Sunday, April 20, 2014

The PHAYRE/PHAIR Diaspora - From Ireland to Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the U.S.

This is a re-organisation of a blog which I commenced some time ago, and had grown a bit unwieldy.
This part has been severed from that earlier blog, which now remains committed to the family of the Colonel Robert PHAIRE of County Cork, the "Regicide."
For which see:

My original purpose was to make available to others all of the PHAIR family information I had collected over the last 30 years in Ireland.
That has now broadened out into a search for Irish PHAIR information in other jurisdictions into which the diaspora of Irish PHAIR family members have emigrated, over the years and indeed the centuries.
It seems to me that the only way meaningful connections in Ireland will be made, back into the distant past, is by finding all the references abroad to PHAIRs with Irish origins, especially in the early years of the Statutory Registers for those jurisdictions which collected the full names of parents - especially useful for those older emigrants, with birth dates going back into the mid 1700s.
And it further seems to me that only by collating this material into a unified site will I be able to make useful connections, or at least speculation about them, with some degree of confidence.
This blog-page therefore represents my best efforts in that direction.

I have not yet sourced in detail all of the information that appears here.
The usual sources have been well scoured, on such useful web-sites as,, the official Irish Census website of the National Archives of Ireland, the trove website for Newspaper holdings in the National Library of Australia, among others.
Some information does appear in public family trees on several of those sites. I have not yet acknowledged some of those particular sources, and apologise if this inadvertently offends. I do not knowingly publish information about living people without their express permission - but I am more than happy to receive such instructions into the future.

Any suggestions, assistance or corrections will be most gratefully received. All correspondence will be entered into.

Chris PIGOTT, Potts Point, N.S.W.

I begin with the obvious - my own connection to the Irish PHAIR family.


Letitia PHAIR or PHAYRE, of the Parish of Kilmore, County Cavan, 1763, was my great-x-4 grandmother.
Born about 1739 (judging by her age at burial), she was married at Ballyhaise, in the parish of Castleterra, County Cavan,  in 1763, to Thomas MAGUIRE, a tenant Farmer in the Townland of Mullalougher, same parish, County Cavan.
In 1777 she went with her husband and their six children to live in Dublin, where their youngest child was born in 1782 - William MAGUIRE; his story is told in an earlier post on this

William MAGUIRE was aged 41 when he began his diary, or "Memoir," in 1823; he recorded his mother's name with the PHAYRE spelling; but in it he did not record any information concerning his PHAYRE grandparents. This might suggest that those grandparents were both dead before young William had become aware of his surroundings.
I further imagine it possible that William may have left it up to his eldest sister, Mary Ann, to record the historical details of their PHAYRE ancestors, especially in light of the fact that she married back into the PHAYRE family. But her "Diary", if she ever kept one, has not yet been found.

Of his mother Letitia, we know that she was an early member of the Methodist Society in County Cavan, and became a Class Leader there and in Dublin; that in 1794 she succeeded her late husband Thomas as Sexton of St Patrick's (C. of I.) Cathedral in Dublin; and that she was buried with him in the family plot in the Cathedral Churchyard, known as the Vicar's Bawn, in 1812, aged 72.

We also know that Letitia's mother was living in 1766, when she too joined the Methodist Society in County Cavan, as one of 33 new members "converted" by the itinerant Minister John SMITH after his first foray into that part of Ireland:
"...During the following week, John SMITH preached twice on each of two days, at Mr MAGUIRE's, to crowded congregations, and such was the influence which accompanied his preaching that 33 persons gave their names as willing to become members of the Methodist Society; among them was Mrs MAGUIRE's '...poor, aged, blind mother,' who some time after was able to say - 'I am seventy-seven years old, and was only born today'."
[Henry CROOKSHANK, "History of Methodism in Ireland," 1886, Chapter XVII, page 197].

However, Thomas McFANN, in his obituary tribute, commemorating the lives of two of Letitia's sons, Thomas and the above-mentioned William MAGUIRE (they both died in 1844), published in 1845, took a slightly different view:
"[Letitia PHAYRE] was made the happy partaker of true religion some years before Methodism was introduced into that part [County Cavan] of the country. It was in his [Thomas MAGUIRE's] house shortly after his marriage [in 1763], that that able minister of the New Testament, Mr John BREDIN, preached his first sermon...
"Soon after [in 1766], the travelling preacher [John SMITH] came, and on his first visit, a class of thirty-three members was formed, "...amongst whom," says Mrs MAGUIRE, "...was my poor, aged, blind mother, who continued to be self-righteous until within a year of her death. When at the Lord's Table, after the cup had passed, the words repeated by the Minister came with power to her heart, and she returned home praising and glorifying God, saying - 'I am seventy-seven years old, and was only born this day'."
[Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, 1845, pages 26-37.]

I'm not sure how correct McFANN's version was in relation to the administering of the Lord's Supper - I  had understood that Methodists generally did not administer any of the sacraments until after WESLEY's death, and that in Ireland, a large proportion of Methodists continued to adhere to that admonition of WESLEY, even on his death-bed, that his followers should continue to remain  loyal to the Established Church in matters sacramental (the Primitive Wesleyan Methodists were formed, about 1818, specifically for that purpose, and that was the Society to which the MAGUIRE family subsequently belonged).

That Letitia may have become a Methodist "several years" before Methodism found its way into County Cavan might suggest one of several possibilities:
1. Letitia had met up with a Methodist in County Cavan before she married Thomas MAGUIRE - I have often wondered whether that perhaps may have been Martha CARY, of Dungiven, County Londonderry, who was the second wife (married in 1747) of Thomas NEWBURGH of Ballyhaise House (he owned extensive property in the district, including the farm in Mullalougher which Thomas MAGUIRE held by leasehold from him).
2. Letitia was already a Methodist before she went to County Cavan - which might suggest a possibility that she went to Ballyhaise with her parents as a young woman, and perhaps from a place where Methodism was already well established - and might that have been Dublin?

A more detailed search for this, her first Methodist contact, might prove illuminating as to Letitia's origins.

Charles Henry CROOKSHANK had earlier, in 1881, published his "A Methodist Pioneer: or the Life and Labours of John SMITH," with the following account of Methodism's first appearance in County Cavan:
"In 1766, however, in connection with the zealous and faithful labours of John SMITH, a large number of Societies were formed, including those at Mullalougher, Killashandra, Bawnboy, Belturbet, Cavanagh, Ballyconnell, Swanlinbar, Furnaceland and Gortnaleg.
"Early in the year, as John SMITH travelled between Clones and Ballybay, seeing a man lying on the road-side asleep, he awoke him, and found that he had been drunk and lain there all night, having spent all his money and parted with most of his clothes. John SMITH brought before him earnestly the wickedness and danger of his course, and then prayed with him. As he pleaded with God, the poor inebriate wept in penitence of spirit. That man was John BREDIN, a Roman Catholic schoolmaster, who lived at Tullyvin, about three miles from Cootehill. He accompanied John SMITH round the Circuit, and soon obtained a sense of sins forgiven.
"The young convert felt an earnest desire to lead others to a saving knowledge of Christ; and with this end visited Mrs MAGUIRE, of Mullalougher, whom he had previously known. He spoke to her of what the Lord had done for him, and his words sank deep into her heart..."

This is repeated in CROOKSHANK's later 1885 publication, his "History of Methodism in Ireland." But from snippets, I had originally mis-interpreted this "...young convert" to have been John SMITH - what is clear to me now, seeing the full text of the earlier publication in google.images from an original volume, is that it probably refers instead to John BREDIN.

CROOKSHANK ("History of Methodism in Ireland") mentions John SMITH (1713-1774), originally from Tandragee, County Armagh, and later of Cootehill, County Cavan, who heard WESLEY preach there in 1758, and became a convert and class leader there; in 1766 WESLEY appointed him to be an itinerant preacher on the circuit that encompassed the Counties of Cavan, Fermanagh and Monaghan; one community he did visit in County Monaghan was Kilmore.
And Robert H. GALLAGHER wrote of John BREDIN, as having been born about 1737 (a year or two older than Letitia PHAIR), "...a Schoolmaster in the Roman Church" who was "...soundly converted" in 1766 by "...John SMITH, a pioneer Methodist preacher"; and "...called into the itinerancy by John WESLEY in 1769, three years after his conversion"; he died in Belfast on 2 November 1819, and was buried in Lambeg churchyard, where his Monumental Inscription recorded his age as 82 years ["Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society, Volume XXVIII, 1951-52, Notes and Queries, pages 166-7].
Although quite how Letitia came to be previously acquainted with a Catholic school master from Tullyvin, and with an apparent penchant for strong drink, does raise some questions about my assumptions that she was from a Protestant family residing in the parish of Kilmore!
It may therefor be that the MAGUIRE family's removal to Dublin in 1777 was either inspired by Martha NEWBURGH alias CARY's stated friendship towards Letitia [as William MAGUIRE wrote in his Memoir]; or by the MAGUIRE family's recent experience with a visiting and fatal fever [as CROOKSHANKS wrote in his "History..."]; or indeed that Letitia may have had PHAYRE relations living in Dublin.
However, Thomas MAGUIRE's subsequent career, in the bosom of the Church of Ireland's Cathedral Church of St Patrick, probably points to the former, as Martha, now Mrs CRADOCK, had recently gone to live with her new husband, Rev William CRADOCK, the Dean of the said Cathedral church.
William CRADOCK, an Englishman, had in 1762 come over to Ireland at the end of his university days, and by the invitation of his uncle (John CRADOCK, the Bishop of Kilmore, 1757-1772, and thereafter the Archbishop of Dublin); he was the Rector and Vicar of Lurgan and Munterconnaught parishes in the Diocese of Kilmore, county Cavan, about 1762-1770; Archdeacon of Kilmore Diocese, 1770-1776; instituted at St Patrick's Cathedral as Prebend of St Audoen's, 4 May 1774; and was installed as Dean of St Patrick's on 12 September 1775; many of these posts he obtained by the influence of his uncle. William would inevitably have met his future wife Martha, and her first husband Thomas NEWBRIDGE, during his sojourn in Kilmore Diocese.
And Martha had another connection to St Patrick's in Dublin - she had a brother, Henry CARY, whose wife was Jane BERESFORD; and she had a sister, Eliza BERESFORD, who was the wife of Thomas COBBE, a son of Archbishop COBBE of Dublin.
Indeed, on several occasions in the 1780's, Thomas and Letty MAGUIRE's Dublin residence was recorded in Methodist records as The Deanery, which CRADOCK had renovated back into habitability, evidently under persuasion of his wife Martha.

It is also apparent that Letitia almost certainly facilitated the burial of some of her own relations in her husband's grave in St Patrick's Cathedral churchyard:
1. Rebecca PHAIR, interred " the Vicar's Bawn in Thomas MAGUIRE's ground" on 29 July 1795.
2. Mrs Rebecca PHAIRE, aged 81, interred " T. MAGUIRE's ground" on 19 January 1808.
3. A child of Robert PHAIR, buried in the Vicar's Bawn, 1 June 1815,"... in Mr MAGUIRE's burial place."

As Letitia's mother appears to have been aged 77 in 1766, her presumed birth in about 1688-89 would suggest that she was neither of these Rebecca's (the 1795 burial would have to have been aged over 100 - which extreme longevity would probably have attracted specific notice - it would certainly not have escaped the attention of her grandson William MAGUIRE, and if so, surely mentioned by him in his 1823 Diary); although the younger "Mrs" Rebecca, if not a married sister-in-law, may well have been an older and unmarried sister (Mrs, as the abbreviation of Mistress, did not always have the present day meaning of a married woman).
However, there was a baptism in County Cavan, in 1788, of a Richard FAIR, son of William and Rebecca FAIR; it may have been that this Mrs Rebecca PHAIR later went to Dublin, perhaps as a widow, and if so, perhaps to reside with her family there (possibly Thomas who died in 1802); she may have been one of the Rebecca PHAIR's buried in St Patricks; she would have been born in or before 1770, and perhaps well before; but she could not have been born much before 1738 (to be still bearing children in 1788), so not the 1808 burial.

There is another likely consequence of Mrs PHAYRE being aged 77 in or shortly after 1766 - she would have been aged about 50, or very near that age, when Letitia was born. Which would suggest that Letitia was undoubtedly one of the tail-enders of her family.
Further, if her mother had married at the conventional age, during her twenties, then there would have been ample time for Letitia to have been preceded in the nursery by a swag of older siblings; some of whom, and statistically we might expect up to half of them to have been male, may have been potential ancestors of the continuing families of PHAIR who resided for the following 150 years in the near vicinity the town of Ballyhaise in County Cavan (see below).
And finally, old Mrs PHAYRE may have been residing with her MAGUIRE daughter and son-in-law at Mullalougher; so it may have been her death that added further impetus, or opened up the opportunity, of them making their move to Dublin in 1777.


Further, Letitia's eldest daughter and first-born child, Mary Ann MAGUIRE, married back into the PHAYRE family - in Dublin, in 1785, she was married, with a Consistorial License, to Thomas PHAYRE, who was probably related to Letitia, perhaps as a nephew, or as more distant cousin.

Mary Ann MAGUIRE was born at Mullalougher, County Cavan, on 19 April 1764; she was aged 13 when she went to Dublin with her family in 1777; she was interred in the Vicar's Bawn, St Patrick's Cathedral, almost certainly in the PHAYRE family plot, on 5 August 1802; she was married, by License of the Dublin Diocese in 1785 (M.L.B. Index), to Thomas PHAYRE; he was buried with her on 5 December 1802.
Thomas and Mary Ann left issue:

1Robert PHAYRE, recorded in William MAGUIRE's diary as the elder son, and if so, then he was born about 1786-88, and almost certainly in Dublin; he is said to have settled in England with his wife Margaret TACKABURY - William MAGUIRE [his Memoir, 1823] mentioned this as being in Tees-side (but no census evidence has yet been found to elucidate this assertion); there is little doubt that Robert probably had issue, as follows, but by a wife instead named Jane:
     a. A child of Robert PHAIR was buried in the Vicar's Bawn, 1 June 1815,"... in Mr MAGUIRE's burial place".
     b. Mary Anne PHAIR, baptised at St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, 12 December 1808; probably the child buried in the Thomas MAGUIRE family plot in the Cathedral Churchyard, 1815 - as in (a) above.
     c. Thomas PHAYRE, baptised at St Mary's C.of I., Dublin, 21 November 1813.
     d. Nathaniel PHAYRE, baptised at St Mary's C.of I., 6 August 1815; died young, and probably the June 1815 burial in Mr MAGUIRE's burial place.
     e. Nath'l PHARE, baptised at St Mary's C.of I., Dublin, 21 July 1816
     f. Robert PHAYRE, baptised at St Mary's C.of I., 18 January 1818.
It may prove to be pertinent here to note that there was a Nathaniel TACKABURY in Dublin, a Cabinet Maker, who was at one time resident in the Coombe, Dublin. He may have been a member of the Methodist Society, and he had issue by his wife, the widow Jane BENNETT (she may have been his second wife - they were married by Consistorial License at St Bride's, Dublin, 27 July 1784) - including Elizabeth TACKABURY, baptised in St Patrick's Cathedral on 24 March 1795.
This is all very much in the territory of the MAGUIRE-PHAYRE family, and it seems inconceivable that the two families would not have been acquainted, if not related to each-other.
Further, it appears that a Nathaniel TACKABURY, Cabinet Maker, and his wife Jane, also had issue baptised in the Collegiate Church of Christ, Manchester, in 1787 and 1791 (a son Robert) - of particular interest is the 1787 event, which took place on 21 January, of a daughter Jane TACKABURY, who is of the right age to have been the Robert PHAYRE or PHAIR spouse.
Perhaps there was only the one Robert PHAIR or PHAYRE spouse - Jane Margaret TACKABURY?
2. John PHAYRE, born in Dublin, 12 May 1790, and after his parents died in 1802, he was raised by his MAGUIRE grandmother (our Letitia PHAYRE); he then went to New York in 1817 [obituary, New York Christian Advocate, 4 April 1867, p.107], and became connected with the old Forsyth Street Church in New York [Matthew SIMPSON, "Cyclopedia of Methodism, etc," about 1882]; Local Preacher, Methodist Episcopal Church, New York, and was subsequently ordained Local Deacon and Local Elder; for 42 years an Exhorter and Local Preacher, "...he devoted himself especially to work at the Almshouse, House of Refuge, House for Old People, asylums, hospitals and the Penitentiary of New York" [SIMPSON, Op. Cit.]; he died suddenly at his residence, 201 West 30th Street, New York, 4 December 1866, and was buried in his own plot, Cypress Hills Cemetery (see their Burial Register).

John was married firstly, about 1824, to Frances A. BOGERT; she died at 198 Allen Street, New York, 19 January 1841; she was probably buried in the Forsyth Street Methodist Episcopal Churchyard, New York City, and was afterwards re-interred at Cypress Hills about 1854-56 when that Church graveyard was cleared, with the best stones being relocated " look good"; they had issue:
     a. Elizabeth D. PHAYRE, born about 1825; probably died on 30 October 1850, and was buried in Rev John PHAYRE's plot at Cypress Hills Cemetery; if so, she married Isaac JOLLIE, with issue.
     b. Sarah Anne PHAYRE, born 1827; she married her 2nd cousin Thomas Lancelot PIGOTT, the son of John PIGOTT and Elizabeth MAGUIRE (who was Rev John PHAYRE's 1st cousin).
     c. Francis PHAYRE, born about 1830, died February 1852.
     d. (daughter); probably married SMITH, with two children buried at Cypress Hills in Rev John PHAYRE's plot:
          i. John F. SMITH in January 1851, a child.
          ii. Letitia M. SMITH in January 1853, a child.
John was married secondly, October 1841, to Catharine McComb JOLLIE [N.Y. Spectator, 16 October]; she died at 325 West 30th Street, New York, at noon on Monday 9 June 1873, aged 68 [New York Times, 10 June] or 66 [N.Y. Tribune, 10 June];by her he had further issue:
     e. John Francis PHAYRE, born in New York City, 11 July 1842; B.A. from the University City of New York; he was at District 852, Manhattan, 1900 Census, aged 59, Clerk, with wife and daughter; he died in New York in 1919; he was married, 20 August 1869, to Augusta C. TALLMAN; she was at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, 1930 Census, aged 85, with daughter; issue:
          i. Mary A. PHAYRE, born New York, May 1871; aged 29, with parents, 1900; aged 59, Housekeeper, unmarried, 1930 Census, with mother; at Ridge Street, Newark, 1940 Census, aged 68, At Home, with friend Helena McCLELLAND, 66, retired teacher.
3. Letitia PHAYRE, Assistant Sexton at St Patrick's, 1817; Robe-keeper, 1831; Sextonness, 3 Patrick's Close South, 1842-48; Gallery Keeper, 1845; she married William WHITE, Carpenter, also of St Patrick's Cathedral; he was buried there on 14 December 1838; they had issue baptised at St Patrick's Cathedral:
     a. Mary Anne WHITE, born 5 May 1821, and baptised 14 May.
     b. Letitia WHITE, born 11 July 1823, and baptised 24 July.
     c. William WHITE, baptised 13 November 1824; buried 6 May 1825.
     d. Henry WHITE, baptised 25 May 1826; buried 7 January 1829.
     e. William Eustace WHITE, baptised 22 April 1827; buried 8 April 1833.
     f. Thomas WHITE, born 13 December 1828, baptised 21 December; buried 22 March 1845.
     g. Lucinda WHITE, born 5 November 1830, and baptised 25 November.

As there were several other PHAIRE family activities connected with St Patrick's Cathedral, I had early thought them to be potential relations of Letitia. Although it now appears they may not have been, one of them appears likely to have had a connection to descendants of Col Robert PHAIRE of Cork, who had been named on the warrant for the execution of King Charles, which made me look into a possible link to that family. Their story is told further, in some detail, on the previous blog-page on this site.

But if Thomas PHAYRE was not from Kilmore, County Cavan, then he may well have been a Dublin PHAYRE; and if Letitia was already his relation before she became his mother-in-law, then perhaps Letitia's immediate family origins, as hinted at above, were indeed also in Dublin.
This possibility has also made me take a particular interest in PHAIR[E] families in Dublin, as well.

The truth of Letitia's origins may well remain untold - but there is a possibility that her grandfather may have come over to Ireland in the Protestant Army of William of Orange in 1689-90. It is likely, if he settled then in or around the Ballyhaise locality, in County Cavan, that he may he may have had a son or sons who remained there, and were progenitors of the PHAIR families who continued to live in that area for a number of generations, as set out below.

Map of the Diocese of Kilmore, courtesy of the web-site.
I am not sure whether this shows the Church of Ireland Parish divisions, or the Roman Catholic, 
but judging by the spelling of Castletara, probably the latter.


There was an Army Pensioner record of a Thomas PHAIR, born at Ballyhaise, County Cavan; served in the 8th Dragoons; discharged aged 49, after 9 years 7 months service; his date range 1795 [TNA - WO 121/21/156]. One might speculate that the single date range entry was his year of discharge, indicating a birth in 1745, which, but for the different spelling, might have been a younger brother of our Letitia, or instead a cousin?

However, I do wonder if Ballyhaise may perhaps have been recorded in error for Ballyhay, in County Cork?

Joseph PHAIR; possibly 8th Dragoons, Farrier, 1774, and discharged 8 February 1784; he may have married and had issue:
1. Frances PHAIR, baptised at Ballyhay, County Cork, 25 February 1781.
He was probably related to William PHAIR; also of Ballyhay, County Cork; said to have served as a Sergeant in the 9th Regiment of Dragoon Guards, discharge papers dated 1784 (or perhaps 1794), born in County Tipperary [Barbara PHAYRE's "Cromwell's Legacy," App.1, p.99]; as William FARR, he probably married at Ballyhay, 8 December  1788, Alice ROGERS; with issue:
1. Letitia PHAIRE, baptised at Ballyhay, 18 September 1789.
2. Catherine FAYER, baptised at Ballyhay, 4 May 1791.

Or could Joseph and William settled in Cork after serving in the Army? Possibly from County Cavan??


The family of PHAIR (or FAIR) has continued to prosper in several parts of County Cavan, but whether their origins were in that County as far back as the 1730s is not yet known - although that is beginning to look distinctly possible, if not even quite likely.

Robert FAIR, of Drummny (?), County Cavan, Gent, died in or before May 1754; administration of his effects was granted on 15 May to Robert FAIR, the younger, his grandson, and Martha FAIR the widow and relict [BETHAM's Abstracts, Findmypast]. I do not know whether being mentioned in the grant means that Robert Junior was then of full age?


Four of the earliest mentions of FAIRs in the Church Register holdings at PRONI, for County Cavan, were the following 2 burials and 2 baptisms (full details obtained from
1. John FAIR; died "...near Kilmore," 13 May 1778, and buried at Kilmore C. of  I. Parish (age not recorded).
2. Zephora FAIR, baptised at Kilmore C. of I. Parish, 18 July 1780, daughter of Richard FAIR (address not recorded) and Mary FAIR.
3. Joseph FAIR; died 29 December 1782, and buried at Kilmore C. of I. Parish (age not recorded).
4. Richard FAIR, baptised at Kilmore C. of I. Parish, 4 May 1788, son of William FAIR, of Breeckhill, and Rebecca FAIR.

It is not unlikely that these FAIRS were from related families; and one of the Richard's was perhaps a nephew of the other.

It is further quite possible that this William FAIR was the same William PHAIR who was mentioned by CROOKSHANK as having addressed a meeting of Methodists at Ballyhaise in January 1790, as follows:
"On Jan'y 23rd, 1790, a young man named Matthew LANKTREE, a native of Oldcastle, visited at Drumliff, in the county of Cavan, some friends who had recently become Methodists, accompanied them on the following Sabbath morning to the chapel at Ballyhaise, and was much impressed with all he saw and heard. The preacher was Mr James IRWIN, the house well filled, and the whole congregation appeared influenced by the spirit of devotion. They sang with melody, prayed with fervency, and heard the word with affectionate attention... In the evening he attended a meeting, conducted by William PHAIR, a leader whose exhortations and prayers powerfully impressed his mind. On the following Lord's day, he commenced meeting with these simple earnest servants of God..."
["History of Methodism in Ireland," by C.H. CROOKSHANK; Volume 2 - "The Middle Age," published by T. WOOLMER, London, 1886; at page 14, Chapter II, 1790].

Indeed, it is further possible, perhaps even likely, that William's wife/widow Rebecca may have been the Rebecca PHAIR who was buried in Dublin in 1795, in Thomas MAGUIRE's plot at St Patrick's Cathedral (see above).
William himself may have been a brother (but perhaps more likely instead a nephew) of my Letitia PHAIR or PHAYRE, and he and Rebecca may have had other issue, including a son Thomas PHAIR or PHAYRE, who married Letitia's eldest daughter Mary Anne MAGUIRE, and was himself also buried in the MAGUIRE plot in St Patrick's Cathedral churchyard in 1802.

It is also likely that the above also shared some sort of family relationship to the next:

Thomas FAIR, born in or before 1778; married at Kilmore (C.of I.) Parish Church, 8 July 1799, Catherine TILSON []; probable issue:
     a. John FAIR, born at Derries, and baptised at Kilmore Parish (C. of I.), 10 February 1805 [].
     b. Catherine FAIR, baptised in County Cavan, 1807. 
     c. Thomas FAIR, born Derries, and baptised in Kilmore Parish (C. of I.), 18 August 1808 (father only named); probably died young.
     d. Elizabeth FAIR, baptised in County Cavan, 1813.
     e. Thomas PHAIR, born at Derries, and baptised at Kilmore Parish (C. of I.), 28 August 1816 [].

James PHAIR, born in or before 1807; married at Kilmore (C. of I.) Parish Church, 23 November 1834, Isabella DOGUE (perhaps in error for POGUE) [].
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
The name Zephora (or Zephra) is quite unusual - and it may have been a local variation of the name Sophia - although it may also have had Old Testament links to Moses, whose wife was recorded in the Book of Exodus as Zipporah or Sephora.
There were at least seven other women or girls named Zephra, and one named Sophia (with a daughter named Leticia), who were either living in the Parish of Castleterra, in County Cavan, on the night of  the 1821 Census, or had connections with those that did.
It may be of some interest to speculate whether there was any degree of kinship between these women, and whether this might have included, as is clearly evident in the case of the eldest of them, the PHAIR family.
They were as follows:
1. Zephra (-?-), born about 1740; married JOHNSTON (he evidently died before 1821); she was aged 80 in the 1821 Census, at House (No 7), Townland of Egarmus, Castleterra Parish, with her son, daughter or daughter-in-law, a servant (John GAFNEY, aged 14), and William PHAIR (aged 19 - he was recorded as her son's nephew, and by direct inference therefore her grandson); apparent issue:
     a. John JOHNSTON, born about 1779; aged 40, Farmer, at House (7), Egarmus, 1821, with mother, wife or sister Jane (aged 35), and nephew William PHAIR (aged 19).
2. Zephra (-?-), probably born about 1775; died in 1859 at Corracreeny, County Cavan (a Townland about 2 km north of Egarmus/Egramush, and 1.8 km W.S.W. of Drumliff); married about 1790's, William HAMILTON (born about 1773), of Corracreeny; probably named as William HAMILTON Senior, in a Deed dated 3 January 1832, probably a leasehold concerning lands at Corracreeny, and as one of three lives for the term, the other two lives being John and Alexander HAMILTON, probably his two elder sons; he died at Corracreeny, 11 January 1856, aged 82; they had issue:
     a. John (Charles) HAMILTON, born about 1795; probably named as a life for term of his father's deed, 3 January 1832; died at Corracreeny, 15 November 1881, aged 86; married Elizabeth BANNISTER, with issue.
     b. Alexander HAMILTON, born about 1798; probably named as a life for term of his father's deed, 3 January 1832; died Cavan, 1880; probably married with issue.
     c. William HAMILTON.
     d. Jane HAMILTON, born about 1805.
     e. Mary HAMILTON, born 1811.
     f. Jemima HAMILTON, born 1815.
     g. Margaret HAMILTON, born 1817.
3 and 4. Zephra (-?-), born about 1776; aged 44 in the 1821 Census, and residing in House (No 39), Townland of Drumliff, Castleterra Parish, with her husband Robert FOSTER (44) and their eight children (aged 15 to 6), and just a few houses removed from George PHAIR (64), his wife Jane (60), their five children (aged 25 to 14) and his niece Eliza FOSTER (aged 6); Robert and Zephra had issue:
     a. Eliza FOSTER, born about 1800; aged 20, with parents, 1821.
     b. Emilia FOSTER, born about 1802; aged 18, with parents, 1821.
     c. Mary FOSTER, bprn ca 1806; aged 14m with parents, 1821.
     d. Henry FOSTER, born ca 1808, a twin; aged 12, with parents, 1821.
     e. Robert FOSTER, born ca 1808, the other twin; aged 12, with parents, 1821.
     f. Joseph FOSTER, born ca 1810; aged 10, with parents, 1821.
     g. Hanora FOSTER, born ca 1813; aged 7, with parents, 1821.
     h. Zephra FOSTER, born ca 1824; aged 6, with parents, 1821.
5. Zephra (-?-), born ca 1778; aged 42, at House (No 18), Egarmus, Castleterra Parish, with her husband George ELLIOTT (or EBBITT), aged 50, Farmer, and their five children; issue:
     a. William ELLIOTT, born ca 1799; aged 21, with parents, 1821.
     b. George ELLIOTT, born ca 1802, a twim; aged 18, with parents, 1821.
     c. Benjamin ELLIOTT, born ca 1802, the other twin; aged 18, with parents, 1821.
     d. Mary ELLIOTT, born ca 1805; aged 15, with parents, 1821.
     e. Henry ELLIOTT, born ca 1811; aged 9, with parents, 1821.
6 Zephora FAIR, born Kilmore, 18 July 1780, daughter of Richard and Mary FAIR.. See above.
7. Sophia (-?-), born ca  1781; at House (No 15), Egarmus, Castleterra Parish, 1821 Census, aged 39, with her husband Daniel ELLIOTT (aged 43, Farmer), their three children, and a servant named James GAFNEY (aged 14); issue:
     a. John ELLIOTT, born ca 1801; aged 19, with parents, 1821.
     b. Eliza ELLIOTT, born ca 1805; aged 15, with parents, 1821.
     c. Leticia ELLIOTT, born ca 1808; aged 12, with parents, 1821.
8. Zephora ETHERTON, born ca 1780 (could she have been a sister of Mrs Maria WIGGINS? below); married at Ballyhaise, 7 December 1804, Alexander KEMP, of Drumgola, parish of Urney, County Cavan; with issue:
     a. James KEMP, born April 1805; died at Drumgola, 1844.
     b. Charles KEMP, born February 1807; died at Drumgola, 1870.
     c. Maria KEMP, born January 1809.
     d. Margaret KEMP, born February 1811.
     e. Thomas KEMP, born September 1813.
     f. William KEMP, born January 1816.
     g. Zephra KEMP, born January 1817.
     h. Sophia KEMP, born January 1820.
9. Zephra WIGGINS, born about 1818; aged 2, at House (No 10), Townland of Degan, Castleterra Parish, 1821 Census, with her parents John and Maria WIGGINS (both aged 25 - John a Weaver), all residing with Maria's mother Maria HEATHERTON, aged 66, Farmer (could she have had another daughter named Zephora ? above).


One strand of PHAIRs maintained connections in or near Ballyhaise, as under-tenants to the proprietor of Ballyhaise House - as had Letitia PHAYRE's husband Thomas MAGUIRE back in the 1760s, at Mullalougher, then held under Thomas NEWBRIDGE.

These were the PHAIRs of Drumliff, which lies about 2 km NNW of Ballyhaise, and 4 km WSW of Mullalougher.

The 1821 Census fragments for County Cavan have been digitalized and made available on the National Archives of Ireland's web-site; in it are recorded a number of PHAIRs residing in the Townland of Drumliff; unfortunately, the census did not record their birthplace; they are as follows:

1. Florence PHAIR, born about 1755; aged 65 in 1821, living with her brother Robert at House (No 12) Drumliff, evidently unmarried.

2. George PHAIR, born about 1756; at House (No 16) Drumliff, 1821 Census, aged 64, Farmer, with wife Jane (60), five children and niece (Eliza FOSTER, aged 6); married Jane (-?- possibly FOSTER); issue:
     a. Eliza PHAIR, born about 1795; aged 25, with parents, 1821.
     b. Mary PHAIR, born about 1797; aged 23, with parents, 1821.
     c. Jane PHAIR, born about 1800; aged 20, with parents, 1821; probably died at Deggan, County Cavan, 12 May 1869, with probate to her brother, John PHAIR of Drumliff, Farmer, and her will naming her nephew George PHAIR, and her brother Robert PHAIR in New Zealand..
     d. Robert PHAIR, born about 1802; aged 18, with parents, 1821; named in his sister Jane PHAIR's will, 1868. Probably the Robert PHAIR who emigrated to Otago with his wife Dora McDOWALL and their children? See "SOME STRAY CAVAN PHAIRS" below.
     e. John PHAIR, born about 1806; aged under 14, with parents, 1821; probably the spouse of Susan SCARLET, below.  
3. Robert PHAIRE, born about 1760; at House (No 12) Drumliff, 1821, aged 60, Farmer, with his (perhaps second) wife Ann (30), their two children and his sister Florence PHAIR; he married, perhaps secondly, Ann (-?-); she was born about 1790; issue:
     a. Margaret PHAIR, born about 1816; aged 4, with parents, 1821.
     b. John PHAIR, born about 1820-21; aged under 1, with parents, 1821.

Several other families there were evidently of a later generation, and possibly son or sons of one or other of the above George and Jane, or Robert by a possible earlier marriage; they were as follows:

4. Robert PHAIR, born about 1790; at House (No 3) Drumliff, 1821 Census, aged 30, lodging in the residence of Thomas WOODS (36), Farmer, his wife Ann WOODS (34) and their seven children (aged 17 to 1).

5. William PHAIR, born about 1793; at House (No 6) Drumliff, 1821 Census, aged 27, Farmer, with wife Margaret (30) and two children; probably married Margaret POGUE, at Castleterra (C.of I.) on 9 November 1814 []; with issue:
     a. Robert PHAIR, born about 1815; aged 5, with parents, 1821; probably Robert PHAIR at House (No 16) Drumliff in 1901 below.
     b. Eliza PAIR, born about 1818; aged 2, with parents, 1821; probably Bessie PHAIR (1901) below.
However, in Manhattan, New York, on 17 October 1866, a marriage took place between Robert PHAIR, (aged 26, born Ireland, a son of William PHAIR and Margaret POGUE) and Jane POGUE (aged 28, born Ireland, daughter of Thomas POGUE and Merle BROWN).

Robert PHAIR, Senior, was recorded in the Register of Freeholders in County Cavan, for the year 1825 (enrolled for the purposes of electoral enfranchisement - viewable on-line in scanned documents of the web-site); his was a 40 shilling leasehold in Drumliff, Barony of Upper Loughtee, also his residence, from Mr HUMPHRYS (of Ballyhaise House), with a term for the lease being the lives of William and Thomas WOOD and William PHAIR.
Robert Sen'r was probably the above 60 year-old Farmer at Drumliff (No 12) in 1821.

In the same Register, with identical details, were also recorded Robert PHAIR Junior (probably the above 30 year old Farmer at Drumliff No 3 in 1821), William PHAIR (probably the above 27 year-old farmer at Drumliff No 6), George WOOD, John WOOD, James WOOD, William WOOD, William TEEVAN (all registered at Cavan on 10 January 1825) and John KNOX (registered on 12 January 1825).

The website records the following entries in the Tithe Aplotment Books for County Cavan, for the year 1826, as follows:
1. Parish of Castleterra. Townland of Drumliff:
Robert PHAIR and Coy - 8 acres (1st quality); 6 acres (2nd); 4 acres (3rd); assessed at 17 shillings and 5d.
His entry appeared in between similar entries for William WOODS and Coy, and John WOODS and Co.
2. Parish of Castleterra, Townland of Drummany:
Robert PHAIR - 8 acres (1st); 4 acres (2nd); 4 acres 1 rood (3rd); assessed at 15 shillings 9d and 3 farthings.
These landholders would have aged been over 21; indicating that they were born in or before 1805.

Much later, three groups of the PHAIR family were residing at Drumliff in the 1901 Census of Ireland (there were 27 households enumerated in Drumliff, 3 headed by PHAIRs, and 5 headed by families named WOOD or WOODS).
They were, with little doubt, related to each other, and were probably of descent from the families enumerated there in 1821 (see above); there is no specific indication that the household numbers used here were the same as those used in the 1821 Census - they probably were not, although they or some of them may have been; these families were enumerated as follows:

1. Robert PHAIR was born in County Cavan, about 1816; probably the one aged 5 in 1821, at House (No 6) Drumliff, with parents William and Margaret; he probably informed John PHAIR's death at Drumliff in February 1879; Robert was at Drumliff (No 16), Ballyhaise, 1901 Census, aged 85, with wife Ann and three children; he died at Drumliff, 14 November 1901, aged 85, Farmer, death informed by his son John William PHAIR of Drumliff, present at death [Volume 3, page 43]; his widow Ann was still at Drumliff in the 1911 Census, aged 71, with her two children, and a grandson (James Robert WOODS, aged 12 - he had been with Robert and Ann in 1901, a boarder, no age recorded); Robert married (and perhaps not for the first time) in County Cavan, 1866, Ann ELLIOTT (she was named in the four Ballyhaise birth registrations); she died at Drumliff on 7 May 1916, aged 75, Farmer's widow, the death informed by Emily PHAIR of Drumliff, present at death [Volume 3, page 45]; probate granted at Cavan to William J. PHAIR, Farmer; they had issue:
     a. Eliza Jane PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 31 July 1866, the birth informed by her father; died at Ballyhaise, 27 August 1898; married at Ballyhaise Parish Church, 5 June 1894, William WOOD, Coachbuilder (born at Drumliff, 10 March 1867, son of Thomas WOOD, Farmer, and Sophia KENNEDY); he died at Portadown, 31 August 1939; with issue:
          i. Anne WOOD, born 1894.
          ii. William John WOOD, born 1895.
          iii. James Robert WOOD, born 1898; raised by his grandparents at Drumliff.
     b. Frances (Fanny) PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 27 April 1868, the birth informed by her father; possibly married at St John's C.of I., Kilmore, 10 Feb 1868, John HENDERSON, Labourer, of Cloverhill, her age recorded as 17, but her father Robert described as a labourer.
     c. Ann PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 11 March 1870, the birth informed by her father; possibly married in County Cavan, 1888, William BENNETT.
     d. Margaret PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 6 June 1872, the birth informed by her father.
     e. Mary FAIR, born at Drumliff, 1 December 1874, the birth informed by her father.
     f. John William PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 4 January 1876, the birth informed by Mary McDONALD, of Drumliff, present at the birth; aged 25, with parents, 1901 Census; informed his father's death, 1901; aged 33, with mother, 1911 Census; he probably died in Hospital at Cavan, 2 October 1961, aged 84, late of Drumliff, Farmer, Unmarried .
     g. Robert PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 18 July 1878, the birth informed by his father; aged 23, with parents, 1901.
     h. Joseph PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 14 December 1881, the birth informed by Catherine THOMPSON, of Drumliff, present at the birth; died at Drumliff, 7 January 1899, aged 17, Farmer, informed by his brother John William PHAIR.
     j. Emily Frances or Florence PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 19 May 1884, the birth informed by her mother; aged 15, with parents, 1901; aged 25, with mother, 1911; informed her mother's death, 1916, present at death.

2. Mrs Susan PHAIR, born County Fermanagh, about 1816; at House (No 3) Drumliff, 1901, aged 84, Farmer, with son and family; she died at Drumliff, 12 November 1902, aged 87, Widow of farmer, informed by her daughter-in-law, Isabella PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at death [Volume 3, page 45]; she had married (see below) with issue:
     e. John PHAIR, born at Drumgola, County Cavan, 1 June 1847; aged 53, Farmer, with widowed mother at Drumliff, 1901 Census, and his wife  and their two children; he was still there in 1911, aged 63, with wife, married for 42 years, having had seven children with five surviving; he died 8 July 1918, aged 71 [Volume 3, page 41], and was buried at Ballyhaise C.of I. Cemetery [M.I.]; he married at Urney Parish, County Cavan, on 19 June 1868, Isabella BROWNLEE of the Parish of Castleterra; she informed her mother-in-law's death, 1902; she died 26 June 1913, aged 72 [Registered September 1918, Volume 3, page 41], and was buried with her husband at Ballyhaise; issue (with additional details from the HASSEBROCK Tree on included:
          i. Elizabeth Jane PHAIR, born Drumliff, 4 November 1868; married George Sparrow MILLER; she was living in California, 1936.
          ii. John Thomas PHAIR, born Cavan, 19 September 1870; died Cavan, 15 March 1898.
          iii. James PHAIR, born County Cavan, 16 March 1872; arrived in New York., 1901; died at Brooklyn, N.Y., 15 November 1934; married in County Cavan, 5 July 1899, Sarah A. ROBINSON..
          vi. Robert B. PHAIR, born at Drumgola, 22 April 1874 or 1876; emigrated to the U.S., on the ship Laurentian, from Londonderry, arriving New York, 9 July 1900; at Stamford, CT, 1916-18; at Vancouver, B.C., 1922; at Seattle, 1928; died at Seattle, Washington, 14 February 1936, aged 60; married Eva Frances DUGDALE, with issue - a son and two daughters.
          v. Samuel PHAIR, born Coolboyogue, County Cavan, 16 March 1877; died at the City Hospital St Louis, Missouri, U.S., 16 February 1904; his probate granted at Cavan, 16 September 1904, to John PHAIR, Farmer.
          vi. Emily Jane PHAIR, born Drumgola, County Cavan, 12 June 1879; aged 21, with parents, 1901; died at Belfast, 1963; married William Walter NIXON..
          vii. Alfred PHAIR, born Drumgola, County Cavan, 21 February 1887; aged 14, with parents, 1901; aged 24, with parents, 1911; died at Hastings, New Zealand, 6 June 1965; married Elizabeth HUMPHREY, with issue.
This was undoubtedly Susan SCARLETT (surname identified by N.Z. descendants); she married John PHAIR (born about 1806) of Drumliff; he was probably the one aged 14, at House (No 16) Drumliff in 1821, with his parents George and Jane; he died at Drumliff, 25 February 1879, of General Debility, aged 73 years, Farmer, informed by Robert PHAIR of Drumliff [Registered County Cavan, March quarter, Volume 3, page 68, with probate granted at Cavan, 25 February 1879, to Susan PHAIR, the widow, effects under ₤89; they evidently had other issue:
     a. Jane PHAIR, born about 1841, eldest daughter of John PHAIR of County Cavan, Ireland (he died before 1896); she died at Pleasant Valley, Palmerston, N.Z., 31 May 1896, aged 54, beloved wife of John COUTTS; she married firstly, Knox Church, Dunedin, N.Z., 9 November 1866 #1724, William MITCHELL, of Pleasant Valley, Palmerston, Otago, witnessed by Mary Ann PHAIR of Waikouati, Dunedin; he died in 1873, and was buried on 3 October, " of the old residents... a man very highly respected" [Otago Witness, 10 May 1873]; issue:
          i. Jane MITCHELL, born N.Z., 20 May 1867 #9957; died at Pleasant Valley, 17 March 1884, aged 16, "..only daughter of the late Mr William MITCHELL" [Otago Witness, 22 March].
          ii. John MITCHELL, born N.Z., 26 January 1869 #156; died at Pleasant Valley, "...the residence of his stepfather John and Jane COUTTS," on 14 July 1894, aged 25, "...late of the Stock Department, Oamaru, only son of the late William MITCHELL" [Otago witness, 19 Jul].
          iii. Susan MITCHELL, born N.Z., 21 August 1870 #39862; died 1871 #7635, aged 13 mos.
          iv. Susan MITCHELL, born N.Z., 5 May 1872 #663; died 1872 #12529, aged 5 mos.

