Tuesday, April 24, 2012

The PIGOTT Family of Dysart, Queen's County - the "BLACK HOLE" in their pedigree.

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Robert PIGOTT was the last of the senior-line proprietors of the Dysart Estate in Queen's County (Leix), Ireland; he inherited it when his father, Thomas PIGOTT, died in 1702; he himself died in May 1730, probably aged in his early to mid 60's.
He had no issue by his wife Judith BURGOYNE; and, as the result of litigation in the House of Lords, brought on by his nephew Thomas PIGOTT over the smaller detached estate of Kilcromin, he sold the Dysart Estate, in 1725, to his second cousin Emanuel PIGOTT of Chetwynd, County Cork.

In his will, dated 1728, Robert named a number of beneficiaries, including the following five nephews:
1. Thomas PIGOTT, son of his late brother Captain John PIGOTT of Kilcromin and Antigua; the heir apparent to Dysart, but not his uncle's favourite - in fact, the antipathy between them appears to have been the reason why Robert sold the estate - that being the only way Robert could prevent Thomas getting hold of it.
2. Robert PIGOTT, second son of his late brother Captain John.
3. John PIGOTT, son of his brother Alexander PIGOTT.
4. Robert PIGOTT, second son of his Alexander.
5. Starkey PIGOTT, third son of Alexander.

It is apparent from other sources that Robert did not name all of his PIGOTT nephews who were living when he made his will in 1728; two of them appear to have been:
6. John PIGOTT, third surviving son of his late brother John; named in the admissions register of the Middle Temple, London, 1735; apparently the nephew Robert favoured to inherit Dysart, notwithstanding the inviolable rules of primogeniture, and perhaps on account of John having married, in January 1730, Constantia Maria BURGOYNE, Mrs Judith PIGOTT's grand-niece.
The lack of mention of him in Robert's will is perplexing (unless there was a transcription error in the will abstract).
7. John PIGOTT, a son of "old Major PIGOTT" of Antigua (undoubtedly Robert's younger brother Walter); named in 1732 as having served the previous 4 years as a midshipman in the Atlantic trade.
The lack of mention of any of Walter's children is less perplexing - Walter was himself named, with a bequest to him in trust of the executors, and it would seem that Robert was either unsure of which of Walter's children were still living, or may not have know who they were anyway!

And there is further but uncorroborated evidence of several others:
8. Thomas PIGOTT; of Antigua, 1735; by his wife Mary PAYNTER (married in that year, 1735), head of a continuing pedigree of PIGOTTs in Antigua; probably another son of Walter, although possibly instead son of another of Robert's brothers, Thomas PIGOTT (perhaps the Thomas PIGOTT in Antigua, 1713).
9. Robert PIGOTT; Army Officer in America, 1759; probably a younger son of Major Walter; named in a petition in 1808 (see below).
10. Henry PIGOTT; Army Officer in America, 1759; probably also a son of Major Walter; also named in the 1808 petition.

The only published pedigree of this family that I have been able to find is the one published in Vere Langford OLIVER's "History of  the Island of Antigua," 1895, Volume 3, pages 25 et seq.

The pedigree is based on abstracts of several wills then housed in the P.R.O., Dublin (since destroyed), including that of John PIGOTT of Antigua (dated 1708, proved 1711) and of his brother, the above-named Robert (dated 1728, proved 1730), both furnished by William Jackson PIGOTT of Dundrum, County Down; but the pedigree is not without some errors - which I have highlighted in yellow. In particular, the Anne PIGOTT recorded as a daughter of the original Grantee of Dysart (John PIGOTT, died 1570), could not have been the 2nd wife of Henry PAKENHAM of Tullenally, County Westmeath, who died in 1690-91, and in MS sources in Dublin, she is recorded as the daughter of Sir Thomas PIGOTT, Knight (although a second pencilled hand had ringed the words "Sir" and "Knight" with the added note - "impossible"), and the widow of Captain James Pierce BRIDGEWATER, Esqr - further, this 2nd marriage for both was annotated as occurring in 1667, when any daughter of John PIGOTT (died 1570) must have been at least 97 years of age, which is highly unlikely, even if the pedigree writer had confused Thomas for John. Which is not to say that John PIGOTT did not have a daughter named Anne.

