SOME "EXTRA-CURRICULAR" ACTIVITIES.
THE DISPUTED RECTORY MANOR OF GODALMING.
However, this arrangement may have gone back some years earlier - Percy WOODS, in his article "The Parsonage, or Rectory Manor of Godalming, &c," published in 1909 in Vol.XXII of the Surrey Archaeological Collection, wrote as follows:
"...the Parsonage must have come into the possession of one John Baptist CASTILLION, who was the Lord of the Rectory Manor at least as early as 1576, and who had obtained a lease from Dean VANNES, dated 26 Jun 1561, for 61 years commencing at the Lady day next after the determination of the previous leases."
But there is some lack of clarity about the actual arrangements of this lease - firstly the status of the "previous leases" made it difficult to know when the term of VANNES's lease actually commenced - and it appears that there may have been two separate "ecclesiastical" dwellings in Godalming, the Rectory house and the Parsonage house, the latter probably the older of the two, and was "...a small building used sometimes as a dwelling house and sometimes to lay corn in."
It appears this latter one was the subject of CASTILLION's lease, and that he probably demolished it, and built a new one on the same site, north of the Godalming churchyard, on the southern bank of the River Wye, notwithstanding the possibility that his lease term may not then have actually commenced.
TAYLOR, a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A. 1567, M.A. 1570), had been Master of Guildford Grammar School from 1570 until his appointment at Godalming; he died in 1619.
The erstwhile "patron" of the living, Sir William MORE, of Loseley, Surrey, was also involved in the dispute.
(John) Baptiste CASTILLION, at Westminster, wrote to MORE on 11 Sep 1578, the letter being abstracted by the Historical Manuscripts Commission [Appendix to the 7th Report, 1879, pp.631-2] as follows:
"He sends his signed presentation of Mr TAYLOR to the living of Godalming at MORE's request and trusts that '...by his Godly preaching he shall do the town much good.' The presentation is not to be '...prejudicial to the right I have to the house where now the vicar doth dwell' and to the tithes, which right CASTILLION means to prove at law unless the vicar demonstrates his title."
CASTILLION, at the Court, wrote again to MORE on 22 Oct 1578 [HMC, App, p.632b]:
"The Dean [of Salisbury] '...upon payment of his rent for Godalming' requested of CASTILLION that he should have the presentation of the vicarage. CASTILLION asked for more time to consider and now '...cannot but marvel at this kind of dealing.' CASTILLION, having presented Mr TAYLOR to the vicarage of Godalming at MORE's request, hopes that the matter can be settled so that TAYLOR is not disturbed, but his own title under his lease is acknowledged. He encloses a letter for the Dean and hopes the latter will proceed no further, but wait for CASTILLION's reply."
What appears to be a second abstraction of this letter, with slightly different emphases, but dated 24 Nov 1578, is held at the Surrey History Centre [TNA Ref - 6729/7/55/1], as follows:
"He has received MORE's letter, but feels he cannot yet answer it as his 'learned counsel' has left London. Understanding that Mr TAYLOR is not resident at Godalming because he lacks a house, CASTILLION will lend him part of the house he has '...of Mr SMYTH.' If TAYLOR can prove his right to the [vicarage] at law, CASTILLION will gladly give it up. He wishes to do TAYLOR no wrong, but must defend himself against the Bishop of Winchester, Dean of Salisbury and town of Godalming if attacked."
CASTILLION wrote, again from the Court, again to MORE, on 26 Nov 1578 [6729/7/55/2]:
"He thanks MORE for his offer to show him a rental, but does not believe that '...a rental can be a sufficient proof that the house doth appertain to your vicar.' However he will concede if the vicar can prove his title at law. He offers the vicar a part of Mr SMYTH's house so he can reside in Godalming and asks MORE to assure TAYLOR [the vicar] that CASTILLION will answer all the legal costs in the dispute with the Dean [of Salisbury] so TAYLOR can '...follow earnestly his vocation.' He chides the townspeople of Godalming for meddling in the case. He hears that Richard SMYTH is occupying the house 'for Mr GRAFTON' [the former vicar] and asks MORE to get him removed."