Jane married secondly, N.Z., 10 August 1875 #1865, John COUTTS; he may have married secondly, at Pleasant Valley, 22 June 1897, Catherine MUNRO, 2nd surviving daughter of Alex MUNRO [Otago Witness, 1 July].

     b. Mary Ann PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 8 August 1842; emigrated to Otago, N.Z; witnessed her sister Jane's marriage in Dunedin, November 1866; went to America; died on 19 November 1921, and was buried in the Presbyterian Cemetery, Tomales, Marin County, California, aged 79, "...survived by four sisters, Mrs Henry GOUDY of Tomales, Mrs PHAIR of Petaluma, and two others in New Zealand" [Obit, Marin Journal, Thursday 24 November]; she married in N.Z., 20 October 1870 #3812, John CARTER; he died in Tomales, California, in 1904, aged 64; no issue.
     c. Elizabeth PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 10 August 1844; also went to Otago; died at Inch Clutha, 15 July 1931 #8756, aged 86; she married in 1871 #3785, John HASTINGS (born Scotland, 1842); he died at Inch Clutha, 29 February 1892; with issue:
          i. John Robert HASTINGS, born N.Z., 18 October 1872.
          ii. George HASTINGS, born N.Z., 21 April 1874; died Gore, 1938; married with issue.
          iii. William HASTINGS, born N.Z., 13 January 1878; died 1905.

          iv. Robert HASTINGS, born N.Z., 15 December 1880; died 1948.
          v. Alfred HASTINGS, born N.Z., 3 September 1883; died Balclutha, 1954.

     d. Frances PHAIR, born about 1845; arrived at Port Chalmers, N.Z., about 1867; said to have married John ROSS, but a Fanny PHAIR married in N.Z., 12 February 1875 #509, David ROSS (some ancestry trees refer to his wife as Fanny ANDERSON); if so, she died at Terrace Farm, Palmerston, 29 November 1916, aged 69; he died at Dunedin, 1 December 1920, aged 79, late of Terrace Farm; issue
          i. Helen Rolina ROSS, born Central Otago, 21 June 1876; died Palmerston, 2 March 1939; married at Palmerston, 8 September 1897, Edward Henry CLARK.
          ii. George ROSS, born Central Otago, 17 September 1877; died 1951.

          iii. David ROSS, born N.Z., 15 September 1881 #10361.
          iv. David ROSS, born Balclutha, 3 September 1882 #12790.
          v. Mary Ann ROSS, born N.Z., 4 August 1883 #12806.
          vi. Alexander ROSS, born 1885 #15026.
          vii. Charles ROSS, born N.Z., 30 May 1890 #8211.
          viii. Cecilena ROSS, born N.Z., 19 December 1891, and Registered 1892 #4111.

          ix. Fanny ROSS, born N.Z., 9 December 1893, and Registered 1894.
     f. Susan PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 4 September 1855 [Hassebrock Tree,], or 12 March 1861 [California Death Index]; at Tomales, Marin County, California, 1920 Census, aged 58, with husband; ditto, 1930 Census, aged 69, with husband; she died at Marin County, California, 14 January 1940 (father named PHAIR, mother named SCARLET - California Death Index, 1940-1997); she married about 1885, as his 2nd wife, Henry W. GOUDY (born Belfast, 1846), a Farmer.
      g. Robert William PHAIR, born Drumliff, 13 October 1857; emigrated to the U.S., about 1880; at Seymour, Connecticut, 1903; went to California; died at Sonoma County, California, 23 January 1922; married at Eureka, Humboldt County, 28 August 1894, Sara NILES (born Loleta, Humboldt County, 26 April 1870, daughter of Ebenezer C. NILES, M.D., by his 2nd wife Sarah F. OSBORNE); she died Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, 22 August 1956; issue:
          i. Curtis Niles CARTER, born California, 18 April 1895; died Bakersfield, Kern County, 8 July 1977; married Ruth Edna CHURCHMAN (born California, 17 February 1900); she died 2 November 1978.
          ii. Lucinda CARTER, born California, 29 August 1896; died at Sonoma, California, 19 June 1978; married Harry Marshall JACOBSEN.
     h. Lucinda PHAIR, born 1859; married in County Cavan, December 1880, William WILSON; they emigrated to Otago in 1885; she died at Stirling, Otago, 21 September 1938 #25004, aged 79; he died at Stirling, Otago, 1 April 1925; issue:
          i. William WILSON, born Balclutha, 1885; died Stirling, 16 May 1938.
          ii. George WILSON, born Stirling, about 1886; died Dunedin, 15 September 1952.
          iii. Elizabeth Jane WILSON, born about 1887; died Dunedin, 9 September 1964.
          vi. Robert WILSON, born Clutha, 1894; died Dunedin, 31 January 1966.

3. William PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1825; at House (No 5) Drumliff, 1901 Census, aged 75, Farmer, with wife and five children; he probably died at Drumliff, 30 September 1902, aged 75, Farmer, informed by his daughter Georgina PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at death [Volume 3, page 45]; of Drumliff, aged 35, Bachelor, son of William PHAIR, Farmer, when he was married at Ballyhaise Parish Church, 6 August 1875, to Jane ELLIOTT, of Drumliff, Spinster, daughter of John ELLIOTT, Farmer (born County Cavan, about 1849); she informed the death at Drumliff, 18 March 1889, of her widowed mother, Fanny ELLIOTT, aged 80; Jane was at Drumliff in 1911, with three children; she died at Drumliff, 6 September 1926, aged 75, Farmer's widow, the death informed by Jane WOODS, of Drumliff, present at death; William and Jane had issue:
     a. Anne Jane PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 8 May 1876, the birth informed by Anne PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at the birth; she died at Drumliff, 4 April 1896, aged 19, Spinster, Servant, informed by Jane PHAIR, her mother, present at death.
     b. Elizabeth PHAIR, born Drumliff, 29 March 1878, the birth informed by Anne PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at the birth.
     c. William PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 12 April 1880, the birth informed by his mother; died at Drumliff, 18 March 1901, aged 21, Farmer's son, informed by his mother Jane PHAIR, of Drumliff.
     d. John Robert PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 9 July 1882, the birth informed by Eliza PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at the birth; aged 18, with parents, 1901; with mother, 1911; died at Drumliff, 13 September 1958, aged 76, Married, Farmer, the death informed by Jean TREVIES, daughter, of Drumliff; probably married Eliza FERGUSON, with issue:
          i. George William PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 7 November 1914.
     e. Fanny PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 21 April 1884, the birth informed by Elizabeth PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at the birth; aged 16, with parents, 1901.
     f. Georgina PAHIR, born at Drumliff, 18 July 1886, the birth informed by Margaret PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at the birth.
     g. Maria PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 25 December 1888, the birth informed by her mother; aged 12, with parents, 1901.
     h. Sarah Louise PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 27 February 1892, the birth informed by Anne J. PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at the birth; aged 10, with parents, 1901; aged 19, with mother, 1911.
     j. Letitia PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 17 March 1894, the birth informed by her mother; aged 7, with parents, 1901; aged 17, with mother, 1911.
     k. (?) Mary Jane PHAIR, born about 1895; died at Drumliff, 28 December 1900, aged 4 years 6 months, informed by her mother Jane PHAIR of Drumliff.

4. John PHAIR, born about 1847; Farmer in Drumgola, 1868-79 and Drumliff, 1887; he died at Drumliff, 8 July 1918, aged 71, Farmer, the death informed by Alfred PHAIR of Drumliff, present at death; he married  Isabella BROWNLEE alias BROWNLOW; she died at Drumliff, 26 June 1918, aged 72, Farmer's wife, informed by Alfred PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at death; with issue:
     a. un-named daughter, born at Drumgola, 4 November 1868, the birth informed by her father.
     b. John Thomas PHAIR, born at Drumgola, 19 September 1870; as John Francis (?) he died at Drumliff, 17 March 1898, Married, 27, informed by his mother, Isabella PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at death. 
     c. James PHAIR, born at Drumgola, 16 March 1872, the birth informed by his father; married at Ballyhaise Parish Church, 5 July 1899, Sarah ROBINSON (daughter of John ROBINSON, School Master), his father named as John PHAIR of Drumliff, Farmer, James being of full age, witnessed by Emily PHAIR  and Thomas SEARLE.
     d. Robert PHAIR, born ar Drumgola, 25 April 1874, the birth informed by his father.
     e. Samuel PHAIR, born at Drumgola, 16 March 1877, the birth informed by his father.
     f. Emily Jane PHAIR, born at Drumgola, 12 June 1879, the birth informed by her father; married at Ballyhaise, 13 August 1902, of Drumliff (father John PHAIR, Farmer), to William Walter NIXON, of Ardanagh, Ballyhaise, Farmer, (son of John NIXON, Farmer).
     g. Alfred PHAIR, born at Drumliff, 21 February 1887, the birth informed by Isabella PHAIR, present at the birth (perhaps the grandmother); he informed the deaths of both John and Isabella PHAIR in 1918, present at both deaths, but relationship not stated in the registrations; he married at the Parish church of Urney and Annagelliffe, County Cavan, 1913, Eliza Jane HUMPHRIES, of Drumgola (daughter of William HUMPHRIES, Farmer, deceased).

Bessie PHAIR, aged 82, born County Cavan, was with this family group in 1901, recorded as a relative; probably Eliza PHAIR, aged 2, with parents William and Margaret, at Drumliff (No 6), 1821 Census; as Elizabeth PHAIR, she died at Drumliff, 30 March 1902, aged 83, Spinster, Farmer's daughter, informed by her sister-in-law Jane PHAIR, of Drumliff, present at death [Volume 3, page 55].

Jane PHAIR; probably aged 20, with parents George and Jane, at Drumliff (No 16) in 1821 Census; died at Deggan, County Cavan, 12 May 1869, a spinster; probate was granted at Cavan to John PHAIR of Drumliff, Farmer, the brother, effects under ₤100. I have been unable to locate a death registration for her in Ireland under the PHAIR surname, or any of the usual variants.

John PHAIR, probably born in or before 1811; of Drumliff, when married at the C. of I. Parish Church of Castleterra, County Cavan, 23 January 1832, Elizabeth MARTIN (or MARTON) of Drumliff [].


William PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1819; at House (No 2) Drumcartagh, 1901 Census, aged 91, Farmer, Widower, with widowed daughter-in-law and two PHAIR grandsons; he died at Drumcartagh, 14 February 1906, aged 99, Widower, Farmer, the death informed by George PHAIR, grandson, of Drumcartagh; William was married, with issue:
     a. Henry PHAIR, born about 1844 (from age at death, if the right one), or 1856 (age at marriage); he probably died at Drumcortha, 14 August 1890, aged 46, Married, Farmer, the death informed by Catherine PHAIR, the widow; he was of Drumcortha, parish of Kildallon, aged 23, Bachelor, when married by license, at Templeport parish church, 9 October 1879, to Kate HASSARD, Spinster, 21, of Killineary, parish of Templeport, daughter of Robin (or Rolin) HASARD, Farmer, witnessed by Thomas PHAIR and Liddy HASSARD; she was aged 38, Widow, residing with her father-in-law, 1901 Census, and her two children; she was at Cullyteenan, County Cavan, 1911 Census, aged 52, Widow, with her three sons; she probably died at Belturbet, 19 April 1943, aged 93, widow of Farmer, informed by her son William PHAIR, of Belturbet, present at death; they had issue:
               i. William PHAIR, probably born at Drumcortha, 5 June 1882 (un-named in registration, informed by the father); aged 27, Coach Builder, with his mother, 1911 Census.
               ii. George Henry PHAIR, born at Drumcortha, 7 February 1884 (informed by the mother); aged 16, with his mother and PHAIR grandfather, 1901; he informed his grandfather's death in 1906; aged 25, Coach Builder, with his mother, 1911.
               iii. Samuel PHAIR, born at Drumcortha, 10 November 1885 (informed by the mother); aged 15, apprentice Coach-Builder, 1901 census, residing with William WOOD of Drumliff, Coachbuilder, and his wife Mary Ann; he was aged 24, Coach Builder, with his mother, 1911.
               iv. Violet Mary PHAIR, born at Drumcortha, 20 March 1887 (informed by the mother); aged 12, with her mother and grandfather, 1901; she was married at Willowfield parish church, 12 September 1916, to Albert SMITH, aged 25, Bachelor, Clerk, of Ardenlea Road, Belfast (son of John J. SMITH, Farmer), witnessed by Lizzie PHAIR and Robert H. TILSON.

In 1920, Thomas PHAIR, c/- Patrick FAY, J.P., of Kildallan, applied for an extract from the 1851 Census, for his parents Richard PHAIR and Anne GOOD - it was annotated "Tho's PHAIR, Head, 65, and Richard PHAIR, 22, unmarried" of the Townland of Drumcartagh or Diamondhill, parish of Kildallan, Barony of Tullyhunco.
This Richard may be the next, although this detail suggests the above was instead born in 1825.

Richard PHAIR, perhaps born about 1841 (? possibly another son of William PHAIR); of Drumcortha, Farmer; at Drumcartagh, 1901 Census, aged 60, Farmer, with his wife Ann (aged 60), three adult children and grandson William COWAN (aged 10); he was residing with his son John at Drumcartgh, 1911 Census, aged 85 (sic); he died at Drumcartagh, 23 March 1916, aged 74, Widower, Farmer, the death informed by his son Thomas PHAIR, Greaghanan; Administration was granted to John PHAIR, Farmer, Effects 101 pounds 1s 10d; he was married at Killdallen, 16 December 1851, to Anne GOOD, aged 24 (daughter of Edward GOOD); she probably died at Drumcartagh, 22 January 1903, aged 70, Farmer's wife, informed by her son Richard PHAIR, of Drumcartagh, present at death; issue:
     a. Mary Anne PHAIR, born at Drumcortha, 18 February 1865.
     b. Thomas PHAIR; of Drumcortha, Farmer, of Full age, Bachelor, when he was married at Kildallan parish church, 26 April 1889, to Catherine HANNA, full age, spinster, of Kildallan, daughter of Edward HANNA, Farmer (deceased).
     c. Richard PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1870; aged 30, Farmer's son, with his parents, 1901; aged 40, unmarried, with his brother, 1911; he died at Druminion, 24 October 1931, and was buried at Kildallan Graveyard; he was of Drumminion, parish of Kildallan, when he was married at Templeport parish church, 18 July 1912, to Rachel GOODWIN, of full age, spinster, of Killeran, parish of Templeport, (daughter of Richardson GOODWIN, Farmer), witnessed by James PHAIR and Sarah Jane GOODWIN; she died 28 December 1969, and was buried with her husband; they had issue:
               i. Samuel Richard PHAIR; died 10 May 1927, and buried with his parents.
               ii. John William PHAIR, born at Druminion, 13 November 1913, informed by the father; died 15 January 1938, and buried with his parents.
               iii. Anna Mary PHAIR; died 31 January 1952 (unless a daughter-in-law?).
               iv. George PHAIR; died 30 September 1979, and buried with his parents.
               v. Herbert PHAIR; died 30 September 1993, and buried with his parents.
               vi. Annie Mary PHAIR, bor at Druminion, 27 May 1915; evidently died young
               vii. Annie Mary PHAIR, born at Druminion, 28 September 1916, at 4.00 a.m., a twin.
               viii. Katie PHAIR, born at Druminion, 28 September 1916, at 4.30 a.m., the other twin; she died on 14 November 1995, and was buried with her parents.
     d. John PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1876; aged 25, with his parents, 1901; at Drumcartagh, 1911 Census, aged 38, Famer, with his wife Rachel Elizabeth (aged 21), father (85), brother Richard (40) and son Richard (8 months); he at Drumcortha, died 5 April 1940, and was buried at Killdallan Graveyard; he was married at Killegar parish church, 2 November 1909, to Rachel Elizabeth STODDART, full age, spinster, of Drumhaldry (daughter of Robert STODDART, Farmer), witnessed by Richard PHAIR and Rachel GOODWIN; she died 10 December 1966, and was buried with her husband; they had issue:
               i. James Robert PHAIR; died 17 March 1935, and buried with his parents.
               ii. Sarah Jane; died 13 April 1943 (unless instead a daughter-in-law?).
               iii. John William PHAIR; died 17 June 1978, and buried with his parents.
               iv. Richard PHAIR, born at Drumcartagh, 12 August 1910, informed by the father; died 15 December 1981, and buried with his parents; he married Noelle, who died 20 January 2002, and was buried with him in his parents grave.


George PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1836 or later; at House (Number 9) Drumullan, 1901 Census, aged 50 (+?), Agricultural Labourer, a Widower, with married daughter Lizzie and her two daughters; he was at Drumullen (Number 9), 1911 Census, aged 74, with son-in-law, daughter and their six children (surviving from seven born); he died at Drumullen, 20 September 1918, aged 7, Widower, Labourer, the death informed by his daughter Lizzie LEINSTER, of Drumullen, Present at Death [Volume 3, page 49], aged 75; he was married firstly, at Castleterra parish church (Ballyhaise), 15 August 1861, to Mary Jane HETHERINGTON (daughter of James H.), and if so, his father was there recorded as James PHAIR; Mary probably died at Deggan, 26 October 1882, as Mary Ann PHAIR, aged 44, Farmer's wife, the death informed by her husband George PHAIR; George appears to have married secondly, Elizabeth (-?-), although there are no marriages indicated in the Irish Statutory Indexes; Elizabeth PHAIR died at Drumullen, 3 December 1897, aged 68, Labourer's wife, the death informed by her (step-)daughter Lizzie LEINSTER, of Drumullen, Present at Death; George had issue by his first wife:
     a. daughter, born at Drumullan, 18 October 1864.
     b. Mary Jane PHAIR, born at Deggan, 1 March 1868 (not named in Registration); aged 28, Spinster, when married at Kilmore Parish Church, 8 July 1897, Johnston HEWITT, aged 29, (son of William HEWITT)
     c. George PHAIR, born at Deggan, 19 November 1870; at Drumullen (No 6), 1901 Census, aged 27, Woodman, with wife and three sons; at Derredis (No 1), Upper Cavan Rural, 1911 Census, aged 36, Agr Lab'r, with wife Susan (married for 18 years, three children all surviving), and their three sons; he married Susan BROWN; she was born in County Cavan about 1870; issue:
          i. Thomas William PHAIR, born at Drumullan, 13 March 1894, the birth informed by Christina RITCHIE, of Drumullan, present at the birth; aged 7, Scholar, with parents, 1901; aged 17, Agr Lab'r, with parents, 1911.
          ii. George PHAIR, born at Drumullan, 13 May 1896, the birth informed by his mother; aged 4, Scholar, with parents, 1901; aged 15, Agr Lab'r, with parents, 1911.
          iii. John James PHAIR, born at Drumullan, 28 February 1899, the birth informed by Christina RITCHE, of Drumullan, present at the birth; aged 3, with parents, 1901l; aged 11, Domestic sevrant, with parents, 1911.

A George PHAIR, Bachelor, aged 20 years 7 months, Farmer, of Deggan (son of George PHAIR, Farmer), was married at Castleterra Parish Church (Ballyhaise), 30 January 1893, to Lizzie FEGAN, Spinster, aged 20, daughter of Edward FEGAN, Farmer, of Crumlin, parish of Deane.
     d. (?) Thomas PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1871; at Drumullan (No 12), 1901 Census, aged 40 (sic), Agr Lab'r, with wife and two daughters; married Minnie JOHNSTONE; at ..., 1911, aged 40, Agr Lab'r, with wife (married for 18 years, with 4 surviving of seven children born); she was born County Cavan, about 1875; issue:
          i. Mary Jane PHAIR, born County Cavan, December quarter 1894 [Volume 3, page 67]; aged 6, with parents, 1901; aged 16, with parents, 1911; possibly married at Cavan R.C., 6 July 1915, John SHERIDAN.
          ii. Matilda PHAIR, born Drumullan, 2 October 1900; aged 5, with parents, 1901; aged 19, Scholar, with parents, 1911.
          iii. Thomas PHAIR, born at Drumullan, 23 March 1905; aged 6, with parents, 1911; probably died as a child.
          iv. William Alex PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1908; aged 2, with parents, 1911.
          v. Thomas PHAIR, born at Drumullan, 10 August 1909, the birth informed by Mary J. PHAIR, of Drumullm, present at the birth.
     e. Fanny PHAIR, born at Deggan, 19 June 1873. 
     f. Elizabeth PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1873; aged 25, with two daughters and widowered father, 1901; aged 36, with husband, six children and widowered father, 1911; she probably died at Drumullen, 31 December 1952, aged 78, Widow of Labourer, the death informed by her son J. LEINSTER, of Dromora, County Cavan; she was married at Kilmore Parish Church, 30 March 1893, to George LEINSTER of Drumullen, Garden Labourer (born Farnham, Drumullen, 22 February 1869, son of William LEINSTER, Labourer, and Jane McEVOY), witnessed by her brothers George Robert PHAIR and Thomas PHAIR; issue:
          i. William George LEINSTER, born at Drumullen, 22 April 1894; aged 17, Agr Labr, with parents, 1911; North Irish Horse regiment, 1915; left for France, 17 November 1915, with F Squadron, S.N. 1469; reformed into the 2nd Irish Horse Regiment, June 1916, but dismounted in September 1917, and trained for the infantry at 36th Ulster Division Infantry Base Depot at Harfleur, and transferred into the Royal Irish Fusiliers, S.N. 41266; in action at the Battle of Cambrae and the retreat from St Quentin; missing in action, presumed killed, at or near Kemmel, about 18 April 1918; recorded on the Tyne Cot Memorial; he was married at St Mark's church, Dundela, Belfast, 18 August 1917, to Georgina Connelly .
          ii. Lizzie LEINSTER, born at Drumullen, 16 November 1895; aged 5, with mother, 1901; 
          iii. Mary Jane LEINSTER, born at Drumullen, 30 November 1897; aged 3, with mother, 1901.
          iv. Harriett LEINSTER, born County Cavan, ca 1901; aged 10, with parents, 1911.
          v. John James LEINSTER, born at Drumullen, 17 May 1906; aged 5, with parents, 1911.
          vi. George LEINSTER, born County Cavan, ca 1908; aged 2, with parents, 1911.
     g. John James PHAIR, born at Deggan, 19 September 1876.
     h. Mary Ann PHAIR, born at Deggan, 9 June 1881.

There is a second set of inscriptions on a PHAIR grave in Ballyhaise Cemetery:
a.  Elizabeth Jane PHAIR; died 15 April 1956 and wife of George MANNING.
She was born in county Cavan, about 1872, the daughter of Robert HUMPHRYS (late of Antrim) and Maria HETHERINGTON (of County Cavan); Eliza was at Kilduff (No 2), Redhills, County Cavan, 1901 Census, as Eliza Jane PHAIR, aged 28, a widow, with her son John Robert PHAIR, aged 2, born County Cavan, both residing with her widower father and her younger four siblings. She married secondly, George Samuel MANNING, and was with him at Ardamagh, Drumcarn, County Cavan, 1911 Census, with their five children.
b.  John Robert PHAIR; died 18 December 1958.
     Probably the 2 year-old at Kilduff, Redhills, in the 1901 Census, son of Elizabeth Jane.


Another fragment of the 1821 Census has survived, for the Townland of Drummach - the following has been abstracted:
1. Robert PHAIR, aged 72, residing with his nephew John PHAIR, the next:
2. John PHAIR, aged 40, Farmer; with wife Ann PHAIR (45), Flax Spinner; and their children William PHAIR (22), Weaver; Robert PHAIR (20), Ann PHAIR (18), Jane PHAIR (16), Phoebe PHAIR (14), Margaret PHAIR (10); and John PHAIR (7).
3. Robert PHAIR, aged 40, Farmer; with wife Ellen PHAIR (40), Flax Spinner; and daughter Ellen PHAIR (12).
4. ... Mary PHAIR, Wife (probably of Thomas, whose name has been added much later in a different hand, but whose details may have been on the previous page, and not abstracted in the copy I have seen), aged 25, Flax Spinner; with children James PHAIR (6), Margaret PHAIR (2), Elizabeth PHAIR (1); and William JOHNSTONE, Servant boy

I had not previously been aware that any census before 1841 had ever recorded the full details of all household members - but it appears there may have been at least jurisdiction that did, and that was Ireland.
However, the original record for this particular abstract has not yet been processed onto the National Archives of Ireland Census web-site. It may have been abstracted in Salt Lake City from images filmed by the Mormon Church. It is also possible that this Townland was instead in County Fermanagh?


John PHAIR, born about 1757, probably in County Cavan; of Butlersbridge, County Cavan (about 5 km west of Ballyhaise, and not quite 4 km SW of Drumliff); at Butlersbridge (No 2), 1821 Census, aged 63, Farmer, with son and grand-daughter; said to have married Letitia JONES; she evidently died before 1821; they had issue:
     a. Frances PHAIR, born 25 April 1786; married 17 November 1809, John BOGUE (perhaps instead ? POGUE).
     b. Emilia PHAIR, born 16 January 1788; married 7 May 1813, Abraham COOKE; issue:
          i. Eliza COOKE, born ca 1814; aged 6, with PHAIR grandfather, 1821 Census.
     c. Mary PHAIR, born 2 September 1790; died 17 December 1811.
     d. Robert J. PHAIR, born Butlersbridge, County Cavan, 20 June 1792; See [A] next.

[A] Robert J. PHAIR, born Butlersbridge, County Cavan, 20 June 1792; aged 22, with father, 1821 Census; emigrated to Kingston, Ontario in the 1820s, went to New York about 1827-28, and died in or before 1844; married Jane WOOD (born Ireland, 17 February 1798); she was at Ward 17, New York City, 1850 Census, aged 50, with two sons and daughter; she died at Brooklyn, 9 September 1858, aged 60; issue:
     a. Henry Wood PHAIR, born Butlersbridge, County Cavan, 30 July 1822; aged 27, Printer, with mother, 1850; died Brooklyn, 17 April 1863, and buried at Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn [Section 3, Lot 12838]; married Ann Louisa BALL; she was at Brooklyn, King's County, 1880 Census, aged 49, with two sons, daughter and brother-in-law; she died at Brooklyn, 4 March 1908, "...wife of the late Henry W. PHAIR and daughter of the late William C. BALL" [Brooklyn Daily Eagle], and was buried with her husband; issue:
          i.  Mary PHAIR, born New York, 22 June 1851; died Mountain lakes, Norris County, New Jersey, 21 February 1932;  married in the Brooklyn Tabernacle, 2 June 1871, Edwin A.  ELLIS.
          ii. James PHAIR, born New York, 29 November 1853; died in a hotel in Elizabeth, New Jersey, 30 November 1876, aged 23, late of 330 Dean Street, Brooklyn, a nephew of Mr James PHAIR, job printer of 22 Beekman Street, New York.
          iii. Henry G. PHAIR, born 26 March 1856; aged 24, Printer, with mother, 1880; died 30 October 1909, and buried in the family plot at Green Wood Cemetery.
          iv.  William Wood PHAIR, born New York, 24 June 1859; aged 21, Printer, with mother, 1880; died at Tallman, Rockland County, New York, 19 October 1942, and buried Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn.
          v. Louisa Ball PHAIR, born Brooklyn, 13 September 1861; died at Brooklyn, 5 April 1913, and buried at green Wood Cemetery; married at Brooklyn, 4 June 1884, John Joseph BARNICLE; issue.
     b. James PHAIR, born Butlersbridge, County Cavan, about 1825; in 1849, he was "...compositor on the first paper published in San Francisco" [Obit, San Francisco Call, 23 August 1890]; aged 24, Printer, with mother, 1850; job printer of 22 Beekman Street, New York, 1853; aged 56, Printer, with sister-in-law, 2 nephews and niece, 1880 Census; died at Bishops Mills, Canada, 22 August 1890, of consumption, "...for many years a resident of Brooklyn" [San Francisco Call, 23 Aug]; married Mary Louisa STEWART; she died in New York, 17 March 1853, aged 20, and was re-interred at Green Wood Cemetery
     c. Louisa PHAIR, born New York, about 1829; aged 20, with mother, 1850.

See below, under "Two Irish PHAIR Families in Brooklyn" at the end of this

William and Margaret PHAYRE had issue:
     a. John PHAYRE, born Butlersbridge, 6 February 1816 [ web-site].

It is not yet clear whether the above marriage of Robert PHAIR and Jane WOOD is connected to the names for lives for term of the Drumliff leaseholds (see above) - but the possibility exists - and information in the Dublin Registry of Deeds may well provide confirmation.


Another group of PHAIR families in County CAVAN was associated with the Town of Killashandra (Killeshandra or Killyshandra), Parish of the same name, in the Barony of Tullyhunco; the town lies to the west of the lakes district that is the upper end of the complex of lakes known as Lower Lough Erne in southern County Fermanagh.

It appears that PRONI may hold records of the Killashandra Church of Ireland Parish Registers dating from 1735; these are the subject of a current enquiry, and any PHAIR results, if forthcoming, will be posted when available - however, abstracts can be purchased from the web-site, but their indexes do not have any County Cavan information prior to 1778, and very little looking like Killeshandra data until the 1830s (although it is hard to say, as their search functions do not permit individual Parishes to be searched before making payment - a rather glaring deficiency for the budget conscious researcher, especially those abroad, since the records can be accessed in Ireland without charge).

The returns for Killashandra in the 1821 Census did not survive; but "fragments" of the 1841 Census did, as follows:

1. James PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1790; at House (No 169), Killashandra, 1841 Census, aged 50, Shopkeeper, Married (in 1826), with wife and three children; his wife Jane was aged 45 in 1841, also born County Cavan; he emigrated to America; arrived in New York, 6 November 1848, on the ship "Columbus" from Liverpool, aged 56, with wife Jane, son John and daughter Maria; settled in Brooklyn; at Ward 12, New York City, 1850 Census, aged 56, Merchant, with wife and daughter, residing in the household of Timothy and Isabella KELLY (aged 30 and 21); he died in New York, 14 September 1859, aged 70, "...formerly of Killyshandra in County Cavan, Ireland" and father of John and William [Death Notice, New York Times, 15 September 1859], the funeral to proceed from his late residence, 3 Madison Street, to Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn [Section 102, Plot 11395]; James married in Ireland, Jane (-?-); she was aged 50 on arrival in America, November 1848; aged 54, with husband, 1850 Census; she died 9 September 1858, aged 60 [Brooklyn Times], and was buried in the family plot at Green Wood Cemetery; they had issue:
     a. William PHAIR, born County Cavan, 29 April 1829; aged 12, at school, with his parents, 1841; emigrated to America; at District 4, Ward 5, New York City, 1870 U.S. Federal Census, aged 40, Real Estate Agent, with wife and four children; at Third Ave, New York, 1880 Census, aged 51, Book Keeper, with wife and four children; he died at 158 Fitton Street, Brooklyn, 3 June 1885, and was buried at Green Wood Cemetery [Plot 11395, Section 102]; William married Amelia BLAKE (born Ireland, 26 May 1835, daughter of William and Lucinda BLAKE); she was aged 35, Keeping House, 1870 Census; aged 44, House Duties, 1880; she died 1 March 1910, and was buried with her husband; they had issue:
          i. William B. PHAIR, born New York, 1859; aged 11, with parents, 1870; died New York City, 10 March 1910; married Kathy Elizabeth (-?-), with issue.
          ii. James Henry PHAIR, born New York, 1860; aged 10, with parents, 1870; aged 19, "W. Printing," with parents, 1880; died 10 March 1891, and buried in the family plot.
          iii. Lucinda J. PHAIR, born New York, 15 April 1862; died 7 July 1862, and buried in the family plot.
          iii. John Wesley PHAIR, born New York, ca 1866; aged 3, with parents, 1870; aged 13, At school, with parents, 1880; died 2 March 1943, and buried in his parents plot; married at Manhattan, 14 June 1899, Victoria May AIKEN (daughter of John AIKEN and Emma STARK), with issue.
          iv. George Whitfield PHAIR, born New York, ca 1868; aged 1, with parents, 1870; died 7 May 1876, and buried in his parents plot.
          v. Alice M. PHAIR, born New York, ca 1870; aged 9, At school, with parents, 1880.
          vi. Thomas Edward PHAIR, born New York, ca 1873; aged 6, At school, with parents, 1880.
          vii. (male), born 1876; died 20 September 1876, and buried in the family plot.
     b. John PHAIR, born County Cavan, 29 April 1829; aged 12, at school, with his parents, 1841; aged 19 on arrival in America with his parents, November 1848; at District 1, Ward 9, New York City, 1860 Census, aged 31, Book Keeper, with wife and three children; at District 14, Ward 19, New York City, 1870 Census, aged 41, Salesman, with wife (but she was named Alice), and five children; John died at 1060 Amsterdam Avenue, Manhattan (Home for Old Men and Aged Couples), 22 June 1902, aged 73, "...twin brother of the late William PHAIR" [New York Times, 29 June]; buried in the family plot at Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn; he married Eliza BOLTON; she was aged 33, Variety Store, born Ireland, with her husband and family, 1861; she probably died in New York, 26 June 1896, and was buried with her husband; issue:
          i. Sarah J. PHAIR, born New York, ca 1852; aged 7, with parents, 1860; aged 17, with parents, 1870; married John CROSBY.
          ii. William Bolton PHAIR, born 1855; died New York, 1858, and buried in the family plot at Green Wood Cemetery. 
          iii. John Charles PHAIR, born New York, ca 1857; died 30 December 1865, and buried in the family plot.
          iv. James H. PHAIR, born New York, ca 1858; aged 2, with parents, 1860; aged 13, with parents, 1870.
          v. Maria Louisa PHAIR, born New York, ca 1860; aged 4 months, with parents, 1860; aged 10, with parents, 1870.
          vi. John PHAIR, born New York, ca 1861; aged 9, with parents, 1870.
          vii. Robert Arthur PHAIR, born New York, 1864; aged 6, with parents, 1870; died Brooklyn, 7 August 1952, and was buried in the family plot in Green Wood Cemetery; married Mary BYRNE.
     c. James PHAIR, born County Cavan, ca 1829; died in 1832, aged 2, of water on the brain.
     d. Maria PHAIR, born County Cavan,  ca 1832; aged 8, with parents, 1841; aged 13 on arrival in America with her parents, November 1848; aged 17, with parents, 1850 Census; a Maria PHAIR died on 2 April 1907, and was buried in the family plot at Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn (perhaps instead the niece).

[The PHAIR family plot, Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y. Image courtesy of]

There were members of another family buried in the PHAIR plot (Section 102, Lot 11395) at Green-Wood Cemetery, named JOHNSON (see gravestone on the left in the photo above); my first instinct suggests that they were probably related, and if these JOHNSONs were also Irish, then that probable relationship may have arisen back in Ireland, perhaps in County Cavan. It is also possible that they are part of the same family as Frances JOHNSTON (visiting Joseph PHAIR, the Printer, in Westminster, in 1851) - and Jane JOHNSON and her son Samuel (with his wife and children), who were living in the same house as Joseph PHAIR in New York in 1855 - the three named all being born in Ireland.
Also, there was another Irish PHAIR family with burial plots in Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn - but evidence has not yet surfaced of any direct connection between them. See below under title of "TWO IRISH PHAIR FAMILIES IN LONDON, THEN BROOKLYN."

2. John PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1798; at House (No 189), Killashandra, 1841 Census, aged 42, a Widower (married in 1834), as Butler in the household of John Charles MARTIN (aged 44, born Cork), a Clergyman, his wife Agatha (35, born Hampshire), their seven children (younger 6 all born Cavan), and numerous other house servants; he had probably issue, including:
     a. Jane PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1834; aged 7, visitor in the household of Joseph SMYTH (42), his wife and several servants, on a separate page of the same enumeration record as Rev MARTIN; aged 17, when married at Killashandra, 4 May 1852, William ARMSTRONG (son of John ARMSTRONG).
     b. Isabella PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1836; aged 4, all ditto; possibly married at Killashandra, 29 March 1855, Charles BREWSTER (son of Charles BREWSTER).

3. William PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1802; at House (No 170), Killashandra, 1841 Census, aged 39, Inn Keeper, Married (in 1829), with wife and two surviving children; he died in 1865, aged 63 [Volume 8, page 81], and was buried at Killashandra on 2 May; he was married on 20 February 1829, to Isabella ARMSTRONG; she died at Killeshandra, 17 December 1893, aged 84, Publican's Widow, the death informed by her grandson William MEE, of Killeshandra [Volume 3, page 60]; they had issue:
     a. Elizabeth PHAIR, baptised at Killashandra, 26 August 1835; aged 5, with parents, 1841; married at Killeshandra, 1863, John GIBSON of Kilbracken.
     b. Sarah Jane PHAIR, baptised at Killashandra, 23 September 1838; died 1839, aged 7 months, of water on the brain.
     c. John PHAIR, baptised at Killeshandra, 4 October 1840; aged 7 months, with parents, 1841; went to Queensland, and there married, in 1867, Elizabeth STEPHENS; they returned to Killeshandra in 1867-68; John contested his uncle Thomas's will in 1878; he was at Main Street, Killeshandra, 1901 Census, aged 57, Grocer, with wife and son; Elizabeth died at Killeshandra, 10 June 1891, aged 54, Grocer's Wife; he probably died at Killeshandra, 24 March 1902, aged 61, Merchant, married; they had issue:
          i. William Robert PHAIR, born at Killashandra, 20 April 1868, the birth informed by his father; married at St Barnabas's Church of England, George Street West, Sydney, 28 October 1903, to Fannie SMITH, eldest daughter of John SMITH and a niece of Mrs Thomas ELLIOTT, both of County Cavan; they lived in Leichhardt, and had issue.
          ii. Margaret Jane PHAIR, born at Killashandra, 7 May 1870, the birth informed by her father.
          iii. Anne Elizabeth PHAIR, born at Killashandra, 20 August 1872, the birth informed by her father; she married at Killeshandra R.C., 25 September 1897, John MANNIX, Constable, of Coote Hill (son of John MANNIX, Farmer).
          iv. John Joseph PHAIR, born at Killeshandra, 22 February 1876, the birth informed by Anne MARTIN, Killeshandra, present at the birth;aged 24, with his father, 1901 Census; he died at Main Street, Killeshandra, 25 October 1948, Married, Merchant, the death informed by his son Patrick, of Main Street, Killeshandra, present at the death; John jospeh married at Killeshandra, R.C., 9 June 1902, Mary Ann MURRAY, Widow (daughter of Michael REILLY, Farmer).
John married secondly, at Killeshandra, 16 July 1900, Rose Ann KIERNAN, aged 22, Spinster (daughter of Joseph KIERNAN, Farmer); as a Widow and Publican, she married secondly, at Killeshandra R.C., 29 July 1907, James O'REILLY, a shop assistant in Edinburgh (son of Thomas O'REILLY, Farmer).
     d. Isabella PHAIR; married in 1865, John J. MEE, a shopkeeper in Killashandra; she was the beneficiary of her uncle Thomas's will, 1878, contested by her brother John; they had issue:
          i. William MEE, born Killashandra, 17 December 1867; he informed his grandmother's death, 1893.
          ii. William Henry MEE, born Killashandra, 11 September 1869.
          iii. Olivia Jane MEE, born Killashandra, 5 April 1871.
          iv. John Edward MEE, born Killashandra, 5 January 1874.
          v. Samuel Thomas MEE, born Killashandra, 3 April 1876.
          vi. Isabella MEE, born Killashandra, 4 February 1878.
     e. Annie Jane PHAIR; she was married at Killeshandra Parish Church, 29 October 1875, to Henry MORTON, aged 27, Bachelor, son of William MORTON, Farmer.
     f. Sarah PHAIR, born 8 October 1846.

David PHAIR, born about 1815; died at Killeshandra, 7 January 1896, aged 80, Bachelor, labourer.

Thomas PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1807, brother of William (see above); enlisted in the Royal Irish Constabulary, 1834, aged 26; Head Constable, Royal Irish Constabulary; died at Killashandra, 16 February 1878, aged 72 [Cavan Weekly News, 22 February], a "...consistent member of the Methodist Church for many years"; brother of William PHAIR of Killashandra, Publican, and uncle of Mrs Isabella MEE, of Mrs BREWSTER, and of John PHAIR; unmarried.

Jane PHAIR, born County Cavan, about1811, daughter of William PHAIR, Farmer; she married firstly, SMITH; he died in before 1844; at age 32, a widow, she married secondly, at the Parish Church, Killashandra, 27 June 1845, William SMOTHERGILL; with issue; they emigrated to America.

Thomas PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1828; aged 12, House Servant in the household of William WHITE, 28, Shopkeeper, unmarried, together with 2 shop boys and a 50 year old widow house servant.

James PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1829; aged 11, an orphan, residing in the household of John and Rose ROSMAN (aged 61 and 60, both born County Cavan), at House (No 12), Portlongfield,  Killashandra Parish, 1841 Census.


Elizabeth PHAIR; married at Drumlane, 24 Septembrer 1846, Joseph BOWES; probably emigrated to Louisiana (see below, towards the end of this

Sarah PHAIR, born about 1777; she died at Drummany Glebe, 18 August 1877, aged 99 or 100, and was buried at Drumlane C.of I. Parish, marital status unknown.
Robert PHAIR, born about 1817; he died at Drummany Glebe, 28 May 1899, aged 80, Famer, Bacheor, informed by Henry BOWS, of Miltown, a cousin.
Sarah PHAIR, born about 1818; she died at Drummany Glebe, 27 March 1898, aged 70, Spinster, Farmer's daughter, informed by Henry BOWS, the cousin, present at death.
Thomas PHAIR; he died at Drummany Glebe, about 1901, aged 75, Bachelor, Farmer, informed by James NORTH, nephew.

James PHAIR; married, with probable issue (who, when married, named James as their father):
     a. James PHAIR; Labourer, of Garfney, County Cavan; he probably died between September 1866 and June 1867; he was married at Drumlane, 8 August 1859, to Mary WOOD (daughter of Arthur WOODS); they had issue:
               i. (male), born at Garfney, 4 May 1865.
               ii. Anne PHAIR, born at Garfney, 27 June 1867, informed by her mother, her father deceased.
     b. Maria PHAIR; married at Drumlane, 5 December 1859, Richard (or David) HUMPHRIES (son of Parker HUMPHRIES).
     c. Sarah PHAIR; married at Drumlane, 14 November 1861, Robert BEATTY (son of Alexander BEATTY).