The following pedigree is my updated reconstruction of it:

And it is here that we appear to find ourselves entering the "Black Hole" mentioned in the title of this blog.

By 1760, a generation further on, there is increasing evidence of a generation of PIGOTTs appearing, who almost certainly belong to this family, but by which particular line of descent is proving difficult to establish with any certainty.
A number of them are mentioned in other blogs on this site; and there is also now some DNA evidence beginning to emerge which is adding to suspicions, already being entertained, of potential cousin-ships among the several branches, in particular those with Dublin associations.

The family groups which have re-emerged from the "Black Hole" appear to be as follows:

i. John PIGOTT of Dublin, born about 1759, illegitimate son of Captain John PIGOTT (currently believed to be No 6 above, but possibly instead No 7) by Hester HILLCOCK; died in Dublin, 1838; married 1793, Mary VICKERS, with issue.
Present day descendants are living in Australia (my own line, and includes families of PIGOTT, HUNTER, BRAUND, BASEBY, MILLER, ROMAN, CUTTS, RYLAH, PETERS, BLOWES, PORTER, PARKER, WALLACE, TYE, WOOD, LEE), and possibly in the U.S. (but if so, evidently not now named PIGOTT).

ii. John PIGOTT of Dublin and St Louis, Missouri, born in 1782; died 1831; married in Dublin in 1803 to Frances HALE; now proven by DNA evidence to be "closely" related to John PIGOTT (i). His sister Frances, wife of David DYAS, also emigrated to America and had issue (including a son John Pigott DYAS); their brother William and sister Gertrude also went to Missouri.
Present day descendants living in the U.S. (PIGOTT in Texas and California; DYAS, etc).

iii. Robert PIGOTT of Wexford and Dublin, and one of the Inspector-Generals of Excise, 1808, when he made a petition in which he named uncles John, Robert and Henry PIGOTT (Nos 7, 9 and 10 above respectively); married with issue; other information in his 1808 petition suggests he was probably a grandson of Major Walter PIGOTT.
Present day descendants living in Australia (via WELMAN and BENSON families).

iv. John PIGOTT, Captain, 39th Regiment; settled in Compton Chamberlaine, Wiltshire; married in 1764, Jane BENNETT, with issue. Speculation, based on Regimental associations and family naming patterns, suggests he may have been a son of Robert PIGOTT (No 2 above).
Present day descendants, if any, unknown.

v. Thomas PIGOTT, of Antigua (No 8 above); married in 1735, Mary PAYNTER, with issue.
Present day descendants living in Antigua, England and Australia.

But we should perhaps take a more detailed look into the pre-history of what I refer to as the "continuing line" of the Senior Branch of the Dysart PIGOTT family, after the Storm and Sack of Dysart in October 1646 until the sale of it in 1725-26, as follows.


I - THOMAS PIGOTT, 1646-1702.

After the major disruption in October 1646 (see earlier blog) to the PIGOTT family's tenure of their "ancestral" home, Dysart, between Stradbally and Maryborough (now Portlaoise) in the Queen's County (now Laoise or Leix), there was a period of uncertainty as to who actually resided there, until Livery was granted, under a new and Restored Monarchy, to the recently come-of age heir-apparent, Thomas PIGOTT, in about 1661 or 1662.

Thomas was one of the two children of Robert PIGOTT (about 1615-1646) by his wife Anne GILBERT; he was perhaps the elder, and probably the only son (his grandmother referred in 1646 to grandchildren, not grandsons).
Robert's death was mentioned in a letter his brother Thomas PIGOTT, then in Bristol, wrote to Sir Philip PERCEVAL in London, dated 9 November 1646, in which he wrote:
"Alexander writes me word that my brother Robin is slain when Maryborough was taken..."

The Fort at Maryborough had been surrendered to Confederate (or Rebel) Forces on 28 September 1646 by the Governor of the Fort, Robert's father-in-law, Sir William GILBERT of Kilminchey (see his separate blog-page on this blog-site); however, most reports of this particular event describe it as having been relatively orderly, with the occupants allowed to take their possessions, and casualties not mentioned.