The dispute did not go away in a hurry - Sir William MORE, at Loseley, wrote to Charles, Lord HOWARD of Effingham, Lord Chamberlain & Privy Councillor [6729/7/73], on 2 Mar 1584:
"He reports that he has interviewed the present and past Churchwardens and others of Godalming who had complained to the justices of the '...lewd behaviour of Simon BOYES, Mr Baptiste's man' [Baptiste CASTILLION]. They have confirmed the accusations. Also present was the vicar Mr TAYLOR '...a very grave man, a good preacher, against whom the said Simon had very naughtily and disorderly used himself.' BOYES had confessed, '...acknowledged the words spoken by his master, but said they slipped out of his mouth unawares.' and admitted that he had falsely accused Robert BRIDGER and CHENNELL of being '...the procurer and deviser of the said information against him.' The accusers are happy to let the matter drop if BOYES does not offend again before the next Quarter Sessions..."
It was eventually the inheritance of Giovanni's Irish-born grandson, Peyton CASTILLION (see his will abstract, below), but it appears that Thomasin exercised some rights as the widow, and her longevity may have denied Peyton access to the benefits.
However, there appears to have been some legal action taken by Thomasin CASTILLION alias PEYTON, and her 2nd husband Sir Robert PIGOTT, against her former brothers-in-law Sir Francis & Valentine CASTILLION, pertaining to the "Rectory & Tithes of Godalming, Surrey," with a date range of 1602-25 [TNA Ref - C 2/Jas1/P5/17].
A copy of this archived document has been requested, and is eagerly awaited.
HIS FINAL YEARS.
i. Margaret SPIER, the wife of William SELLON.
ii. Barbara SPIER.
iii. Mary SPIER, baptised at Spene Church, 20 Jun 1636.
b. Elizabeth CASTILLION, baptised at Spene Church, 28 Aug 1602; married at Spene Church, 10 Sep 1635, Nicholas LAMY, a French Physician, of Basingstoke; issue 2 daughters:
i. Elizabeth LAMY, baptised at Buxted, Sussex, 8 Aug 1641.
ii. Joan LAMY, baptised at Buxted, Sussex, 14 Jan 1643.
c. Thomas CASTILLION, baptised at Spene Church, 29 Dec 1603, the day after his mother's death; adm Middle Temple, 1623; of Benham Valence; will dated Feb 1654, proved P.C.C., Apr 1656; married 10 Jul 1632, Elizabeth NELSON (daughter of Thomas NELSON of Chaddlesworth, Berkshire, by Mary DUCKETT); she was still living in Jul 1664; issue:
i. Francis CASTILLION, baptised at Spene, 28 Aug 1633; Rector of Welton-le-Wold, Lincolnshire; married 1656, Margaret BARKER, with issue.
ii. Thomas CASTILLION, baptised at Chaddlesworth, 24 or 26 Aug 1635, living 1664.
iii. Humphrey CASTILLION, baptised at Chaddlesworth, 1 Nov 1637; mentioned his brother John's will, Jul 1664; Citizen & Apothecary of London, will dated Sep 1664 & proved May 1669.
iv. Peter CASTILLION, baptised at Chaddlesworth, 17 Feb 1638-39; Vicar of Dinton, Wiltshire; named in his brother John's will, Jul 1664; he married Alice, with issue; she may have been the Mrs Alice CASTILLION buried at the Parish Church of St Andrew, Cobham, Surrey, on 29 Jan 1708-09, "...the mother of John CLARK's wife, at the George Inn" and at whose funeral was delivered a sermon.
v. John CASTILLION, baptised at Chaddlesworth, 14 Mar 1640-41; Merchant of London, when he made his will, dated 11 Jul 1664, mentioning his mother Elizabeth, and brothers Humphrey, Peter, Thomas, Valentine and Richard.
vi. Valentine CASTILLION, baptised at Chaddlesworth, 19 Jul 1646; mentioned in his brother John's will, Jul 1664; Citizen & Grocer of London; living 1679.