Andrew PHAIR, born about 1783; of Clentycoo Townlands, Parish of Drumlane, 1829 [Tithe Aplotment Books]; of Killyfern, parish of Drumlane, 1857, with House, Offices and Lands, under lease from John A. NESBITT, of 23 acres 34 perches, rated at 6 pounds 8s [Griffith's Valuation]; he died in County Cavan in 1877, aged 94; he was married, with issue:
     a. James PHAIR, born about 1822; at Killyfern, 1901 Census, aged 80, Widower, Farmer, with two sons and a daughter; he died at Killyfern, 10 September 1906, aged 84, Retired Farmer, the death informed by Mrs Mary PATTYSON, his niece-in-law; he was married at Kildallen, 9 July 1863, to Esther GOOD, daughter of Edward GOOD; she died at Killyfern, 23 November 1897, aged 61, Wife of Farmer, the death informed by her son Andy PHAIR; they had issue:
               i. Andrew PHAIR, born at Killyfern, 1 April 1865; aged 30, Unmarried, with father, 1901.
               ii. Maggie PHAIR, born at Killyfern, 2 February 1868; aged 27, with her father, 1901; aged 35, Spinster, when she was married at Drumlane parish church, 17 February 1908, to Robert BOWES, aged 55, Widower, Caretaker of Killigan.
               iii. Mary Anne PHAIR, born at Killyan, 1 June 1872; she probably died at Brendrum, Ricehill, CAvan, 2 June 1854, aged 82, Widow, the death informed by Patricia LEINSTER, daughter, of Brendrum, Presnt at Death; aged 21, when she was married at Drumlane parish church, 21 July 1893, to Thomas LEINSTER, of Drumullan (born at Farnham, Drumullen, 28 August 1873, son of  son of William LINSTER, Labourer, and Jane McEVOY); with issue.
               iv. James PHAIR, born at Killyfern, 7 May 1876; died young.
               v. James PHAIR, born at Killyfern, 2 July 1877; aged 18, with his father, 1901..
     b. Catherine PHAIR; married at Drumlane, 4 November 1861, Samuel GLASS (son of Samuel GLASS).

[Part of the Ordinance Survey of  Northern Ireland "Discoverer Series" - Sheet 27, Upper Lough Erne.] 


William PHAIR and Ann JOHNSTON were married at the Castleterra Parish Church, 25 December 1792 [ web-site].

James PHAIR, born about 1800, son of John PHAIR, Farmer, and Margaret ELLIOTT; Iron Works Labourer; died at 13 Bedgood Street, Glasgow, 13 April 1884, aged 83; married Magdalene ARMSTRONG, who died before him; his death was informed by his married daughter Margaret McLEAN.
The spouse surnames suggest a connection with County Cavan is possible, if not likely.
See further below.

John PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1811; emigrated to America; naturalized in New England, 1860; probably at Bristol, Rhode Island, 1870 Census, aged 61, Gardener, with wife Ellen, aged 56, Keeps House, and son William, aged 28, Works in Cotton Mill, all born in Ireland.

Robert PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1812, son of William and Jane; aged 38, Farm Labour, emigrated to N.S.W. on the ship Lloyds, arriving Sydney in June 1850, with wife Eliza MONTGOMERY (aged 37) and their four children (aged 14 to 6, born in Ballyconnell and Machan, County Cavan).
See further under "Some PHAIR Families in N.S.W." below.

Robert PHAIR, born in County Fermanagh, about 1804, son of George PHAIR (family lore suggests Robert was named after an earlier ancestor whom had connection with Amcham, Holland, perhaps named VRIES); there is a possibility that he may have been the 18 year old at House 16, Drumliff, in the 1821 Census (see above - that Robert named his eldest daughter Jane and his only known surviving son Robert does support this notion); he was a Schoolteacher; arrived in Dunedin, 1867, on the ship Silistria from Glasgow; his credentials and his Irish accent mitigated against his becoming a teacher in N.Z., so he settled for the position of Janitor in a Dunedin High school; probably named in the 1868 will of Jane PHAIR of Deggan, Co Cavan, as her brother Robert in New Zealand; at William Street, Dunedin, 1880-81 (left hand side, from Stafford Street), adjacent to William Street School, Janitor; he died at Dunedin, 24 February 1882 #211, aged 77, and buried South Cemetery, Block 9 (Anglican), Plots 53-54 [M.I.]; married at Cavan (C. of I.) Parish Church, County Cavan, 28 October 1834, Dorothea (Dora) McDOWALE (or McDOWALL) [], born 7 July 1811, daughter of John and Mary Ann McDOWALL; as Nora PHAIR, she died at Dunedin, 3 October 1892 #5944, aged 72; issue:
1. Jane PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1840; died Dunedin, 1922 #2214, aged 82; married in N.Z., 21 February 1868, John KNOX (son of John and Fanny KNOX, who were cousins from Belturbet, Co Cavan), with issue seven children born at Green Island, near Dunedin:
     a. James KNOX, born N.Z., 29 January 1869 #32194.
     b. Fanny KNOX, born N.Z., 14 August 1871 #36219.
     c. Dora Jane KNOX, born N.Z., 27 August 1873 #35199.
     d. William KNOX, born N.Z., 17 October 1875 #8583.
     e. John KNOX, born N.Z., 19 September 1877 #8894.
     f. George KNOX, born N.Z., 3 March 1882 #4850.
2. Mary Ann PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1842; married in N.Z., 19 March 1875 #146, Simon LEWIS; he was from Denmark and had travelled the world, working as a ship's carpenter, before living in Dunedin; he probably died in 1931, aged 81; they had issue two daughters, including:
     a. Dora Maggy LEWIS, born N.Z., 13 October 1876 #13922.
3. Emma PHAIR, born Killinkere, County Cavan, 4 April 1844 (her birth certificate, with family in N.Z.); she died at Oamaru, 20 June 1921, aged 77; she married in N.Z., 4 May 1874, David FARIS; they lived at Oamaru; he died at his residence, Reed Street, Oamaru, 1 March 1902, aged 65; with issue seven children, 4 of whom died young; issue:
     a. Thomas FARIS, born N.Z., 1 September 1875 #12580; died 6 September 1875, aged 5 days.
     b. N.R., born N.Z., 21 October 1876 #13836.
     c.Thomas Samuel FARIS, born N.Z., 15 September 1877 #8724; died 1955, aged 77; married in N.Z., 25 February 1914 #795, Jane BELL; she was buried with him at Oamaru Old Cemetery, 9 June 1962, aged 76, Block 214, Plot 17.
     d. Robert Francis Carter FARIS, born N.Z., 1 April 1880 #692; died 24 June 1880, aged 12 weeks.
     e. Dora Frances FARIS, born N.Z., 24 May 1881 #4981.
     f. Robert FARIS, born N.Z., 10 November 1883 #13884; died N.Z., 13 November 1945, aged 62; probably married N.Z., 16 May 1907 #3379, Mary McClymont MARTIN, with issue:
          i. Robert FARIS, born N.Z., 1908 #23903.
          ii. Mary Gertrude FARIS, born N.Z., 1910 #18363.
          iii. Emma Dorothea FARIS, born N.Z., 1911 #20827.
          iv. Norman FARIS, born N.Z., 1913 #18826.
          v. (?) Margaret Phair FARIS, born 10 October 1918; died 2008 #17517, aged 89; married, between 1946 and 1949, Mr BROWN.
     g. David FARIS, born N.Z., 1 June 1886 #18691; died 1 June , aged 10 hours.
4. Frances PHAIR, born County Cavan, 1847-48; died Dunedin, 13 October 1922, aged 76, and buried in the family plot; unmarried. 
5. Margaret PHAIR, born County Cavan, 1849; died Waimate, 12 April 1936, aged 87; married in N.Z., 9 March 1868 #8891, Robert McCRACKEN (born County Monaghan, ca 1833, son of George McCracken and Jane MADILL); lived in the Dunedin district; probably died in 1905, aged 72; with issue nine children:
     a. Jane McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 17 May 1869 #33265.
     b. George Robert McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 28 December 1870, and Registered 1871 #34915; died 15 January 1946 #19539, aged 75; married St Andrew's, Dunedin, 7 September 1898, Christina Oliver MATTHEWSON.
     c. Robert Phair McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 11 December 1872 #37556; employed by the Railways Department; died in Wellington, N.Z., 1 April 1955; married 1899, Mary Roberta McLaren (daughter of James McLAREN and Mary BOYD); she died in Wellington, 3 April 1955 #23124; with issue:

          i. Ronald James McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 29 December 1900, and Registered 1901 #5809; died 1982; married N.Z., 30 September 1930 #7743, Gladys Muriel JOHNS; she died in 1996; issue.
          ii. Moira Roberta McCracken, born N.Z., 17 November 1906, and Registered 1907 #5483; married N.Z., 24 December 1932, Raymond Horace ROBERTS.
     d. James McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 9 January 1875 #2091.
     e. Dora McDowell McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 18 October 1878 #10557.
     g. Joseph McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 12 April 1884 #13853; probably died N.Z., 3 August 1937 #29247, aged 53.
     f. Marion McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 12 June 1886 #13205.
     g. John Lewis McCRACKEN, born N.Z., 28 January 1890 #218; died N.Z., 5 February 1925 #941, aged 35.

A descendant of this McCracken branch of the family is Isobel MICHELLE, of Waihola, Otago, who has generously provided many of the details of this family group.
6. Robert PHAIR, born Killinkere, County Cavan, 1853-54; Carter and Grocer in Dunedin, 1890; next to the Government School in High Street, Dunedin, 1891-1899, (right hand side) between Alva Street and the Town Belt, Janitor; at 135 Stafford Street, Dunedin, 1900-1903, (left hand side) on the Maitland Street corner towards Town Belt; at that address, 1905, 1911, 1914 electoral Rolls, Dunedin Central, by right of freehold, Section 49, Block 27, and Section 30, Block 1, express proprietor; of 135 Stafford Street, Dunedin, 1917; died Dunedin, 10 April 1927, aged 74 [M.I.]; married N.Z., 24 March 1884, Elizabeth Bannerman McKAY; she died 9 April 1927, aged 72, of Scotland [M.I.]; with issue 4 daurs and 1 son, including:
     a. Jane PHAIR, born N.Z., 2 February 1885 #3934; died 6 July 1970, ashes buried Aramoho Cemetery, Wanganui .
     b. Dora PHAIR, born N.Z., 17 May 1887 #3154; died 16 July 1970, the ashes buried Aramoho Cemetery, Wanganui.
     c. Robert PHAIR, born N.Z., 28 April 1889 #5760; S.N. 34194, D Coy, Otago Infantry Battalion, N.Z.E.F. (20th Reinforcements); embarked at Wellington, 30 December 1916, on HMNZT 72 (Athenic), bound for Plymouth; wounded at Passchendale, October 1917, died 19 October 1917, and was buried at Nine Elms British Cemetery, Poperinge, W. Vlaanderen, Belgium, Grave IV-E-1.
     d. Martha PHAIR, born N.Z., 8 January 1893 #4736.
     e. David PHAIR, born N.Z., 28 August 1895 #2040.
     f. Catherine PHAIR, born N.Z., 5 March 1898 #3456; died 6 October 1986, ashes buried Aramoho Cemetery, Wanganui.
7. Martha PHAIR, born Killinkere, County Cavan, 1857 (as inscribed on her M.I. at Dunedin); went to N.Z.; died at Dunedin, 30 December 1943; married firstly, at Dunedin, 11 April 1879, Peter CARTER (he died in 1879 #3160, aged 26, a native of Salterton, Devonshire); she married secondly, also at Dunedin, 14 April 1881, Samuel Henry CARTER (he probably died in N.Z., 1895 #5826, aged 40); with issue by 2nd marriage:
      a. Anne Mary CARTER, born N.Z., 14 January 1882 #4712.
      b. Samuel Henry CARTER, born N.Z., 22 November 1882; died N.Z., 23 February 1951 #20183, aged 68.

      c. Robert Francis CARTER, born N.Z., 25 July 1884 #15968; died N.Z., 19 February 1885 #1753, aged 7 mos.
      d. Robert Phaer CARTER, born N.Z., 25 June 1885 #7942; married at St Andrew's, Dunedin, 2 January 1911, Margaret Johnstone PRENTICE.
      e. Dora Phair CARTER, born N.Z., 8 August 1887 #6268.

George PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1830s; died in Glasgow, 30 December 1896, aged 59, parents recorded as Robert PHAIR, Farmer, and Ann WOODS (both deceased); various ages in Scottish Census returns suggest he was born between 1826 and 1832. See further below for issue by his wife Jane McCREADIE.

Jane PHAIR, born about 1841, eldest daughter of John PHAIR of County Cavan, Ireland (he died before 1896); died at Pleasant Valley, Palmerston, N.Z., 31 May 1896, aged 54, beloved wife of John COUTTS; she married firstly, N.Z., 9 November 1866 #1724, William MITCHELL, of Pleasant Valley, Palmerston, Otago; he died 1 May 1873 #4388, and was buried 3 October, " of the old residents... a man very highly respected" [Otago Witness, 10 May 1873]; issue:
1. Jane MITCHELL, born 1867 #9957; died at Pleasant Valley, Palmerston, 17 March 1884, aged 16, "..only daughter of the late Mr William MITCHELL" [Otago Witness, 22 Mar].
2. Susan MITCHELL, born 1870 #39862; died 1871 #7635, aged 13 mos.
3. Susan MITCHELL, born 1872 #663; died 1872 #12529, aged 5 mos.
4. John MITCHELL, born 1869 #156; died at Pleasant Valley, "...the residence of his stepfather John and Jane COUTTS," on 14 July 1894, aged 25, "...late of the Stock Department, Oamaru, only son of the late William MITCHELL" [Otago witness, 19 Jul].
Jane married secondly, 1875 #1865, John COUTTS; he may have married secondly, at Pleasant Valley, 22 June 1897, Catherine MUNRO, second surviving daughter of Alex MUNRO [Otago Witness, 1 July].

John REILLY, of County Cavan; Farmer, of Drumd... (indec) when he made his will, dated 1 April 1832, naming his sons James, William, Dennis and Thomas REILLY, and mentioning "...five pounds a year from the time James PHAIR's rent charge will terminate, which will be in 3 and a half years from may next, to be paid..."; and also mentioned daughters Margaret, Eliza, Catherine and Jane.

William James PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1829, son of William PHAIR, Farmer; aged 28 when he enlisted in the Royal Irish Constabulary, 1857, formerly a Labourer, with a (future) wife born in County Fermanagh; at a House (No 1) in Grove, Dingle, County Kerry, 1901 Census, aged 70, Retired He...on, R.I. Constabulary, born County Cavan, with wife Ellen; he died at The Grove, Dingle, 18 November 1902, aged 72, Late Manager of Messrs RUSSELL's Flour Depot, Dingle, informed by his son George Cathcart PHAIR, the son, Sligo [Volume 5, page 147]; he was married at Pettigo C.of I. Church, County Donegal, 2 May 1867 [Volume 7, page 29], Ellen CATHCART of Aughnablaney (daughter of John CATHCART Esq, of Orange Hall, Middlebrook); she was aged 59, with husband, 1901, born County Fermanagh; she was at Perry Street Terrace, Limerick Urban, 1911 Census, aged 66, Widow, residing with her son Robert; she died at 9 Perry Square, Limerick, 1 January 1925, aged 82, Widow of retired police officer, informed by her son R.H. PHAIR, same address [Volume 5, page 233]; they had issue:
     a. William John PHAIR, born Ballintra, Donegal, 31 January 1868; at Princes Quay, Tralee, County Kerry, 1901 Census, aged 30, Commercial Accountant, born County Donegal, and boarding in the household of Jane JESS (aged 60); still boarding with her, 1911 Census, aged 36, unmarried; he witnessed his brother George's marriage, 1914; he died at 8 Cloonbeg Terrace, Tralee, 21 March 1935, aged 65, Married, Accountant [Volume 5, page 352].
     b. Robert Henry PHAIR, born Ballintra, Donegal, 11 October 1869; at 27 North Strand, Limerick Urban No 2, County Limerick, 1901 Census, aged 31, clerk, born Ballishan (?), County Donegal, as a visitor to the household of Elizabeth FERGUSON; at Perry Street Terrace, Limerick Urban No 5, County Limerick, 1911 Census, aged 41, Commercial Clerk in Wholesale Grocery House, born County Donegal, unmarried, with his widowed mother; he witnessed his brother George's marriage in 1914; he died at St Jude's Home, Limerick, 27 May 1951, late of 9 Perry Square, Unmarried, aged 81, Draper (retired)[Volume 5, page 220].
     c. George Cathcart PHAIR, born Ballina, County Mayo, 15 February 1874; Canon of the Church of Ireland; he died at Boyley, Clones, County Monaghan, 30 June 1944, aged 70, Married, C. of I; Clergyman, informed by his daughter Maureen PHAIR, of Boyley, present at death [Volume 3, page 63], and buried at Rockcorry Churchyard, County Monaghan [M.I.]; he was married at Ballyheige parish church, Tralee, County Kerry, 16 January 1914, to Dorothy Ethel Agnes EVE, of Tralee, full age, Lady, daughter of Arthur George EVE, Merchant, witnessed by William James PHAIR, Robert Henry PHAIR and W.J. PHAIR, the ceremony performed by Rev Joseph P. PHAIR [Volume 5, page 499]; she died at the County Hospital, Monaghan, late of Rockorry, County Monaghan, 21 December 1966, aged 77, Widow, and was buried with her husband [M.I.]; they had issue:
               i. Maureen Eleanor PHAIR, born about 1920; she died at Rockorry, County Monaghan, 1 September 1964, aged 44, unmarried, daughter of the late Canon PHAIR, the death informed by her brother J.P.C. PHAIR.
               ii. J.P.C. PHAIR; he informed his sister Maureen's death, 1964
     d. Joseph Pogue PHAIR, born Ballina, County Mayo, 11 October 1875; he married his brother George in 1914; he died at 7 Mount Street Crescent, Dublin, Bachelor, aged 55, Protestant Clergyman, late of Aughedown Rectory, Churchtown.

George PHAIR; of Corocanway, Parish of Kilmore, County Cavan; he was married to Elizabeth BECK; they had issue:
     a. Mary Jane PHAIR, baptized in 1863.
     b. Matilda PHAIR, born at Corocanway, 9 June 1865.
     c. William PHAIR, born at Corocanway, 19 September 1867.
     d. George PHAIR, born at Corocanway, 1 May 1869.
     e. Elizabeth PHAIR, born at Corocanway, 14 April 1872.

William PHAIR, born in County Cavan, 1862 (R.I.C. Pension papers), son of George PHAIR, Farmer (as recorded in his marriage registration); Constable, Royal Irish Constabulary, County Down; of Portaferry, County Down, 1890; of Killyleagh, Downpatrick, County Down, 1892, 1894; of Newtownards, 1899; Union Star Masonic Lodge No 198, Newtownards, 1899; at John Street, Newtownards, 1911 Census, aged 48, Constable, R.I.C., with wife (aged 45, married for 30 years, two children living of four born), and two daughters; he retired on a pension, 20 August 1920; he died at Newtownards, County Down, 1939; he was married at Cavan parish church, Cavan, by special license, 1 November 1890, to Mary Jane HETHERINGTON, Spinster, of Ballytemple, County Cavan (daughter of William HETHERINGTON, Farmer); they had issue:
     a. Eva Charlotte Winifred PHAIR, born at Killyleagh, Downpatrick, County Down, 20 October 1892; aged 18, Typiste, with her parents, 1911.
     b. Lavinia Violet Mabel PHAIR, born at Killyleagh, 4 April 1894; aged 16, Apprenticed Dressmaker, with her parents, 1911.
     c. (son), born a Killyleagh, 28 May 1896, and died aged 1 hour.
     d. Geraldine Florence Elizabeth PHAIR, born at Shannow, Bellanagh, County Cavan, 8 March 1899, and died the following day.


The following is a chronological list of other events recorded in surviving church registers for County Cavan, as compiled from abstracted information in free page searches on the web-site (prior to 1900 for marriages and baptisms):

1780 - Jane FAIR married Ralph CLEMINGER.
1786 - Frances PHAIR buried.
1795 - Mary FAIR buried.
1801 - Anne PHAIR married John EBBITT (probably transcribed in error for ELLIOTT).
1804 - John FAIR baptised, son of John and Sarah.
1814 - Richard PHAIR married Jane PATTISON.
1816 - John PHAYRE baptised, son of William and Margaret.
1835 - Elizabeth PHAIR baptised, daughter of William and Isabella.
1835 - Mary PHAIR baptised, daughter of Robert and Mary.
1836 - Isabella PHAIR baptised, daughter of John and Mary.
1836 - Mary Ann PHAIR baptised, daughter of Robert.
1838 - James PHAIR
baptised, son of Robert and Mary.
1838 - Sarah Jane PHAIR baptised, daughter of William and Isabella.
1840 - John PHAIR baptised, son of William and Isabella.
1842 - Isabella PHAIR baptised, daughter of William and Isabella.
1842 - Jane PHAIR
baptised, dau
ghter of Robert and Mary.
1842 - Mary PHAIR baptised, daughter of Thomas and Ann.
1845 - Edward PHAIR married Ann KIERNAN.
1853 - Jane FAIR (daughter of William), married Nial HUGHES.
1859 - Margaret PHAIR (daughter of William), married John MOORE.
1861 - George PHAIR married Mary Jane HETHERINGTON.
1863 - Mary Jane PHAIR baptised, daughter of George and Elizabeth.
1865 - Matilda FAIR baptised, daughter of George and Elizabeth.
1866 - Robert PHAIR (son of William), married Ann ELLIOTT.
1868 - John PHAIR married Isabella BROWNLEE.
1869 - George PHAIR baptised, son of George and Elizabeth.
1869 - George Robert PHAIR baptised, son of George and Elizabeth.
1870 - Letitia PHAIR buried, aged 41.
1871 - Anne PHAIR baptised, daughter of John and Mary.
1871 - Eliza PHAIR baptised, daughter of James and Mary.
1871 - Joseph PHAIR baptised, son of John and Mary.
1871 - Robert PHAIR baptised, son of James and Mary.
1872 - Charles FAIR (son of Robert), married Eliza ARMSTRONG.
1872 - Elizabeth PHAIR baptised, daughter of George and Elizabeth.
1874 - George PHAIR baptised, son of Charles and Esther.
1874 - Robert PHAIR baptised, son of John and Isabella.
1875 - William PHAIR married Jane ELLIOTT.
1876 - James PHAIR baptised, son of James and Esther.
1876 - Joseph Francis PHAIR baptised, son of John and Elizabeth.
1877 - James William PHAIR baptised, son of Larry and Esther.
1877 - Samuel PHAIR baptised, son of John and Jane.
1877 - Samuel PHAIR baptised, son of George and Isabella.
1877 - Andrew PHAIR buried, aged 96.
1877 - Sarah PHAIR buried, aged 89.
1878 - Mathew FAIR married Catherine COYLE.
1879 - Emily Jane PHAIR baptised, daughter of John and Isabella.
1880 - Lucinda PHAIR married William WILSON.
1880 - William PHAYRE buried, aged 14.
1882 - James PHAIR buried, aged 22.
1886 - Fanny PHAIR (daughter of Robert), married James HENDERSON.
1887 - Alfred PHAIR baptised, son of John and Isabella.
1888 - Annie PHAIR (daughter of James), married William BEANNETT.
1890 - William PHAIR (son of George), married Mary Jane HETHERINGTON.
1891 - Elizabeth FAIR buried, aged 65.
1892 - Ellen PHAIR married John McGINN.
1893 - George Robert PHAIR (son of George), married Susan BROWN.
1893 - George PHAIR (son of George), married Lizzie FEGAN.
1893 - Elizabeth PHAIR (daughter of George), married George LEINSTER.
1893 - Mary Ann PHAIR (daughter of George), married Thomas LEINSTER.
1894 - Mary Jane PHAIR baptised, daughter of Thomas and Mary.
1894 - Eliza Jane PHAIR (daughter of Robert), married William WOOD.
1894 - Thomas William PHAIR baptised, son of George and Susan.
1896 - George PHAIR baptised, son of George and Susan.
1897 - Mary Jane PHAIR (daughter of George), married Johnston HEWITT.
1897 - Annie E. PHAIR married John C. MANNIX.
1897 - Annie Elizabeth PHAIRE baptised, daughter of John.
1897 - Eliza PHAIR buried, aged 68.
1898 - Sarah PHAIR buried, aged 77.
1899 - James PHAIR married Sarah ROBINSON.
1899 - John James PHAIR baptised, son of George and Susan.
1899 - Robert PHAIR buried, aged 92.
1899 - William PHAIR buried, aged 80.
1901 - Thomas PHAIR buried, aged 88.
1918 - George PHAIR buried, aged 85.
NOTE - Apparent gaps in baptismal records between 1817 and 1834, and between 1843 and 1862, suggest some possible loss of register pages or volumes.
NOTE - PRONI indexes to Cavan Church records indicate that several parishes have surviving records going back to ca 1735 (Killashandra - PRONI Ref MIC 1/220) and 1702 (Kilmore - PRONI Ref MIC 1/255) - the lack of FAIR-PHAIR entries before 1780 suggests that the families lived in other parishes - unless those records are intermittent, or have not yet been indexed onto the web-site.


Three brothers, apparently from Eniskeen, County Cavan, emigrated to Charleston, South Carolina, about 1790s; they were:

1. Robert FAIR; petitioned for Naturalisation, 15 October 1802 (presumably of age, and if so, born in or before 1781); Shoemaker, Julian Street, Savannah, Georgia, 1814; married Catherine BRUDELL; with issue:
     a. Richard FAIR, born Savannah, Georgia, February 1814; died there, 19 March 1814, aged one month.
A Robert FAIR died in Savannah, Georgia, 18 December 1820, aged 52, and was buried in the Colonial Park Cemetery, Savannah.

2. Richard FAIR, born County Cavan, about 1782; a Boot and Shoemaker, of 170 King Street, Charleston; died 17 October 1817; he married in Charleston, 24 November 1804, Elizabeth HARRISON (born County Cavan, 1789, daughter of John and Ann HARRISON); she married secondly, in December  1818, Joseph DeWitt NICKS; she moved to Thomasville, Georgia, about 1830, and then to Leon County, Florida, about 1834; she died at Girard, Alabama, in 1845; issue:
     a. Mary Jane FAIR, born 1805.
     b. Robert Hanson FAIR.
     c. Elizabeth Jane FAIR.
     d. Sophia FAIR.
     e. Richard FAIR.
     f. Joseph Hanson FAIR, born 1814.
     g. Frances PHAIR, born Charleston, about1817; died 1864; married James R. NICKS.

3. John FAIR, born County Cavan, about 1788; Shoemaker, King Street, Charleston, 1806-22; petitioned for Naturalisation, 21 September 1807; he died at Charleston, about 1822-26, perhaps as late as 1840, by drowning in Charleston Bay; married Kenshaw County, South Carolina, 15 or 18 November 1806, Catherine MILLER (born County Cavan, 1 August 1791); she died at her son Richard's residence, French Camp, Mississippi, 20 Septmber 1874; issue:
     a. Mary Ann FAIR, born 1815; died 1826.
     b. William FAIR; married Edith BOWER.
     c. Richard FAIR, born Charleston, 6 June 1821; died 1906; married Margaret Selina BOYD; issue.
     d. Thomas Adolphus FAIR, born South Carolina, 15 April 1820; died at Hutchinson, Kansas, 17 June 1897; married Julia Ann MINTER; she died 21 March 1901, aged 72; they had issue.


John PHAIR; House Painter, 9 Golden Grove, Dublin, 1785-96 [Directory listings]; Painter, 12 Wood Street, Dublin, 1801-14.
(Unknown) FARE, buried St Nicholas Without (C. of I.), Dublin, 8 October 1785, late of Golden Lane [the parish "church" for this body was the north transept of St Patrick's Cathedral, and so the burial may have taken place in the Cathedral churchyard].
John PHAIR, of 9 Golden Lane, was a Member of the Methodist Society in 1788 (John PATERSON's 2nd Class); Margaret PHAIR, of the same address, was also a Member (Thomas BIBLE's 1st Class), and was undoubtedly related, probably as his wife, or perhaps his mother or sister.
(Unknown) PHAIR, buried St Nicholas Without (C. of I.), Dublin, 20 October 1796.

The Methodist and St Patrick's Cathedral connections suggest a distinctly possible link to my Letitia (above); there is also a possibility of a connection to the next.


There is a Manuscript Pedigree in the holdings of the Genealogical Office, Dublin [G.O. MS 171, p.529], for a PHAYRE family, with additional details inserted, as follows:

Herbert PHAYRE; of the City of Dublin; admitted Freeman, 1733, Cooks and Vintners Guild; his wife Mary was buried at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 1745; issue:

George PHAYRE, ? perhaps born about 1730. Curiously, the above Herbert PHAYRE looks very like a member of the Cork family of Col Robert PHAIRE, the Regicide.
And this George may have been the next, but was perhaps instead the father of the next:

George PHAYRE, ? perhaps born about 1760; married Jane or Jean DEMPSEY (born about 1760), daughter of James and Dorothy DEMPSEY of St Kevin's Parish, Dublin; possibly the Mrs Jane PHAIR, of Kevin Street, 1796, when she subscribed to the publication of "The Genuine and complete works of Flavius Josephus..."; Jane PHAIR, late of Clarendon Street, died at her son's house in William Street, Dublin, and was buried St Nicholas Without, 26 May 1838, aged 77; issue:

John PHAYRE, born Dublin, 1792; Carpenter and Builder; was paid for carpentry work at Trinity College, 1839 and 1844; of Clarendon Street, Dublin, 1823, 1827; of 62 William Street, Dublin, 1829-1844; of 63 William Street, 1847, 1855; died 28 October 1855, and buried Mount Jerome Cemetery, Grave C65, 963P, late of 63 William Street, aged 63; married firstly, St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 21 August 1814, Catherine FERGUSON (daughter of David FERGUSON of Cork by Eleanor MURRAY); she died 26 October 1827, aetatis 36; issue:
1. George PHAYRE, born Dublin, 27 September  1817, and baptised at St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 26 October; admitted 4 November 1830 to the Royal Dublin Society's School of Drawing in Architecture; exhibited four designs in the Royal Hibernian Academy, 1839; variously recorded in Dublin at 62 William Street (1837-44), 63 William Street (1845), 37 Frederick St South (1847), Webster Place, Haddington Street (1851), 2 Blakeney Terrace, Sandymount Strand (1852-55), 7 Brunswick Street (1856), 47 Fleet Street (1858), 61 Great Brunswick St (1859), 60 Upper Dominick Street (1861-62); he died in Dublin, 30 December 1861; he married in Dublin, 25 December 1846, Harriett Henrietta HALL of Dublin; with issue:
    a. John William PHAYRE, born Queen's County, 11 December 1847; at 34 Lower Rutland Street, 1901 Census, a Carrier's Clerk, with wife Sarah, three children, and mother-in-law Jane HENDERSON.
    b. George Atkins PHAYRE, born Flower Terrace, Haddington Road, 18 March 1850,  and baptised at St Stephen's (C.of I.), 26 May; died 16 January 1851, an infant.
    c. Katherine Eleanor PHAYRE, born 29 September 1851.
    d. Charles George PHAYRE, born 2 May 1852; died 13 December 1852, an infant.
    e. George PHAYRE, born 28 April 185; died 5 March 1894; married on 29 November 1893, Margaret GERNON.
2. Eleanor PHAYRE, born 12 June 1819; later of Limerick; aged 91, Unmarried, 1911 Census, with her brother-in-law Henry ASHE.
3. Theodosia PHAYRE, born 23 May 1821; died 2 January 1885, aged 63, unmarried [M.I., Mount Jerome Cemetery].
John, now an Architect, married secondly, at Mullabrack Parish Church, on 29 April  1828, Barbara WANN (eldest daughter of John WANN of Gosford Castel, Markethill); she died 21 October 1845, aged 37, and was buried with her husband; further issue:
4. Sarah PHAYRE, born 10 November 1830; died at William Street, 19 July 1849, and was buried in her father's plot.
5. Margaret PHAYRE, born 17 January 1832; died 31 January 1910.
6. Rosanna PHAYRE, born 2 March 1833 or 1834; she may have died young, but possibly, as Miss Rosa PHAYRE, aged 17, arrived in Boston on the ship Canada from Glasgow, 18 August 1852, heading for Canada; probably as Rosa, died at Allahabad, India, on 20 or 30 May 1883, of "... heat apoplexy" [Dublin Daily Express, 24 July], aged 48 [her father's M.I. at Mount Jerome Cemetery], and evidently unmarried.
7. Mary Jane PHAYRE, born 31 July 1837; died 4 March 1889, aged 51, unmarried [M.I., Mount Jerome Cemetery].
8. Barbara PHAYRE, born 21 July 1839; aged 72, Unmarried, living with her brother-in-law Henry ASHE, 1911 Census; died at 2 Vernon Villas, Military Road, Limerick, 3 January 1912; her will proved by her niece Eleanor ASHE.
9. John PHAYRE, born Dublin, 4 July 1841; emigrated to America, about 1869, via Montreal; at Middletown, Richmond, Staten Island, N.Y., 1880 Census, aged 38, Clerk in Store, with wife and daughter; died in New York, 1904; married on 12 August 1868, Margaret FERRERS, with issue:
     a. Charlotte Letitia PHAYRE, born Hoboken, New Jersey, 22 December 1870.
     b. Franklin Winfield PHAYRE, born Tompkinsville, Staten Island, N.Y., 9 February 1881; residing at Flagles Place, Whitestone, Queen's County, New York, 1920 Census, aged 38, Unmarried, Sales, with unmarred sister Charlotte L., aged 48, Teacher, and cousin Alice Wann BOYD, aged 48.
10. William PHAYRE, born 8 July 1843; died 26 February 1862, aged 18 [M.I., Mount Jerome Cemetery].
11. Catherine Frances PHAYRE, born 2 October 1844; died 24 December 1908; married at St Anne's (C.of I.), Dublin, 29 January 1867, Henry Wellesley ASHE, of Heytesbury Street, Dublin; he was 18 Ballincurra (Hart), South Limerick, 1901 Census, aged 60, Printer and Stationer, born County Kerry, with wife (aged 55, born Dublin), three children and one Domestic Servant; at 22 Military Road, Limerick, 1911 Census, aged 72, Widower, Proprietary Printer, born Dublin, with son and daughter, and two unmarried PHAYRE sisters-in-law; he died at Rathdown, County Dublin, 1921; issue:
     a. (son), born Rathmines, 11 December 1867.
     b. Eleanor Rose ASHE, born Rathmines, 20 October 1869; aged 28, Unmarried, with parents, 1901 Census.
     c. Catherine Sarah ASHE, born Leeson Park, 3 June 1871; aged 26, Unmarried, with parents, 1901 Census; aged 38, unmarried, with father, 1911 Census.
     d. Theodosia Charlotte ASHE, born Waterloo Road, County Dublin, 14 September 1881.
     e. Henry ASHE, born Dublin City, ca 1885; aged 14, with parents, 1901 Census; aged 25, Accountant at Printing, Unmarried, with father, 1911 Census.

I had early wondered if my Letitia MAGUIRE (born 1739) could have been a sister of this George PHAYRE of Dublin - but this cannot be so, as his mother Mary died in 1745, and hers was still living at Mullalougher in County Cavan in 1766, when, old and blind, she joined the Methodist Society there.


John PHAIRE, born about 1768; Tailor, 22 George's Quay, Dublin, 1832 [Treble Almanac]; of 23 George's Quay, Dublin; died on 9 December 1846, aged 78, and buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery [M.I. #3807], in the same grave as the next, and so probably related; possibly the John PHAIR who married at the German Lutheran Church, Dublin, 21 April 1822, Anne PEELE (as abstracted on the web-site), unless instead the younger John born in about 1794?
Mrs Jane PHAIR, relict of the late William PHAIR, died 28 March 1848, aged 86.
Also buried in the grave was Catherine PEEL, died 22 April 1849, aged 86 - probably related to Anne PHAIR alias PEELE.

John PHAIR, born about 1794, perhaps a son of the above John or William; Pawnbroker, Port Road; residing at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 1851; died on 3 July 1857, aged 62, and buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery [Grave C62, Plot 969P- Perpetuity]; he probably married in the German Lutheran Church, Dublin, 21 April 1822, Anne PEELE; she died on 31 July 1851, and was buried with her husband, aged 52; they had issue:
1. Anne PHAIR, born ca 1822; died at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 7 August 1875, aged 53, and buried in her father's plot, evidently unmarried.
2. Letitia PHAIR, born ca 1825; she died " her residence, Rehobeth House, South Circular Road" in April 1865 [Freeman's Dublin Journal, 25 April]; she married at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 24 February 1846, Nathaniel COLGAN, of 205 Great Britain Street, Pawnbroker, witnessed by John PHAIR and John COLGAN; he died before her; they had issue three sons and two daughters.
3. Elizabeth PHAIR, born ca 1830 or ? earlier; married at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 12 September 1849, Joseph MARTIN, Gent, witnessed by John PHAIR and Robert SCANLAN.
4. John PHAIR, born ca 1831; died at Fleet Street, Dublin, 2 November 1850, aged 28, and buried in his father's plot.
5. Angelica PHAIR, the 4th daughter; married at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 24 February 1857, Thomas HUNTER (eldest son of the late James HUNTER of County Wicklow); notice of this marriage was published in the Irish-American newspaper, New York, 4 April 1857.
6. Margaret Catherine PHAIR, youngest daughter; married at St Anne's, Edghill, Liverpool, November 1858, Michael B. MORAN, Architect of Dublin [Freeman's Dublin Journal, Thursday 4 November].
7. William Henry PHAIR, born ca December 1838; died at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 8 March 1852, aged 22 years and 3 months, and buried in his father's plot.
8. Charles PHAIR, youngest son, born ca 1839; died at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 23 June  1868, aged 29, and buried in his father's plot.

Robert PHAIR; Robert PHAIR and Company, 13 Upper Abbey Street, Bristol Crown and street window glass, oil and colour Warehouse, 1849 [Dublin Directory]; Glass Merchant, 13 Upper Abbey Street, Dublin, 1849; Glass, Oil and Coke Warehouse, 13 Abbey Street Upper, 1851; of Upper Abbey Street, 1857; subject of proceedings in the Insolvents Court, Dublin, February 1859, and to "surrender on Tuesday 6th February and Friday 25th February" [Cork Examiner, 7 February 1859]; married Sarah (Jane) EVANS; she died at 13 Abbey Street, 12 October 1857, aged 57, and buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery [Grave C108, Plot 743P]; probable issue
1. Jane Caroline PHAIR; born Dublin, ca 1838; emigrated to Victoria; died at Brunswick, Melbourne, 29 September 1896, aged 57; married at Fitzroy, Melbourne, 16 November 1865, William Henry Brand MOORE (her mother named as Jane EVANS); he died at Port Welshpool, 29 July 1929; with issue:
     a. James Robert MOORE, born Queenscliff, 18 March 1866; died Vic, 6 September 1928.
     b. Ellen Jane MOORE, born Queenscliff, 16 January 1868; died Vic 1954.
     c. William Henry Brand MOORE, born Dromana, 1870; died Port Welshpool, 15 February 1927.
     d. Benjamin Robinson MOORE, born Kang., 1872; died Vic, 13 February 1943.
     e. Adelaide Sarah MOORE, born and died Dromana, 1874; infant.
     f. Jane Phair MOORE, born Rosebud, 1876; died Vic, 20 February 1950.
     g. Mary Elizabeth MOORE, born Rosebud, 8 January 1879; died Vic, 1971.
2. Maria Alice PHAIR; of 20 George's Place and 13 Up Abbey Street, Dublin, when she married, at St George's C. of I., Dublin, 29 January 1859, Benjamin Brand ROBINSON of 9 Talbot Street.
3. Elizabeth PHAIRE, born 8 October 1843; buried Mt Jerome in her mother's plot, 13 October 1844, aged 12 months and 5 days.
4. Sarah Emily PHAIR, born 13 Upper Abbey Street, Dublin, 7 October 1845, and baptised at St Mary's C. of I., 4 January 1846; married firstly, BARBER; married secondly, at St John's, Liverpool, Lancashire, on 3 September 1885, Isaac OAKES, a Widower, of 78 Crown Street, Liverpool, Watchmaker (son of Isaac OAKES, Warehouseman).
5. John Pounds PHAIRE, born February 1847; died at Phibsborough, 22 April 1847, aged 2 months, and buried in his mother's plot.
6. Adelaide Louise PHAIR, born 13 Abbey Street, Dublin, 5 October 1848, and baptsed St Mary's C.of I., 11 November 1849; emigrated to Australia; married in 1876, William JAMIESON; with issue.

An Agnes PHAIR, of Melbourne, daughter of the late Robert PHAIR, married on 8 December 1887, Robert RAMSAY Junior, of Foochow, China [Melbourne Argus, 24 December 1887] - perhaps instead related to the Robert PHAIR of Lauriston, Victoria (1867, a Bush Carpenter, Insolvency Proceedings), late of Glanmire, County Cork (see section on the Paper Manufacturers of Cork and Waterford).


There appear to have been PHAIR families with connections in County Roscommon - in the Province of Connaught, and bounded by the Counties of Sligo (to the north), Mayo (west), Galway (south west), Offaly (south), Westmeath (south east) Longford (east) and Leitrim (north-east).
One of these families had strong connections with the Barony of Castlerea (or Castlereagh), in the western part of the county, bounded by the Baronies of Ballymore (south east), Roscommon (east) and  Frenchpark (north), and the Counties of Mayo (west) and Galway (south).
This family appears to have been centred in or around the Church of Ireland Parish of Kilkeevin (Diocese of Elphin), in the south-western corner of the Barony of Castlerea, bounded by County Mayo (west), Parish of Kiltullagh (south-west), County Galway (south), and the Parishes of (?) (south south west), Ballintober (south east), Baslick (east) and Tiboline (north).
In the eastern part of the Parish of Kilkeevin were the three contiguous Townlands of Castlerea, Longford (east of Castlerea) and Rampark (north of Longford), 
So, it need not surprise, therefore, that any family in this location is likely to have had relations living nearby in the Counties of Galway and  Sligo, or in the neighbouring parishes and Baronies, Ballintober being one of both.

Curiously, the only mention of the surname in the (1832) Tithe Aplotment Books (Parish assessments for rural holdings of 1 acre or more) for County Roscommon was for Casper PHAYRE, in Longford Township, Parish of Kilkeevin, where was tithed for 3 acres 3 roods at 2s. 7d., and another 13 acres at 9s.1d., suggesting that he may have been the progenitor of them all, unless joined there later by others from elsewhere.