Robert's two children were living in 1654 when they were granted by Henry CROMWELL some moneys, probably out of the despoiled family estate [as annotated on a PIGOTT pedigree, MS 113, held in the Genealogical Office in Dublin]; un-named, they were referred to as the two orphans of Robert PIGOTT of Dysart.

It seems very likely that they were also alluded to by their grandmother, Martha PIGOTT, in her deposition in November 1646 concerning the Storm and Sack of Dysart; she clearly refers to two grandchildren as being present, and it is hard to see them as being any other than Robert's two orphans of 1654, and quite possibly already orphaned by Robert's death in the week or two before the Sack of Dysart, as there is no mention of their mother Ann PIGOTT in Martha's deposition.
The year 1654 was significant - young Thomas's other grandfather, Sir William GILBERT, died in Dublin in that year, and the CROMWELL grant is likely to have been an immediate response to the status of the young Thomas, as regards his future entitlements to the estate; the more so if, as is possible, the young Thomas and his sibling went to live with him in Dublin until his death (the whereabouts of Martha PIGOTT is unclear after her business in London was "completed").

I expect that Thomas was therefore born about 1641, and he was probably aged about 5 when he "witnessed" his grandfather's "murder" by rebels; how much he was permitted to actually see of this gruesome event is unknown, although it is hard to imagine that keeping their eyes covered was an easy task.
But, on the evidence that some among the attackers appear to have wanted to eliminate the PIGOTT seed from that part of Ireland (Thomas's youngest PIGOTT uncle William, aged 19, was also killed), it is lucky that he too was not singled out; especially as he had very recently become the new heir-apparent, and appears to have witnessed his own "elevation" as the rightful heir of the estate, although he may have been to young to have apprehended the significance of that.

Where Thomas lived throughout the rest of the Cromwellian Inter-regnum is unclear.
He may well have resided with his maternal grandfather Sir William GILBERT in Dublin, until his death there in 1654; his uncle Thomas PIGOTT, while probably taking on the formal role of Guardian, lived in Somerset; so perhaps the other uncle Alexander PIGOTT took a hand (despite the fact he lived in Innishannon, County Cork, Alexander was involved in the later 1674 Mortgage of Kilcromin, part of the Dysart Estate).
Perhaps Thomas resided at Dysart under the person who managed the estate during his minority; not yet identified in accessible records, that may have been one or other of his uncles.
Thomas was married in April 1663, by Consistorial License dated 28 April, to Elizabeth WELDON, of a County Kildare family, but at the time residing in Dublin Castle.
They lived at Dysart, where over time, Thomas became a Magistrate, and was the High Sheriff of Queen's County in 1670 and 1690.
He developed a bit of a reputation for harshness in his dealings, in particular with the local Quaker community; in 1671, he obtained at summer assizes orders to distrain Friends for non payment of fees from a number of Quakers, including the eminent William EDMONSON, who, in his published autobiography, referred to the Sheriff Thomas PIGOTT as having taken goods for fees, to the extent of 4 large cows worth £12-13; and later again, the same William EDMONDSON, in 1698, had further goods taken from him by order of the Commissioners for the Poll, named as Colonel WARNEFORD, Richard WARBURTON, Voxten (?) HARRIETT, Lancelot SANDS, Robert PIGOTT and Richard LAN, Priest.
That he also dealt harshly with Irish rebel malefactors is, perhaps, understandable, given the early experiences he had as a child.

In 1674, he was mentioned in the will of his cousin George PERCIVAL, of the City of Dublin, the will having been abstracted by W.H. WELPLY. The PERCIVALs shared a common descent from Rev Adam LOFTUS (1533-1605), the Archbishop of Dublin.
OLIVER ("History of Antigua") recorded Thomas's death in 1687, clearly in error, as later legal evidence noted that event as having occurred in 1702; it is possible that this earlier 1687 death could have been referring instead to that of his wife Elizabeth.
And in 1689, Thomas PIGOTT of Dysart, and Robert PIGOTT his son, were "attainted" by the short-lived Jacobite Parliament in Dublin.