vii. Mary CASTILLION, baptised at Chaddlesworth, 27 Dec 1648; married in London, 26 Feb 1673, Miles Arnold BLACK, with issue.
viii. Richard CASTILLION, baptised at Chaddlesworth, 28 Feb 1651; mentioned in his brother John's will, Jul 1664; Citizen & Distiller of London, will dated Jun 1679, proved Jul 1679.
i. Peter LEIGH, b 30 Apr 1615, died unm.
ii. Richard LEIGH, died 12 Aug 1670, s.p.
iii. Thomas LEIGH, of West Hall, High Leigh, buried 22 Jun 1767; married 1660, Mary AUSTIN.
iv. Samuel LEIGH.
v. Edmund LEIGH.
vi. William LEIGH.
vii. James LEIGH.
viii; Elizabeth LEIGH.
c. Anne (II) LEIGH, born ca 1606; married Thomas COOPER of Ewborne.
Catherine GILBERT's daur Anne GILBERT became the wife of Sir Robert's grandson & heir apparent, Robert PIGOTT (killed at Fort Maryborough, Sep 1646, the eldest son of Sir Robert's heir John PIGOTT of Dysart, by Martha COLCLOUGH - see his separate blog), & by him ancestor of the continuing line of PIGOTTs of Dysart, including Captain John PIGOTT of Antigua, Dublin & Stradbally (see his separate blog).
8. Walter Baptyste CASTILYON, baptised at St Margaret's, 24 Dec 1570; slain in Ireland, probably before 1597, in the service of Sir Richard BINGHAM.
9. Douglasse CASTILION, baptised at St Margaret's, 3 Jun 1573; M.A. Oxon, 1599; Fellow of Magdalen College; Rector of Stratford Tony, Wiltshire, 1619; died 18 Jan 1659; married at Salisbury Cathedral, 17 Apr 1611, Margaret BOWER, with issue 6 sons & 4 daughters, including:
a. Richard CASTILLION, baptised at Stratford Toney, 27 Dec 1613; at Godalming, Surrey, 1697; married at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, 16 Nov 1635, Katherine SPEIR; issue:
i. Douglas CASTILLION, baptised London, 1 Sep 1636; probably buried at Sts Peter & Paul, Godalming, 19 May 1707; married with issue.
ii. Katherine CASTILLION, baptised at Newington, Surrey, 18 Jun 1637; possibly the wife of Nicholas WILKINS.
iii. Richard CASTILLION, baptised at Godalming, 30 Jun 1642.
iv. Margaret CASTILLION, baptised at Godalming, 17 Nov 1647.
v. Rodolph CASTILLION, baptised at Godalming, 29 Nov 1648; married Frances, with issue.
vi. Elizabeth CASTILLION, baptised at Godalming, 29 Jun 1651; probably married at Godalming, 14 Feb 1675, John ELINGE.
vii. John CASTILLION, baptised at Godalming, 27 Apr 1657.
b. John CASTILLION, born ca 1614; Christ Church College, Oxon; D.D., 1660; Dean of Rochester, 15 Nov 1676; died at Canterbury, 21 Oct 1688, & buried in Canterbury Cathedral (lower South Cross, with M.I.); married at St Mary Savoy, London, 27 Nov 1666, Margaret DIGGES; she died at Canterbury, 21 Jul 1716, & buried with her husband, aged 80; issue:
i. Mary CASTILLION, baptised at Canterbury Cathedral, 16 Sep 1669.
ii. Thomas CASTILLION, baptised at Canterbury Cathedral, 2 Nov 1671.
c. Anne CASTILLION; married Edward DRAKE.
10. Barbara CASTILION, baptised at St Margaret's, 16 Sep 1574; died 24 Aug 1641, & buried at Salisbury Cathedral; married at Wiltshire, 7 Jun 1590, Laurence HYDE of Salisbury, Councillor, Middle Temple, a brother of Robert HYDE, his wife's brother-in-law; issue 17 children.