But first, we deal with a family with origins in County Roscommon, but who moved across the County boundary, near Termonbarry, into County Longford. 
John PHAYRE was from one such family which settled in Corry Townland, in Clonguish Parish, near Newtownforbes; and he was undoubtedly himself getting on in years when wrote a letter to his grand-nephew William Holmes COULTER, in Launceston, Tasmania, informing him of some aspects of his family history. Not all of the statements John made in the letter are able to be corroborated, and at least one looks very much like a fabrication.
The letter was undated, and the envelope in which it arrived damaged and unreadable. Will COULTER, the recipient, died in September 1892 aged 20, so it is presumed that the letter was written around 1890. A transcription of the letter was made in Tasmania in 1970 by Mrs Sheila NEVIN, who gave a copy to her cousin Margaret McCARTHY, whose daughter contacted me recently from Melbourne.
The letter reads as follows, with my speculative identifications inserted in [parentheses]:
"My Dear Will,
"I am glad to hear you wish to know something of the pedigree of the family you belong to, for it gives me the idea that you mean to look up and act respectfully through life.
"Your father [James COULTER] I am sure does not know anything about his antecedents beyond his father [Robert COULTER] and mother [Eliza PHAYRE]. I am nearly quite as bad, except a little I learned from my sister who is a great genealogist and historian. I was a mere boy when your grandfather [Robert COULTER] was married to my sister [Eliza PHAYRE]. He was a handsome, well-educated young man, and she a pretty young woman.
"He was a great friend of my eldest brother, and thereby came the acquaintance. I recollect to hear that my father [John PHAYRE] was not pleased at the time, though the COULTERs were a respectable family in the North of Ireland. Your grandfather had neither uncles or aunts, his father being an only child.
"As to the PHAYREs, some of us are a proud set being of ancient lineage and of English descent. The first of them who came to Ireland were two officers in the army of William the Conqueror [see note *]. One settled down in the County Mayo, and the other in County Roscommon. They were possessors of great property in both counties, and educated their families in the best of style.
"My father [John PHAYRE] belonged to the Roscommon branch; he had two brothers and one sister, the latter married a cousin; one brother died young. The property descended to my father and uncle [probably Thomas PHAYRE]. After my father's death, my mother and eldest brother sold it to my uncle at a very great sacrifice, for a stranger would have given many hundreds of pounds more for it. My brother and self had to work our way in the world by our learning.
"I have lost 2 brothers, 2 sisters; one of those, your grandmother, a good woman whom I was very fond of. The other still alive, in her 87th year, so intelligent and now alive to everything passing in the world. A good woman.
"My youngest brother went abroad many years ago, and after receiving a friend's letter heard of his death. My eldest brother, who was highly educated before my father's death, went into the army, and in a little time attained great honours, was in India and many places abroad, and retired as General Sir A.P. PHAYRE. I can't tell you all the additions to his name, except I had the army records; my memory is not good lately. The General, I am sorry to say, did not take the trouble of looking after his brother and sister. He married an elderly lady, had no family, and died several years ago. My sister has a picture of him in uniform. If I could find it, I would send it to you, as you seem to like such things.
"It is pleasant, however, to have nothing to be ashamed of in a long line of ancestors.
"I should also tell you of the HOLMES name you bear. My dear sainted mother [Ann HOLMES], who was, too, fond of your father; they were a very well connected family in Longford, and intermarried with a great family named ROSS. My mother's mother was ROSS, and claimed relationship to this good and great Lady ROSS, who in her lifetime built us 7 Protestant Churches in Ireland, and endowed many, many schools.
"Major Ruttledge PHAYRE, a great man in the government, is now head of the Mayo PHAYREs; and I believe my sister and myself the last of the Roscommon branch.
"(signed) J. PHAYRE."
[Note *] - This statement is clearly in error, and the most likely explanation is that John PHAYRE was instead referring to the Army of the Protestant Prince William of Orange (subsequently King William of England), which defeated the Catholic Army of his wife's relation (King James II and VII) at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.
Further, it is evident from research into the family of Richard PHAYRE of Daphne and Killoughram Forest, Wexford, Hon E.I.C. Service, and later of Shrewsbury, that his second son, General Sir Arthur Purves PHAYRE, could not have been a brother of the letter writer John PHAYRE of the Roscommon branch (see Cork PHAIRE section below).
However, it is rather a brave call to suggest that a man did not know who his own brother was!

The web-site records a baptism that is undeniably that of the letter writer:
John PHAIR, baptised Church of Ireland, at the Parish of Clonguish, County Longford, 20 February 1820, son of John PHAIR, Farmer, of Corry, and his wife Ann HOLMES.
Corry Townland lies immediately south-west of the village of Newton Forbes, County Longford; this juxta-position suggests that Thomas PHAYRE, father of Ellen (born there in 1799 - see below), and John PHAIR of Corry (1820) may well have been closely related.

Further, the web-site records several church burials in County Longford, as follows:
1. John PHAIR, of Newtownforbes, Parish of Clonguish, died 7 August 1832, aged 56, and was buried Church of Ireland, by Rev H. VERSCHOYLE.
2. Anne PHAYRE, of Parish of Maine, died 27 November 1855, aged 74, and was buried at Clonguish Church of Ireland, by Rev MURPHY of County Westmeath.
These have the hall-marks of the two named parents of the above 1820 baptism at Clonguish.

One might speculate the following pedigree:

John PHAYRE, born about 1776, perhaps in County Roscommon, and later a Farmer in Corry (or Curry) Townland, Clonguish Parish, County Longford; he probably died at Newtownforbes, 7 August 1832, and was buried at St Paul's C.of I. Churchyard (Parish of Clonguish), Newtownforbes, aged 56; he married, probably in 1803 (Index to Marriage License Bonds, Diocese of Kilmore and Ardagh), Anne HOLMES; she was possibly a daughter of William HOLMES, and her mother was either a ROSS or a KING); Ann probably died in the Parish of Mayne, County Westmeath, on 27 November 1855, aged 74 (there were several HOLMES residents in Mayne Parish, County Westmeath, in the Griffith's Valuation - Richard HOLMES was at Carne, with his wife Mary GRIFFITH and family; and Charles HOLMES was at Coole, with his wife Margaret GEE - ? perhaps Ann PHAYRE had gone to live with relations there after her husband John died and she had sold the farm to her brother-in-law).
John and Anne had issue:
1. An eldest son; possibly named Arthur PHAYRE; perhaps went into the army.
2. A daughter, perhaps born ca 1804; living ca 1890, aged 86; described by her brother John as a historian and genealogist.
3. Elizabeth PHAYRE, perhaps born ca 1807; married firstly, at Ballintober, County Roscommon, in 1828, Robert COULTER; he died before 1849; issue:
        a. James COULTER, born County Mayo, 1832; enlisted in the Royal Irish Constabulary, 1852, aged 20; at Cork City, 1857; emigrated to Tasmania; appointed Sub-Inspector of Police, Launceston, March 1858; Police Superintendent in Launceston; married Christiana Susan DEAN; with issue:
                i. John Phayre COULTER, born Tasmania, 1868; died 1893; married in Launceston, 7 December 1889, Isabella Julia Madre THOMPSON, the widow of William HURST, with issue two children who died in infancy, and a son William James COULTER (born 1892). Possibly pictured below, unless instead his brother James, although both perhaps too old:

 [Photo of a J. (or perhaps S.) COULTER, 1894, as attending an International Exhibition in Hobart. Image courtesy of the State Library of Tasmania.]
                ii. James Dean COULTER, born 1869.
                iii. William Holmes COULTER, born 1871; the addressee of the letter; died of Consumption, 1892.
                iv. Ada Blanche COULTER, born 1874; died 1949; married Alfred BUNGEY.
                v. Alexander Gordon COULTER, born 1876; died 1912; married Ida Minnie Mary VINEY.
                vi. Ellen Elizabeth COULTER , born 1880.
                vii. Charles Mervyn COULTER, b 1882; died 1950; married Myrtle Irene RENDELL.
Eliza COULTER, a widowed House Keeper of 94 Church Street, Dublin, and recorded as a daughter of John PHAYRE, Farmer, married secondly at St Michan's C.of I., Dublin, 29 January 1849, Christopher KELLY, of full age, bachelor, Coal Merchant of 75 Church Street, Dublin, son of James KELLY, Clerk [see an image of the original registration entry in the Church Records section of  the web-site]. Christopher KELLY, Coal Merchant, was directory listed at 14 Clanbrassil Street, Dublin, in 1842; and at 127 Church Street in 1862.
4. A youngest brother; went abroad; died "...a few years" before 1890.
5. John PHAYRE, born in Corry (or Curry) Townland, Parish of Clonguish, County Longford, 1820; a "...mere boy" aged 8  when his sister Eliza married in 1828. The only John PHAYRE of this age with a death recorded in Ireland, died " his residence, Althea" in County Limerick, on 2 January 1891, aged 70 [Limerick Chronicle]; this death was Registered at Newcastle, March quarter [Volume 5, page 395] - curiously, the web-site offers this Registration index as a result for a search defining only the last name PHAYRE and the location of Longford.

George COULTER, born about 1842; Shoemaker, of 25 Camden Street, 1869; Bootmaker; he died at Meath Hospital, Dublin, 29 September 1883, of T.B., Married; he was of 9 Lower Camden Street, Dublin, Bachelor (son of James COULTER, Policeman), when he was married at St Peter's, Dublin, 27 December 1867, to Kate WHITE, of 25 Lower Camden Street, Spinster (daughter of William WHITE, House Smith), witnessed by Joseph WHITE and Isabella HAIRE (perhaps PHAIRE?; Kate possibly married secondly, John SMYTH (with whom she was living, in the 1901 Census, at Middle Abbey Street, Dublin, with her son William COULTER); George and Kate had issue:
1. Elizabeth COULTER, born at the Lying In Hospital, Britain Street, Dublin, 26 January 1869 (un-named in the registration); a minor when she was married in Dublin, 28 May 1888, to George Louis WILSON.
2. Mary COULTER, born at 25 Lower Camden Street, 20 October 1870.
3. Georgina COULTER, born at 25 Camden Street, 12 May 1872; she was married in the City of Dublin Registry Office, 1 August 1891, to George SMYTH, Painter, both of 55 Middle Abbey Street; they were at Great Britain Street, Dublin, 1901 Census, with their son George, aged 7; they were at Middle Abbey Street, 1911 Census, with children George (aged 17, a Messenger) and Mary (5), the only two surviving children of six born.
4. Ellen COULTER, born at 25 Camden Street, 26 March 1874; possibly died in South Dublin, 1875, aged 0.
5. Susan COULTER, born at 25 Camden Street, 28 February 1876.
6. William James COULTER, born at 25 Camden Street, 8 April 1878.
7. Kate COULTER, born at 25 Camden Street, 16 June 1880.
8. Alice COULTER, born at 15 Camden Villa, South Dublin, 18 August 1883; an Alice COULTER, Spinster, aged 74, died at the Royal City of Dublin Hospital, 24 March 1957, late of 28 Tubbermore Road, Dalkey.

In 1901, Ellen PHAYRE died in Liverpool, aged 102; the Nottingham Evening Post published the following obituary notice:

"Yesterday, the funeral took place, Liverpool, of Miss Ellen PHAYRE, who died a few days ago at the age of 102 years. Deceased, who was the daughter of the late Thomas PHAYRE, was born at Newton Forbes, in County Longford, where she resided until about 25 years ago, when she went to live with her brother at Dublin. She had a great aversion to travelling, but when her only brother died, her nephew invited her to Liverpool, and in her 99th year she consented to make the journey."
There are certain marked similarities here to the story John PHAYRE told of his sister, then aged 86; except for the difference in father's names - John's sister Eliza COULTER was evidently a daughter of John PHAYRE, Farmer; but Ellen PHAYRE was recorded as a daughter of Thomas PHAYRE.

Ellen's family connections are as follows:

Thomas PHAYRE; of County Longford; quite possibly a brother of John PHAIRE of Corry, Congluish, County Longford (above); he may have been the brother who purchased John PHAIRE's "estate" in Corry Townland, after 1832, from his sister-in-law (Anne) and nephew; he was married, with issue:
 1. Ellen PHAYRE, born Newton Forbes, County Longford, about 1799; lived in Newton Forbes until ca 1876; went to Dublin to reside with her brother; went to Liverpool, Lancashire, about 1899, to reside with her nephew; at 28 Nile Street, Liverpool, 1901 Census, aged 101, Living on own means, born Dublin, residing with her nephew John William PHAYRE and his family; she died at Nile Street, 28 November 1901; admin at Liverpool, 23 December  1901, to John William PHAYRE, Compositor, Effects £6:10:0; unmarried.
2. Thomas PHAYRE; died before July 1879, as indicated in his son's marriage registration; he was evidently married, with issue:
     a. John William PHAYRE, born Castletown, County Meath, ca 1851; at 30 Nile Street, Liverpool, 1891 Census, aged 40, Compositor Print, with wife and two sons; at 28 Nile Street, Liverpool, 1901 Census, aged 48, Printer Compositor, with wife, two sons and maiden aunt; at 30 Nile Street, 1911 Census, aged 59, Compositor (Lino Operator), with wife and visitor; he died at Liverpool in 1916; he was married at Liverpool St Mark, 16 July 1879 [Volume 8b, page 81], to Charlotte GILDEA (born at Drumragh, Omagh, County Tyrone, 1850, daughter of Charles GILDEA and Ann ROGERS); she died at 31 Bank Road, Bootle, Lancashire, 26 September  1935; probate granted to Alexander Gildea PHAYRE, Marine Chief Engineer, Effects £43:3:0; John and Charlotte had issue:
          i. Alexander Gildea PHAYRE, born Liverpool, 16 February 1882; aged 10, with parents, 1891; aged 20, with parents, 1901; in Dublin, 1911 Census, on a "House Ship" at Sir John ROGERSON's Quay, aged 30, Marine Engineer, C.of E., born England (married 4 years, 1 child surviving of 1 born); died at sea, 5 June 1940, Chief Engineer Officer, S.S. City of Worcester [Tower Hill Memorial, Panel 30, S.S. City of Worcester," Liverpool], aged 59:

 [Image courtesy of the web-site.]

Alexander married at Liverpool, June quarter 1907 [Volume 8b, page 245], to Agnes BAXTER (1886-1971); issue - a son John Sydney PHAYRE, born 1909; died 1984; married Elsie WARRINER (1909-2003), with issue.
          ii. John Charles PHAYRE, born Liverpool, 1886; aged 4, with parents, 1891; aged 14, with parents, 1901; possibly died at Bucklow, Cheshire, March 1923; he married at St Peter's, Liverpool, 31 May 1910, his cousin Charlotte Gildea STANLEY (born 1886,a  daughter of William STANLEY, Commercial Traveller, by his wife Eliza Jane GILDEA, and a sister of George Ernest STANLEY, the maternal grandfather of the Beatle John LENNON), the ceremony being performed by R.H. PHAYRE, Curate; issue - a daughter Irene Elizabeth PHAYRE, born 1910; and probably a son, John Charles PHAYRE, born ca 916, and died at Smethwicke, Staffs, 28 July 1942, aged 26.

Richard PHAYER was born in County Roscommon, in 1823 (probably in Termonbarry, about 6 km W.S.W. of Newtownforbes, County Longford); he emigrated to America in 1858, and in 1860, was a Cartman in Stapleton, Staten Island, New York, when he had an account with the Irish Emigrants Savings Bank, New York; his entry recorded his birth in "Tammonbarry" in County Roscommon, his wife as Catherine CONNERY, with an annotation that may indicate the marriage took place in St Lawrence, County Limerick, in 1845; the entry also recorded three daughters, Jane, M..., and Margaret; Catherine was probably enumerated at Staten Island, Richmond County, New York, 1880 Census, aged 49, Keeping House, with daughter Jenni, aged 20.



Another member of the PHAIR family associated with Castlerea (Barony) was Thomas PHAIR, evidently dead before December 1855 (son George's marriage registration), a Shoemaker (son Thomas's first marriage registration, 1847) and Landowner (son Thomas's second marriage registration, 1859), and who was married in County Roscommon in 1822, probably at Ballintober, Castlerea Barony, to Margaret HIGGINS, who was living in 1855, and by whom he had issue, five of whom evidently emigrated to, or at some time resided in, Australia:

1. Eleanor PHAIR. No further particulars.
2. Thomas PHAIR, born Parish of Kilkeevin, Castlerea, ca 1825 [Attestation Papers]; enlisted in the 40th Regiment, at Liverpool, 30 May 1843, aged 18, born Kilkeevin Parish, Castlerea, County Roscommon, Labourer, unmarried; Sergeant, N.C.O.'s and Drummers List, 40th Regiment, joined H.Q., 14 February 1846 [Attestation Papers, Vol 15-20]; the Regiment did Garrison duty in England and Ireland; probably the Sergeant PHAYRE, 40th Regiment, garrisoned at Arbour Hill Barracks, Dublin, 1849, when his wife and son died; Thomas probably arrived in Melbourne with the 40th Regiment, 19 October 1852, on the troopship H.M.'s screw steamer Vulcan from Cork (15 Jul) via Cape of Good Hope (13 Sep), disembarking in Melbourne on 4 November after being quarantined for small pox (probably with brother George); severed his connection with the 40th Regiment before 1859; Office Keeper, Victorian Railways, Collingwood, 1859; Gate Keeper, Victorian Railways, 1878; died at Abbotsford Street, Melbourne, December 1878 #12106 (born Roscommon, but parents not named), and buried 16 December, at Melbourne General Cemetery [C.o.f E., Compartment V, Grave 520 - no monument]; Thomas, a Sergeant, 40th Regiment, in Barracks at Leeds, son of Thomas PHAIR, Shoemaker, married firstly, at Leeds Parish Church, 27 August 1847, Caroline CRISP, aged 20, daughter of William CRISP, Shoemaker, of Kirkgate, Leeds, and Registered September quarter 1847 [Volume 23, page 367]; Caroline, the wife of Sergeant PHAYRE, 40th Regiment, died at Arbour Hill Barracks, April  1849, of Cholera, and was buried at the Military Cemetery there, 13 April, aged 21 (although the year and month do not match the next detail); aged 33, a Widower (20 August  1849), Office Keeper, Railways Department, Collingwood (usual residence Melbourne), when he married secondly, at St Mark's Church, Collingwood, 3 December 1859, Margaret DUNN (daughter of Andrew DUNN and Maria McPHERSON), aged 20, Spinster, of Collingwood, witnessed by Edward DUNN and John PHAIR (undoubtedly his brother); Margaret died at South Melbourne, 20 December 1885 #13085, aged 45, and buried with Thomas [Grave 55, Compartment V, Melbourne General Cemetery]; issue:
     a. Thomas George PHAYRE born ca August 1848; died Arbour Hill Barracks, Dublin, March 1849, of Infection of the Lungs, and buried in the Military Cemetery there, 18 March, aged 7 months (one dead child was indicated in his father's 2nd marriage registration, 1859).
     b. Andrew Thomas PHAIR, born 1860; died Balwyn, 28 November 1923 #13479, aged 63, and buried at Box Hill Cemetery [Baptist Section, Grave 210 - in his mother-in-law's NEWBOLD plot].

Andrew married in Vic, 1887, Christiana Sarah NEWBOLD; she died 22 January 1950, and buried with her husband, in her mother's plot; issue:
          i. Chrissie Irene PHAIR, born ca 1891; died Vic, 1962 #18999, aged 70; unmarried.
     c. Arthur Henry PHAIR, born 1862; informed his father's death, December 1878, of Abbottsford Street, West Melbourne; died 1937.
     d. Frederick William PHAIR, born 1863; living 1878.
     e. Christopher James PHAIR, born 1865; died 1938.
     f. Maria Julia or Juliet PHAIR, born 1869; died 1870, and buried 18 July, at Melbourne General Cemetery [the 2nd of 5 interments in Grave 473, Compartment FF]
     g. Alexis Margaret PHAIR, born 1873; died Vic, 1875 #4659, aged 1, and buried Melbourne General Cemetery, 29 October [the 3rd of 5 interments in Grave 473, Compartment FF].
     h. Camilla PHAIR, born 1875; living 1878.
     j. Hercules John PHAIR, born 1877; died St Arnaud, 1897 #3961, aged 19.

3. George PHAIR, born Roscommon, ca 1828; Sergeant, Grenadier Company, 40th Regiment; probably arrived in Melbourne, 19 October 1852, on H.M.'s screw steamer "Vulcan" from Cork via Cape of Good Hope, probably with his elder brother Thomas (and perhaps with his younger brother John); on Garrison duty in Melbourne, 1855, 1856, 1859; served in the N.Z. Wars, July 1860 (he wrote from N.Z. to his brother Mr A. PHAIR in Melbourne); in N.Z, Boxing Day, 1864, when he took part in a sports carnival with the 40th and 65th Regiments, and was announced winner of the third event, race of the "Old Duke's men"; the Regiment returned to Britain, 1865, and performed garrison duties in England and Ireland until 1872; George was enumerated at 1 Drill Hall, Carisbrooke, Newport, Hampshire, 1871 Census, aged 41, Serjeant Instructor Volunteers, with wife Lucy and two children; Mr George PHAIR, late 40th Regiment, died at St Stephen's Hospital, Dublin, aged 46, "...after a protracted illness" [Freemans Dublin Journal, 1 January 1877 - Australian papers asked to copy]; George PHAIR, Bachelor, Soldier, married at St James's Church, Melbourne, December 1855 (Registered #3139), Lucy HARRIS, a Widow (born County Tipperary, daughter of Robert SPEARMAN, Tiler, dec'd, and Lucy THOMPSON), witnessed by John PHAIR (sign) - this registration recorded George's father as deceased, mother as living; Lucy was with her husband and family in Hampshire, 1871 Census, aged 43, born Ireland; she returned to Australia on the ship. "Westmeath" from London via Hobart, arriving Sydney, 28 June 1884, with her two children; Lucy PHAIR died at King Street, Camberwell, Vic, 9 March 1904, aged 77 (parents named in index), and was buried 11 March, at Melbourne General Cemetery [C/of E., Compartment K, Grave 69]; they had issue:
     a. William George PHAIR, born Melbourne, 1856 #1134; died at Sandridge Battery, near Melbourne, February 1858, aged 16 mos, and was buried 17 February, at Melbourne General Cemetery [C.of E., Compartment K, Grave 69].
     b. George Spearman PHAIR, born Melbourne, 1859 #6280; died at Spencer Street Barracks, 2 May 1860, aged 14 mos.
     c. Lucinda Margaret PHAIR, birth Registered  New Zealand 1864 #26245, daughter of George and Lucinda; probably born at Abercrombie Street (Auckland?), 20 December 1863, daughter of Sergeant Gorge PHAIR, 40th Regiment [New Zealander, 31 December  1862]; aged 7, Scholar, with parents, 1871 Census; aged 20 when she returned to Australia, 1884; she died in South Australia, 3 August 1936, evidently unmarried.
     d. John Thomas PHAIR, born Newport, Hampshire, Registered Isle of Wight, December  quarter 1870 [Volume 2b, page 511]; aged 6 mos, with parents, 1871 Census; aged 14 on arrival in Australia, 28 June 1884; Anglican Minister in Adelaide, Narracoorte, Sydney, Balmain, and Wentworth Falls; returned to England, 9 April 1952, on the S.S. Ormonde from Brisbane; died in Surrey, December quarter 1953, aged 83; John married at Melbourne, 2 October 1907, Emily Beatrice VAUGHAN; issue two daughters, one died a child.

4. William PHAIR, born ca 1827; possibly arrived in Melbourne, December 1858, aged 30, on the ship "Shooting Star" (with sister Margaret); appointed one of two assistants to the Superintendent of the Melbourne City Abattoirs, December 1860; William PHAIR was found drowned in the River Yarra, near the Australian Wharf, 27 August 1863, aged 36, his body being identified by his brother Mr John PHAIR; the funeral proceeded from the house of his brother, Mr John PHAIR, 15 Leveson Street, Hotham; the Index to his death registration recorded his parents as Thomas PHAIR and Margaret HIGGINGS; buried at Melbourne General Cemetery, North Carlton, 29 August [the first of 5 interments in Grave 473, Compartment FF].

 [The PHAIR-KINNAIRD grave in Melbourne General Cemetery. Image courtesy of Sue MAIO, of Melbourne.
 The stone marks two adjacent plots in Compartment FF, being graves 473 and 500, each with 5 burials.]

5. John PHAIR, born ca 1831, the 4th son; he emigrated to Victoria, perhaps having arrived in Sydney, 6 September 1852, on the ship "Architect" from San Franciso (dep 17 July) - or instead with his brother George and the 40th Regiment on H.M.'s Screw steamer "Vulcan", arrived in Melbourne, 19 October 1852, from Cork via Cape of Good Hope (this may have been instead the eldest brother Thomas); witnessed his brother George's marriage in Melbourne, December 1855; probably a member of the company band of the 40th Regiment, November 1857, when he found and destroyed some venomous reptiles near the Botanic Gardens while returning from the Industrial Exhibition; said to have been discharged from the 40th Regiment, 28 February 1859; Collector of Rates, Latrobe Ward, Melbourne City Council; witnessed his brother Thomas's 2nd marriage at Collingwood, December 1859; at 68 Stanley Street, West Melbourne, 1863; Commission Agent, 1 Queen Street, Melbourne, private residence Station Street, Carlton, 1865; Accountant, Neave's Buildings, Collins Street East, p.r. Station Street, Carlton, 1867; Accountant and City Rate Collector, p.r. Station Street, Carlton, 1868; Grand Master of the Loyal Orange Institution of Victoria; council of the Protestant Friendly Alliance Society, and committee member of the Victoria Permanent Building Society.
John died at Richmond, Tasmania, while on a visit to his wife's family in Hobart, 15 February 1870 #505, aged 38, as he set out on an excursion with Mr LYON, as the result of heart disease; his body was shipped back to Melbourne on the "Southern Cross" for burial; his funeral was appointed to leave his late residence, Station Street, Carlton, 26 February, for Melbourne General Cemetery [the third of five interments in Grave 500, Compartment FF].
John married at St James's Cathedral, Melbourne, 11 July 1861 #2387, Emma ALLAN, 4th daughter of Mr John ALLAN of Tasmania; she married secondly, at East Melbourne, 26 September 1871, Hugh SHORT; John and Emma had issue:
     a. Augustus John PHAIR, born 68 Stanley Street, West Melbourne, 13 July  1862 [Argus, Sat 19 Jul]; died Melbourne, 4 December 1938 #11094, aged 75 (parents named), late of 108 Churchill Avenue, Subiaco and  P.W. Dept, Perth; married at the Methodist Church, Fitzroy Street, St Kilda, 23 January 1917, Maude WOOD, youngest daughter of the late John and Mary WOOD of High Street, St Kilda.
     b. Georgiana PHAIR, born Emerald Hill, 1864 #21642; buried Melbourne General Cemetery, 2 September 1952, aged 88 [the last of 5 interments in Grave 500, Compartment FF].
     c. William Nassau PHAIR, born Carlton, 1866 #98672nd son; died at his step-father Hugh SHORT's residence, cnr of Station and Key Streets, Carlton, May 1876; buried Melbourne general Cemetery [the 4th of 5 interments in Grave 500, Compartment FF].
     d. John, born Melbourne, 1868 #0571; probably posted an "In Memoriam" notice to his Aunt Margaret KINNAIRD, February 1920.
     e. (daughter), still-born at Nassau Cottage, Station Street, Carlton, 10 December 1869; buried Melbourne General Cemetery [the 2nd of 5 interments in Grave 500, Compartment FF].

6. Margaret PHAIR, born Roscommon ca 1836 (her parents identified as Thomas PHAIR and Margaret HIGGINS in both her 1874 marriage and 1919 death Registrations); emigrated to Victoria; possibly arrived Melbourne, December 1858, aged 23, on the ship "Shooting Star" (with her bother William); at 176 Cardigan Street, Carlton, with husband David, a Contractor, Melbourne Division, 1909 and 1914; she was at 673 Lygon Street, Carlton, Home Duties, Batman Division, 1919; she died at her residence, Never (sic - perhaps instead ? Nether) Drumley, 672 Lygon Street, North Carlton, Sat 1 March 1919 #998, aged 82 [Argus, 28 February 1920 - "In Memoriam" notice inserted " her affectionate ward and nephew, John PHAIR"]; buried Melbourne General Cemetery, 3 March [the last of 5 interments in Grave 473, Compartment FF]; she was aged 28, a spinster "with friends" at Lygon Street, Carlton, when she married, at St James's Church, Melbourne, 13 June 1874 #1336, David KINNAIRD (Carpenter, aged 28, Bachelor, of Drummond Street, Carlton, born Fifeshire, son of Christopher KINNAIRD, Stonemason, and Christina SPENCE), witnessed James MITCHELL and Sophia COOKE; David died at Carlton North, 1916 #986, aged 70 (parents named), and was buried at Melbourne General Cemetery [the 4th of 5 interments in Grave 473, Compartment FF]; Margaret evidently acted as guardian to her brother John's children after their mother re-married, and  the terms of John's will appears to have been disregarded - as reported in October 1879 in a suit of Georgina, Augustus and John PHAIR, infants, brought on by David KINNAIRD, "...their next friend," against W.A. POWELL and A.E. SHORT (the children's mother), Trustees of the will of John PHAIR deceased [Argus, Melbourne, 21 October 1879].

 [Detail of the KINNAIRD-PHAIR gravestone in Melbourne General Cemetery. Image courtesy of Sue MAIO of Melbourne.]

A RUTHERFORD pedigree on records details of the following family, not all of which details are yet corroborated (it is quite possible that the end result may be a conflation of two or more different families):
Thomas PHAIR, born at Castlerea, County Roscommon, 1820; married ca 1840, MULROONEY (or ? perhaps MULLANNY); issue:
1. Anne PHAIR; no dates. Possibly at Gardiner's Row, Rotunda, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 45, with her sister Margaret.
2. John PHAIR; no dates.
3. Kate PHAIR; no dates. Possibly at Gardiner's Row, Rotunda, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 43, with her sister Margaret; ditto 1911, aged 47; possibly died at South Dublin, September quarter 1928, aged 70.
4. Margaret PHAIR; no dates. Possibly at Gardiner's Row, Rotunda, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 50, Unmarried, born Roscommon, Boarding House Keeper, with sisters Annie (45) and Kate (43), both unmarried and born County Roscommon, with 12 Boarders; ditto, 1911 Census, aged 50, Unmarr, with sister Kate (47)  and 10 boarders; probably died at South Dublin, December quarter 1929, aged 86.
5. Peter PHAIR, b 1842; died 1922. Identified by RUTHERFORD as the spouse of Martha DONALDSON. However, it appears likely that this Peter was the one granted Administration of Peter PHAIR of Longford, Castlerea, in 1874, of the estates he later occupied, and who was his father (not Thomas). See below.
6. Casper PHAIR, born 1847; died 1933. These dates fit Casper of Lillooet, B.C., but his parents were clearly identified in his B.C. marriage registration as Peter and Sarah PHAIR. See also below.

However, it does appear that the following lineage is beginning to look the more likely:

Peter PHAIR, born ca 1799 (could he have been a son of Casper PHAYRE?); lessee (in 1858) of a House, Office 51 acres of land, and another parcel of 12 acres of land, in the Townland of Longford, Parish of Kilkeevin, (Griffith's Valuation), from Wm P.W. SANDFORD, assessed at £34 and £11 resp; Peter was also the lessor of a House and Office to Samuel PHAIR, and a House andGarden to Michael MULLANNY, same Townland, assessed at 15s and £1 resp; and he was lessee (again from SANDFORD) of 22 acres in the Townland of Rampark, Parish of Kilkeevin, assessed at £16 p.a.; he probably died at Castlerea, 1874, aged 74 [Volume 4, page 85]; Letters of Administration dated 11 February 1875, for Robert PHAIR, late of Longford, County Roscommon, who died at Longford Cottage, 14 February 1874, granted to his son Peter PHAIR, of Castlerea, Farmer, the residuary legatee; Peter married, in County Roscommon, 1835, Sarah MULROONEY [MULLVONY in the index]; she was probably the Sarah PHAIR who died at Castlerea in 1867, aged 53 [Volume 4, page113]; it is now evident that they had the following issue:

1. John PHAIR, born Castlerea, Roscommon, ca 1838; emigrated to Queensland, ca 1861; died in Maryborough Hospital, Qld, 18 January 1887 #C2585, Carpenter, aged 48, born Roscommon; father recorded (in error - see marriage registration) as John PHAIR, Carpenter, and mother as Sarah MULROONEY; in Qld 25 years; he was married at Barambah, near Gayndah, Qld, 16 September 1872, aged 33, Miner, of Ban Ban, Bachelor (parents Peter PHAIR, Farmer, and Sarah MULROONEY), to Elizabeth HENRY, 34, Widow, born Perth, Scotland (parents William RICHARDS and Sarah BROUGHAM); no issue.

2. Peter PHAIR, born 1842; he was probably(unless instead a cousin) of Longford House (or Cottage), Castlerea, August 1877, when he won third prize (and first prize in the second class) for the best thoroughbred short-horn bull calved in 1876, and a second prize for best heifer calved in 1876 (Roscommon Farming Society Show, Castlerea); in August 1899, at another County Roscommon Agricultural Society Show, several prizes were awarded to Peter PHAIR of Rampark House, Castlerea; Peter was residing at Rampark, Castlerea, Roscommon, 1901 Census, aged 59, Farmer, with wife and two sons; again at Rampark, 1911 Census, Farmer, married 38 years, with wife, four children surviving from five born; he died at Castlerea, 1922, aged 80, Registered March quarter 1923 [Volume 4, page 83]; married 1872, Martha DONALDSON; she was born County Londonderry, ca 1846; with issue:
     a. Henrietta Margaret PHAIR, born Kilkeevin Parish, County Roscommon, 30 November 1873; died 1891.
     b. William Lloyd PHAIR, born Kilkeevin, 2 February 1875; died 1959; married Marcella MOORE, with issue.
     c. John Percy PHAIR, born Kilkeevin, 1 November 1876; T.C.Dublin; D.D.; Dean of Kilkenny and Ossory, 1923-40; Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin, 1940-61; died 28 December 1967,aged 91, and buried at St CAnice's Cathedral, Kilkenny; married firstly, Alice MAud, who died 20 May 1945, aged 61, and was buried at Deansgrange Cemetery, Dublin; John married secondly, 30 July 1958, Pauline Beryl EUSTACE, who died 4 May 1990, having had issue a daughter..
     d. Edgar James PHAIR, born December quarter 1879; aged 21, with parents, 1910.
     e. Casper Alexander PHAIR, born Castlerea, September quarter 1881; a call Steward for Veterinary Surgeons, County Roscommon Agricultural Society Show, August 1900; as Casper, aged 19, with parents, 1901; emigrated to Canada, May 1908; died at Kamloops, B.C., 30 September 1961, aged 80; married Nannie JONES; she was with her widowed mother Mary JONES (aged 62) in Castlerea, 1911 Census, with her son; they had issue:
          i. John Leslie PHAIRE, born Kingston, Surrey, June quarter 1908; as Leslie PHAIR, aged 3, with mother and maternal grandmother, 1911 Census.

3. Casper PHAIR, born at Castlerea, Roscommon, 28 February 1847 (parents recorded as Peter and Sarah PHAIR in his B.C. marriage registration); said to have gone to America ca 1877 with a brother on board a ship which rounded Cape Horn, depositing the brother in San Francisco, and Casper at Vancouver, whence he journeyed inland up the Fraiser River Valley and settled at Lillooet, B.C.; there he was a Teacher, Government Agent, Magistrate, Coroner, Gold Commissioner, Fire Chief and Game Warden; he also ran a general store; at County Yale and Cariboo, B.C., 1901 Census, aged 52, with wife Cerise (aged 48), two sons, and Ah LEE (Cook, aged 35, born China); Casper died at Vancouver, 24 March 1933; he was married by License, at the residence of his future step-father-in-law, The Grange, near Pavillion, B.C., on 29 July 1879, to Cerise Armit EYRE, aged 27 (born Corfu, daughter of W.A. EYRE) who had also emigrated from Ireland in 1861 with her mother Maria and MARTLEY step-father; Cerise also died in 1933; they built a house, ca 1880's, which they named Longford.

 [Longford House, Lillooet, 1896, showing Casper and Cerise, their two sons Arthy and Herbert, and Ah LEE, their Chinese servant.

Image courtesy of City of Vancouver Archives, Item Out P739.] 
They had issue, including:
     a. Arthur William Armitt PHAIR, born 1880; aged 21, with parents, 1901 Census; died 1967; he had a son Harold Arthur Eyre PHAIR (born ca 1913), and a daughter Mabel.
     b. Herbert Lewis PHAIR, born B.C., 17 June 1884; aged 16, with parents, 1901 Census; Private, 102nd Battalion, Canadian Infantry, enlisted at Vancouver, 14 January 1916, next-of-kin Mrs PHAIR, Lillooet, B.C. R.N. 703288.

[A group portrait in front of Longford House, Lillooet, ca 1897, including Mr and Mrs John MARSHALL, Emma Jane MARSHALL, 

Mr and Mrs Casper A. PHAIR, Mr and Mrs J.p. FORDE, Mrs A.W. SMITH, Mr SLIPPER, Herbert Lewis PHAIR, 

Colonel REEVES, Major BURNETT, J. Brisco CHERRY and Mr McKINNON. 

Photo taken by Major James Skitt MATTHEWS. Image courtesy of Vancouver City Archives, Ref Out P748.]

4. James PHAIR, born Castlerea, Roscommon, 6 July 1853; probably sailed with his brother Casper around Cape Horn, ca 1877, and disembarked in San Francisco; evidently went on to British Columbia shortly after; built the Goldstream Hotel, 1887 (designed by Architect Elmer H. FISHER), on Humpback Road, at one time site of the last European residence for 25 miles, but eventually well placed between the Railway Station and the Goldstream River to attract large numbers day-trippers on excursions from Victoria, on the recently completed first section of E. and N. Railway line:

[The Goldstream Hotel, built ca 1885-86; destroyed by fire in 1923. Image courtesy of the web-site.]
The Hotel was eventually sold by James and his business partner Arthur SLATER, probably to William and Mary ("Ma") MILLER in 1910; James was at D. Vancouver, B.C., 1901 Census, aged 46, with wife Mary (aged 40), four children and 11 Domestics/Lodgers, a number of them being Chinese; he died at Vancouver, 17 August 1842, aged 89, Widower (birth date recorded, father Peter PHAIRE); aged 27 (born Castlerea, parents Robert and Sarah PHAIR) when married at Vancouver,18 April  1881, Mary GILMOUR, aged 22 (born County Antrim, Ireland, parents Joseph and Nancy GILMOUR); she died at Vancouver, 1 September 1932, aged 74; issue:
     a. Florence Adelaide PHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 16 February 1882; aged 18, with parents, 1901; married Victoria, B.C., 12 April 1919, George KIDD.
     b. Frances Mabel PHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 31 July 1883; aged 17, with parents, 1901; married at Victoria, B.C., 19 July 1911, George Hartley Vincent BURROUGHS.
     c. Viola Beatrice PAHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 18 February 1885; aged 14, with parents, 1901; died Vancouver, 28 March 1932, aged 41; unmarried.
     d. James Harold PHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 31 October 1888; aged 12, born Goldstream, B.C., with parents, 1901.

There is no corroboration, as yet, as to whether the three PHAIR sisters (Margaret, born ca 1843; Ann born ca 1846; Kate born ca 1857), running the Boarding House in Rotunda, Dublin, in 1901, were also part of this family. The possibility exists, and if so, they would have been the third, fourth and seventh children.

Probably related to Christopher PHAIR, the alleged father of:
1. Samuel PHAIR, born ca 1798; probably the lessee of a House and  Office, in the Townland of Longford, Parish of Kilkeevin, (Griffith's Valuation - 1858), on a sub-lease from Peter PHAIR, assessed value 15s p.a.; he probably died at Castlerea, 1872, aged 73 [Volume 14 (sic), page 81 - other registrations for Castlereagh have Volume 4]; possibly married at Kilkeevin Parish, Roscommon, 20 June 1855, Mary ROCHFORD or ROCHFARD (Samuel's paternity is recorded in the marriage registration) - but perhaps this Samuel was a bit older.
Perhaps Christopher also had a son named Peter, and perhaps another named Thomas?
Perhaps Christopher and was a misrepresentation of Casper, or the latter a corruption of an abbreviated form of ChRI[?=A]StoPhER?

Some Church Records for Ireland have survived, and register images on microfilm can be researched at PRONI and at the R.C.B. Library in Dublin; the records are also accessible, in abstract form, but for a fee, at the web-site, where the following marriage and burial entries are indexed for County Roscommon (but with no index indication as to parish), prior to the commencement of Statutory Registration (1845 for Protestant marriages; 1864 for all deaths):
1. William FAIR, buried 1781.
2. Christopher FAIR, buried 1785.
3. Mary FAIR, buried 1785.
4. Jane PHAIR, married 1790, William CORNWALL.
5. Mary PHAIR, married 1797, John WHITE.
6. Peter PHAIR, buried 1797.
7. John PHAIR, married 1800, Anne COPLEY.
8. Casper PHAIR, married 1802, Mary CAHILL.
9. Robert PHAIR, married 1807, Eleanor FAIR..
10. Anne PHAIR, buried 1807.
11. Catherine PHAIR, buried 1807.
12.. John PHAIR, married 1810, Jane ROBINSON.
13. Christopher PHAIR, buried 1813.
14. Anne PHAIR, married 1821, Thomas CLARK.
15. Thomas PHAIR, married 1822, to Margaret HIGGINS.
16. James PHAIR, buried 1823.
17. (not recorded) PHAYRE, buried 1823.
18. John PHAIR, married 1826, Mary BRIEN.
19. Christopher PHAIR, buried 1826, aged 57. Born ca 1768-69.
20. Anne PHAIR, married 1828, John BROWN.
21. Peter PHAIR, buried 1829, aged 72. Born ca 1756-57.
22. John PHAIR, buried 1831, aged 34. Born ca 1796-97.
23. Matilda PHAIR, married 1832, William FRAYER.
24. Casper PHAIR, married 1835, Jane GALLAGHER.
25. Peter PHAIR, married 1835, to Sarah MULLVONEY (or MULROONEY).
26. Jane PHAIR, buried 1836, aged 40. Born ca 1795-96.
27. James PHAIR, buried 1841, aged 60. Born ca 1780-81.
28. Caspar PHAIR, married 1843, Catherine BYRON.
29. Thomas PHAIR, buried 1843, aged 73. Born ca 1769-70.
30. Margaret PHAIR, buried 1844, aged 54. Born ca 1789-90.

A John PHAIR served in the 44th Regiment of Foot, and was discharged aged 35, probably at the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, in the date range of 1813-1816; if his discharge date was 1816, this puts his birth ca 1780-81, and his service ca 3 years; his birthplace was recorded as Kilteevan, Longford [TNA - WO 119/35/183].
I know of no Parish of Kilteevan in County Longford, but there is a civil parish of that name in County Roscommon, lying about 6 km east of the Town of Roscommon. I had initially wondered whether this Army entry had been interpreted in error for Kilkeevin, Townland of Longford, in County Roscommon?
A Robert PHAIR was Lieutenant, 44th Regiment, in India, 1837 (marriage to Mary Ann YORK); and Sergeant, same Regiment, still in India, 1840 (birth of their daughter Maria). Perhaps related to John.

Another John PHAIR served in the 88th Regiment of Foot as a Corporal during the Peninsular Campaign (Regimental Medals List, 20 June 1818). The 88th was otherwise known as the Connaught Rangers, and there was a John PHAIR who enlisted in that Regiment in Dumfries in December 1804; and was said to have been born in 1786 in St John's Parish, County Sligo [Barbara PHAYRE's "Cromwell's Legacy," Appendix 4, page 104].
Another John PHAYRE also served in the 88th, and was discharged at age 39, date range 1831-52, his birthplace recorded as Crohan, County Roscommon [TNA - WO 97/975/64]. His date of birth is indicated as ca 1812.



Yet another PHAIR family was associated with the Barony of Boyle, in the most north-eastern part of County Roscommon:

1. James PHAIR, born Boyle, County Roscommon, ca 1779; Breechesmaker; enlisted in the Army at Chatham, 1 December 1795; 1st Battalion, 58th Foot, in Malta, Septembner 1805, aged 26; formerly Roscommon Militia; discharged in 1827, aged 47 [T.N.A., Ref - WO 97/1106/4].

2. Thomas PHAIR, born Boyle, Roscommon, ca 1784; Labourer; enlisted in the Army at Roscommon, 10 April 1803; 1st Bn, 58th Regiment of Foot, in Malta, September 1805, aged 21; died of wounds, 25 April 1806.