Thomas and Elizabeth had a relatively large family, recorded in the OLIVER pedigree as five sons and four daughters (see next below); and as was undoubtedly typical of the Irish Protestant Gentry families, the sons went into the Army, and participated, no doubt willingly, in what has become know to history as the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688 - the elevation to the Throne of the Protestant Prince William of Orange and his wife Mary, at the expense of the most recent and Catholic King, her father James, all of which military activity culminated in the decisive Battle of the Boyne in 1690.

There is no direct evidence that Thomas, by then nearing 50, played any military role himself. But his sons did, although one of them, the second son John, had found himself diverted to a different "battle-ground" against a different enemy (the French) in the distant English colony established on the Leeward Island of Antigua, in the West Indies.

But the business of running the family Estate at Dysart appears to have become financially burdensome, and by 1701 or thereabouts, Thomas sees a need to sell of parts of the estate, either to make ends meet, or to make provisions for his enlarging family as he approached his death.

By this time, his elder son Robert was probably still serving with the Army in England, and had been residing in London since about 1695; and about the same time, 1695, the second son John has become a victim of the Reductions in the Army, and within 2 years had returned home from Antigua, with a wife Frances PROCTOR and the first-born members of his young family.

And in 1701, after hearing gossip from the neighbourhood about the reductions in his inheritance, the heir-apparent, Robert PIGOTT, travelled home to investigate, bringing with him his "new" wife Judith BURGOYNE.
And he finds that his father had indeed "sold" the Kilcromin part of the family holdings to his brother John.

Thomas PIGOTT died in the following year, 1702.
The exact details are unknown, but the year was recorded in both of the Appellants' and Respondent's Cases presented to the House of Lords in 1724-25 in litigation over the ownership of Kilcromin.
He was probably aged about 60; and his remains were buried in Dysart churchyard, as mentioned by his son Robert in his 1728 will.

It appears likely that his wife Elizabeth had died before him, perhaps being the death in 1687 attributed in error by OLIVER to Thomas in his PIGOTT Pedigree.


1. Robert PIGOTT, born about 1664; heir of Dysart; Ensign, Sir John EDGEWORTH's Regiment, 1 May 1689 (the day EDGEWORTH was cashiered and Edward BRABAZON, Earl of Meath, was commissioned in his place); probably served under the Duke of Schomberg at the Siege of Carrickfergus; probably also served in the Battle of the Boyne, 1690; resided in London about 1695-1701; he returned to Ireland shortly before his father died in 1702; Captain, Earl of Inchiquin's Regiment, March 1704 (Command assumed by Colonel STANHOPE, 1710); petitioned to be placed on the Half-Pay establishment in Ireland, 1710, at the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel; M.P. for Maryborough (2nd member), 1703-1713; ditto (1st member), 1713-1730; Robert became embroiled with Knightley CHETWODE, of Woodbrooke, near Portarlington, in 1721, over matters that arose in the Maryborough Assizes, and which led to Colonel Robert PIGOTT, of Dysart, challenging CHETWODE to a duel [See "The Correspondence of Jonathan SWIFT, 1714-23," by F. Elrington BALL, 1917, Volume 3, pages 80-82, 96, 123]; Robert died in April 1730; he was married at Wanstead, Essex, on 3 July 1701, to Judith BURGOYNE; she died before him and was buried in the family vault at Dysart Church; they had no issue.
See further below.

