not yet been established whether these lands may have been the following, in which case Martha may have re-married:
"5 May 1663 - Martha HARTPOLE, widow of Captain William HARTPOLE, killed at the storming of Drogheda, 1649, Custodiam of lands in Queen's County, to Colonel Thomas PIGOTT, for petitioner's use."
[Ormonde MSs, Historical Manuscripts Commission.]
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Major John PIGOTT was my gtx8 grandfather.