3. Edward PHAIR, born Boyle, Roscommon, 1810, son of John PHAIR and  Alice MULLANEY [a MULLANEY pedigree on]; emigrated to the U.S.; at Newhaven, Addison County, Vermont, 1850 Census, aged 40, Manufacturer, born Ireland, with wife Mary (40, born Ireland), and six children; at Vergennes, Addison County, Vermont, 1860 Census, aged 50, Woollen Manufacturer, with wife and six children; at Elizabethtown, Essex County, New York, 1879 Census, aged 59, Woollen Manufacturer, with wife and two  daughters; he died 12 March 1873, and buried Prospect Cemetery, Vermont, aged 67; married Mary Jane PRESTON; she was at Vergennes, Vermont, 1880 Census, aged 70, Keeps House, with her sister Sarah PRESTON (aged 66, born Ireland); Mary died in 1888; issue:
     a. Henry PHAIR, born U.S., ca 1837; aged 12, with parents, 1850 (born Vermont); aged 21, with parents, 1860 (born N.Y.); died Vermont, 1898; married Loretta Jennie GOODRICH (1844-1935); with issue:
          i. Elmer Ellsworth PHAIR, born 1866; died 1941.
          ii. Della M. PHAIR, born 1870; died 1939; married PRIME.
          iii. Fannie PHAIR, born 1873; died 1947; married HASSELTINE.
     b. Eliza PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1840, aged 9, with parents, 1850; aged 19, with parents, 1860.
     c. John PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1844; aged 5, with parents, 1850; aged 15, with parents, 1860; Civil War Navy Veteran; tried for the murder of Mrs FREEZE, 1874, and after a 2nd trial, 1877, was executed for that murder, at Vermont, 10 April 1879.
     d. Edward PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1845; aged 4, with parents, 1850; aged 13, with parents, 1860.
     e. Sarah J. PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1847; aged 2, with parents, 1850; aged 11, with parents, 1860;  aged 21, with parents, 1870; died 1929.
     f. Mary A. PHAIR, born Vermont, 1849; aged 4 mos, with parents, 1850; aged 10, with parents, 1860; aged 19, with parents, 1870; died Vermont, 1915.


Robert FAIR; of Lavally, County Mayo, 1774; of Ballyjennings, Kilmainmore Parish, County Mayo, 1788, 1802; purchased the lands of Greggagh, near Foxford, County Galway, 1809, from James DALY of Dunsandle, County Galway; died in 1837; married with issue:
1. John FAIR; of Creggagh, County Mayo; died 1877; married Maria RUTTLEDGE, a daughter of David RUTTLEDGE, of Tawnaghnore, Kilbeford; probable issue:
        a. David Ruttledge FAIR; of Foxford, County Mayo, when married at St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 11 November 1876, Kate Emily GAWLEY, of Clanbrassil Place, Dublin (witnessed by William FAIR).
2. Robert FAIR, poss born ca 1791; of Bushfield, Kilcommon, County Mayo; of Forthville, County Mayo, 1816; died Hollymount, County Mayo, 26 September 1856; married Letitia RUTTLEDGE, another daughter of David RUTTLEDGE of Tawnaghmore; she died 24 February 1878, aged 86; issue:
        a. Jane FAIR, born 1832; died 1905; of 42 North George Street, Dublin, when married at St Thomas's (C.of I.), Dublin, 18 August 1851, Thomas RUTTLEDGE of Bloomfield; issue:
                i. Robert RUTTLEDGE, born 1852; adopted the additional surname FAIR; died 1912.
        b. Campbell FAIR, born 1840; died 1868.
3. Thomas FAIR, the 3rd son; of Fortville, County Mayo; later of Millmount, County Galway; married by the Rev F. RUTTLEDGE of Bloomfield at Kilmain Parish Church, County Mayo, 24 August 1840, to Margaret LYNCH, 2nd daughter of Captain LYNCH of Ballycarrin Castle.

Robert may have had a sister Elizabeth FAIR, who was the wife of Thomas RUTTLEDGE.

Robert FAIR, born ca 1766; of Lavally, Ballinrobe, County Mayo; married Catherine GIBBONS of Westport, County Mayo; issue:
1. Campbell FAIR, born 1800; of Lavally; married Annie Jane BRUCE.
2. Robert FAIR, born 1805; of Dublin and Galway; married Margaret McCREERY.
3. John FAIR, born 1809; of Ballino; of Alleymass, County Mayo, when he married at St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 2 July 1839, Maria WILSON of Up Baggot Street, Dublin.
4. Honoria FAIR; married Meade N. WRIGHT of County Kilkenny.
5. Eliza FAIR, born 1811; married Richard GOULDING of Shrule.

Robert FAIR; of Lavally, County Mayo; his 3rd son was:
3. John FAIR; Executor of his father's will, 1820; married with issue:
    a. Mary Anne FAIR.
    b. Robert FAIR.
    c. Thomas Willson FAIR; of 17 Up Rutland Street, Dublin; witnessed his sister Kate's marriage in 1860; of 8 Upper Gloucester Street, Dublin, when married at St Thomas's (C.of I.), Dublin, 15 August 1861, Frances F. SMITH, of 49 Lower Gardiner Street, witnessed Campbell FAIR.
    d. Kate FAIR; of 8 Upper Gloucester Street, Dublin, when she married, St Thomas's (C.of I.), Dublin, 14 June 1860, Robert A.B. JENNINGS, Esq, of Dominick Street, Dublin.
    e. Jane FAIR.
    f. Campbell FAIR.
    g. Adelaide FAIR; married FLETCHER.
    h. John FAIR.

Some of the above details, presented in different family groups, may turn out to be for the same Robert FAIR.

Thomas PHAYRE; of County Kildare, 1840s; later recorded (perhaps posthumously) on his sons marriage registrations as Pensioner (1863), Late Constabulary Force (1871), and Farmer (1882); married Mary HASLAM; issue:
     a. Adam Stewart PHAYER, born ca 1838; Servant, 6 Hume Street, 1872; Clerk, 6 Hume Street, 1875; died Dublin South, September quarter 1896 [Volume 2, page 495], aged 58; probate to William Evans PHAYER, 3 July 1896; of Stephen's Green, Dublin, a Butler, when he married at St Thomas's, C.of I., Dublin, on 17 May 1871, Margaret EVANS (daughter of William EVANS, Farmer); issue:
          i. William Evans PHAYER, born 6 Hume Street, 11 October 1872, and baptised at St Matthew's C.of I., Dublin, 27 Nov; beneficiary of his father's probate, July 1896; at 6 Hume Street, Dublin, 1901 Census,, aged 28, Civil Servant Telegraphist, with sister and brother
          ii. Mary Jane  PHAYER, born Dublin, ca 1873-74; at 6 Hume Street, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 26, Boarding House Keeper, with 2 brothers.
          iii. Adam PHAYER, born 6 Hume Street, 11 November 1875, and  baptised at St Matthias's C.of I., County Dublin, 26 Dec; died Dublin South, 1876, aged 0.
          iv. John George PHAYER, born 6 Hume Street, 25 January 1877, and baptised at St Matthias's, Dublin, 25 Feb; aged 24, Solicitor's General Clerk, with sister  and brother, 1910 Census.
          v. Margaret PHAYER, born 6 Hume Street, 25 August 1879, and baptised privately at St Matthias's, Dublin, 26 Aug.
     b. Robert Haslam PHAYRE, born County Kildare, ca 1844; at 5 Grafton Place, 1878, Messenger for the Bank of Ireland; at Grand Canal Street, 1884, Porter; at Haddington Road, Pembroke West, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 56, Bank Messenger, with wife and three sons; aged 19, a Servant, of 9 Upper Clanbrassil Street, when he was married at St Nicholas Without, Dublin, 8 September 1863, to Anne ANDERSON, Spinster, of 33 Camden Street (born  Dublin, ca 1842, daughter of George ANDERSON, Servant) - he signed as Robert Haslam PHAYER; issue:
          i. George C. PHAYRE, born Dublin, ca 1865; aged 36, Harbour Master's Assistant, with parents, 1901.
          ii. (unnamed female), born Grand Canal Street, Dublin, 12 October 1867.
          iii. Harriett PHAYRE, born Dublin, 29 June 1873.
          iv. (unnamed male), born Dublin, 18 January 1875.
          v. Robert John Haslam PHAYRE, born 5 Grattan Place, Leeson Park, Dublin, 27 July 1878, and baptised at Leeson Park C.of I., 4 Sep; aged 22, Clerk unemployed, with parents, 1901.
          vi. Adam Walter PHAYRE, born Grand Canal Street, Dublin, 13 February 1884, and baptised at Royal Chapel of St Matthew, Ringsend, 26 Dec; aged 17, Clerk, with parents, 1901.
     c. John Haslam PHAYRE, born County Kildare, 20 June 1847; Court Crier, 21 Upper Pembroke Street, 1894; at Pembroke Street Upper, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 45, County Court Clerk (unemployed), with wife and three sons; emigrated to Canada; died at Toronto, Ontario, 2 August 1931, aged 84; of 4 Emerald Terrace, Upper Grand Canal and Sallymount, Newbrook, a Butler, son of Thomas PHAIR, Farmer, when married at St Mark's C.of I., Dublin, 2 November 1882, Emily MASON, Ladies Maid, of the same addresses (daughter of Richard MASON); issue:
          i. Albert Richard PHAYRE, born 4 Lower Pembroke Street, Dublin, 13 June 1887, and; baptised at St Matthias's C.of I., 17 Jul; aged 13, Scholar, with parents, 1901.
          ii. Percy PHAYRE, born 21 Upper Pembroke Street, Dublin, 10 August  1894, and baptised at St Peter's C.of I.; aged 6, Scholar, with parents, 1901.
          iii. Harold PHAYRE, born 21 Upper Pembroke Street, Dublin, 10 November 1896, and baptised at St Peter's, 29 Dec; aged 4, Scholar, with parents, 1901.
          iv. Ruth PHAYRE, born 21 Upper Pembroke Street, Dublin, 16 December  1899, and baptised at St Matthias's C. of I.; poss died young.


There is a perception among some researchers that this family group may descend from John PHAIRE, the youngest son of Col Robert PHAIRE, the "Regicide."
WELPLY's evidence (see previous blog-page) does, in my view, rather tend to rule this possibility out; and date evidence from Limerick records now appears to provide evidence of some conflation, or generational inaccuracy, in my own early and speculative constructions of it.
Some of the following details can be found on the George D. SPEER pedigree on More useful material comes from recent searches on-line (Limerick Chronicle items; some Limerick M.I.s); but much of it fits in with pedigree details already laid out by Barbara A. PHAYRE in her very well researched book entitled "Cromwell's Legacy: The PHAYRE Family in Ireland," Sandford Publishing, 2001, at Chapter 9, pp. 62 et seq - to which publication the reader is recommended, and copies of which may still be available by contacting Barbara at her e-mail address (if still valid). It would appear that SPEER's notes correspond well with Barbara PHAYRE's constructions.

Barbara PHAYRE does subscribe to the theory that the Limerick PHAYRES, the Slaters and the Tilers, were descendants of Col Robert PHAIRE by his youngest son John PHAIRE's marriage in 1699 to Mary WHITBY (see above).
I am not so sure.
There does not appear to be any hard evidence of it, and what circumstantial evidence that might be construable in support of it (there is a quantity - disposal of interests in the Enniscorthy Iron-works to explain lack of will mentions; naming of descendants Alice perhaps for Alice PEIRCE, for two examples) does not seem, to my eyes, sufficient to overcome obstacles raised by WELPLY in his 1920s paper, particularly in relation to lack of mentions in wills.
I may be wrong, but I suspect that WELPLY, having had the access that he did to the numerous P.R.O. records that were destroyed in 1922, would have uniquely been in a position to see the only evidence that will have at any time existed to "prove" that connection, but he did not report seeing any.
One record that would be relevant, if a full transcript was ever made of it, would be John PHAIR's marital status as recorded on the License Bond for his 1753 marriage to Margaret CONDON - if a bachelor, then the suggestion that it was a 2nd marriage after Alice PEIRCE's death would, I believe, be untenable - but if a widower, then I would happily recant! I believe that it was customary for the Marriage Licenses (for which the Bonds were recorded) to identify the marital status of both parties, if not obligatory under the rules of the Consistorial (or Diocesan) Courts which issued them.
It might also be of interest to discover the identity and whereabouts of the Wat GREEN mentioned by Alexander Herbert PHAIRE in his letter of October 1741, where he noted that " brother Jack is so troublesome to Wat GREEN and his wife (tho' they think he is almost gon') that they threaten to bring him hereand leave him at the door."

WELPLY did not suggest that the FAIR family associated with Kinsale since ca 1601 had any connections in Limerick; he did suggest that they were the likely source of the origins of Richard PHAIRE or FAIRE (1739-1805), R.N., who married in 1765 (M.L.B., Dioc of Cork and Ross), Eleanor SCREECH (and by her was an ancestor of John Chessell BUCKLER, F.S.A.).
It is not impossible, of course, that if, as WELPY suggests, the Limerick PHAYREs or PHAYERs do not connect with the Regicide, then they may also have derived instead from that family as well. I am reluctant to cite the use of the name Richard as being circumstantial evidence of any possible connection.

At the risk of causing unintended offence, I propose the following "alternate" pedigree, which is perhaps, at present, more of a collection of pedigree notes looking for a proven tree in which to find a home.

John PHAYRE; Slater; of Kilmallock, 1716, when he and Thomas PHAYRE, also a Slater in Kilmallock, appear to have taken legal action against David MONCASHELL concerning the 1715 lease of lands at Gaultume [Barbara PHAYRE, "Cromwell's Legacy," Op. Cit, p. 62]; probably therefore of age in 1715, and if so, born in or before 1694, 5 years before John PHAIRE's 1699 marriage to Mary WHITBY.
I suspect that further evidence of this family may be found in the Deeds Registry in Henrietta Street, Dublin, where, commencing in 1708, all land transactions in Ireland were required by law to be registered; of which deeds "copy" Memorials were created; and which Memorials are publicly viewable in the Registry upstairs Memorials rooms.
This particular 1715 lease may even state the relationship between John and Thomas (although the chances are probably more likely that it will not); but I suspect they were more likely to have been brothers, rather than a father and  son - if both were joint lease grantees, then both will need to have been of age, and if father and son, then the father will therefore have to have been born closer to ca 1670 - but it is possible that a son could have been named as a child, usually with an age recorded, if he was one of the "lives" for the term of the lease.
There is no available evidence to suggest that either of these Slaters of Kilmallock were married or had issue. But I suspect one or other may have, and if so, are (a) likely contender(s) for the ancestors of the following Limerick PHAYERs.
But it is evident that none of these events can be readily accommodated within the presently "accepted" pedigree of Col Robert PHAIRE, "Regicide."

John PHAIR, probably born in or before 1720, perhaps as early as 1700; Slater of Cork; died at Cork, 4 July 1761 as the result of a fall from a scaffold; his will, dated 8 July 1761, named his wife Mary PHAIR (which is not Margaret, although this may have been a clerical error), and mentions a child of his daughter, and two sons, none identified by name, but neither son probably yet of age, as they were not named as executors; issue:
1. (daughter); probably born before 1741; probably married; issue:
     a. (child), b in or before 1761.
1. (son), perhaps born after 1740; living 1761.
2. (son), perhaps born after 1740; living 1761. Perhaps this or the elder son was the Joseph PHAYRE of Cork, aged 19 when he visited his kinsman Joseph PHAYER in Kilfinane (see next) in December 1762, and was informed of the contents of Charles LAND's will [Barbara PHAYRE, "Cromwell's Legacy," p. 66].

Joseph PHAYRE (born 1726, if age at death is accurately recorded on the M.I. - I note that this date does just pre-date Jack PHAIRE Junior's 1727 marriage to Alice PEIRCE); Slater in Kilfinane, County Limerick, April 1763, when involved in legal wranglings over the will of a kinsman, Charles LAND of Ardavellan - his mother was evidently an aunt of Joseph's mother - and his sister was identified in the will as Alley PHEAYRE [Barbara PHAYRE, "Cromwell's Legacy," p.65]; Joseph died on 7 December 1801, aged 75, and was buried in Kilmallock Churchyard, with a monument erected by his son Charles; he married in January 1753 (M.L.B., Diocese of Cork and Ross), Mary GILBERT (born ca 1735); she died 14 July 1801, aged 65, and buried at Kilmallock [M.I.]; issue, said to have also included [J] below:
1. Thomas PHAYER, born ca 1755-56; died 30 May 1799, aged 43, and buried in the family plot, Kilmallock [M.I.].
2. Charles PHAYER; living 1801 when he erected a monument on his parents grave in Kilmallock Churchyard.

Alice BOLSTER (formerly PHAYER) was buried at Kilmallock, 1 June 1811, aged 66, and buried there with her seven children who predeceased her, a monument erected by her "affectionate" son Joseph [see Nick REDDAN's "Kilmallock old memorial inscriptions for the Collegiate Church" on his web-site] - which age would preclude her from being a daughter of Joseph and Mary.
However, Barbara PHAYRE ["Cromwell's Legacy"] records her age at death instead as 36, which does admit to the possibility of her being a part of this family.

Thomas PHAYER, born about 1796; died 15 August 1844, aged 47, and buried Kilmallock Churchyard; married Johanna (possibly FOX - she erected his monument in Kilmallock); issue:
1. Joseph PHAYER, born ca 1841; died 18 September 1866, aged 25, and buried in his father's plot at Kilmallock.

John PHAIR, born about 1797; died at Kilmallock, June quarter 1881, aged 83 [Volume 5, page 252].

[J] Richard PHAYER (born about 1775 if age at burial is correctly recorded on the M.I.); Occupier of 21 acres in Carrigareely Townland, Parish of Cahirconlish, County Limerick, ca 1830, Tithe Applotment Books, and  rated at £1 13s Impropriate and 19s 4d Vicarage (probably occupied by Rev Richard COX - perhaps of the 1834 Cork MLB with Ann PHAIR?); of Cahirconlish, Barony of Clanwilliam, County Limerick (Diocese of Emly); Farmer at Caherconlish, 1847; probably died before March 1848; married Catherine (probably also a PHAYER - born July 1778 - and if so, probably his cousin); she died " the residence of her son-in-law, Hide Park, Cahirconlish, ...relict of the late Richard PHAYER, Esq," on 16 February  1875, her remains buried on 18 February "... in the family vault at Cahirnarry" [Limerick Chronicle, 18 Feb]; issue:
1. Mary PHAYER, baptised at St John's, Limerick, 8 November 1805.
2. Joseph PHAYER, baptised at St John's, Limerick, 31 July 1807; emigrated to America, 1848; as Joseph D. PHAYER, died at Midway, Madison County, Illinois, 4 May 1870, and buried St Patrick's Cemetery, Godfrey, Madison County [Findagrave Memorial #74030940]; married at Troy, N.Y., 1849, Mary MURPHY (born County Wexford, 20 September 1824 - probably sister of John MURPHY born 5 May 1821, and Johanna MURPHY born 14 April 1827); she died at Upper Alton, 30 April 1898; issue:
     a. Mary Ann PHAYER, born Troy, N.Y., 14 April 1850; died at Alton, Madison County, Illinois, 18 January 1906; married William Harold Clay STREEPER; issue:
          i. Richard Henry STREEPER, born 1882; died 1903.
          ii. (infant), born and died 1883.
          iii. Katie M. STREEPER, born 1888; died 1901.
     b. Richard Benedict PHAYER, born Madison County, Illinois, 2 April 1854; died at Downs, Osborne County, Kansas, 6 February 1935; married firstly, Ellen McKENZIE (died 1887, aged 32) and secondly Bridget MAHON; issue:
          i. Mary E. PHAYER, born 1884; died 1976.
          ii. Richard Benedict PHAYER Junior, born 1902; died 1936..
     c. Catherine Jane PHAYER, born Upper Alton, Madison County, 2 January 1858; died at Venice, Madison County, Illinois, 2 September 1896; married John WALTER; issue:
          i. Joseph C. PHAYER, born 1888; died 1892.
          ii. Josephine PHAYER, born ca 1889; aged 6 when her mother died.
          iii. Johnnie W. PHAYRE, born 1890; died 1891.
          iv. Willie PHAYRE, born ca 1892; aged 3 when his mother died.
          v. MAry PHAYER, born 1895; aged 13 mos when her mother died.
     d. Charles Thomas PHAYER, born Alton, 22 March 1860; Constable in Venice; died Venice, 2 April 1903; married Margaret BUSHELL (1868-1908); issue:
          i. Katherine T. PHAYER, born 1891; died 1975; married Michael Philip NESTER.
          ii. Mary Gertrude PHAYER, born 1892; died 1970; married Daniel Joseph HALLISSEY.
          iii. Charles Julian PHAYER, born 1895; died 1930.
          iv. Clifford W. PHAYER, born 1897; died 1951; married Ethel L. ENOS.
     e. John Joseph PHAYER, born Upper Alton, 18 December 1860; left Alton ca 1891 to join the Frisco Railroad Coy at Chaffee and Arcadia, Missouri; transferred to Denver ca 1924; died at Denver, Colorado, 1 March  1932; married ca 1891, Hannah EVANS of Bethalto; issue;
          i. William Joseph PHAYER, born and died at St Louis, Missouri, 1893.
          ii. Mary Ann PHAYER, born 1894; died 1933; married Christopher Lewis PRATT.
          iii. Emma Clementine PHAYER, born St Louis, 189; died Denver, Colorado, 1928; married Laurence LYONS.
          iv. John Joseph PHAYER, born Arcadia, Missouri, 1897; died 1992; married Elsie Ann SCHNEIDER.
          v. Earl William PHAYER, born Arcadia, 1900; died St Louis, 1922.
          vi. Charles Richard PHAYER, born Arcadia, 1903; died 1997; married firstly, Opal NELSON; he married secondly LaVerne TUCKER.
          vii. Winifred Agnes PHAYER, born Arcadia, 1905; died at Denver, Colorado, 1951.
     f. Susan Johanna PHAYER, born Alton, 14 February 1863 or 1864; died at Los Angeles, 15 December 1947; married at Alton, 29 August 1887, John Patrick ROACH (born Limerick, Ireland, 1866); he died at L.A.,1939; issue eleven children, including:
          i. John Joseph ROACH, born 1894.
     g. Elizabeth PHAYER, born Upper Alton,15 January 1866; died at Clayton, Missouri, 11 December 1959; married Richard HEATH (died 1949); issue:
          i. John HEATH, born 1902; died 1920
3. William PHAYER, baptised at St John's, Limerick, 10 April 1810. See [K] next.
4. Susannah PHAYER, born ca 1812; died 1897; married John HEAVENER, with issue.
5. Charles PHAYER, born ca 1819; probably died at Meelick, County Clare, 25 July 1879, and Registered at Limerick, September quarter 1879, aged 60 [Volume 5, page 242]; probate granted to Edward PHAYER of George Street, Limerick, Gent; said to have married Margaret POWER, with issue.
6. Jane PHAYER, born caaboutsue included (with details from Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree in her "Cromwell's Legacy"):
     a. Margaret Crawford MILLER, born 23 March 1849; married in Dublin, 23 October 1872, her cousin, William PHAYER, and emigrated to Australia [see below].
     b. Catherine Jane MILLER, born 7 June 1850; died Cape Town, 1935; married Richard Freeman CARMICHAEL.
     c. Jessie MILLER, born 6 July 1852; died young.
     d. Isabella Jessie MILLER, born 2 November 1856 (sic - perhaps in error for 1854?); died 1912.
     e. Duncan Taylor MILLER, born 4 July 1856; died 1928.
     f. Richard MILLER, born 1 February 1858; Midshipman, R.N.; drowned in 1874, off the coast of West Africa, 1874 (Ashanti War)
     g. William Phayer MILLER, b 19 September 1859; emigrated to Australia; his wife Annie Louisa MILLER died at Geelong, 26 February 1917, mother of Louie (Mrs G.C. BROMELL), Behan and Frank.
7. Richard PHAYER, born ca 1823; Coach builder; married Margaret MULCAHY; issue included:
     a. Richard PHAYER, born 13 August 1861; died on 9 October 1943; married on 4 February 1888, Bridget MAHONY (1864-1949); issue included:
          i. Mary Ellen PHAYER, born 22 February 1889; married firstly, John O'CONNELL (died at Ypres, 1917); she married secondly, Thomas ROCHE.
          iv. Michael Conleth PHAYER, born Limerick, 12 April 1895; emigrated to Queensland; Saddler, Kuder's Hotel, Barcaldine, Kennedy Division, 1937; enlisted  in the 2nd A.I.F., at Brisbane, next-of-kin Ellen ROACH; died in Qld, 1960 #C2588, born Limerick, aged 65 (parents not recorded).
8. Thomas PHAYER, born ca 1825; Coach builder.
9. Catherine PHAYER, born ca 1827; aged 20, of Caherconlish, when married at Dromkeen, County Limerick, 28 October 1847, to Richard KEAYS of Grange (son of William KEAYS, Farmer), witnessed William KEAYS and N.L. PHAYER.

[K] William PHAYER; Coachbuilder, 58 O'Connell Street, Limerick; J.P.; resided at India Villa, Corbally, County Limerick; living 1861; had a family vault in St Munchin's, Limerick; married at St Michael's, Limerick, 20 November 1837, Ellen (or Eleanor) Lloyd MYLES; she died at 58 George Street, Limerick, 24 July  1879, aged 61; issue (with some details from Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree in her "Cromwell's Legacy"):
1. Richard Miles PHAYER, baptised at St Michael's, Limerick, 21 October 1838; emigrated to Australia; "eldest son" when he died at Ballan, 14 September 1881, aged 41 [Argus, Thursday 15 September]; probably married Mary PROUDFOOT alias KAVANAGH; she possibly died at Ballarat, 1893 #12913, aged 53 (parents Laurence KAVANAGH and Mary MURRAY or MURPHY).
2. Ellen Elizabeth PHAYER, baptised at St Michael's, Limerick, 17 November 1839; died in London, 1919; as Elizabeth, married at Parteen Church, 25 June 1857, Dr Edward Canny RYALL, H.M.'s 86th Regiment [Limerick Chronicle]; he died in July 1880; issue:
     a. Edward Canny RYALL, born Queen's County, 1865; died London, 1934.
     b. William Phayer RYALL, born Isle of Wight, 1867.
     c. Charles RYALL, born Isle of Wight, 1870.
     d. Alice Maude May RYALL, born Kilkee, County Clare, 1872.
     e. Kathleen Ethel RYALL, born 1874.
3. Catherine (Kate) Jane PHAYER, born ca 1841; 2nd daughter; married firstly, St Patrick's, Clare, 29 April 1861, Robert CRUISE; he died at Hartstronge Street, Limerick, 11 March 1862; she married secondly, at St Thomas's C.of I., Dublin, 18 June 1867, Albert John BEARDSHAW.
4. Anna Maria PHAYER, born 13 January 1843; as the 3rd daughter, married at St George's Cathedral, Cape Town, 27 December 1866, R. A. ZEEDERBERGH, Esq, M.D., eldest son of R.A. ZEEDERBERGH, Merchant in Cape Town [Limerick Chronicle].
5. William PHAYER, born Limerick, 30 April 1844; went to Australia, probably arriving in Melbourne in December 1872 on the ship "Marpesia" with wife Margaret; settled at Foster, Gippsland, Vic; died at Foster, Vic, 23 July  1896 #5970, aged 52 (parents named).

[The PHAYER plot in Foster Cemetery.]

William married in Dublin, 23 October 1872, his cousin Margaret Crawford MILLER; she died at the residence of her daughter (Mrs Jessie CHEATLE), 90 Molesworth Street, North Melbourne, on 13 September 1940 #9309, aged 91 (parents Richard and Jane MILLER); issue:
     a. William Richard PHAYER, born Foster, Vic, 1874; died at Dandenong, 3 August 1945, aged 71, late of Dunblane Road, Noble Park; married 1902 #2509, Violet TWITE; she died at Brunswick, May 1935 #3671 (parents George TWITE and Jane WARREN); issue:
          i. Dorothy (Doris) Margaret Isabella PHAYER, born Vic, 1903 #3297; married SMITH.
     b. Alice Maude PHAYER, born Vic ca 1876; died Foster, 1877 #1448, aged 1, and buried in the family plot in foster Cemetery [M.I.].
     c. Edward Charles PHAYER, born Foster, 1878; died Fitzroy, Vic, 23 June 1936 #6311, aged 58; married 1909 #5215, Margaret Isabella Mary SCOTT; she died at Box Hill, Vic, 1954 #6994 (parents Isaac St SCOTT and Mary Ann FLINN); issue:
          i. Edward PHAYER.
          ii. Kathleen PHAYER.
          iii. Dulcie PHAYER.
          iv. Ronald PHAYER.
     d. Richard Carmichael PHAYER, born Foster, 1881; died at Foster, 1888 #9476, and buried in the family plot at Foster Cemetery [M.I.].
     e. Margaret Beatrice PHAYER, born Foster, 1883, a twin; died 1901 #1711, aged 17.
     f. Mary Ethel PHAYRE, born Foster, 1883, the other twin; died 1966; died at Cambrian Hill, Vic, 1966 #25591, aged 85 (parents named); married Vic, 1905 #3254, Joseph Francis ANDERSON; issue:
          i. James Shields ANDERSON, born Carlton, 1905 #9106; died Preston, Vic, 1960 #34982, aged 55 (parents named).
          ii. Reginald Francis ANDERSON, born Toorak, Vic, 1909 #6830; died Crel, Vic, 1979 #18322, aged 70 (parents named).
     g. Kathleen Jane PHAYER, born Foster, 1886; died at Foster, 1899 #5785, aged 12 (parents named).
     h. Vivian Charles, born Foster, 1886; died 1958; of Yea, when married on 14 January 1915 #1324, to Henrietta Joan RAMSAY [Toora and  Welshpool --- and South Gippsland Observer, Fri 5 Feb].
      j. Jessie PHAYER, born ca 1890; at 90 Molesworth Street, North Melbourne, 1937  to 1954; died at Kew, Vic, 1962 #21985, aged 71 (parents named); married ca 1935, Simeon CHEATLE; he died at 90 Molesworth Street, North Melbourne, 25 October 1945 (parents Simeon CHEATLE Senior and Elizabeth Ann MUDGE).
     k. Eileen PHAYER, born ca 1895; living September 1940; died Vic, 1986, aged 91; married Loftus Algie STEWART, with issue. 
     m. Dorothea PHAYER, born ca 1902; unmarried, with mother, 1915; died at Dandenong, 1949 #18355, aged 46 (parents named).
6. Henrietta PHAYER, born 16 April 1847; probably died at Kilkenny, December quarter 1920, aged 73 [Volume 3, page 289]; 4th daughter, married at St Paul's, Cork, November 1870, Edward DUNPHY of Cork; they were at Quarrylands, Rural Kilkenny, 1901 Census, both aged 54, with three children; ditto 1911, aged 63, with daughter, married 40 years with twelve children surviving from thirteen born; issue:
     a. (child), born Kilkenny, 8 October 1871.
     b. (child), born Kilkenny, 18 December 1872.
     c. Edward Garnett DUNPHY, born Kilkenny, 23 Mqr 1874.
     d. Charles William Phayre DUNPHY; died at Mount Sion, Kilkenny, 27 January 1876, an infant. Perhaps one of (a) or (b)?
     e. Christina DUNPHY, born County Kilkenny, ca 1878; aged 13, with parents, 1901 Census.
     f. Frederick DUNPHY, born Kilkenny, 13 September 1879.
     g. Victor DUNPHY, born County Kilkenny, ca 1882; aged 18, with parents, 1901 Census.
     h. Eileen DUNPHY, born County Kilkenny, ca 1884; aged 26, with parents, 1911 Census.
     j. Henry DUNPHY, born County Kilkenny, ca 1886; aged 14, with parents, 1901 Census.
7. Rebecca PHAYER, born 25 October 1848; died at Indiaville, 8 February 1862, aged 13.
8. Thomas PHAYER, born 17 April 1850; emigrated to Victoria; at Echuca, 1881, a Steam-boat hand on the vessel "Tyro" under Capt HANSEN (engaged on it in 1880), when he gave evidence in a slander trial brought on by a passenger against HANSEN; eventually settled in Mildura, as a Carter; entered his "cottage garden" at Orange Avenue in the Mildura Garden Competition, December 1890; his house in Orange Avenue caught fire in December  1909, destroying the interior and contents; married at Wentworth, N.S.W., 1885 #7409, Isabella HUSSEY; she died at South Melbourne, 1928 #2852, aged 63 (parents Henry HUSSEY and Sarah ASHWORTH); issue:
     a. Flor. Mary PHAYER, born Vic, 1891 #25682.
     b. William Henry PHAYER, born Vic, 1893 #5963; enlisted in the A.I.F., 9 August 1915, aged 22 yrs 8 mos, Coach Driver; Served in France  with the 6th Infantry Battalion; wounded in France, 25 July 1916; returned to Australia, 4 May 1917, on H.M.A.T. Runic, and discharged on 13 August  1917; Farmer at Caldermeade, 1931; Farmer, Lang Lang, 1936; Farmer, Koo-Wee-Rup, 1949; at 1 Hemming Street, Dandenong, 1963; he died at Dandenong, 1964 #16456, aged 71 (parents named); probably married Alice Hilda (she was with him, Home Duties, 1931-1963); possible issue:
          i. John Charles PHAIRE, born Melbourne, 17 May 1918; enlisted in the 2nd A.I.F., in the field in Qld, next-of-kin Alice PHAYER.
     c. Charles Ashworth PHAYER, born Vic, 1895 #14408; enlisted in the A.I.F., 14 October 1914, aged 19, Horse driver; embarked in Melbourne, 13 April 1915, on H.M.A.T. Wiltshire; and served with the 4th Regt, 9th Light Horse, at Gallipoli (May to November 1915); returned to Australia from Suez, January 1916 and discharged June 1916; Member of the Melbourne Harbour Trust, 1939; wide experience in the Milk Industry; Managing Director of the Longwarry Butter Factory Coy; Office Bearer, Victorian Branch, United Country Party; died at his residence, 199 Lennox Street, Richmond, 24 August 1948 #9311, aged 53, and cremated at Fawkner Crematorium, 26 August (Methodist); married Vic, 1916 #5614, Catherine Theresa McHUGH; issue five sons and two daughters surviving, including:
          i. Reginald Ashworth PHAYER, born Whittlesea, Vic, 14 January 1917; enlisted in the 2nd A.I.F. at Warrugul, next-of-kin Charles PHAYER, SN V42241; at 24 Bridge Street, Noble Park, 1963, with probable wife Clara Iris.
     d. Ellen PHAYER, born Vic, 1897 #13045.
     e. Reginald Myles PHAYER, born Vic, 1898 #20759; Private, A.I.F., enlisted at Mildura, 2 May 1916, Shop Assistant, aged 18 yrs 1 mo; embarked at Melbourne, 16 August 1916, on the R.M.S. Orontes; served with 38th Infantry Battalion, Western Front; killed-in-action at Messines, Belgium, 7 or 9 June 1917, aged 18 years and 10 months.
     f. Thomas Vivian PHAYER, born Vic, 1901 #13037; died Fran., Vic, 1978 #10463, aged 77 (parents named).
     g. Nora PHAYRE, born Vic, 1903 #27494; as Noreen Louise DAKIS, died at Mildura, 1980  #25001, aged 77 (parents named).
     h. Keith PHAYER, born Vic, 1906 #12527; died aged 1 day.
9. Susannah PHAYER, born 2 September 1851; probate granted 30 July 1888; married in 1880, Arthur BEECHWOOD [Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree]; issue included:
     a. Arthur William BEECHWOOD, born Dublin, 29 December 1880.
10. Alice Maude (Mary) PHAYER, born 11 October 1852; "...younger daughter" when she died at her father's residence, India Villa, Corbally, 11 December 1871, aged 19 [Limerick Chronicle, 12 Dec].
11. Charles PHAYER, b ca 1855; died at Corbally, 29 December 1874 [Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree].
12. Edward Canny PHAYER, born at Corbally, 3 June 1858 [Limerick Chronicle]; went to South Africa; died at Orange Free State, 9 November 1882.


Robert PHAIR; Sergeant, 48th Regiment; this Regiment sailed from the Cove of Cork to N.S.W. in 1817, arriving in at least three detachments serving as guards on convict transports (Matilda arrived 8 August, Lloyd's arrived 39 August, and Dick arrived 3 September); Robert was married at St Phillip's Church, Sydney, 19 February 1824, to Sarah BARLOW, widow, and by License of the Colonial Secretary dated 17 February [State Records, NRS 1037, COD 10, R2281, F836, No 169, page 193]; her first husband, Sergeant Edward BARLOW, Quarter Master, 48th Regiment, had died in the Military Hospital, Sydney, 20 February 1823 (by whom she had a daughter Elizabeth BARLOW, who married in October 1823 James RICHARDSON, 48th Regiment - and they had three younger children born in Sydney, 1818-1822); the 48th went to India in 1824, again in several detachments, one leaving Hobart on the ship Triton, 8 April, and the last leaving Sydney on the ship Portland, in November; "Sgt FAIR, who married the widow of Sgt BARLOW, Mrs FAIR, as well as her daughter Mrs RICHARDSON and son-in-law Sgt RICHARDSON" - were all reported as having died in Madras shortly after arriving [Sydney Gazette, 25 November 1824; Hobart Town Gazette, 24 December 1824], although it does appear that Robert actually survived. See India section below.

Robert PHAIR, born County Cavan, about 1811-12, son of William and Jane; aged 38, Farm Labour, when he arrived in Sydney in 1859 on the ship Lloyds, with wife and four children; he died at his residence, 50 Hay Street off Sussex Street, Sydney, December 1878 [Sydney Morning Herald, Tuesday 17 December]; married Ellen MONTGOMERY; she was aged 37 on arrival in 1859, her parents recorded on indent as John and Eliza MONTGOMERY; she died at 362 Castlereagh Street, Sydney, 27 May 1858, aged 40 years [S.M.H., Thursday 10 June]; issue:
     a. John Thomas PHAIR, born at Ballyconnell, County Cavan, about 1836; aged 14, Labourer, on arrival in N.S.W., 1850; eldest son; died at his father's residence, 128 Bourke Street, Woolloomooloo, 26 February 1864 #553, aged 25 [S.M.H., Saturday 27 February].
     b. James PHAIR, born Ballyconnell, County Cavan, about 1837; aged 13 on arrival in N.S.W., 1850. Possibly [M] below.
     c. Eliza PHAIR, born Machan, County Cavan, about 1843; aged 8 on arrival in N.S.W., 1850.
     d. Louisa PHAIR, born Machan, County Cavan, about 1843; aged 6 on arrival in N.S.W., 1850; youngest daughter; she was married in Sydney, 5 June 1867, by Rev William CURNOW, to James Henry BERRY (son of Francis BERRY); issue.
It is possible that this family may have been related to Henry PHAIR, who was "murdered" in San Jose County, California, in April 1871, aged about 50 (born in Ireland), allegedly by his wife Annie PHAIR and his nephew Thomas MONTGOMERY, based on evidence given by another nephew, William PHAIR.

John FAIR; born about 1813; emigrated to N.S.W., about 1842 (no arrival details yet found); he died at Abercrombie District, June 1843, aged 29, late of Fish River, and buried Parish of Bathurst, 7 June 1843, by Rev Thomas SHARPE, the Rector of All Saints, Bathurst [Pre-Registration Records, 1843, Volume 27B, #1091]; he was married in Ireland to Jane ARMSTRONG; she was married secondly, at Bathurst, 19 July 1847, to James CAMPBELL, by whom she had further issue; she died at O'Connell, N.S.W., 8 June 1855; by John FAIR she had issue a son:
1. John PHAIR; born at Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, about 1841; arrived in N.S.W. about 1842, aged 12 months, with his parents; a horse trainer, of Oberon, N.S.W.; sold his farm, on the Fish River, near Oberon, in March 1889; died at his residence, Perry Street, Canterbury, 12 January 1911 #1029, aged 70 (parents named as John and Jane); married at Bathurst, 1865 #145, Jessie Martha WHALAN; she died at Canterbury, 1930 #11890; issue:
     a. Ann Jane PHAIR, born Hartley, 1866 #9231; died at Burragorang, 10 December 1930; married in 1886, John GRUNDY, with issue.
     b. Robert James PHAIR, born Hartley, 1868 #10155; died at Dubbo, 26 May 1941 #7639; probate granted 14 Jun 1961.
     c. George PHAIR, born Hartley, 1870 #10746; thrown from his horse at Oberon, May 1890, and lay unconscious at his father's house for some days [Bathurst Free Press, Tue 13 May]; an employe of Mr F.S. GRAHAM of Oberon, 1899; jumped or fell overboard and drowned during a voyage on the ship "Mauaroa" from N.Z. to Sydney, August 1899.
     d. Emma Matilda PHAIR, born Hartley, 1872 #11038; married John WANDBY.
     e. Rosa Maria PHAIR, born Hartley, 1874 #12177; died 22 Jun 1917, and buried Moorefield's Methodist Cemetery, Kingsgrove; probably had illegitimate issue, raised by his grandparents:
          i. Henry Cecil Tillard PHAIR, born 1896; died Jun 1920, and buried Moorefield's Methodist Cemetery, Kingsgrove.
     f. John Ernest PHAIR, born Hartley, 1876 #7813; died at Burwood, 7 May 1951 #7940; probate granted 4 December 1951; married Cordelia Dalrymple BATT; she died 30 Oct 1953, and was cremated at Rookwood.
     g. Fanny Hearn PHAIR, born Hartley, 28 Jan 1879 #15027; died Katoomba, 31 May 1906.
     h. Jessie Caroline PHAIR, born Hartley, 1881 #17435; died May 1933 #9877; married Canterbury, 1904 #6275, Aubrey David JONES; he died 16 Sep 1917, and was buried at Moorefield's Methodist Cemetery, Kingsgrove;issue:
          i. Gwendolyn JONES, born Hailton, 1906 #3878.
          ii. Bruce A. JONES, born Canterbury, 1907 #33896.
          iii. Alan O. JONES, born Marrickville, 1910 #38527; died Canterbury, 1910 #4934, and buried Moorefield's Methodist Cemetery, Kingsgrove.
          iv. Marjorie JONES, born Marrickville, 1911 #30061.
     j. Oswald Charles PHAIR, born East Macquarie, 1885 #14259; died at Burwood, 14 January 1961 #3042; probate granted 14 June 1961; married Ethel C. BOON.
See Ross BEATTIE of Sydney's well researched notes on this family on his web-page at:

John PHAIR; of County Tyrone; he died relatively young, leaving his wife with "...a young family of four sons and four daughters"; he married Mary IRWIN or IRVINE, born about June 1818, a "...niece of Rev Arthur IRVINE and Capt George IRVINE"; she died in August 1918, " her home farm, Laughterush, near Belfast, at the age of 100 years and 2 months" [Maitland Mercury, 18 November 1918], leaving three sons and two daughters surviving her, of whom three emigrated to Australia; issue:
     a. Christopher PHAIR, born about 1839; emigrated from Ireland on the ship "Hereford" arriving in Sydney, 22 April 1882; Baker; settled in East Maitland, and was in the bakery business with his brother John; died at the residence of his brother-in-law (Mr James WYLLIE), Anne Street, East Maitland, July  1915 #9434 [Maitland Daily News, etc, Saturday 31 Jul], aged 66, a native of Loughterush, County Tyrone; unmarried; buried East Maitland Cemetery, Presbyterian, Row 13, aged 76 [M.I.].
     b. Ann Jane PHAIR, born about 1841; emigrated to N.S.W. before 1871; died at Ann Street, East Maitland, 5 October 1922, aged 81, without issue, leaving her husband, and three brothers surviving her [Maitland Weekly, Sat 7 Oct]; she married at Paterson, N.S.W., 1871 #3203, James WYLLIE; he was a Baker in East Maitland, both buried East Maitland General Cemetery, Presbyterian, Row 13  [M.I.].
     c. William PHAIR, born 9 April 1843; living in Bendigo, 1922;died at Golden Square, Bendigo, 20 June 1931; married in Vic, 18 March 1890, Caroline Charlotte Alice CARTER; she died 1951, aged 87; issue:
          i. Caroline Mary Alice May PHAIR, born 1891; died at Leongatha, Vic, 1969 #11541, aged 78; married Vic, 1914, Charles John CHRISTOPHERSON.
          ii. Clarice Beatrice Ann PAIR, born about 1892; died Mount Albert, Vic, 1978 #5896, aged 85; married firstly, Vic, 1917, Herbert Henry PITHIE; she married secondly, Mr TEAGUE.
          iii. Thomas William PHAIR, born about 1894; died at Heidelberg, 1973 #23368, aged 78.
          iv. Edith Elizabeth PHAIR, born about 1899; died 1967 #14056, aged 67
          v. Gertrude Olive Edna PHAIR, born 1902; died 1950.
     d. James PHAIR; living in Ireland, 1922.
     e. Eliza PHAIR, born County Tyrone, about 1853; died at Loughterush, Kelsherry, County Tyrone, 6 February 1922, aged 68 [Maitland Mercury, 30 Mar].
     f. John Gerard PHAIR, born County Tyrone, about 1854; emigrated to N.S.W.; in N.S.W., December 1879, when he paid an immigration deposit for his brother Christopher; ran a Bakery business in Maitland with his brother Christopher; died at East Maitland, February 1926 #11890, and buried East Maitland General Cemetery, Presbyterian Section, Row 13, aged 71 [M.I.].