11. Selina CASTILION, baptised at St Margaret's, 29 Jan 1576; married Robert CHENEY of Woodhey, Berks, with issue 2 sons & 2 daughters.
12. Henry Baptiste CASTILION, baptised at St Margaret's, 25 Jan 1580; married Margaret, with issue 3 sons & 1 daughter.
GIOVANNI'S DEATH & BURIAL.
John Baptist CASTILLION died 12 Feb 1597-98, probably in London, & was buried 17 Mar inside the Parish Church of St Mary, Spene, near Newbury, Berkshire.
Burial was attended by his son & heir Francis CASTILLION as chief mourner; sons Valentine & Douglas (who bore the penant) CASTILLION & John LEIGH as assistant mourners; Dr HARDING the preacher; William CAMDEN, Clarenceaux, bearing the Coat-of-Arms; & Samuel THOMPSON, Portcullis, bearing the Helmet & Crest.
He was laid to rest in the family aisle, under an ornate altar tomb in the Italianate style of architecture, on which still lies his recumbent life-sized effigy, represented in armour, with a vest of chain mail under, hands pressed together in devotional attitude, his head resting on his helmet, ornamented with medallions bearing the Rose en Soleil, & the feet on his mutilated crest - A salamander's head Vert, issuing from flames & breathing flames, all Proper.
On the ledge of the tomb is inscribed -"Hic jacet Jo Baptist CASTILLION Armiger Quondam Dominus de Benham in Comitatu Berk Qui obiit Xii Febr A Dni 1597." Around the side of the tomb are the family Coats-of-Arms & impalements of CASTIGLIONE:CAMPAGNI & their issue.
No will for Giovanni has yet been located in English records.
Giovanni's ornate tomb has since been relocated, and now stands adjacent to the south wall of the 1859 enlargement of the original church (see photo above), which was built annexed to the southern side; this area has now been set apart for use as a meeting & small concert area; the now smaller congregation being catered for back in the original part of the church, due east of the spire.
The full version of Sir Francis CASTILLION's proposed epitaph, written by another hand, is as follows:
[Francis CASTILLION, his Letterbook - Osborne Shelves, Beinecke Rare Book & MS Library, Yale University.]
CASTIGLIONE ORIGINS IN ITALY - OLONA IN VARESE, LOMBARDIA.
Giovanni's ancestral origins take him back to the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne (742-814), whose gtx4-grandson was Corrado (or Conrad), the son of Berenguar II (joint King of Italy, 950-961) by his wife Willa (daur of Boso, Marchese di Toscana & Count of Arles).
Corrado was the 1st Lord of Castiglione, and established his seat at Olona, ca 1000; this fortified dwelling overlooked the Olona River, about 18 km S.S.W of Como, and just to the south of the present town of Castiglione Olona.
The estate was destoyed by Ottone VISCONTI in 1280, when Corrado's gtx4 grandson Guido (II) was in occupation, his father Corrado (II) having died in that same year.
It was not rebuilt again until the early 1400s, by Cristoforo CASTIGLIONE (1345-1425).
Image courtesy of the www.comune.castiglione-olona.va.it web-site.]
CASATICO, NEAR MANTOVA, LOMBARDIA.
Cristoforo CASTIGLIONE was a renowned lawyer in Milano & Parma; he married Antonia di BAGGI, & by her had a son Baldassar CASTIGLIONE, born 14 Jan 1414, & died in 1478, having married Pollisena LISCA, and by her dowry purchased an extensive estate at Casatico, about 19 km due west of Mantua, where he constructed another stately CASTIGLIONE mansion, most of which still exists today.
GASSINO, NEAR TORINO, PIEMONTE.
Baldassar & Polissena had a younger son Baldassare (II) CASTIGLIONE, who was father, by his wife Katherina (daur of the Marchese di Malaspina) of Piero CASTIGLIONE, a Captain in the Army of Maximillian, Holy Roman Emperor, & who established himself at Castiglione Alto, near Gassino, in Piemonte, where our Giovanni Battista was probably born, ca 1516.