[M] James PHAIR died at Broulee, N.S.W., 1863 #3202, aged 24, parents not named; he died from injuries sustained during an altercation with Charles BRYEN, who was charged with feloniously slaying PHAIR at Nerringdah, near Araluen; BRYEN had retaliated against PHAIR for his using an abusive epithet against him and kicking him, while they were both in the company of Mrs Ellen WHITE; PHAIR died some hours after receiving a head wound from a table knife which BRYEN was holding.
James may have been the 13 year old son of Robert and Eliza PHAIR who arrived in N.S.W. in June 1850 (see above).
Or he may have been from County Tyrone, possibly instead a FAIR, who appears to have had a son named James Graham PHAIR or FAIR, said to have been born on 4 September 1858, only son of James PHAIR and Mary Ellen DOYLE (but N.S.W. Statutory Indexes do not record a birth to these parents).


James PHAYRE or PHAIR, born Ireland, about 1813, son of as Edward PHAIR and Mary HANNAH; at 116 Green Street, Calton, Glasgow, 1851 Census, aged 37, Founder, with wife, seven children, and two MITCHELL Visitors; he died in Qld, 10 September 1888 #3071 (parents named); he married, about 1835, Catherine WILLIS (born Ireland, ca 1813), probably in Ireland; she was aged 35, Spinner, with her husband and family, 1851; she died in Qld, 1899 #C3521, aged 85, born Ireland, daughter of Hugh WILLIS; they had issue, including:
1. Mary Anne PHAIR, born Paisley, Renfrewshire, cabout 1836; aged 14, Spinner, with parents, 1851; she died in Qld, 1878 #B12127 (parents named); married Qld, 20 September 1867 #C294, Robert WEIR; issue:
     a. Robina WEIR, born Qld, 1874 #B17177.
2. Isabella PHAIR, born Muirkirk, Scotland, about 1838; aged 12, Spinner, with parents, 1851; died Qld, 26 July 1907 #B8333 (parents named); married at Ipswich, Qld, 22 November 1866 #C353, Malcolm McINTYRE; he died at Allora, Qld, 24 September 1880; issue:
     a. Jane McINTYRE, born Qld, 6 October 1867 #C1575; died 25 April 1873.
     b. Peter McINTYRE, born Qld, 8 January 1869 #1022.
     c. Violet Isabella McINTYRE, born Qld, 11 November 870 #C1642; died 16 December 1871.
     d. James Phair McINTYRE, born Qld,,20 April 1872 #B13952.
     e. Isabella McINTYRE, born Qld, 1874 #B17367.
     f. Catherine Jane McINTYRE, born Qld,11 March 1876 #B20648.
     g. Malcolm McINTYRE, born Qld, 29 October 1877 #B22820; died 6 September 1878.
     h. Emily Agnes McINTYRE, born Qld, 17 July 1879 #B2524.
3. Edward PHAIR, born Ireland, about 1841; aged 9, Scholar, with parents, 1851; died Brisbane, 1923 #B38983 (parents named); married Qld, 30 August 1863 #C207, Agnes Carnachan BARR; she died at Taringa, Qld, on 16 July  1899 #C4494 (eldest daughter of John BARR of Glasgow and Catherine CARNACHAN); issue:
     a. Edward James PHAIR, born Qld, 30 August 1865 #C1027; died Brisbane, 1937 #B35272 (parents named).
     b. John Barr PHAIR, born Qld, 1 October 1866 #C1381; died Brisbane, 1920 #B32638 (parents named).
     c. Agnes PHAIR, born Qld, 10 July 1868 #C1350; married at South Brisbane, 31 December 1905, Archie LEEDER, the marriage recorded in a press notice as "...a deaf mute wedding" attended by her brother Mr J. Barr PHAYRE and sisters Misses A.K. and Eva.
     d. Annie PHAIR, born Qld, 16 April 1870 #C1246; died Brisbane, 1952 #B38405 (parents named); married KIRK.
     e. Lilly PHAIR, born Qld, 5 April 1872 #C1112.
     f. Robert Barr PHAIR, born Qld, 24 January 1875 #B18366; died Brisbane, 17 August 1875 #9842
     g. Jeanie PHAIR, born Qld, 9 December 1876 #C2474.
     h. Eva PHAIR, born Qld, 30 April 1879 #C2849.
4. James PHAIR, born Campsie, Lanarkshire, about 1843; aged 7, Scholar, with parents, 1851.
5. Hugh Wallace PHAIR, born Glasgow, about 1846; aged 4, with parents, 1851; died in Brisbane, 9 October 1913 #B18285 (parents named), and buried at Toowong Cemetery; married firstly, 1 October 1874 #279, Emily Jane HASWELL, daughter of John BUSAIN and Harriett ALLOTT; she died in Qld, 29 December 1877; Hugh married secondly, in Qld, 10 April 1880, Elizabeth DEAL (daughter of Philip Conrad DEAL and Elizabeth LEAVENSHIRE); she died in Brisbane, 1941, and was buried with her husband; issue:
     a. Margaret PHAIR, born Brisbane, 14 June 1881 #B27271.
     b. Hugh Deal PHAIR, born Brisbane, 15 April 1883 #B30488; died in Brisbane, 195.
     c. James Edward PHAIR, born Brisbane, 9 January 1886 #B35847.
     d. Malcolm Robert PHAIR, born Brisbane, 1888 #B41754.
     e. Theresa PHAIR, born Brisbane, 1892 #B50609.
     f. Isabella Mary PHAIR, born Qld, 1895 #C10050.
6. Margaret PHAIR, born Glasgow, about 1848; aged 2, with parents, 1851; died Qld, 1872 #C387 (parents named); married at North Ipswich, Qld, on 28 January 1870 #C177, Hugh STEWART, both of Ipswich; issue:
     a. Catherine STEWART, born Qld, 1871 #C1094.
7. Catherine PHAIR, born Glasgow, 1851; aged 2 months, with parents, 1851; of Ipswich, when married at Roma, Qld, 31 August 1869, Thomas INSKIP of Upper Dawson.
8. John PHAIR; died in Qld, 1910 #C1145 (parents named).
9. Jane PHAIR, born Calton, Glasgow, 25 October 1858.

George PHAYRE, born Ireland, about 1838, son of George PHAYRE; he died in Qld, 1895 #C1130, aged 56, father only named.


Several PHAIR families in New Zealand are mentioned elsewhere.

Other New Zealand PHAIRs are as follows:

James Alexander PHAIR, born about October-November 1835; of Crossan, County Tyrone; emigrated to N.S.W. in 1864; followed gold to the West Coast of N.Z. in 1865; Settler, Regent Street, Hawera, 1911 electoral Roll (Patea, Taranaki), freehold in Sections 52 and 53, Block XIV, Hawera, with wife and three children; he died at his residence, Regent Street, Hawera, 25 August 1915, aged 79 (two months short of his 80th birthday); married by the Rev G.T.W. WATKIN, on 22 November 1875, Miss Mary PHAIR, 3rd daughter of Mrs PHAIR, Loughterish, County Tyrone [Grey River Argus, 24 November]; she died at Hawera, 27 June 1916, aged 68; they had issue:
1. Mary Jane PHAIR, born N.Z., 1876 #13064; died at Hawera, 17 February 1910, aged 33, late of regent Street [Hawera and Normanby Standard, 26 Aug]; unmarried.
2. Eliza PHAIR, born N.Z., 1879 #13487; Spinster, with parents, 1911; died 1960 #38730, aged 81 years.
3. Margaret PHAIR, born N.Z., 1883 #6591; Spinster, with parents, 1911; died 1929 #13259, aged 45 years.
4. James PHAIR, born N.Z., 1885 #10365; Assistant Moulder, with parents, 1911; died 1954 #25946, aged 69.

John Clayton PHAIR, born at Bethnall Green, London, 10 October 1832 (son of Rev John William PHAIR, Dissenting Minister, by Hannah TAYLOR); aged 8, with parents, at Little Hadham, Herts, 1841 Census; at New Alresford, Hants, 1861 Census, aged 28, Grocer's Shopman, and servant of Richard P. GREEN, Grocer and Master Baker; a Corn Merchant in Southsea, England; went to N.Z.; at Bridge Street, Napier, 1896 Electoral Roll (Hawke's Bay), Storeman, residential, with Mary Hannah PHAIR, Spinster; he died in N.Z., 27 February 1898, aged 65, and was buried at Old Napier Cemetery, Hawke's Bay; he was married at Droxford, Hampshire, March quarter 1863, to Annabella GREEN; she was with her parents at West Meon, Hants, 1871 Census, aged 37, Married, with her four children; she was at Ceylon Villa, Southampton Road, Fareham, Hants, 1881 Census, aged 47, Annuitant, and her five children; ditto 1891, with three children; at Alresford, Hampshire, 1911 Census, aged 77, Widow, with daughter; she died at West Meon, Hampshire, 6 November 1916, aged 83; they had issue:
1. John William PHAIR, born Southsea, Hampshire, 1865; aged 6, with grand-parents, 1871; aged 16, Telegraphist, with mother, 1881; aged 26, Pictorial Artist Illustrator, with mother, 1891.
2. Henry Joseph PHAIR, born Southsea, 1866, aged 5, with grand-parents, 1871; aged 15, Telegraphist, with mother, 1881; died 1960.
3. Mary Hannah PHAIR, born Southsea, 1868; aged 3, with grand-parents, 1871; went to New Zealand; she was married at St Barnabas's Church, 28 August 1905, to Charles Burdon BUXTON, 2nd son of the late John BUXTON of Malton, Yorks, Engineer [N.Z. Herald, 13 Sep].
4. Samuel PHAIR, born West Meon, Hampshire, 1870; aged 1, with grand-parents, 1871; aged 11, Schoar, with mother 1881; went to New Zealand; died September 1956, aged 86, and buried at Hamilton East Cemetery.
5. Charles Oakshott PHAIR, born Bedhampton, Hampshire, March quarter 1872; aged 9, Scholar, with mother, 1881; went to New Zealand; Dairy Farmer, Kaihoke, Bay of Islands; died 8 March 1955, aged 84, and buried at Waikumete Cemetery, Auckland; married in N.Z., Elizabeth SUTTON; she died at kaihoke, 23 March 1952, aged 76; issue:
     a. Gwendolyn Edna Nora PHAIR, born N.Z., 1909 #17604; died 1975; married Alfred John CONNELL.
     b. Norma Anita PHAIR, born N.Z., 1910 #16538
6. Eleanor Annie PHAIR, born Westbourne, Sussex, 1874; aged 16, with mother, 1891; aged 35, unmarried, with widowed mother 1911.
7. Annabella Sarah PHAIR, born Fareham, Hampshire, 1878; aged 2, with mother, 1881; aged 12, Scholar, with mother 1891.

Ernest PHAIR, born Ireland, 26 November 1861, elder son of Rev John Pickering PHAIR and Elizabeth SMITH (and so a grandson of William PHAIR of Butlerstown, Glanmire, County Cork, and Elizabeth PICKERING - see below); went to New Zealand about 1886; went to Washington, U.S., 1890; at East 5th Avenue, Spokane, Washington, 1900 Census, aged 39, Carpenter, with wife and four children; aged 68, with wife, 1920 Census, residing with their son Ernest; at Road 277, Dockton, King County, Washington, 1930, aged 68, with wife and divorced son; died at Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, 4 June 1930 (aged 68yr 7mo 9d); married at Mallow, County Cork, March quarter 1885 [Volume 5, page 407], to Alice Marion CROFTS (born Ireland, 24 January 1863, daughter of Christopher CROFTS and Sarah Grace LYSAGHT) ); she died  at Tacoma, Washington, 10 September 1939 (aged 76yr 7mo 16d); issue:
1. Ernest Richard PHAIR, born Auckland, 26 February 1887 #16226; Retail Pharmacist in a Drug Store, Tacoma; at Tacoma Ward 1, Pierce County, 1920 census, aged 31, with wife, father, mother and two sisters; died at Tacoma, 6 February 1953; married Josephine E. BJORNVICK.
2. Francis Frederick PHAIR, born Auckland, 3 April 1888 #1928; Manufacturing Jeweller; aged 42, Divorced, with parents, 1930 Census; at a Veteran's Administration Facility, Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, 1940 Census, aged 52; died at Tacoma, 4 February 1950; married at Kootenai, Idaho, 28 October 1919, Marmie WILLIAMS, aged 24, born Montana.
3. Walter L. PHAIR, born Spokane, Washington, 25 September 1889; aged 11, with parents, 1900.
4. Eileen V., born Spokane, 25 September 1896; aged 9 (sic - born September 1892), with parents, 1900; aged 24, with brother, 1920.
4. Kathleen Dorothy PHAIR, born Spokane, 22 June 1900; aged 26 (sic), with brother, 1920; died at Seattle, 29 December 1980; married twice.
5. Sidney Arthur PHAIR, born Spokane, 29 January 1902; died 5 November 1991.



Robert PHAIR; Sergeant, 48th Regiment. See N.S.W. section above.
His Regiment went to India in 1824; it had been reported that "Sgt FAIR, who married the widow of Sgt BARLOW, Mrs FAIR, as well as her daughter Mrs RICHARDSON and son-in-law Sgt RICHARDSON" had all died in Madras [Sydney Gazette, 25 November 1824; Hobart Town Gazette of 24 December 1824].
However, Robert did not succumb - and as Sergeant, 48th Regiment, and Secretary of Masonic Lodge 218, he wrote a letter from Mount St Thomas, Madras, dated 12 June 1825, to Brother William F. GRAHAM, Deputy Grand Secretary, Grand Lodge of Ireland, Dublin, in which he advised of the deaths from Cholera of four Lodge members in the 48th Regiment since their arrival in India, including Robert ROYLE, Private (buried 6 June 1824, aged 29), James HOLMES, Sergeant (buried 2 June 1824, aged 38) and Abel MARTIN (buried 23 June 1824, aged 30).
Sarah PHAIR, late wife of Robert PHAIR, Paymaster Sergeant, H.M.'s 48th Regiment, was buried at St Thomas Mount, 18 July 1824, aged 32.
Robert PHAIR was married secondly at Trichinopoly, Madras, 29 December 1824, to Elizabeth CAROLLAN, Widow; she was buried at Trichinopoly, Madras, 21 February 1827, aged 41.
Robert PHAIR, Sergeant, H.M.'s 48th Regiment, Widower, was married thirdly, at St John's church, Trinichoplay, 20 August 1827, to Susannah STEWart, Spinster.

Robert PHAIR; perhaps the same as the previous, and if so a widower; Lieutenant, 44th Regiment, when married at Chinsurah, Bengal, 2 June 1834, Mary Ann YORK; issue included:
     a. Mary Jane PHAIR, born 20 June 1837, and baptised at Ghazeepore, Bengal, 27 Jun.
     b. Maria PHAIR, born 9 February 1840 and baptised at Kurnaul, Bengal, 1 March, father a Sergeant, 44th Regiment; buried at Kurnaul, 20 September 1840.
John PHAIR, born ca 1837; buried at Baroda, Bombay,  8 June 1865, aged 28.
James PHAIR, born ca 1847; buried at Hazareebaugh, Bengal, 15 September 1865, aged 18.

Thomas PHAYRE; married Margaret (-?-); issue:
     a. Margaret PHAYRE, baptised at Fort William, Bengal, 30 October 1825; perhaps buried at Dinapore, Bengal, 22 May 1826, aged 0.
John PHAYRE, born about 1836; died 15 March 1847 and was buried at Subathoo, Bengal, 16 March, aged 10.
Daundein Cherubin PHAYRE, born about 1907; buried at Rangoon, Bengal, 12 June 1928, aged 21.

Richard FAIRE; married Mary (-?-); issue:
     a. Eliza FAIRE, baptised at Meerut, India, 12 July 1827.


Andrew PHAIR was born about 1757, perhaps in Ireland; possibly served in the 9th Regiment of Foot; enlisted on 16 September 1781 in Benedict ARNOLD's Loyal American Legion [SABINE, Volume 2], and was appointed Adjutant; his account with Government, dated 2 May 1783 at Staten Island, for Stationery and Sundry for the period 25 December 1782 to 24 June 1783; he shortly after settled in Fredericton, New Brunswick, where he taught at the College of New Brunswick (formerly the Academy of Liberal Arts and Sciences); Auctioneer, City of St John, New Brunswick, 1813; he was Barracks Master and Postmaster; he died there on 9 November 1824, aged 67, and was buried in the Old Burial Ground, Fredericton; his will, dated 3 March 1817, was proved 29 December 1824, mentioning his wife Margaret (all estate if she survived him), his three children William, Harriet and Isabella (his estate equally divided between them if his wife died before him), his son-in-law John M. STRATON, Royal Artillery, and his step-children Mary and Sarah BARRY, with Administration granted to his son William, "...the widow having declined to act" ["Early New Brunswick Probate Records, 1785-1835," by R. Wallace HALE, 1989, page 358].

[The PHAIR Monument in the Old Burying Ground in Fredericton. Image courtesy of the web-site.]

Andrew married in New York Province, by Provincial License dated 10 May 1782, Mrs Margaret BARRY, a widow.
Margaret is said to have been the widow of Major Henry BARRY (9th Regiment of Foot) - however, Major Henry BARRY (of the 19th Foot) appears to have been still living in 1794 - and a more likely candidate for Margaret's former husband might have been Capt William BARRY (Volunteers of Ireland, 1778), except that he too is ruled out of contention on the grounds that he died in Cork on 31 December 1806 (having "...served nearly half a century, with honour and reputation, first in the Saxon, afterwards in the Prussian, and finally in the British armies" [Annual Register, 1806, page 575].
The most likely candidate for Margaret's 1st husband was Lieut William PHAIR, Royal (or Loyal) Forresters Regiment (April 1781, formerly King's Orange Rangers), who was probably in winter quarters at Hellgate, New York, when he "...died of a violent fever" a few days before 15 October 1781, and was buried at Hallet's Cove, Long Island, "...with all the honours of war" [New York Gazette, cited in the St James's Chronicle (London), 17-20 November 1781].
By her 1st husband, Margaret already had two daughters:
1. Mary BARRY, born ca 1778, probably in Ireland; mentioned in her step-father's will, 1817; at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 72, born Ireland, residing with her half-sister Harriet PHAIR at the house of their nephew Francis STRATON, Barrister, and his family.
2. Sarah BARRY, probably born ca 1780, perhaps in America; mentioned in her step-father's will, 1817; she died in Fredericton in September 1821, "...on Sat last... step-daughter of Andrew PHAIR, Ass't Barrack Master Gen." [N.B. R.G., 24 September 1821]; unmarried.
Margaret died at Fredericton on 27 July 1833, aged 70, and was buried with her second husband; her will, dated 5 March 1820, was proved 26 October 1833, mentioning her only son William Barry PHAIR (£518 17s 4d), her two daughters Mary BARRY and Harriet Margaret PHAIR, and her orphaned grandchildren - Frances Sophia Margaret, Isabella and Francis Andrew Henry STRATON - who were to "...reside with and be supported by" her two said daughters.
By Andrew, Margaret had further issue :
3. William Barry PHAIR, born Staten Island, 17 March 1783; Ensign, King's New Brunswick Regiment; Lieut, 104th Regiment, 1811, served in the War of 1812, and retired in 1816; settled at Kingsclear; Postmaster, Fredericton, 1825; at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 68, with wife (aged 48) and eight children; died at Fredericton, 12 March 1853; married at Fredericton, 5 August 1816, Rebecca Hannay RAINSFORD (b 1800); she was at Fredericton, 1861 Census, age 62, Head of Family, with 4 ch'n; she died in 1866; they had issue:
     a. Margaret PHAIR, born 1819; aged 32, with parents, 1851; a Margaret PHAIR, but clearly another, married on 8 December 1840, George LEE (born 1816, son of Thomas Carlton LEE by Margaret Lester WETMORE, and so a brother of William Tyng Peters LEE); issue:
          i. Annie Rebecca LEE.
          ii. George LEE.
          iii. William LEE, born 1842; died 30 March 1870.
     b. Andrew Stratton PHAIR, born 1821; at Fredericton, 1861 Census, aged 40, with wife, three ch'n and his sister-in-law; died at Fredericton, 21 April 1875; married Harriett I.S. (RAINSFORD); she was born Canada West, ca 1828 (younger sister of Elizabeth A. RAINSFORD, aged 46 in 1861); they had issue:
          i. William B. PHAIR, born Canada, ca 1852; aged 8, with parents, 1861.
          ii. Harriett H, M, PHAIR, born Canada, ca 1854; aged 6, with parents, 1861.
          iii. Elizabeth A. PHAIR, born Canada, ca 1857; aged 3, with parents, 1861.
     c. William Barry PHAIR, born 1822; aged 29, with parents, 1851; aged 39, with mother, 1861 Census.
     d. John Henry PHAIR, born Fredericton, 20 December 1823; Attorney (16 October  1845) and Barrister (14 October 1847), New Brunswick; at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 28, with wife and son; visited Victoria with his brother, 1852, but soon returned to New Brunswick; in legal partnership with his cousin, Francis STRATON, at Fredericton; Fishing Commissioner; appointed Clerk of the Legislative Council, 1891; married at Christ Church, Fredericton, 6 March 1850, Sarah Elizabeth COY (born 1835, daughter of Asa COY, Esq, of Fredericton); she was aged 20, with husband, 1851; with her parents, 1861; issue:
          i. Edwin Ernest PHAIR, born Fredericton, 1851; an infant, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 10, with mother and COY grandparents, 1861 Census; died 1929; married 1874, Junita ESTEY, with issue.
          ii. Harry Ring PHAIR, born 1866; died 24 December 1941; married Jessie TENNANT.
          iii. Frances Agnes Rebecca PHAIR, born July 1870; died 11 March 1947; married H. Percy LEE.
     e. Garnet Winslow PHAIR, born 1825; possibly, as Harriet Winslow PHAIR, married on 27 June 1850, William Tyng Peters LEE (born 1824, son of Thomas Carlton LEE by Margaret Lester WETMORE - she was a sister of Timothy Peter WETMORE); issue:
          i. Harriet W. LEE, born 1854; died 1874.
     f. Sarah J. PHAIR, born 1825; aged 26, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 36, with mother, 1861 Census.
     g. Harriet Jane PHAIR, born 1828; as Harriet W. PHAIR, aged 24, with parents, 1851 Census; died at Fredericton, 1913.
     h. Robert Armstrong PHAIR, born 1829; aged 22, with parents, 1851 Census; went to Australia, arriving in Victoria, October 1852, on the ship "Revenue" from New Brunswick, Canada; at Chambers Street, Prahran, 1865; Hotel Keeper, Clarence Hotel, cnr Collins Street East and Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, where he died, 8 July 1868 #6742, aged 38 [Argus, Thu 9 Jul]; Adm'on 30 July 1868 to Eliza PHAIR; married Vic, 1864 #1639, Eliza (Agnes) O'SHEA; issue included:
          i. Agnes Frances PHAIR, born Emerald Hill, 1865 #8465; died Vic, 1928; married in Melbourne, 8 December 1887, Robert RAMSAY Junior, of Foochow, China - issue included Mary Marshall RAMSAY (mother of British Racing Car Driver and Team Owner, Robert Ramsay Campbell WALKER) and Marshall Clive RAMSAY (died Vic, 1912, aged 9).
          ii. Ernest Clarence PHAIR, born Melbourne, 1867 #16880.
     j. Mary Emerson PHAIR, born 1830; aged 21, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 30, with mother, 1861 Census..
     k. Francis Spencer Blair PHAIR, born 1833; as Spencer, aged 16, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 28, with mother, 1861 Census; died at Fredericton, 1862.
     l. Frances Katherine PHAIR, born 1836; aged 13, with parents, 1851 Census; died at Fredericton, 1861.
     m. Charles Edward PHAIR, born 1839; died 1839; infant.
4. Harriett Margaret PHAIR, born America, 1785; aged 60, with nephew Francis STRATTON, 1861 Census; died at Fredericton, 1863.
5. Isabella S. PHAIR; died at St Kits, 22 October 1818, of Yellow Fever; married at Fredericton, 9 September 1809, John Mathew (or Murray) STRATON, Captain, Royal Artillery; he was Gentleman Cadet, R.A., 7 December 1802, 2nd Lieut, 10 April 1804, 1st Lieut, 10 October 1804, and 2nd Captain, 17 December 1813 ["List of Officers of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, ...1763 to the present," by John KANE, London, 1815]; he also died at Basseterre, St Kitts, 22 October 1818, of Yellow Fever [the date hand written as a note beside his entry in KANE's 1815 "List of Officers..."]; they had issue, taken from St Kitts to her mother in New Brunswick by a fellow Artillery Officer:
     a. Frances Sophia Margaret STRATON, born 1810; mentioned in her PHAIR grandfather's will, 3 March 1817; died 1842; married 13 January 1829, Timothy Robert WETMORE (son of Thomas WETMORE, a Judge, by Sarah PETERS, and so a brother of Margaret Lester WETMORE); with issue:
          i. Isabella Hailes WETMORE.
          ii. Harriet Margaret WETMORE.
          iii. Mary Elizabeth White WETMORE.
          iv. John Stratton WETMORE.
          v. Charles Inglis WETMORE.
          vi. Frances Gustavia WETMORE; aged 13, 1851 Census, with uncle Francis STRATON.
          vii. Emily Myers WETMORE; aged 12, 1851 Census, with uncle Francis STRATON.
     b. Isabella STRATON; mentioned in her PHAIR grandfather's will, 3 March 1817.
     c. Francis Andrew Henry STRATON, born Gibraltar, 2 March 1817; Solicitor in Fredericton, in partnership with his cousin John Henry PHAIR; at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 34, with wife, five ch'n, and several related lodgers (Mary BARRY and Harriett PHAIR); died at Fredericton, 16 June 1900; he married firstly, 1842, Sarah Jane BLISS (1817-1864), with issue six sons, including:
          i. John Mathew STRATON, born 11 December 1843; aged 7, with parents, 1851; First Mate on the barque Genii when he perished at sea, 4 October 1869, aged 25 years.
          ii. Sarah Isabella STRATON; aged 5, with parents, 1851.
          iii. George Pidgeon Bliss STRATON; aged 4, with parents, 1851.
          iv. Frances Sophia Margaret ATRATON; aged 2, with parents, 1851.
          v. Mary Rebecca Harriett STRATON, born ca 1850; infant, with parents, 1851; died in 1860, aged 9.
          vi. Frank STRATON; died aged 2 years.
          vii. Barry Bliss STRATON, born Fredericton, 27 December 1854; a poet; died 10 October 1901; married in 1889, Leonora Margaret HARRIS.
          viii. James Murray STRATON, born 1856; died 1883.
          ix. Andrew William STRATON, b 1853; died in 1890, a young man..
          x. Frances STRATON, b 1861; died 1886..
          xi. Thomas Charles Henry STRATON.

Another PHAIR family in Canada and the U.S. tempts finding a connection due to similar names (Andrew and ARMSTRONG), as follows (with acknowledgement to George SPEER's for his on-line pedigrees):

Alexander PHAIR; probably of County Armagh, Ireland; father of:

James PHAIR, born in Ireland, probably in County Armagh, ca 1777; died in 1835; married Elizabeth ARMSTRONG of Belfast; issue:
1. Andrew PHAIR, born ca 1808-10; died at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, on 10 April 1858; married Ann BANNERMAN (born 1814); aged 54, at Limestone, Maine, 1870 Census; she died 1895; issue:
     a. Ann PHAIR, born 1833; married William ROACH (he may have arrived in New York, ca 1840, from Cork, with brother Patrick).
     b. Elizabeth PHAIR, born 1837; married John H. McGOWAN (born Maine, 1835); issue included:
          i. John Franklin McGOWAN.
     c. Jane PHAIR, born at Restigouche, N.B., 2 January 1839; died at Drummond, N.B., 9 October 1924; married firstly, on 14 March 1863, George D. KETCHUM, of Gordon, Victoria County, N.B.; issue:
          i. Henry Willis KETCHUM, born 1864; died 1910.
Jane married secondly, at Grand Falls, Victoria County, N.B., 26 October 1869, John Henry DAY; with further issue:
          ii. Evelyn Ella DAY, born N.B., 29 March 1871.
          iii. Annie Ada DAY, born N.B., 10 January 1873.
          iv. Alice May DAY, born N.B., 28 May 1875.
          v. Nellie Phair DAY, born N.B., 25 November 1877; married Charlotte County, N.B., 3 January 1903, Harry Herman SMITH, with issue.
          vi. George Herman DAY, born N.B., 7 December 1882.
          vii. James William DAY, born N.B., 7 December 1882.
          viii. Oram Andrew DAY, born N.B., 4 August 1886.
     d. Mary PHAIR, born 1841.
     e. Margaret A. PHAIR, born 25 June 1842; married as his 2nd wife, Reuben Brewer CHASE.
     f. James Armstrong PHAIR, born New Brunswick, 1844; at Limestone, Maine, 18710, aged 23, Farmer, with mother and brother; died 12 October 1913; married Nellie J. BOLSTRIDGE (born 1859).
     g. William Bannerman PHAIR, born 3 October 1849.
     h. Caroline Emily PHAIR, born 15 February 1852; married McDONALD.
     j. George Andrew PHAIR, born Maine, 17 March 1859; at Limestone, Maine, 1870, aged 15, at home with mother and brother; at Limestone, 1900 Census, aged 45, with 2nd wife Minnie and 7 ch'n; died 29 November 1936; married fistly, Annie Margaret KELLY (b 1859); she died in 1890; he married secondly, Minnie May THOMPSON (born 1866); she died 1935.
2. James PHAIR, born 1809; died 1856; married Hannah MURPHY (born 1849); she died 2 April 1903; issue:
     a. Alexander PHAIR, born Chatham, New Brunswick, 26 September 1841; at Prince Edward Island, 1881 Census, aged 47, Farmer, with secnd wife and six children; at Presque Isle, Maine, 1900 Census, aged 59, Farmer, married 34 years, with wife Annie and 4 ch'n; he died 5 October 1926; married firstly, July 1863, Ellen SILLIKER (born 1841); she died 31 May 1864 (buried Cape Travers Cemetery); he married secondly, Prince Edward Island, 25 October 1865, Angelina ROBINSON alias GAMBLE; she died 1934, aged 86; she was aged 54, with husband, 1900, issue ten children with nine surviving; issue:
          i. George Robert PHAIR, born P.E.I., September 1866; aged 14, with parents, 1881; aged 33, with parents, 1900; of Presque Isle, Maine, 1926.
          ii. Mary PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1868; aged 12, with parents, 1881.
          iii. Jane PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1869; aged 11, with parents, 1881; Mrs HOWARD of Rockland, Maine, 1926.
          iv. Minnie PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1872; aged 8, with parents, 1881; of Danvers, Massachusetts, 1926.
          v. Sarah PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1874; aged 6, with parents,1881.

          vi. Peter PHAIR, born P.E.I., June 1878; aged 3, with parents, 1881; aged 21, with parents, 1900; of Littleton, Maine, 1926; at Wallow Town, Aroostook County, Maine, 1940 Census, aged 62, with wife (aged 64) and three ch'n (aged 12, 5 and 3); he died in October 1948; married Mabel CHASE, with issue.
          vii. William PHAIR; of Gardiner, Maine, 1926; of Augusta, 1948.

          viii. Adelia (Dillie) PHAIR, born Maine, August 1885; aged 14, with parents, 1900; Mrs IRELAND of Spragueville, Maine, 1926; Mrs Leslie IRELAND of Boston, 1948.
          ix. Elizabeth PHAIR; Mrs CLOCKADILE of Presque Isle, 1926; Mrs GABRIEL of Littleton, 1948; married at Presque Isle, 23 October 1930, William GABRIEL.
          x. Joseph PHAIR, born Maine, August 1887; aged 12, with parents, 1900.

     b. James H. PHAIR, born 18 July 1884; died 24 July 1924; married Elizabeth Ann GALLAGHER (born 1843); she died 6 June 1926; issue.
     c. Joseph PHAIR, born ca 1846.
     d. Thomas H. PHAIR, born 6 April 1850; the "Starch King"; died 18 May 1916; married Ada FORBES (born Enfield, Maine, ca 1854, daughter of George FORBES and Mary BURR); she died at Presque Isle, September 1898; issue:
          i. Charles PHAIR; living at home, 1898.
     e. Mary PHAIR, born ca 1850; married T.H. LOWERY.
     f. Emma Elizabeth PHAIR, born ca 1852; married Laselle MANSON.
3. Sarah PHAIR, born ca 1811.
4. Alexander PHAIR, born ca 1813.
5. Thomas PHAIR, born ca 1815.


Hugh PHAIR, was born in County Tyrone, 8 April 1813 (recorded in a Canadian Census); he arrived in New York on the ship China, 25 May 1874, with his son William, and went to Manitoba, undoubtedly to join his son Robert there; he was with his son Robert in Censuses of 1881 (aged 60), 1891 (aged 78), 1901 (aged 88) and 1906 (Widower, aged 93); he died in Winnipeg on 14 May 1907; he married Jane CRAWFORD; she was also with her son in 1881 (aged 65) and 1891 (aged 74); she died at Winnipeg, February 1894, and was buried on 28 or 29 February; they had issue:
1. Robert PHAIR, born County Tyrone, 17 June 1839; Church of England Missionary among the Indians; Archdeacon at Winnipeg; at Exeter Extension, Manitoba, 1881 Canadian Census, aged 41, C/E Clergyman, with first wife and five children; at Qtr No 5, Winnipeg City, 1901 Census, with wife, two daughters and father; at District 10, Winnipeg, 1906 Manitoba Census, aged 66, Widower, with two daughters and father; at 64 Lusted Ave, Winnipeg, 1911 Canadian Census, aged 70, with second wife; he died at San Diego, California, 11 November 1931; he married firstly, Martha NORTH; she died at Winnipeg on 6 February 1903; issue:
     a. Alice PHAIR, born Manitoba, ca 1866; aged 14, with parents, 1881 Census.
     b. William R.G. PHAIR, born Manitoba, 31 March 1868; aged 13, with parents, 1881; married at Toronto, 20 July 1897, Rosalind CHURCHILL; with issue:
          i. Marjorie PHAIR, born 30 September 1898.
          ii. Alice PHAIR, born 17 February 1900.
          iii. Robert PHAIR, born August 1906.
     c. Ernest E.M. PHAIR, born Manitoba, ca 1870; aged 10, with parents, 1881; St John's College, Winnipeg, 1889 (Governor-General's Medal); moved to England in 1895; Curate of Sparbrook, Birmingham, and Stowting, Kent; Professor of Theology, St John's Cathedral, Winnipeg, 1904; perished at sea in the loss of the S.S. Lusitania, May 1915; married with issue:
          i. Lovella Margaret PHAIR, born Stowting, Kent, 190.
          ii. Robert PHAIR, born Stowting, Kent, 1904.
          iii. Edward PHAIR, born Manitoba, 1908.
     d. Emily Moffat PHAIR, born Manitoba, 23 February 1877; aged 4, with parents, 1881; aged 24, with parents, 1901.
     e. Robert H. PHAIR, born Manitoba, ca 1878; aged 2, with parents, 1881.
     f. Agnes Eliza PHAIR, born Manitoba, 10 February 1882; aged 19, with parents, 1901, aged 24, with father, 1906.
     g. Evangeline PHAIR, born Manitoba, ca 1884; aged 21, with father, 1906.
Robert married secondly, at Winnipeg, on 2 November 1907, Louisa RICHARDSON.
2. William PHAIR, born County Tyrone, 14 September 1844; aged 28 on arrival in New York with his father, 25 May 1874; at 168 Lower Ashley Road, Bristol, Gloucestershire, 1881 Census, aged 36, Butcher employing 1 man and 1 boy, with wife, two daughters and his mother-in-law Charlotte A. YOUNG (a visitor); he was at Fort Frances, Algoma County, Ontario, 1891 Census, aged 46, General Store, with wife and three children; at McIrvine, Algoma, 1901 Census, aged 56, Farmer, with wife and four children; at Fort France, Thunder Bay and Rainy River, 1911 Census, aged 66, Income, with wife and three children; ditto, 1921, at 402 Church Street, Fort Frances; died at Fort Frances, 1934; married Emma YOUNG (born in Petersfield, Hampshire, England, 8 June 1856); she died at Fort Frances, 1934, aged 76; they had issue:
     a. Agnes Annie PHAIR, born Ontario, 8 February 1877; aged 4, with her parents, 1881; aged 14, with her parents, 1891; aged 34, with her parents, 1911; died at Fort Frances, 1947.
     b. Mabel Louisa PHAIR, born Petersfield, Hampshire, England, 6 December 1878 (Registered March quarter 1879); aged 2, with her parents, 1881; aged 12, with her parents, 1891; aged 33, with her parents, 1911; died at Fort Frances, 1973.
     c. Herbert Edward W. PHAIR, born Bristol, Gloucestershire, 7 May 1882; aged 9, with his parents, 1891; aged 18, Student, with parents, 1901.
     d. Terence Hugh Osmond PHAIR, born Ontario, 11 June 1899; Cadet, R.A.F.; died at Fort Frances, of Peritonitis, 14 June 1918.
3. Robin PHAIR; named as a Missionary in the Orient in his brother Robert's obituary.
4. Ann PHAIR, born County Tyrone, 12 February 1848; died at Winnipeg, 18 December 1906; she married on 27 August 1872, John Robert SPENCER, with issue.



Notwithstanding William WELPLY's statements in the foregoing article, I believe there are some insurmountable evidentiary issues with his conclusion that the "... only possible ancestor, therefore, of the PHAIREs of Brook Lodge are Robert PHAIRE of Dunmaine and Herbert PHAIRE."
There was clearly an earlier Francis PHAIR, neither Robert nor Herbert, who appears to begin the pedigree, and for whom I can find no tangible connection point to the family of Colonel Robert PHAIRE, if I might be allowed to so paraphrase WELPLY's own strict injunctions as to the getting at the genealogical truth.

Francis PHAIR; Papermaker, of Brook Lodge, near Riverstown, County Cork (Brook Lodge's previous occupant, Mr Andrew O'MULLANE, had died there in December 1759); Francis and William PHAIRE, both of Brooklodge, in the Barony of Ballymore, were second party to an Indenture of Lease, dated 8 December 1864 [Memorail 153547, Book 233, Page 216], by which Phineas BURY, of the City of Cork, Esq, sold them the lease on a parcel of of ground in the Lands of Mitchellstown then in the tenancy of Francis PHAIRE (and had been for some years), and another parcel lately in the possession of David FORREST, and then in the possession of Francis PHAIRE, bounded on the west by the Lands of Brooklodge; William PHAIRE, by a Deed of Assignment dated 4 November 1773 [Memorial 208392, Book 312, Page 261] which was made as an endorsement on the back of the 1764 Lease, sold his interests in that property to Francis PHAIRE; on 16 February 1771, it was reported that on "Saturday night the paper-mill belonging to Mr PHAIRE at Brooklodge, near this city [Cork], was set on fire through the carelessness of a man who slept therein, by which accident the upper part of the Mill was entirely consumed, together with 1,000 reams of paper, most of his moulds, etc, to above 703 loss - Thus in a few hours is the industry of an honest man destroyed, for the want of a little care in his servant" [Hoey's Dublin Mercury, 23-26 February 1771, "Country News, Corke, Feb 18"; and Cork Remembrancer of Memorable Events, July 1771, page 189]; Francis died " an advanced age" at Brook Lodge, 24 April 1781 [Saunders Newsletter, 2 May]; the wife of Mr PHAIR, Papermaker, died at Cork, 26 January 1771, quite likely to have been the wife of Francis.
We cannot be certain exactly what the term "advanced age" meant in 1781 - I suspect it was reserved to describe people who had achieved more than the biblical life-span of three score years and ten. If so, then Francis was probably born in or before 1710; this is consistent with him having had family born during the 1740s and 1750s.

Two other PHAIRs were probably related:
Mr John PHAIR, Papermaker, died at Brook Lodge, 28 January 1774. He was succeeded in the papermaking business there by Francis PHAIR [PIGOT's Directories].
Mr Thomas PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, died at Waterford, 20 June 1777.

Francis PHAIR and his wife had issue:

1. Robert PHAIR, probably born in or before 1754, and if the eldest son, then before about 1743; of Brook Lodge; first listed in PIGOT's Directories, 1775, at Brooklodge, and succeeded Francis PHAIR in the papermaking business there in 1781 (but this does not make sense with the next); Robert died at Brooklodge, near Cork, Paper Maker, October 1780 [Saunders Newsletter, 24 October; Hibernian Journal, 25 October], and was succeeded in the papermaking business there by Francis PHAIR; he was married at Clasbicknollan, 20 April 1775, to Ann SEYWARD, of Mallow [Saunders Newsletter, 28 April] - the Marriage Settlements were dated 15 April 1775, where he was named as Robert the son of Francis PHAIR of Brooklodge, Gent, and she as Ann SEWARD; she died at Cork, 7 November 1794, a widow, and "...relict of the late Mr Robert PHAIR, Paper Maker, Brook lodge" [Dublin Evening Post, Thursday 20 November]; probable issue:
     a. Francis PHAIR, born ca late 1770s; of County Cork, Esq; succeeded his father to the paperkmaking business at Brooklodge in 1780; he died "...On Saturday last, at the house of a relative, near Cork, wither he was conveyed in consequence of a fall from his horse," on 1 November 1823, "...late of Brook Lodge, near Riverston" [Dublin Correspondent, Tuesday 4 November]; he married at Bullinvinna, 23 or 24 July 1807, Mary Eliza CASEY, of Waterford, daughter of James CASEY, Esq, of Glintown [The Athaneum, Volume 2, page 320, September 1807]; she was living in 1832; issue:
          i. William PHAIR; of Brook Lodge; will dated 1 December 1831, pr 30 November 1833.
          ii. Elizabeth PHAIR. married 13 January 1835, Rev John Nun WOODRUFFE, with issue.
          iii. Mary PHAIR. She possibly died at Union Quay, Cork, 12 April 1887, a Spinster, aged 74, the death informed by Mary Eliza P. PICKERING.
          iv. Martha PHAIR, born ca 1814 (from age at death in Massachusetts); married at Glanmire Church, May 1862, her relation Henry PHAIR of Butlerstown, and emigrated to Massachusetts; she died at Lawrence, MA, on 3 February 1874, aged 59.
          v. Catherine PHAIR; married at Kilroan, County Cork, 14 October 1858, William Joyce PICKERING, of Merrion, County Dublin.
          vi. Hester PHAIR; Miss Hester, of Brooklodge, mentioned in the Cork Examiner, 25 January 1864; she died in Dublin, 19 June 1864 [Cork Constitution, 25 June].
          vii. Anna Maria PHAIR.
          viii. James George PHAIR, born before 1816, second son; adm King's Inn, Dublin, 1832 (affidavit of his mother Mary Eliza PHAIR); probably James C. PHAIR, of Brook Lodge, subscriber to the Cork Renmembrancer, 1837; died on 1 February 1848, aged 32 years, Solicitor [Cork Examiner, 4 February].

2. William PHAIR, born about 1744; of Mill View, near Glanmire, Papermaker; said to have started a Paper Mill at Cullinagh, near Kilmeaden, in 1776, which he called Phair Brook ["Ballyduff-Kilmeaden: Portrait of a Parish," by Mick CARBERRY]; admitted Freeman-at-large, City of Cork, 17 August 1785; Paper Maker, North Main Street, Cork, 1787 [LUCAS's Directory]; probably William PHAIR and Son, Paper Manufacturers, North Main Street, Cork City, 1810 [Cork Directory]; he died at Mill View, 23 January 1812; he was married at Kilworth, on 25 September 1778, to Elizabeth CORBAN [Saunders Newsletter, 25 September]; she died at Mill View, 21 January 1825, aged 75, her will dated 17 December 1824, and proved on 30 June 1825; they had issue:
     a. William PHAIR, born about 1780; of Mill View, County Cork, Paper Maker; probably took over his father's Paper Mill at Cullinagh, said to have employed 140 men, women and children by 1824, and to have been closed in 1840 due to a legal dispute [Mick CARBERRY again]; probably the Mr PHAIR who advertised in June 1837 the he ...Continues his intention of Disposing of the House and Demesne of Mill-View, and the Paper Mill, Land, etc, of Great Newton, near Dublin, heretofore advertised" [Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier, Saturday 24 June]; he was married at St Mary's (C.of I.), Dublin, on 18 August 1815, to Elizabeth PICKERING (daughter of William PICKERING of Heath House, Hampstead, Middlesex, Merchant); issue:
          i. William Pickering PHAIR, born Ireland, 13 May 1817; went to America before 1856; naturalised at Maine, 7 October 1859; Papermaker at Lawrence, Essex County, Massachusetts, 1870 Census, with first wife and six children; he died at Lawrence, MA, on 11 August 1881, aged 65 years 3 months (parents named); married firstly, about 1849, Ellen O'KIEFFE (born Ireland, ca 1822), with issue; she died at Laurence, 14 November 1874, aged 52; he married  secondly, at Lawrence, MA, on 25 March 1876, Margaret REYNOLDS (born New York, ca 1830); issue living with William and Ellen in 1870 were - Elizabeth (aged 21), William (14), John (12), Catherine (7), Charles (5) and Ellen (1).
          ii. Francis PHAIR; went to New Zealand before 1857; clerk, Huia Saw Mills, near Auckland, September 1856; co-proprietor, Dundre Saw Mills, N.Z., June 1861; probably died there, at the William Denny Hotel, on 14 May 1864, aged 49, formerly of Cork, Ireland, and buried at Symonds Street Cemetery, Auckland, from St Paul's Church, with a grave-stone erected by his brothers and sister.
          iii. John Pickering PHAIR, born Cork, 19 November 1822; adm T.C.D., 1 July  1840, aged 17; B.A., 1845; Priested at Killaloe, 1846; Curate of Clondrohid, Dicoese of Cloyne, January 1847; Curate of Shandon; Perpetual Curate, Tracton, 1850; Curate of Buttevant Rectory, June 1861Vicar of Bregoge, 1861; died at Cork, 7 May 1895, Probate, Ireland, May 1895; married at Fermoy, County Cork, 28 September 1850, Elizabeth SMITH of Castlebar; issue - Ernest PHAIR (married Alice Marion CROFTS, by whom he had children born in Auckland, New Zealand and Spokane, Washington State, U.S. - see above); Frederick PHAIR (born about 1859; married in Manhattan, 18 April 1888, May Isabel "Mina" ROGERS); Aileen PHAIR (married George F. DALY of Buttevant); Millicent PHAIR (married John R. LOGAN, M.D., of Liverpool); and Gertrude PHAIR (married Frank WHITLA).
          iv. (a daughter), born at Mill View, 3 October 1826 [Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier, Saturday 7 October].
          v. (a son), born at Mill View, 14 May 1829 [Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier, Saturday 16 May],
          vi. Henry PHAIR, born at Mill View, 14 July 1831 (from age at death); of Brotherstown Mills, County Cork, 1857; married at Glanmire Church, Cork, May 1862, Martha, daughter of Francis PHAIR, Esq, of Brooklodge, Esq, both in the County of Cork. [Limerick Chronicle]; they probaby emigrated to Massachusetts; he died at Lawrence, Mass, on 15 July 1892, aged 61 (mother named PICKERING but father named Edward); a Mechanic; Martha died at Lawrence on 3 February 1874, aged 59 (born Ireland, parents Francis and Mary).
          vii. Charles Edward PHAIR; of London, 1857.
          viii. Robert Christopher PHAIR, born Butlerstown, County Cork, ca 1832; emigrated to Australia; probably already in Victoria, November 1853, when Lieut MAUNSELL, 11th Regiment, Geelong, advertised that he had letters from home for "...Mr Robert PHAIRE, late of Glanmire, Cork, Ireland" [Argus, Tue 22 Nov]; in Australia, 1857; Robert died at his residence, 199 Scott's Parade, Ballarat East, 25 April 1900 #4445, aged 67, and was buried in the New Ballarat Cemetery [Section 3F, Grave 9]; he married at Kyneton, Vic,24 December 1867 #3482, Susannah BRADLEY (daughter of Thomas BRADLEY and; Elizabeth COLBURN); with issue - William Colburn PHAIR (born Kyneton, 1870; died 1944; married in 1896 to Nancy COFFIELD, with issue two daughters); Susannah PHAIR (born Campbell's Creek, 1872; Henry Pickering PHAIR (born Cambrian Hill, 1874; died in Zeehan, Tasmania, 13 February 1901); Emma PHAIR (born Cambrian Hill, 1877); Robert Thomas PHAIR (born Campbell's Creek, 1879); Eleanor Millicent PHAIR (born Campbell's Creek, 1881); and Elizabeth PHAIR (possibly married in Vic, 1890, Mr HOOPER).
          vii. Elizabeth PHAIR, born at Mill View, County Cork, October 1824; married October 1850, Richard William PEARD, of Butlerstown, County Cork.
          viii. Emma PHAIR, born Mill View, October 1826; of Butlerstown, 1857, unmarried.
          ix. (son), born at Mill View, 9 August 1833 [Southern Report and Cork Commercial Courier, Saturday 10 August].
     b. Mary PHAIR; married at Ballinvinna, 3 September 1808, John Milner BARRY, Esq, of Stumphill, County Cork, M.D. (born 1768, son of James BARRY of Kilgobbin near Bandon, Cork); M.D., Edinburgh, 1792; introduced vaccination to Cork, and was the first Physician at the Cork Fever Hospital and House of Recovery; he died in 1822; with issue, including:
          i. (elder son).
          ii. John O'Brien Milner BARRY, born 1815, 2nd son; studied medicine in Paris; M.D., Edinburgh, 1837; F.R.C.P.; probably of Tunbridge and of Totnes; died 1881.
     c. Catherine PHAIR; married at Christ Church, 1 February 1814, William McEBOY or McOBOY of Stumphill, County Cork.
     d. Edward PHAIR, born Cork, about 1791; adm T.C.D., 6 November 1809, aged 18; probably Edward PHAIR, Esq, of Combermore Cottage, Cork, who in October 1832 would receive proposals in writing from interested parties concerning "...the Lease of the Paper Mills and Mill Lands of Brook Lodge, within 5 miles of the City of Cork - This establishment has been considered for near 80 years the first in the country, the supply of water is good, and the peculiar quality of the washing water enables the manufacturer to make paper of a very superior quality. There is also an excellent Glazing Mill" [Southern Report and Cork Commercial Courier, Tuesday 23 October], with a lease term of 5 or 8 years and immediate possession available, and with proposals also to Mrs PHAIR, on the premises.
Possibly (unless this was instead a cousin, perhaps one of the next Edward PHAIR's "younger children") of Spire View, Glanmire, County Cork, who died before 1824, leaving a widow Mary and a son:
          i. Edward PHAIR, born  ca 1815. See [Z] below.
     e. Eliza PHAIR; died at Millview, February 1836, daughter of the late Wm PHAIR, Esq [Limerick Chronicle].
     f. (?) John Joseph William Holyoake PHAIR, born 1797; died 1860; said to have been a son of William PHAIR (1749-1810) of Brook Lodge, Ireland, but by a wife named Sarah HOLYOAKE; married Hannah TAYLOR, with issue including:
          i. John Clayton PHAIR, born Bethnall Green, London, 10 October 1832; died New Zealand, 1920; married in Hampshire, 1863, Annabella GREEN, with issue.
The name HOLYOAKE suggests a possible link to several PHAIR births in Surrey in the 1840's . See below.

3. Edward PHAIR, perhaps born ca 1750; of Waterford; he was attacked while "...going to his father's at Brook Lodge," 1772; Paper Maker, in the Square, Waterford, November 1777 [Waterford Chronicle, Friday 28 November]; he died at Waterford, 17 March 1786, Papermaker [Saunders Newsletter, 25 March], his will dated 12 December 1784, a codicil dated 22 April 1785, and proved on 30 May 1786, mentioning his wife (10 pounds for mourning and 1/2 furniture, o'wise by Marriage settlements), his son Francis (residue), subject to 500 pounds to younger children), his brother William (sole executor, and proved the will), sister-in-law Ann the widow of his brother Robert, his sister Mary, his sister Eliza CASEY, and John SEWARD and Robert HARDAM [Journal of the Waterford and Southeast of Ireland Archaeological Society, 4th Quarter, October to December 1915, page 166]; Edward, of Phairbrook, County Waterford, was married on 29 March 1781, to Elizabeth HARDAM (or HARDUM) of Hammonds Marsh, Cork [Saunders Newsletter, 5 June]; her will was dated 27 July 1800, and proved 27 August 1800, witnessed by Robert DRAPER (possibly related to Henrietta DRAPER, a probable relation of Col Robert PHAIRE's descendants); issue:
     a. Francis PHAIR, born ca 1782; living 1785; succeeded his father in the papermaking business, and was doing so in 1842 [PIGOT's Directory].
     b. "Younger children." born ca 1783-86. Perhaps including one or other of the Edward PHAIRs below.

4. Mary PHAIR; named in her brother Edward's will, 1784, with a bequest of 50, which was revoked in the Codicil, April 1785, now the wife of Laurence CORBAN, and to have instead one shilling; she was married at Ballivinn Church, 21 April 1785, to Lawrence CORBIN, Esq, of Kilworth.
5. Jane PHAIR; living 1785, unmarried.
6. Eliza PHAIR; "...daughter of Mr Francis PHAIRE, Papermaker" when married, by License, at Brook Lodge, 7 November 1775, James CASEY [Hibernian Journal, 15 November].

Notwithstanding the speculated pedigree above, the following details are proving difficult to allocate to particular individuals with absolute certainty.

The Waterford Mail, 6 September 1828, recorded the dissolution of the partnership that had existed and been carried on in Waterford City, under the title of Francis PHAIR and Company, Paper Manufacturers, had been dissolved by mutual consent, and that it would in future be carried on by Jeremiah and Robert HARDUM. Alfred Henry SHORTER, in his "Paper making in the British isles," 1971, at page 232, mentioned that a Water Paper Mill at Phair Brook, in County Waterford, had been insured in 1822 by Jeremiah and Robert HARDUM, Paper Makers. I am presuming it very likely that these two were closely related to Elizabeth HARDAM, the wife of Edward PHAIR, who appears to have had a brother named Francis, but he died in 1823, so perhaps this was Edward's son, named in Edward's will in 1785.

The list of subscribers for the publication in 1839 of "Scripture References, illustrated with sacred poems, etc," by John N. WOODROFFE (undoubtedly the husband of Elizabeth PHAIR, the daughter of Robert PHAIR of Brook Lodge by Anne SEWARD), included:
1. Mrs PHAIR, Brook Lodge.
2. Mrs Wm PHAIR, Mill View.
3. Mrs Edward PHAIR, North Esk.
4. Miss PICKERING, Mill View.

An item appeared in Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 174, for 1843, page 379:
"Of the PHAIR family... there are several residuous (sic) members, and the paper warehouse is still in our North Main Street. The manufactory is at Millview, Glanmire, four miles from the city, and belongs to Mr William PHAIR. Edward PHAIR, Esq, resides at Northesk, James at Brook Lodge, and others in town."

[Z] Edward PHAIR, probably born in County Cork about 1815 (son of Edward and Mary PHAIR); Private, 5th Dragoon Guards; of Spire View, Glanmire, County Cork; of Glanmire Road, Esq, when named as Number 46 in the Jury List for the County of Cork Record Court, July 1843 and July 1844 [Cork Examiner, 1 July 1844]; he died before 1862; Edward PHAIN (as recorded in Church Records on the web-site) of Millview, was married at St James's (C.of I.), Dublin (M.L.B., Diocese of Dublin), on 12 April 1832, to Emma PICKERING (youngest daughter of the late William PICKERING, of Dublin, Esq) [see also Dublin Evening Packet, Saturday 14 April]; she died at the residence of her niece, Mrs H. Tilney BASSETT, at 83 Upper Leeson Street, June 1889, aged 85 [Dublin Daily Express, Monday 10 June]; issue:
     a. Henry PHAIR, born about 1832-33; died at Laurence, Massachusetts, 15 July 1892, aged 61, parents named as Edward PHAIR and (-?-) PICKERING; his wife, Martha PHAIR, born Ireland, about 1815; died at Laurence, MA, 3 February 1874, aged 59, parents Francis and Mary PHAIR; they were undoubtedly the Cork cousins who married at Glanmire in 1862.
     b. (son), born at Northesk, May 1835. Perhaps the above.

     c. Edward PHAIR, born at Northesk, County Cork, June 1837; emigrated to Victoria; Edward Junior, late of Glanmire, died at Lauriston near Kyneton, Vic, 24 January 1865 #1417, aged 28, parents recorded in the Statutory Death Index as Edward and Emma PHAIR, and recorded as the "...2nd son of the late Edward PHAIR, Esq, of Spire View, Glanmire" [The Australasian (Melbourne), Saturday 4 February]; notice of his death appears to have been published in the Cork Examiner, 22 March 1865; he was reported to have been a Miner, and died after a drunken fight on Boxing Day [Australian News for Home Readers, Thursday 23 February 1865].
     d. Francis PHAIR, born at Northesk, October 1838; died at Drumcondra, 19 January 1883, aged 44.
     e. George PHAIR, born at Northesk, July 1840; B.A.; Curate of Waterford Cathedral, 1870; Incumbent of Kilvemnon Glebe, Callan, County Tipperary, about 1872-73 until his death; died at the Rectory, Kilvemnon Glebe, 30 October 1878, aged 36 [December quarter, Volume 4, Page 396], and buried at Kilvemnon [M.I. - "In memory of the Rev George PHAIR, B.A, Incumbent of Kilvemnon, who died 30th of October 1878"]; he was married at Waterford Cathedral, in February 1870, to Sarah Emily POPE, (daughter of the late Thomas POPE of South Parade, Waterford); she was residing at St Francis Place, Waterford City, 1901 Census, aged 63, Widow, born Waterford City, with her daughter Bessie; she was at he same address, 1911 Census, aged 70, Widow, three children born all surviving, with her daughter Laura,  and Mary Matilda PROSSER, her widowed sister; Sarah died at Cathedral Square, Waterford, 10 August 1912, aged 72, Widow of Rector, the death informed by her sister, Mary Matilda PROSSOR, of Cathedral Square, present at the death; issue:

          i. Edward PHAIR, born at Waterford, 27 February 1871; went to Australia; at 198 Hawke Street, Melbourne Division, 1903, Coal Trimmer, with wife; at 232 The Parade, Ascot Vale, Maribyrnong Division, 1909, Labourer, with wife; at 21 Geddes Street, Ascot Vale, 1922, Storeman, with wife and daughter; at 32 Middle Street, Ascot Vale, 1937, with wife; at 4 Lethbridge Street, Moonie Ponds, Maribyrnong Division, 1942, with wife; he died at Royal Park, Victoria, 1952 #12358, aged 81; married at Melbourne, 1895, Bertha Garland TREMESCHIN; she died at her residence, 11 Lethbridge Street, Moonee Ponds, 11 March 1952, and was buried at Coburg Cemetery; they had issue - Lily Emily (born 1896, died 1898), Ruby (born 1898, married 1924 William Harold Kingsley MAPPIN), Ernest Edward (born 1901, drowned in the River Murray in 1921), and Albert Antonio (born 1905, died 1969, and married in 1931 Ivy Beatrice SCHURER).
          ii. Sarah Georgina Emmeline PHAIR, born Waterford, 23 January 1872; died in Dublin, 27 April 1962. 
         iii. Elizabeth PHAIR, born at Kilvemnon Glebe, 22 May 1873, the birth informed by her father; as Bessie, with her mother, 1901 Census, aged 27, a Governess.
          iv. Albert PHAIR, born at Kilvemnon Glebe, 19 January 1875, the birth informed by his father; went to Tasmania; died at Sheffield, 1953; married at Launceston, 16 April 1901, Eva Elizabeth VEITCH; she died at Launceston, 1941; with issue - Doreen Eva PHAIR; Harold George PHAIR; Alice Mary PHAIR (married L.E. MACE); Albert Victor PHAIR; Robert Jack PHAIR; Kathleen PHAIR (married J.A. BATCHELOR).

          v. Laura PHAIR, born at Callan, 1877; with her mother, 1911 Census, aged 33, a Governess; died Cork, 5 February 1951.
     f. (?) Un-named son, born at Tivoli Gardens, 3 April 1842, to "...the Lady of E. PHAIR, Esq" [Cork Examiner, 6 April]. 

     g. Emma PHAIR, born about 1844; died at Palm Villa, Templelogue, 9 July 1862, aged 17, the only surviving daughter [Dublin Daily Express, Saturday 12 July].
     h. (daughter), born at Spire View, 6 July 1847. Perhaps the next.
     j. Mary PHAIR; died at 3 Leicester Avenue Rathgar, County Dublin, 18 February 1862, the youngest daughter [Cork Constitution, Friday 21 February], of arachnitis [Cork Examiner, 21 February].

[The gravestone of Mary, Emma and Francis PHAIR, Mount Jerome Cemetery, County Dublin. Image courtesy of Yvonne RUSSELL of Dublin.]


The following names are recorded in the "Alphabetical List of Freemen of the City of Cork, 1710-1841, Cork City and County Archives, Ref U.11, and viewable on the web-site; right of admission by birth alone ceased in 1841:
Edward PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, 24 July 1797.
Francis PHAIR, Gentleman (no date).
William PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, 17 August 1785.
William PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer (no date).
William Pickering PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer (no date).


William PHAIR, 2 Tivoli Gardens.
Edward PHAIR, 4 Tivoli Gardens.
William PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, [18 - Errata] South Main Street.
George PHAIR, Master Cooper, 24 John Street.
John PHAIR, Accountant, 24 John Street.


William WELPLY made abstracts from a large number of wills lodged in the Public Record Office in the Four Courts, Dublin, before their destruction in 1922. Many of these abstracts were of Munster wills. In addition to the two reproduced above, for Col Robert PHAIRE and for his second wife Elizabeth, are those of a number of their children and other relations.

A typed manuscript of the abstracts has been reproduced in a compilation by Albert Eugene O'CASEY in his "O'Kief, Coshe Mang, Slieve Lougher and Upper Blackwater in Ireland," and published at Alabama, 1968 - in particular in Volume XIV, and commencing at page 639.

These abstracts now, of course, have achieved the status of "primary source" material.

Among them we find the following, in order of signing; with usual abbreviations - Prer (Prerogative); sgd (signed); pr (proved); wits (witnesses); marr sett (marriage settlements); MLB (Marriage License Bond):

Waterford Will of Edward PHAIR; sgd 12 December 1784; pr 30 March 1786. Wife Elizabeth. Son Francis. Younger children. Brother William. Sister-in-law Ann PHAIR, widow of my bro. Robert. Sisters - Jane PHAIR, Mary now wife of Lawrence CORBON (sic - prob CORBAN)) of Kilworth, and Eliza CASEY. Mrs John SEWARD. Mr Robert HARDEM (sic - prob HARDUM). Sole executor my brother William. Wits: ---DOYLE, Thos DELANDRE, John SEWARD, John LANDERS.

Cork Will of Elizabeth PHAIR of Millview; sgd 17 December 1824; pr 30 June 1825. Grand daus Elizabeth, Catherine, Mary BARRY. Dau Mary BARRY. Daus-in-law - Elizabeth PHAIR, Mary PHAIR. Other children. Son William. Wits: Lau'ce McOBOY, Ab'm ELLIS.

Cork Will of William PHAIR of Brooklodge, Co Cork; sgd 1 December 1831; pr 30 November 1833. Mother Mary Eliza PHAIR. Brother James Casey PHAIR. Six sisters - Eliza, Mary, Martha, Catherine, Hester & Anna Maria PHAIR. Executrix - mother. Wits: John CASEY, John AHERN, John BRENAN.



The following Marriage License Bonds, Diocese of Cork and Ross, are not yet accounted for in any of the related PHAIR families in this article:
1782 - Phebe PHAIR and John HUTCHINS.
1797 - Jane PHARE and Edward COOKE.
1798 - Susanna PHAIR and Thomas DICKSON.
1806 - Mary PHAIRE and Coakley LEVIS (perhaps ? in error for Colclough LEWIS).
1813 - Joseph PHAIR and Anne MONK.
1821 - Eliza PHAIR and Richard HAGUE.
1834 - Anne PHAIR and Richard COX Junior.
1848, 4 December - Thomas PHAYRE, son of George PHAYRE, married Mary HILLIARD. 

Rev William PHAIR; of Carboy, County Longford; installed as Minister at Enniskillen, Fermanagh, 1720; died 29 November 1745.

Joseph PHAIR; of Ballyhay, County Cork; possibly 8th Dragoons, Farrier, 1774, and discharged 8 February 1784; married with issue:
1. Frances PHAIR, baptised at Ballyhay, 25 February 1781.
William PHAIR; of Ballyhay, County Cork; said to have served as a Sergeant in the 9th Regiment of Dragoon Guards, discharge papers dated 1784 (or perhaps 1794), born in County Tipperary [Barbara PHAYRE's "Cromwell's Legacy," App.1, p.99]; as William FARR, he probably married at Ballyhay, 8 December  1788, Alice ROGERS; issue:
1. Letitia PHAIRE, baptised at Ballyhay, 18 September 1789.
2. Catherine FAYER, baptised at Ballyhay, 4 May 1791.
Alice ROGERS may have been related to Letitia ROGERS, who married at Ballyhay, 1767, Arthur THOMPSON; and to Jane ROGERS, who married at Ballyhay, 1781, Arthur ROYLE; they may have been related to the family of Lucy ROGERS, one of the 3 wives of Emanuel PIGOTT of Chetwynd, County Cork.

John PHAIR or FAIR; Constable of Fryer's Street, Kinsale, 13 October 1707; he may have had issue in Kinsale ("where the name FAIR had existed since 1601" - see WELPY's article reproduced on this blog-page), as follows:
1. Ann FAIR, born 1703.
2. Richard FAIR, born 1704.
3. Susan FAIR, born 1705.
4. John FAIR, born 1706; adm Freeman of Kinsale, 20 September 1728, as son of a Freeman; married ca 1730, Margaret COURTENAY, and by her had issue born in Kinsale, 1731-42, including:
    a. Richard FAIR, born 1739; served in the Royal Navy; died 1805; married Ellen CREECH of Baltimore, County Cork; she died at Skibbereen, 1820; issue:
          i. John FAIR; married Esther WOOLIS, with issue a daughter who married John Chessell BUCKLER, F.S.A., Surrey Herald Extraordinary; with issue a son Charles Albon BUCKLER.
          ii. Rev Robert Herbert PHAIR of Winchester.
          iii. Charles Bass FAIR; of Capetown, 1896.

Barnaby PHAIR, born about 1798; of County Cork; Steward (occupation recorded in his son's marriage registration); he died at 34 Bandon Road, Cork, 28 March 1895, Farmer, a Widower, aged 96 years, the death informed by his son William PHAIR, of the same address; Barnaby was married to Mary FITZGERALD; they had issue, including:
1. William PHAIR; born at Doonisky, County Cork, in 1847; a member of the Cork Borough County Council for 27 years, and elected Alderman of the borough in 1899; Harbour Commissioner; he was at Bandon Road, Cork Urban Number 5, 1901 Census, aged 56, Baker and Grocer, with wife Hannah, aged 40, both born in County Cork, both R.C., with nieces Kitty CRONIN (aged 16) and Anne CORCORAN (aged 20); he was at 36 Connaught Avenue, including terraces, Cork Urban Number 5, 1911 Census, aged 63, Bakery, Grocery and Provision Merchant, with wife Hannah (married for 30 years, no children), and nephew Edmond CORCORAN (aged 26, Telegraphist G.P.O.); William died at Gillabey House, 9 March 1912, aged 66, Merchant, Married, the death informed by his nephew Edmond CORCORAN, of the same address; he was married at Clashinaffrin, County Cork, 23 April 1879, to Hannah McCARTHY, daughter of Callaghan McCARTHY of Clashinaffrin, Gardener; they had no issue.

[Entry in "Cork, Past and Present."]


Joseph PHAIR, born Ireland, about 1798 (+/- 2 years); at Muse Lane, Glasgow College, Lanarkshire, 1841 Census, aged 40+, Hand Loom Weaver, with wife and three children; married Mary (-?-); she was aged 40+ in 1841, born Ireland; issue:
     a. Jane PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1828; aged 12, with parents, 1841.
     b. Joseph PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1830; aged 10, with parents, 1841.
     c. Richard PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1833; aged 7, with parents, 1841.

Peter PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1814; at Kirkmaiden, Wigtownshire, 1871 Census, aged 56, Agr Lab'r, with wife and grandson; married Jane (-?-); she was aged 58 in 1871, born Ireland; issue:
     a. child, born ca 1836; with issue:
          i. Peter PHAIR. born Kirkmaiden, Wigtownshire, ca 1857; aged 13, Scholar, with grandparents, 1871.

James PHAIR, born ca 1800, son of John PHAIR, Farmer, and Margaret ELLIOTT; probably the Tenant and occupier of a house at 30 Market Street, Glasgow, 1875 Valuation Roll [VR102/225/314]; he died at 13 Bedgood Street, Glasgow, 13 April 1884, aged 83; married Magdalene ARMSTRONG; she died before him; issue:
     a. Margaret PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1828-33; she informed her father's death, present; at 189 Main Street, Gorbals, Glasgow, 1881 Census, aged 53, born Ireland, with husband, two children, and two Boarders named ARMSTRONG (Thomas aged 56 and William aged 16, both born Ireland, and perhaps related to Margaret); she died at 22 North Coburg Street, Glasgow, on 31 January 1891, aged 57 (parents named), the wife of John McLEAN, Engine Fitter; he was born Invernesshire, ca 1797; aged 88, Engine Fitter, 1881; issue:
          i. Marion McLEAN, born Hutchestoun, Glasgow, 13 April 1861; probably died Glasgow Central, 1869, aged 8.
          ii. John McLEAN, born Hutchestoun, Glasgow, 20 February 1864 (mother recorded as FAIR); aged 17, Engine Fitter, with parents, 1881, although his relationship to head of household was recorded as Servant.
          iii. Alexander McLEAN, born Hutchenstoun, Glasgow, 15 September 1866; probably died Glasgow Central, 1868, aged 1 year.
          iv. Margaret McLEAN. born Hutchestoun, Glasgow, 19 December 1869; aged 11, with parents, 1881.
There is no evidence of James's birthplace - but the surnames of ELLIOTT and ARMSTRONG are both closely associated with the PHAIR families in County Cavan.
It is possible that the 1881 Boarder, Thomas ARMSTRONG, aged 56, was the 17 year-old Scholar at House (No 14) in Killashandra, Barony of Tullyhunco, in the 1841 Census, with his mother Jane ARMSTRONG (aged 49, Widow and Dressmaker, born County Cavan), and five of her other six children still living at home (aged 24 to 14, all born across the border in County Leitrim), his father recorded as having died in 1837, of Decline, aged 33, and another brother, William Junior, aged 21, absent in Antrim, a Pig Driver.

Robert PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1823; at 66 Clarke Street, New Monkland, Lanarkshire, 1861 Census, aged 37, Coal Miner, with wife and three children; at 66 Clarke Street, New Monkland, 1881 Census, aged 66, Smith's Lab'r, with wife; he married Anne (-?-); she was aged 42 in 1861, and 68 in 1881, born Ireland; issue:
     a. John PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1843; aged 17, Coal Miner, with parents, 1861.
     b. Sarah Anne PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1845; aged 15, Cotton Weaver, with parents, 1861.
     c. Jane PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1851; aged 9, Scholar, with parents, 1861.
Robert PHAIR and Ann McILEVY had a son Andrew born Glasgow High Church, 23 January 1865 - probably also of this family.

James PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1828, son of Michael PHAIR, Bootmaker, and Ellen GLEINY; at Bridgton, Glasgow Calton, 1861 Census, aged 30, Labourer, with wife and daughter; at 78 Garngadhill Road, Glasgow Townhead, Lanarkshore, 1871 Census, aged 37, Labourer in Oil Works, with wife and three children; at Fauldhouse Row, Fauldhouse, Whitburn, West Lothian, 1881 Census, aged 52, Labourer, with wife and seven children; died 24 March 1906, and buried in Queensferry Cemetery, Edinburgh [M.I.]; married at the R.C. Chapel, Johnstown, Renfrewshire, 21 May 1859, Catherine ROBB (daughter of John ROBB, Flax Dresser, and Bridget TANNER); she was aged 24 in 1861, and 41 in 1881, born Ireland; she died at Kirkcaldy, Fife, 1907, aged 54; issue:
     a. Ellen PHAIR, born Johnstown, Renfrewshire, ca 1857; aged 8 (?), with parents, 1861; aged 13, Scholar, with parents, 1871.
     b. Richard PHAIR, born Glasgow, ca 1859; aged 11, Scholar, with parents, 1871.
     c. Bridget PHAIR [FERR], born Bridgton, Glasgow, 11 July 1863.
     d. Michael PHAIR [FERR], born Brigdton  Glasgow, 26 September 1861; aged 18, Labourer, with parents, 1881.
     e. Ann PHAIR [FERR], born Bridgton, Glasgow, 11 July 1863.
     f. Margaret PHAIR [FAIR], born Bridgton, Glasgow, 20 July 1865.
     g. James PHAIR, born Glasgow High Church, 16 June 1867.
     h. Catherine PHAIR, born High Church, Glasgow, 5 September 1869; aged 2, with parents, 1871; aged 11, Scholar, with parents, 1881; possibly died 24 January 1938, and buried with her father at Queensferry Cemetery [M.I.]; possibly married MALONE
     j. Mary Ann PHAIR, born High Church, Glasgow, 29 December 1871; aged 9, Scholar, with parents, 1881.
     k. John PHAIR, born High Church, Glasgow, 31 December 1873; aged 7, Scholar, with parents, 1881.
     l. Elizabeth PHAIR, born Dennistoun, Glasgow, 1876; aged 5, with parents, 1881.
     m. Jane PHAIR, born Uphall, Linlithgow, ca 1878; aged 3, with parents, 1881.
     n. James PHAIR, born Whitburn, Linlithgow, 1881; aged 2 months, with parents, 1881.

George PHAIR, born in County Cavan (1881 Census), Ireland, ca 1828, son of Robert PHAIR, Farmer, and Ann WOODS (see above); at 40 Kelvin Street, Glasgow St George, 1871 Census, aged 42, Labourer in Lugon House, with wife and six children; at 54 North Woodside Road, Glasgow St George, 1881 Census, aged 48, Lab'r (Ironworks), with wife and three children; tenant and occupier of a house at 54 North Woodside Road, Glasgow, 1885 Valuation Roll [VR102/334/353]; at same address, 1891 Census, aged 64, Railway Signal Labourer, with wife and three children;  tenant and occupier of a house at 22 Hopehill Road, Barony, Glasgow, 1895 Valuation Roll; he died at 22 Hopehill Road, Glasgow, on 30 December 1896, aged 59, a Signal Work Labourer (parents named, both deceased); "...Labourer in Glasgow" when he married at Glasgow, 11 July 1852, Jane McCREADIE, "...residing there"; she was aged 40 in 1881, born Ireland; she died at Milton, Glasgow, 1905, aged 67; they had issue:
     a. Margaret PHAIR, born Glasgow, ca 1853; aged 15 (sic - probably in error for 18), Cotton Winder, with parents, 1871; aged 26, when she married, at Hillhead, Partick, on 31 December 1880, James BARR, Grain Storekeeper, aged 26 (son of James BARR, Farm Lab'r, and Mary IRVINE), witnessed by Thomas PHAIR.
     b. Robert PHAIR, born Glasgow, ca 1854; aged 16, Iron Moulder Appr, with parents, 1871; died at 82 North Watson Street, Glasgow, 2 March 1915 (parents named), wife surviving, informed by son George; married Mary JAMIESON (born 1858, daughter of William and Mary JAMIESON); issue:
          i. George PHAIR, born Glasgow, 1881; informed his father's death, 1915, of 164 Merrin or Morrin Street, Glasgow
          ii. Thomas PHAIR, born Glasgow, 1883; married Lanarkshire, 1902, Ann F. McDONALD.
          iii. Robert PHAIR, born Glasgow, 1887.
          iv. Mary PHAIR, born 1894.
     c. Thomas PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 9 December 1855; aged 15, Iron Moulder Appr, with parents, 1871; aged 24, Moulder, with parents, 1881; aged 35, Iron Moulder, with parents, 1891.
     d. John PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 19 June 1858; probably died young.
     e. Mary Ann PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 16 September 1859; probably died young.
     f. William PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 11 July 1861.
     g. George PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 17 July 1863; aged 7, Scholar, with parents, 1871; possibly, as George William PHAIR, died at Sligo, 1894 (but he had a brother Charles PHAIR, born Tuam, 1847, son of George PHAIR and Mary KIRWAN - perhaps an earlier marriage for George PHAIR Senior?).
     h. Mary Ann PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 12 August 1865; aged 5, with parents, 1871; aged 15, Winder, with parents, 1881; aged 25, Cotton Winder, with parents, 1891.
     j. Eliza Jane PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 20 March 1868; possibly died young.
     k. Jane PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 29 July 1869; aged 1, with parents, 1871.
     m. Elizabeth PHAIR, born Milton, Glasgow, 10 September 1871; aged 10, Scholar, with parents, 1881; aged 19, Cotton Weaver, with parents, 1891; probably married at Milton, 1896, James JOHNSTON.


Two PHAIR families, both with connections to the printing industry, emigrated to New York; they have a number of related burials in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn [see their memorials on the www.findagrave web-site], as follows:

1. Section 102, Lot 11395:
a. James PHAIR, born 1789; died 14 September 1859, aged 70. Father of (c) and (l).
b. John C. PHAIR; buried December 1865.
c. William PHAIR, born 1829; died 3 June 1885. Son of (a), twin brother of (l), and husband of (d).
d. Amelia PHAIR, born 1835; died 1910. Wife of (c).
e. Lucinda Jane PHAIR, born May 1862; died 6 July 1862. Daughter of (c) and (d).
f. Eliza Bolton PHAIR, born 1831; died 26 June 1896.
g. Arthur R. PHAIR; buried 11 August 1952.
h. George W. PHAIR; buried 7 May 1876.
i. James Henry PHAIR; buried 10 March 1891.
j. Jane A. PHAIR; buried 16 April 1882.
k. John PHAIR; buried 24 June 1902. Son of (a) and twin brother of (c).
l. John Wesley PHAIR, born May 1867; buried 20March 1943. Son of (c) and (d).
m. Maria PHAIR; buried 2 April 1907.
n. William Bolton PHAIR; buried 18 November 1858.
o. William F. PHAIR; buried 23 May 1883.

This group of burials is speculated as belonging of the following family:

James PHAIR (a), born Killashandra, County Cavan, 1789; died at 3 Madison Street, New York, 14 September 1859, aged 70; father of John and William [Death Notice, New York Times, 15 Septembr 1859]; married with issue:

     a. John PHAIR (m), born Ireland, 1829, a twin; died at 1060 Amsterdam Avenue, Manhattan (Home for Old Men and Aged Couples), 22 June 1902, aged 73, "...twin brother of the late William PHAIR" [New York Times, 29 Jun]; buried in the family plot at Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn.
     b. William PHAIR (c), born Ireland, 1829, the other twin; died at 158 Fitton Street, Brooklyn, 3 June 1885; married Amelia BLAKE (d) (1835-1910); with issue:
          i. Lucinda Jane PHAIR (e), born May 1862; died 6 July 1862.
          ii. John Wesley PHAIR (n), born Brooklyn, May 1867; died at Tredyffin, Chester County, Pennsylvania, 18 March  1943, and bur at Green-Wood Cemetery, March 1943; married at Manhattan, 14 June 1899, Victoria May AKIN.

See above under PHAIR of Killashandra.

There were other burials in the same plot, perhaps related:
p. Margaret STEVENS, buried 28 June 1860.
q. Catharine DARLING, buried 20 March 1869, aged 80, late of Kildallan, County Cavan, and widow of Arthur DARLING.
r. John G. BOLTON, buried 1 August 1870.
s. Henry JOHNSON, buried 28 March 1885.
t. Emma L. JOHNSON, buried 8 January 1893.
u. Sarah A. J. WHALEY, buried 30 March 1901, aged 75; she was probably aged 74 in 1900 (born England, arr US in 1840), and living with her son Harry JOHNSON (aged 40) at Patchen Ave, Brooklyn; probably the widow of Henry JOHNSON (s) and married secondly at Manhattan, 21 November 1886, James M. WHALEY (died 1898); in her will, Sarah named her son Henry JOHNSON, daughter Jennie PITKIN and grand-daughter Laura PETTIT.
v. Harry JOHNSON, buried 2 June 1909, aged 41.
w. Thomas F. PETTIT, buried 26 August 1909; possibly father of Laura PETTIT (she was named by Sarah Ann Johnson WHALEY as her grand-daughter).
x. Jennie PITKIN, buried 9 January 1913; aged 68; named as her daughter by Sarah Ann Johnson WHALEY in her will.
y. Harry R. JOHNSON, buried 3 October 1934; probably son of henry (s) and Sarah (u).
z. Janet E. JOHNSON, buried 15 December 1951; probably wife of (y), and maiden surname GORDON.
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2. Section 3, Lot 12838:
a. Jane PHAIR, born Ireland, 1798; died 9 September 1858.
b. Jane PHAIR; bur June 1861.Evidently a re-interment for the above Jane PHAIR (a).
c. Mary Louisa PHAIR; bur July 1862; evidently born STEWART, the widow of James PHAIR, and aged 20 at death.
d. Henry Wood PHAIR, born  1822; died Brooklyn, 17 April 1863.
e. James PHAIR, born 1853; died  30 November 1876.
f. Ann L. PHAIR; bur March 1908.
g. Henry G. PHAIR, born 1856; died 30 October 1909.
h. Mary ELLIS (formerly PHAIR), born 1851; died New Jersey, 21 February 1932; married at Brooklyn, 22 June 1871, Edwin a. ELLIS, with issue four daughters and one son surviving her.
j. William Wood PHAIR, born New York, 24 June 1859; died 19 October 1942.

 [The PHAIR family plot, Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn. Image courtesy of]

This 2nd group probably forms this family:

Robert J. PHAIR, born Butlersbridge, County Cavan, 20 June 1792 (son of John PHAIR and Letitia JONES); emigrated to Ontario in the 1830s, and went to New York ca 1840s, and  died in or before 1844; married Jane WOOD (a) (born Ireland, 17 February 1798); she died Brooklyn, 9 September 1858, aged 60; issue:

     a. Henry Wood PHAIR (d), born Butlersbridge, County Cavan, 30 July 1822; died Brooklyn, 17 April 1863; married Ann Louisa BALL (f); she was bur Brooklyn, March 1908; issue:
          i.  Mary PHAIR (h), born 1851; married ELLIS; died 1932.
          ii. James PHAIR(e), born New York, 29 November 1853; died in a hotel in Elizabeth, New Jersey, 30 November 1876, aged 23, late of 330 Dean Street, Brooklyn, a nephew of Mr James PHAIR, job printer of 22 Beekman Street, New York.
          iii. Henry G. PHAIR (g), born 26 March 1856; died 30 October 1909.
          iv.  William Wood PHAIR (j), born New York, 24 June 1859; died Tallman, Rockland County, New York, 19 October 1942.
     b. James PHAIR; job printer of 22 Beekman Street, New York, 1853.

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3. Section 184, Lot 19123:
A. Joseph PHAIR, born Ireland, 1797; died Brooklyn, 1869, and buried 28 November 1869.
B. Mary PHAIR, born Ireland, 1798; died 5 December 1863; re-interred with her husband, 28 November 1869.
C. Thomas PHAIR, born England, March 1823; died 19 August 1907.
D. Mary PHAIR, born 1828; died 11 December 1907.

This 3rd group of burials almost certainly relates to the following family:

Joseph PHAIR (A), born in Ireland, about 1796; Printer; went to London, about 1826; at 69 Great Peter Street, Westminster, June 1830, when he appeared on summons in the Bow Street Magistrates Court on a charge of "...vending songs of a grossly immoral description, not having the printer's name affixed thereto" and pleading leniency on the grounds that he had a wife and five children, but was fined 10 pounds or in default to serve 3 months at the House of Correction, "...there to be kept at hard labour" [Morning Post, Thursday 17 June 1830]; at 67 Great Peter Street, Westminster, London, 1841 Census, aged 40+, Printer, with Mary (aged 35+), and four children; Joseph published the "Madden Ballad" [7-4995]; arrested in London, September 1849, on a charge of printing and selling forms purporting to be certificates of death headed 'London Hospital' and resembling those used by the begging-letter gang, and was discharged with a warning; recorded at 67 Great Peter Street, Westminster, 1827-1853 ["A Directory of Printers and Others in Allied Trades, London etc," by Wm B. TODD, 1972]; at Great Peter Street, Westminster, 1851 Census, aged 53, Printer, with wife, three children, and visitor Frances JOHNSTONE, a Widow, aged 58, an Irish born annuitant (possibly a relation); Joseph emigrated to New York on the ship "Yorktown" arriving 8 January 1853, with wife and two children; at Ward 11, Brooklyn, 1860 Census, aged 63, Printer, born Ireland, with wife and two children; he died at Brooklyn, 12 April 1869, aged 72; he married at St Mary's Cathedral, Limerick, 15 June  1817, Mary KEARNEY (B); she died in Brooklyn, 5 December 1863; issue:
     a. Joseph PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1819; Printer Compositor; went to Scotland about 1847; at 40 Jamaica Street, Edinburgh St Stephen, 1851 Census, aged 31, Printer (Compositor), with wife and four children; evidently died before March  1867; he married at Lambeth St Mary, County Surrey, 23 February 1841, Sophia DAY (daughter of William DAY, Coachman, deceased); they went to Scotland; Sophia was born in England, aged 30 in 1851; she was tenant and occupier of a house at 4 New Broughton, parish of St Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Valuation Rolls for 1875, 1885, and 1895; issue:
          i. Mary PHAIR, born 67 Great Peter Street, 1842, and  Registered St Giles, London, June quarter [Volume 1, page 79]; baptised at St Margaret's, Westminster, 7 April 1847; aged 9, with parents, 1851.
          ii. Sarah PHAIR, born 67 Great Peter Street, ca 1845; baptised at St Margaret's, Westminster, 7 April 1847; aged 5, with parents, 1851; as the "...second daughter of the late Joseph PHAIR, Printer," she married at Addiewell, 1 March 1867, William SMITH, Saddler [Falkirk Herald, Thur 7 Mar]; she married, evidently for the second time, at Young Street, Glasgow, 1 March 1877, Robert DAVIDSON, witnessed by James Joseph PHAIR.
          iii. Joseph PHAIR, born Edinburgh St Cuthbert, ca 1848; aged 2, with parents, 1851.
          iv. Richard PHAIR, born Edinburgh, 1851; aged 2 months, with parents, 1851.
     b. James PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1821. See [B] below. 
     c. Thomas PHAIR (C), born Ireland, March 1823; aged 15+, with parents, 1841 Census; emigrated to New York on the ship "General Victoria" from London, 2 October 1850, with his wife Mary and their infant daughter Emily; at Ward 8, Brooklyn, 1875 State Census, aged 50, Compositor, with wife; at 410 17th Street, Brooklyn (Ward 22), 1900 Census, aged 77, Compositor, married for 49 years, citizenship 1854, with wife; died at Brooklyn, 19 August 1900, aged 73; married at Lambeth St Mary, 28 July 1850, Mary Sarah FENNER (D), and Registered September quarter 1850 [Volume 4, page 339]; she was the daughter of William FENNER, Cow Keeper (deceased before 1850); she was aged 40, with husband, 1875; she was aged 60, with husband, 1900, born England, June 1829, with 1 child, not surviving; she died at Brooklyn, 11 December 1907, aged 79; issue:
          i. Emily PHAIR, born London ca 1850; probably died young.
     d. (another child) - one of the five children living in June 1830.
     e. Mary PHAIR, born ca 1829; aged 21, with parents, 1851.
     f. Elizabeth PHAIR, born Great Peter Street, 10 December 1830, and baptised at St Margaret's, Westminster, 2 January 1831; probably buried Spa Fields Burial Ground, 29 May 1831, aged 0, from St James's Westminster.
     g. John PHAIR, born Great Peter Street, 23 July 1832, and baptised at St Margaret's, Westminster, 2 September 1832.
     h. Richard PHAIR; born at Great Peter Street, 13 November 1834, and baptised at St Margaret's, Westminster, 28 December; aged 10, with parents, 1841 Census; aged 16, with parents, 1851; arrived in New York with his parents, 1853; aged 22, Engraver, with parents, 1860 Census; at 663 Jefferson Street, Brooklyn, 1875 State Census, aged 42, Engraver W., with wife and four children; at 663 Hancock Street, Brooklyn, 1880 Census, aged 45, Wood Engraver, with wife and five children; married in New York, on 11 September 1861, Esther STONEHAM; she was aged 37, with husband, 1875; aged 40, 1880, ditto; issue:
          i. Emma L. PHAIR, born New York, ca 1861; aged 13, with parents, 1875; aged 18, with parents, 1880; married Lyman J. De GROOT.
          ii. Albert PHAIR, born N.Y., ca 1863; aged 11, with parents, 1875; aged 18, with parents, 1880, " in florists"; died 1937.
          iii. Richard PHAIR, born N.Y., 25 April 1867; aged 9, with parents, 1875; aged 15, with parents, 1880; died at East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey, 1948; married Rose Adele HELLER, with issue.
          iv. George Edward PHAIR, born N.Y., ca 1872; aged 2, with parents, 1875; aged 7, with parents, 1880; died at San Francisco, California, 17 July 1927; married San Francisco, 5 October 1914, Mary Ann Marie JACOBS alias DOYLE (1869-1927), with issue.
          v. Charles J. PHAIR, born N.Y., 20 March 1878; aged 2, with parents, 1880; died 1895 or 19 March 1914.
     j. Sarah PHAIR, born London, 5 April 1839, and Registered Westminster St Margaret, June quarter 1839 [Volume 1, page 345]; aged 3, with parents, 1841 Census; aged 11, with parents, 1851; arrived in New York with her parents, 1853; aged 20, with parents, 1860 Census; died at Brooklyn, 9 September 1917; married Thomas IREMONGER (1834-1905), with issue.

 [One of the PHAIR family graves, Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn. Image courtesy of]

[B] James PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1824; aged 15+ with parents, 1841 Census; Dairyman, 20 Garden street, Vauxhall Bridge Road, May-August 1847; Cow Keeper, 2 Hendon Street, Westminster, December 1849; possibly the James Kearney PHAIR who petitioned for U.S. Naturalisation, in New York, 31 May 1852 - which might account for his "absence" from his wife and children in the 1851 Census - this "absence" might instead have been connected to the arrest, in October 1852, at his house at 14 Dean Street, Holborn, of James PHAIR, aged 27, "...a ruffianly looking fellow, who was charged with having violently assaulted his wife, by which she is in danger" [London Standard, Fri 29 October 1852], although there was another possible candidate (see below); James is said to have died in November 1869 (a James PHAIR died at Shoreditch, June quarter 1864 [Volume 1c, page 138], age not recorded); another, of appropriate age, died at the Southwark Workhouse, St George's Ward, 30 January 1871, aged 46, Registered St Saviour Southwark, March quarter 1871 [Volume 1d, page 47].
James was living at Great Peter Street (son of Joseph PHAIR, Master Printer) when he married at Westminster St Margaret, London, September quarter 1845 [Volume 1, page 425], Jane Caroline PHILLIPS; she was at 2 Hindon Street, St George Hanover Square, London, 1851, aged 28, Dairy Woman, born Westminster, with her two sons; at 12 Lillington Street, Westminster, 1861, still Married, aged 39, Milk Woman, with son Joseph, both living with her father James PHILLIPS, aged 68, Tailor, and his wife (and presumably Jane Caroline's mother) Ann PHILLIPS, aged 66; still at 12 Lillington street, 1881 Census, aged 59, now a Widow, with her aged mother; Jane died at Camberwell, Surrey, 1 May 1887, aged 65; they had issue:
1. James Edward PHAIR, born at 20 Garden Street, Vauxhall Bridge Road, 13 May 1847, and baptised at St Margaret's, Westminster, 11 August 1847; aged 3, with mother, 1851 Census; at 44 Charlwood Street, Westminster, 1871 Census, aged 23, Portmanteau Maker, with wife and infant son; at 29 Ponsonby Terrace, Westminster, 1881 Census, with wife and four children; in London, 1891 Census, with wife and six children; at 104 Latchmore Road, Battersea, 1901 Census, aged 53, with wife and five children; he died at Leyton, Essex, 16 December 1931; of Lillington Street (son of James PHAIR, deceased) when he married, at St George Hanover Square, 19 April 1870, his cousin Emmeline GODDARD (daughter of George GODDARD and Emmaline PHILLIPS); she died at London, 1920; they had issue:
     a. George James PHAIR, born St George Hanover Square, London, March quarter 1871[Volume 1a, page 364]; aged 1 month, with parents, 1871 Census; died at St George Hanover Square, March quarter 1880, aged 8 years.
     b. William Henry PHAIR, born St George Hanover Square, December quarter 1873 [Volume 1a, page 351]; aged 7, with parents, 1881; aged 17, with parents, 1891; aged 27, Fancy Leather Bag Maker, with parents, 1901.
     c. Arthur Ernest PHAIR, born St George Hanover Square, December quarter 1875 [Volume 1a, page 388]; aged 5, with parents, 1881; aged 15, with parents, 1891; married at Wandsworth, June quarter 1900 [Volume 1d, page 1279], Katherine Hannah LITTLE; issue:
          i. Gladys Katherine PHAIR, born Wandsworth, June quarter 1901 [Volume 1d, page 642].
          ii. Sydney Arthur PHAIR, born ca 1904.
     d. Alice Emmeline PHAIR, born St George Hanover Square, December quarter 1877 [Volume 1a, page 431]; aged 3, with parents, 1881; aged 13, with parents, 1891; aged 23, with parents, 1901.
     e. Harry Edward PHAIR, born St George Hanover Square, 19 November 1879 [Volume 1a, page 458]; aged 1, with parents, 1881; aged 11, with parents, 1891;aged 21, bank Clerk, with parents, 1901; died at Hayward's Heath, Sussex, 7 September 1958, aged 78 [Cuckfield, Volume 5b, page 191]; married with issue:
          i. Arthur Edward James PHAIR, born 1914; died 2003; married Lancashire, 1947, Marjorie ELLIOTT.
          ii. Eric Howard PHAIR, born at Croydon, Surrey, 1917; married Lancashire, 1947, Lily PARROTT.
     f. Edith Emily PHAIR, born Wandsworth, June quarter 1882 [Volume 1d, page 650]; aged 8, with parents, 1891; aged 18, Gold Lace Worker, with parents, 1901.
     g. Annie PHAIR, born Wandsworth, June quarter 1884 [Volume 1d, page 714]; aged 6, with parents, 1891; aged 16, Dressmaker, with parents, 1901. 
2. Joseph Charles PHAIR, born at 2 Hendon Street, Pimlico, and baptised at St Margaret's Westminster, 11 August 1849; aged 1, with mother, 1851 Census; aged 11, with his mother and PHILLIPS grandparents, 1851 Census; witnessed his brother James's marriage in 1870; at 8 Charleswood Street, St John the Evangelist, London, 1881 Census, aged 31, Dairyman, with wife Elizabeth (26) and their two children; at 24 Kelmscott Road, Battersea, 1901 Census, aged 27, Assurance Agent, with wife and son; he died at Wandsworth, March quarter 1910 [Volume 1d, page 288], aged 61; Joseph was aged 23, Bachelor, Dairyman, when he married at St George Hanover Square, London, on 14 January 1873, Elizabeth Ann STOLL (born Upper Tooting, Surrey, ca 1854, daughter of Thomas TOLL, Messenger at the House of Lords); they had issue:
     a. Charles Joseph PHAIR, born St George Hanover Square, London, December quarter 1873 [Volume 1a, page 399]; aged 7, with parents, 1881 Census; aged 17, with parents, 1891; at 35 Kelmscott Road, Battersea, 1901 census, aged 27, Brass Finisher, with wife Martha (26, born Pimlico); he died 1958; he married in 1899, Martha KINGTON, with issue.
     b. Annie Elizabeth PHAIR, born St George Hanover Square, London, September quarter 1875 [Volume 1a, page 417]; aged 5, with parents, 1881; aged 16, with parents, 1891.
     c. Ernest Albert PHAIR, born 1892; aged 8, School Student, with parents, 1901 Census; died 1970; married Anne OLDFIELD, with issue.


William PHAIR, possibly of Brook Lodge, Ireland; died before July 1840, and perhaps well before; probably married Sarah HOLYOAKE; with possible issue:
1. John William PHAIR, born Birmingham, 16 August 1797; at Church End, Little Hadham, Herts, 1841 Census, aged 40+, Dissenting Minister, with wife and three children; at Chapel Lane, Great Wakering, 1851 Census, aged 51, Independent Minister, with wife and seven children; died at Great Wakering, Essex, 28 January 1860, aged 63; married Hannah TAYLOR; she died 15 December 1894, aged 85, and was buried at Great Wakering with her husband; issue:
     a. John Clayton PHAIR, born Bethnall Green, London, 10 October 1832; aged 8, with parents, 1841 Census.
     b. Mary Hannah PHAIR, born Bishopsgate, London, 15 August 1834.
     c. Phoebe Elizabeth PHAIR, born London, Msx, 3 November 1836; aged 4, with parents, 1841.
     d. Emma Simmons PHAIR, born London, ca 1838; aged 2, with parents, 1841; aged 12, with parents, 1851.
     e. Sarah Holyoake PHAIR, born London, ca 1840; aged 10, with parents, 1851.
     f. William Edward PHAIR, born Hadham, Hertfordshire, ca 1842; aged 8, with parents, 1851.
     g. Ebenezer Taylor PHAIR, born Hahma, Herts, ca 1845; aged 5, with parents, 1851.
     h. John Slatterie PHAIR, born Bishops Stortford, Herts, ca 1847; aged 3, with parents, 1851.
     j. Eleanor Priscilla PHAIR, born Great Wakering, Essex, 1850; aged 6 months, with parents, 1851.
2. Sarah PHAIR, born Stepney, London, London, 1800; said to have married James CHICK, Lath Renderer of Southwark; with issue.
3. Eleanor PHAIR, born Blackfriars, 1808.
4. Joseph PHAIR, born Southwark, Surrey, ca 1809; at 19 Union Street, London Road, St George the Martyr, Surrey, 1841 Census, aged 25+, Painter, with wife; Painter and Glazier, Union Street, Newington Causeway, April-May 1842; Painter and Glazier, Pearl Row, parish of St George the Martyr, July-August 1844; at Little Surrey Street, St George the Martyr, Southwark, 1861 Census, aged 50, House Painter, with wife and two sons; buried at Victoria Park Cemetery, Hackney, 5 April 1862, aged 52, from St George's, Southwark; a Printer (sic), of 45 Union Street, when he was married at St Mary Newington, London, on 20 July 1840, to Mrs Eliza JACKSON, a widow, and the daughter of Samuel KITCHIN (deceased); she may have married Frederick JACKSON at St Anne's, Soho, 30 December 1830 (witnessed Frederick BULL and Ann KITCHEN); Eliza was aged 43, with husband, 1851 Census, born Bishopsgate; she was 50, with husband in 1861 Census, born City of London; she was buried at Victoria Park Cemetery, Hackney, 9 January 1867, aged 62, from 18 Little Surrey Street, Southwark; they had issue:
     a. Joseph John Holyoake PHAIR, born Union Street, Newington Causeway, 19 April 1842, and baptised at St Mary Newington, 8 May; aged 19, Printer, with parents, 1861.
     b. George Holyoake PHAIR, born Pearl Row, St George's, 16 July 1844, and baptised at St Mary Newington, 11 Aug; aged 17, Printer, with parents, 1861; emigrated to the U.S., 1869, with his daughter Grace; settled in Texas; the Retired Methodist Preacher, who died in Texas, 18 February 1922, aged 78, recorded in the death registration as born London, 16 May 1844, son of Joseph PHAIR and Mary MURPHY (sic - evidently in error for his 1st wife).
George married firstly, at St George, Southwark, March quartter 1865 [Volume 1d, page 160], Mary MURPHY; by her he had issue:
          i. Grace PHAIR, born in England, 29 October 1868; emigrated with her father, 1869; died at Houston, Texas, 30 November 1954; married Edward Alvis TURRENTINE, with issue.
George married secondly, at Brazoria County, Texas, in 1875, Ada L. SHUTTOCK; he married thirdly, in 1879, Elmee Elizabeth SCHMIFT, of Louisiana; further issue included:
          i. George Ernest PHAIR, born Houston, Texas, 2 December 1880; died at Giddings Lee County, Texas, 9 January 1914; probably married Vivienne WHITESIDE, with issue.
          ii. Henry Holt PHAIR, born Texas, 11 January 1884; Coach carpenter, Railroad; died at Houston, Texas, 1 January 1965, aged 80, a Widower; married Edna.
          iii. Francis Lucas PHAIR, born Brazoria County, Texas, 4 August 1885;Secretary and Treasurer, Oil Company;  died at Sugar Land, Fort Bend County, Texas, 20 June 1961, aged 76, married.
          iv. Ada PHAIR, born Hempstead, Texas, 7 December 1887; died Port Arthur, Texas, 10 July 1929; married Arthur Edwin BUSBY.
5. William PHAIR, born Southwark, ca 1809, possibly a brother of the above Joseph; at 11 Union street, Parish of St George the Martyr, Southwark, 1841 Census, aged 30+, Hatter, with wife; at the same address, 1851 Census, aged 41, Hatter, with wife and two daughters; at 11 Union Street, ditto, 1861 Census, aged 53, Widower, Hatter, with two daughters; possibly married at St John the Evangelist, Westminster, 22 July 1833, Elizabeth JOHNSON, both of the Parish (witnessed Richard JOHNSON and John ASTELL); she was aged 36, with husband, 1851, born Whitechapel; issue:
     a. Elizabeth Sarah PHAIR, born Southwark, ca 1842; aged 8, with parents, 1851; aged 18, Book Folder, with father, 1861. Curiously, another Elizabeth Sarah PHAIR was buried at St George the Martyr, Southwark, on 3 March 1850, aged 12, also from Union Street - perhaps instead a daughter of Joseph PHAIR above?
     b. Amelia Sibella PHAIR, born 11 Union Street, Borough Road, Southwark, 11 December 1846, and baptised at St Saviour's, Southwark, 3 January 1847; aged 4, with parents, 1851; aged 14, Hat trimmer, with father, 1861; married at St Mary Newington, London, 18 September 1869, George Augustus NORMAN.
     c. William James PHAIR, born Southwark, 10 May 1851, and baptised at St George the Martyr, Southwark, 1 Jun; buried at St George the Martyr, Southwark, 3 August 1851, aged 10 weeks, from Union Street.

William PHAIR; Labourer, September 1842, evidently still living; married with issue:

1. William PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1820; at 186 White Street, St Luke's, 1851 Census, with four children; at St Luke Old Street, Msx, 1861 Census, aged 42, Assistant Packer, with wife and eight ch'n; probably died at Shoreditch, September quarter 1867, aged 47 [Volume 1c, page 106]; of full age, bachelor, Shoemaker, when he married at St John the Baptist, Hoxton, London, on 5 September 1842, Ann BULL, minor, of Castle Street, daughter of William BULL, Butcher; she was aged 39, with husband, 1861, born Whitechapel, Msx, and Registered at Shoreditch, September quarter [Vol.2, p.321]; Ann PHAIR, Widow (daughter of William BULL, Butcher), married secondly, at St John the Baptist, Hoxton, London, 4 April 1869, James Hart CURTIS.
William and Ann had issue:
     a. William PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, December quarter 1843 [Volume 2, page 267]; aged 7, with parents, 1851; aged 17, Warehouse Boy, with parents, 1861.
     b. John PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, March quarter 1846 [Volume 2, page 289]; aged 5, with parents, 1851; aged 15, Errand Boy, with parents, 1861.
     c. Marmaduke PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, March quarter 1848 [Volume 2, page 279]; as a son named Martha, aged 3, with parents, 1851; aged 13, with parents, 1861.
     d. Ann PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, September quarter 1850 [Volume 2, page 268]; aged 8 months, with parents, 1851; aged 10, with parents, 1861.
     e. Julia PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, June quarter 1852 [Volume 1b, page 501]; aged 9, with parents, 1861.
     f. George PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, March quarter 1855 [Volume 1b, page 571]; aged 6, with parents, 1861.
     g. Thomas PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, December quarter 1857 [Volume 1b, page 572]; aged 4, with parents, 1861.
     h. Edward PHAIR, born St Luke's, Msx, March quarter 1861 [Volume 1b, page 670]; aged 1 month, with parents, 1861.

A John Joseph Francis William Holyoake PHAIR (1797-1860) is recorded in several on-line pedigrees as being the son of William PHAIR (1749-1812) of Brook Lodge, in Ireland. If so, this may well have been one of the Papermakers of Waterford (see above).
John is recorded as having married Hannah TAYLOR and had issue, including John Clayton PHAIR, born Bethnall Green, London, in 1832, and died in New Zealand in 1920.
The name HOLYOAKE is common to both families, and may suggest a kinship link.


Thomas PHAIR was recorded in the U.S. Marshall's Returns of Enemy Aliens and Prisoners of War, 1812-15, Part 11; he was aged 30, with wife and three children, at Newburg, Orange County, a weaver.

He was probably the Thomas PHAIR who was assessed for taxes at Warminster, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, from 1842 until 1857; he was enumerated in that Township in 1850, aged 67, a Mason, born Ireland, with Isabel RAPP, aged 57, and Mary RAPP, aged 21, both born in Pennsylvania; he died on 16 March 1857, and was buried at the Baptist Church Cemetery, Davisville, Bucks County, aged 68 [ - I wonder whether date or age on the gravestone may have been misread?].
Thomas PHAIR, late of the village of Johnsville, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, his will proved 25 March 1857 by his eldest son William H. PHAIR, naming younger son John F. PHAIR and daughter Jane P. PHAIR; probate granted to William H. PHAIR, the executor.

The Bucks County Intelligencer recorded a death in their issue dated 31 May 1859 - that of Mrs PHAIR, who died in Warminster on 27 May 1859, aged 97 years. I expect she was related to Thomas, and was certainly old enough to have been his mother, if the details were reported correctly.

Thomas PHAIR appears to have had issue:

1. William H. PHAIR, born Ireland, about 1825. See next below.
2. John PHAIR, born Ireland, about 1826; probably the Carpenter, aged 23, 1850 Census, residing with Hannah WILLARD; probably at District 5, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1860 Census, aged 44, Farmer, with wife Mary (aged 38, born Pennsylvania) and daughter Lucy (aged 14, born Maryland).
3. Jane PHAIR.

William H. PHAIR was also assessed for taxes at Warminster from 1843 until 1855; William was enumerated there in 1850, a Shoemaker, aged 26, born in Ireland, with his wife Leah (aged 25, born Pennsylvania), their two daughters Mary Ann (2) and Catherine (3 months), Jane PHAIR (aged 21, born Ireland - perhaps a sister) and Jane FORBES (aged 87, born Ireland - probably his wife's mother, or ? grandmother - unless she was the Mrs PHAIR who died in 1859, aged 97, perhaps having been mistaken for William's mother rather than Leah's?); William was listed as a Tax Collector for Warminster in 1854 and 1855.
William H. PHAIR moved to Montgomery County, Maryland, about 1857, evidently by invitation, to support the new settlement there; he himself settled in Spencerville, and built a log house on the road between Sandy Springs and Laurel, which he used for a time as a Stage-coach stop; he was a community leader, being elected Post Master, and was an officer of the Union Cemetery Association; he was enumerated at Sandy Springs in 1860, a Mason, aged 35, with Leah and their seven children; in 1870 as a Nurseryman, aged 45, with Leah and six younger children; and at Spencerville in 1880, aged 54, with four children, aged 19 to 26, still at home; he was at Colesville, Montgomery County, in 1900, Post Master, born in July 1824, with second wife Ann E. SOPER (whom he married on 10 February 1892); he was boarding with Thomas and Josephine MILSTERD at Montgomery County in 1910, aged 84, Widower, Post Master, naturalised U.S. citizen in 1837.
William died at Spencerville in 1923; his first wife was Leah FORBES; their children were:

1. Mary Ann PHAIR, born Pennsylvania, ca 1847; aged 2 in 1850; aged 11 in 1860.
2. Catherine PHAIR, born Pennsylvania, ca 1849; aged 3 months in 1850; aged 9 in 1860.
3. Thomas E. PHAIR, born Pennsylvania, ca 1851; aged 8 in 1860; aged 18 in 1870.
4. Elizabeth PHAIR, born Pennsylvania, ca 1853; aged 6 in 1860; probably as Ida, aged 16 in 1870; at home with her father in 1880, keeping house, but age recorded as 23.
5. George F. PHAIR, born Hartsville, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, on 8 September 1855; aged 4 in 1860; aged 14 in 1870; aged 26, Merchant, with father in 1880; at Colesville, Montgomery County, 1900, aged 44, a Merchant and a widower; ditto, 1930, aged 75, Poultry Farmer, with wife Bessie L. (aged 59) and her aunt Hannah; George was married firstly, on 19 October 1881, to Clara J. JAMESON; she was born at Spencerville, Maryland, on 25 September 1859, a daughter of Uzziel Wakefield JAMESON and Margaret Hall SPENCER; Clara died at Spencerville on 6 June 1886, without issue.
6. John Howard PHAIR, born Maryland, ca 1857; aged 2 in 1860; aged 12 in 1870; aged 22, Wheelwright, living in Spencerville near his father, 1880, with wife Marion S. (aged 23, born Delaware) and their son Ormond PHAIR (aged 2 months); John died at Burtonsville, Maryland, on 9 March 1934, aged 76, and was buried at Union Cemetery, Burtonsville; he married Marion Starr CROASDALE, who died on 8 December 1922, aged 66; they had issue:
     a. Ormond Waters PHAIR, born Maryland, 12 September 1879; aged 2 months in 1880; aged 20, with parents, 1900, Wheelwright; aged 30, Plumber with own shop, 1910 with parents, with his wife Lena S. (22) and probably daughter Maxine V. (7 months); he died at Laurel, Maryland, in 1953, and was buried at Ivy Hill Cemetery, Laurel, Prince George's County, MD.
     b. Ida Vera M. PHAIR, born Maryland, January 1884; aged 16, with parents, 1900; aged 34, Clerk in Painting Office, 1920, living with her parents, with her two children Frederick FLEISTER (15) and Miriam FLEISTER (12); she was aged 46, with her widowed father, 1930, as Vera P. FLEISTER, possibly divorced, with her son Frederick, his wife Frances (21), and their daughter Nancy (2 months), and her daughter Miriam F. GAYLOR, married at 16, a Clerk in Telephone Coy; Vera died on 17 March 1981.
     c. Chester S. PHAIR, born Maryland, September 1887; aged 12, with parents, 1900; aged 23, Clerk in meat Store, living with parents, 1910; aged 33, Mechanic, Automobiles, with parents, and his wife Bessie (aged 27).
7. Jane L. PHAIR, born Maryland, 1859; aged 9 months in 1860; aged 10 in 1870; aged 20, at home with her father in 1880.
8. Charles L. PHAIR, born Maryland, April 1861; aged 8 in 1870; aged 19, Nurseryman, with his father in 1880; at Gaithersburg, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1900, aged 38, Wheelwright, with wife Margaret A. (aged 35) and their four sons; at Maine Street, Laurel, Prince George's County, MD, 1910, aged 48, Carpenter (House), with wife, three sons and two daughters; at 2nd Street, Laurel, 1930, aged 68, Cabinet Maker, Congressional Library, with wife, two married daughters and their husbands, and a grandson; they had issue:
     a. Laurence E. PHAIR, born Maryland, August 1885; aged 14, with parents, 1900.
     b. Franklin Earl PHAIR, born Maryland, 16 December 1887; aged 12 in 1900; aged 21 in 1910, a House Carpenter, with parents; he died 6 October 1965; he married Florence Belle EVERLEY (1885-1966); they were both buried at Emmanuel United Methodist Church Cemetery, Laurel, Howard County, MD; issue two sons - Milton E. PHAIR (1912-1977) and Willard D. PHAIR (1915-1973).
     c. Charles M. PHAIR, born Maryland, April 1889; aged 7, 1900; aged 17, Wagon Driver, 1910, with parents.
     d. Aubrey A. PHAIR, born Maryland, July 1894; aged 5 in 1900; aged 13, with parents, 1910.
     e. Beatrice C. PHAIR, born Maryland, ca 1900; aged 9 in 1910; aged 19, Clerk in Dry Goods Store, 1910, with parents; aged 29, with husband Osman E. HAWK, living with her parents, 1930.
     f. Vivian P. PHAIR, born Maryland, ca 1903; aged 6 in 1910; aged 17 in 1920, with her husband James E. JOHNSTONE, living with her parents; aged 26 in 1930, all ditto, with their son James E. JOHNSTONE Junior, aged 4 months.


Henry PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1820; Naturalized at Santa Clara, California, 3 July 1867; Registered as an Elector, Evergreen, San Jose, 3 August 1867; at San Jose Township, Santa Clara County, 1870 Census, aged 49, Farmer, with wife Ann, aged 40, keeping house, and nephew Thomas MONTGOMERY, aged 20, Farm Labour, all born Ireland; " old resident of the county" when he was violently assaulted at his house near Evergreen School House ("about 10 miles south-east of San Jose towards the San Filipo Valley"), on 5 April 1871, by his wife Ann PHAIR and nephew MONTGOMERY, based on the evidence of another nephew William PHAIR, who was also assaulted by the pair - Henry was said to have died of his injuries, and his attackers were reported to have been charged with his murder [see report in the Daily Alta, California, 6 April 1871]; there appears to have been no issue.

However, a Henry PHAIR, aged 61, Labourer, born Ireland, was enumerated at Seventh Street, San Jose, Santa Clara County, in the 1880 Census, with wife Ann, aged 46, also born Ireland.
Perhaps he survived his wife and nephew's assault?

William PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1851; at San Jose Township, Santa Clara County, 1880 Census, aged 28, Farmer; probably the nephew of the above Henry PHAIR.

Thomas PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1824; naturalized at New York, 3 March 1851; at San Francisco Ward 4, 1870 Census, aged 45, Furniture Clerk, with wife and three children; married Eliza (born Ireland, ca 1829); she probably died " this city, January 23, Elizabeth, wife of the late Thomas PHAIR, a native of New York, aged 70 years" [Daily Alta, California, 25 Jan]; issue:

     a. Julia PHAIR, born California, ca 1852; aged 17, Shoe Fitter, with parents, 1870.
     b. Henry PHAIR, born California, ca 1856; aged 13, At Home, with parents, 1870.
     c. Edward PHAIR, born California, ca 1858; aged 11, At Home with parents, 1870.

Timothy J. PHAIR; buried Holy Cross Cemetery, San Mateo County, 5 July 1864.

Thomas PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1824; Naturalized at New Jersey, 4 November 1853; at San Francisco Ward 10, 1870 Census, aged 45, Gardener, with wife and three children; probably died in 1890 " this city, November 27th, Thomas PHAIR, a native of Ireland, aged 67 years" [Daily Alta, California, 29 November 1890]; he was buried at Holy Cross Cemetery, San Mateo County; married Annie (born Ireland, ca 1831); she was probably at Tehama Street, San Francisco, 1900 Census, aged 65, Widow, emigrated 1836, having had five children with two surviving; issue included:

     a. Sarah PHAIR, born California, ca 1855; attending school, with parents, 1870.
     b. Ellen PHAIR, born California, ca 1857; aged 12, attending school, with parents, 1870.
     c. John PHAIR, born California, ca 1864; aged 5, with parents, 1870. 
     d. Hennora PHAIR, born California, July 1868; aged 31, with mother, 1900. A Nora A. PHAIR "...died in this city, 12 February 1904, dearly beloved daughter of Annie PHAIR and of the late Thomas PHAIR, and sister of Mrs D.C. McDONALD of Portland, Oregon, aged 45 years and 7 months" [San Francisco call, 13 February]; she was buried at Holy Cross Cemetery, San Mateo County.

Joseph PHAIR, born Ireland, ca 1836; at San Francisco Ward 10, 1870 Census, aged 3, Printer, with wife; married Annie (born Ireland, ca 1844); in July 1870, "...Joseph PHAIR, a printer, left his house, No 763 Howard Street, on Friday night last, and has not since been heard from... his friends are anxious for his safety" [Daily Alta, California, 18 July 1870].

Robert PHAIR, born Ireland, December 1862; at Tomales, Marin County, 1900 Census, aged  37, married for 6 years, with wife and two children; at Vallejo, Sonoma County, California, 1910 Census, aged 47, Poultry Farmer, with wife and two children; married ca 1894, Sarah (born California, April 1870); issue:

     a. Carter PHAIR, born California, April 1895; aged 5, with parents, 1900; aged 15, with parents, 1910.
     b. Lucinda PHAIR, born California, August 1896; aged 3, with parents, 1900; aged 13, with parents, 1910.

Richard PHAIR, born Ireland, December 1870; emigrated 1888; at Ward 9, Sacramento, 1900 Census, aged 30, Laundryman, with wife and son; at same address, 1910 Census, aged 40, married 18 years, with wife, and his brother Thomas PHAIR, aged 20; married Minnie (born New York, February 1872); issue an only son:
     a. Albert PHAIR, born California, November 1892; aged 7, with parents, 1900.


Elizabeth PHAIR, born County Cavan, ca 1811; as Mrs Eliza BOWERS, she died at Grand Prairie, Plaquemines County, Louisiana, 9 July 1889, aged 78, a native of County Cavan in Ireland, and a resident of Plaquemines for 40 years; she married in Ireland, Joseph BOWES; they emigrated to Rochester, New York, ca 1846; they went to Louisiana ca 1849; they had issue:
     a. Richard BOWES, born New York, ca 1846; aged 14, wth parents, 1860 Census.
     b. Joseph BOWES, born ca 1850; aged 10, with parents, 1860.
     c. Robert BOWES, born ca 1851; aged 9, with parents, 1860.
     d. Thomas BOWES, born ca 1855; aged 5, with parents, 1860.
     e. Cornelia BOWES, born ca 1858; aged 2, with parents, 1860.

Ann PHAIR; she is said to have died in Ireland in 1842 (? but perhaps later); married James BOWES (said to have been born in Ireland, 1815); after Ann died, James sent their three children to America to reside with his brother Joseph (above - although he appears not to have arrived in America before 1846); issue:
     a. Letitia BOWES, born 1833.
     b. Robert BOWES, born 1838.
     c. John BOWES, born 1839.



An Irishman named James PHAIRE emigrated to the Danish Virgin Islands, probably around the early 1840's, then aged in his early-mid 30's; he was an estate employee, and settled eventually in Christiansted, St Croix. His story is told in some detail, informed largely by Virgin Island Census returns, in a contribution, dated 1 March 2012, made by Svend E. HOLSOE, to the "Virgin Island Families" series.

James PHAIR was born in Ireland, possibly in County Cavan (descendants family lore - one cites his birthplace as Killashandra), about 1808 (the average of four different ages recorded in census returns); he was aged 33, Overseer, at Spring Garden Estate, Northside A Quarter, in October 1846, having avoided Militia service due to invalidity; he was at the Estate of Whim, St Croix, in the 1850 Census, age recorded as 43, born Ireland, English Religion, a Planter, unmarried, but apparently with his de-facto wife Sarah (Sally) CHABERT; he was at Hospital Street, Christiansted, 1857, age recorded here as 42, English Church, a Clerk, still unmarried, and when Sarah CHABERT, a Seamstress, was at 2b Watergut, Christiansted, with their two PHAIRE sons; she was at 6 North Street, Christiansted, 1860, aged 33, a Baker, with Kitty CANTON (55) and her four sons (named FAIR, aged 10 to 3); she was at 18 Kings Cross Street, Christiansted, in 1870.
James PHAIRE and Sarah CHABERT had issue:
     a. John Ferdinand PHAIRE, born at Whim Estate, St Croix, 14 May 1850. See [X] next below.
     b. James Emanuel PHAIRE, born ca 1853. See [Y] below.
     c. William PHAIRE, born 26 or 28 March 1856. See [Z] below.
     d. George Emanuel PHAIRE, born 18 June 1858; aged 3, with mother and three brothers, 1860; aged 13, at School, with mother, 1870; aged 22, Tailor, with mother, 1880; married Indiana Hendrich VOGELSANG; issue:
          i. Winthrop H. PHAIRE, born ca 1891; machinist, 1911; electrician at the Sugar Factory, 1917; married with issue - Kai W. PHAIRE, born ca 1916.
          ii. Lillit Constantia PHAIRE, born ca 1896.

[X] John F. PHAIRE, born St Croix, 1850; aged 10, with mother and three brothers, 1860; he was enumerated at 54 Company Street, Christiansted, St Croix, 1890 Census, aged 40, born St Croix, of the Episcopal Church, a Shoemaker, with his wife Mathilde (aged 40) and their seven children; Mathilde was a Lutheran, born St Croix; at 6B Fisher Street, Christiansted, 1890, aged 36, Shoemaker, with Rosina and five children; they were both at 4 Hospital Street, Christiansted, 1901 Census, he aged 50, Shoemaker, she aged 50, with nine children; they had issue:
     a. Emily C. PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1873; aged 16, with parents, 1890; as Emily C. SCHOU, aged 28, Married, a Seamstress, with parents, 1901.
     b. Sarah E. PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1875; aged 14, with parents, 1890; aged 25, with parents, 1901.
     c. Beatrice A. PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1877; aged 12, with parents, 1890.
     d. John A. PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1880; aged 9, with parents, 1890; aged 20, Cigar Maker, with parents, 1901.
     e. Franklin M. PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1882; aged 7, with parents, 1890; aged 17, Clerk, with parents, 1901.
     f. Helena M. PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1886; aged 3, with parents, 1890; aged 13, with parents, 1901.
     g. Malvina J. PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1888; aged 1, with parents, 1890; aged 11, with parents, 1901.
     h. Elsa PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1891; aged 9, with parents, 1901.
     j. (Frederick) Andreas PHAIRE, born at Christiansted, St Croix, 25 January 1893; aged 7, with parents, 1901; registered for service in W.W.2, aged 49, (birth details recorded), of 530 Manhattan Ave, New York, an employee of the Pullman Coy, Sunnyside, Queen's County, N.Y..
     k. Milia (?) PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1900; aged 7 months, with parents, 1901.

[Y] James PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1854; aged 7, with mother and three brothers, 1860; aged 17, Carpenter, with mother, 1870; at Christansted, 1880 Census, aged 26, Episcopal Church, a Shoemaker; aged 26, with 1st wife Rosina (aged 26) and their three children; he was there in the 1911 Census, aged 58, Episcopal, a Shoemaker, with another wife Medora (aged 43), her son Gottfried DANIELSEN (10) and their daughter Pearl PHAIRE (6); he married at the Anglican Church, Christiansted, on 5 May 1876, Rosalind (Rosina) HODGE; they had issue:
     a. Dorisco or Doriska Albert PHAIRE, born St Croix, 23 June 1876; aged 4, with parents, 1880.
     b. James Emanuel PHAIRE, born St Croix, 18 April 1878; aged 2, with parents, 1880.
     c. Eugenia Eliza PHAIRE, born St Croix, 18 July 1880; an infant, with parents, 1880.
     d. Valborg Margerita PHAIRE, born 4 September 1882.
     e. Weymouth Merton PHAIRE, born St Croix, 25 April 1887; married Everesa Jemima (possibly CATIA), with issue:
          i. Aquita PHAIRE, born ca 1909.
     f. Edney Wilhelmina PHAIRE, born 22 December 1889; died 7 February 1890, an infant.
     g. George PHAIRE, born 17 July 1891; died 19 July 1891, an infant.
James married secondly, Moedere; with further issue:
     g. Pearl PHAIRE, born St Croix, ca 1904; aged 6, with parents, 1911.

[Z] William PHAIR, born St Croix, 1858; said to have been a son of James PHAIR of Killashandra, County Cavan; at ; aged 4, with mother and three brothers, 1860; aged 15, at School, with mother, 1870; aged 24, Shoemaker, with mother and brother, 1880; at Hospital Street, St Croix, 1911 Census, aged 53, Shoemaker, with six children (Wallace, Cecil, Vida, Isa, Edna and Lillian, aged from 13 down to infancy); he "married" firstly, Mary Eliza WILLIAMS, with issue:
     a. Mariel PHAIR.
     b. August PHAIR, born ca 1889; aged 1, with his probable mother, Eliza WILLIAMS, aged 33, Washer, at 6A Fisher Street, Christiansted.
William "married" secondly, Alice O'REILLY, with further issue:
     c. Ernest Casma PHAIRE, born ca 1888; aged 12, with Roselia O'REILLY (aged 60) and his mother Alice O'REILY (38), at Household 2, 4 Hospital Street, Christiansted, 1901; Minister of the Reformed Methodist Church in Dominica; married at St Croix, 1917, Carolina Malvina WILLIAMS (born 14 June 1887); she died 21 November 1965, and was buried at St John's Episcopal Churchyard, Christiansted [M.I.], with issue:
          iv. Ernest M. PHAIR, born 16 November 1924; died 26 February 1989, and was buried with his mother [M.I.]:

[Image courtesy of the web-site.] 

          i. Marjorie E. PHAIR; born 2 May 1930; died 17 October 2007, and was buried with her mother [M.I.]; married RICHARDS.
          ii. Elaine PHAIR.
          iii. Esther PHAIR.

          v. John W. PHAIR.
          vi. another son, living in Kentucky in 2007.
     d. Eulalie PHAIRE.
     e. Lucind PHAIRE.
William married at Christiansted Lutheran Church, in 1894, Elizerie BOUGH (born at Christiansted, 22 March 1869, daughter of David BOUGH and Elizabeth PRINCE; she died at Christiansted, 31 December 1949, aged 80,and was buried at Christiansted Cemetery [M.I.]:

[Image courtesy of the web-site.]
By Elizerie, William had further issue (with the details recorded on their mother's memorial posted on the web-site:
     f. William PHAIRE, born 1894; died 1894.
    g. Lillian Alberta PHAIRE, born ca 1898; aged 13, with parents, 1911.
     g. Edna Elaine PHAIRE; born 1899; aged 11, with parents, 1911.
     h. Isa VidaPHAIRE, born 1900; aged 10, with parents, 1911; died 1984, and buried at Christiansted Cemetery [M.I.]; married ARMSTRONG.
     j. Vida Eleisa PHAIRE, born 1902; aged 8, with parents, 1911; died 1992.
     k. Cecil Alexander PHAIRE, born 1905; aged 5, with parents, 1911; died 1992.
     m. Wallace Aston PHAIRE, born 1910; with parents, 1911, age n.s.; died 1985.

Of possible significance to the origins of the head of this family, the above-mentioned James PHAIR, born ca 1830, is the fact that before his time, there were other natives of Killashandra who went to St Croix - these were members of the ARMSTRONG family, sons of Rev William ARMSTRONG (ca 1720-1808), Clergyman in Killashandra, by his 1st wife Jane IRWIN.
They may have "joined" other possible relations of the name already there, including the family of Thomas ARMSTRONG (dead before 1766), who was in St Croix by 1750, and of his son Thomas ARMSTRONG Junior (with issue, by his wife Elizabeth MARKOE, of eleven children born between 1770 and 1787).
Further, a Frances ARMSTRONG, born at St Croix, ca 1803, had issue by Nicholas Charles CHABERT, who had a house at 3b Watergut, Christiansted, in 1850.
It is not impossible, indeed perhaps even likely, that Nicholas was a relation of Sarah CHABERT (see above), who 7 years later was living in 2b Watergut with her four PHAIR sons she had by the said James PHAIR. And there is a further possibilty that Sarah CHABERT was his eldest daughter by Frances ARMSTRONG (rather than by Catherine CANTON, as some researchers believe).