2. John PIGOTT.

3. Weldon PIGOTT.

4. Walter PIGOTT; probably served in the Army - originally thought to have served in NORTHCOTT's Regiment of Foot, and later in VILLIER's Regiment of Marines, but it is looking more likely that this was another Walter PIGOTT (see below); thereafter went to the West Indies; as Major PIGOTT, appointed by Thomas OTTLEY, of St Kitts, to command a group of armed men to protect his vessels against French pirates; identified as "...old Major PIGOTT" of Antigua, 1732; probably the Walter PIGOTT named in Quaker Congregational Records for Queen's County, from 1728 until 1735, as a Tithetaker under Pigott SANDES and under Joseph BALDWIN, for collecting stock and crops in lieu of assessments on defaulting QUAKERS; named in an Irish Deed, 1738; of Stradbally, Gentleman, 1751, when party to the Deed that was his daughter Mary's Marriage Settlements; probably died before 1760; married with probable issue:
  a. John PIGOTT, born about 1710; a Mariner; living 1732, having just completed 4 years as a midshipmen in the Atlantic on several Men-of War. Very likely to have been the second Captain John PIGOTT, who returned to Ireland about 1761 "...after many years service abroad."
  b. Margaret PIGOTT , as the youngest daughter, she was married at Stradbally, 1751, William GRAY of Maryborough (with issue).
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It appears that there was another Walter PIGOTT, born about 1670 (from the age he recorded on the Allegations of his third marriage in 1706), son of Thomas PIGOTT of Chetwynd, County Salop, by his first wife Elizabeth LOET; probably the Captain in William NORTHCOTT's Regiment of Foot, 1694; Captain, George VILLIERS' Regiment of Marines, 1702; served in the War of the Spanish Succession; advertised rewards for information on deserters from his company, 1702, then residing at Wimborne Minster, Dorset; will dated 1716, proved P.C.C., January 1719, late of North Bowood Farm, Netherbury, Dorset; married firstly, at Winterborn Zelstone, Dorset, 12 February 1697-98, Amy COMPTON, widow of Joseph HUSEY of Stourpaine and Wimborne (his Adm'on dated 24 July 1695); he married secondly, at the Royal Chapel, Hampton Court, 16 September 1703, Rebecca ENGLISH; he married thirdly, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, 27 April 1706, his cousin Mary STEPHENS (Marriage Settlements recorded Walter at Wimborne Minster, Dorset - she was daughter of Maximilian STEPHENS by Mary PIGOTT of Chetwynd, County Salop); issue:
  a. Ann PIGOTT (bapt St Martins-in-the-Fields, London, 6 July 1708).
When his widow Mary died on 10 Sep 1737, she was buried in Totteridge Parish Churchyard (Totteridge is bounded by the Parishes of Hendon and Finchley), and she was recorded as "...the relict of Captain PIGOTT" [Country Journal, or the Craftsman (London), Saturday 17 September 1737].
Further, an undated entry in the Historical Register, Volume 22,  for Deaths in the year 1737, recorded:
"Mrs PIGGOT, wife of Capt PIGGOT, a near relation of Robert PIGGOT, Knight of the Shire for County Huntingdon, and eldest daughter of Maximilian STEPHENS, Esq."
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However, there is evidence that Walter PIGOTT, of VILLIER's Marines, received a brevet promotion to the rank of Major in September 1706; and that he resigned from Josiah CHURCHILL's Regiment (formerly VILLIERS'), with the rank of Major, in 1708.
If the rank of Mary's late husband was correctly recorded as Captain, then it would appear to confirm that there were two Walter PIGOTTs, who both had Army connections, and perhaps with the same regiment.
There is therefore a possibility that some of this Army career recorded above may have been about our Walter of Dysart, Antigua and Stradbally.

5. Thomas PIGOTT; Ensign, Colonel Solomon RICHARDS' Regiment, 15 November 1688; Lieutenant, same regiment, December 1688; sailed to Londonderry, March 1689, to reinforce the Williamite defenders in the city of Derry, but failed to arrive due to an enemy ruse; returned to England, and was garrisoned there until early 1694 (Sir George ST GEORGE had replaced RICHARDS as C.O.); went to Flanders; at Oostende, 1695 (James COURTHOPE replaced ST GEORGE); at Kenoque and Namur; Storm of Namur, August 1695 (losing 3 Officers, including COURTHOPE, and 104 men); Command fell to Matthew BRIDGES; on active service until the Treaty of Ryswick, 1697; returned to Ireland until 1702; again in Holland, 1702; Thomas was appointed Lieutenant, Colonel BLOOD's Regiment, 7 July 1702 (Holcroft BLOOD was gazetted as taking over BRIDGES' Regiment in 1703); returned to England to re-establish, November 1703; at Lisbon, March 1704; at Valencia, Badajoz, Alcantara and Madrid, 1705; Ciudad Rodgrigo; Valencia; Alamanza, 1707; James WIGHTMAN took command, August 1707; returned to England, 1708, and thereafter on garrison duty in Edinburgh; Thomas was granted £169 to repair to the front, 1711.
Thomas was possibly married with issue in Antigua:
  a.Thomas PIGOTT; married Mary PAINTER.
  b. Elizabeth PIGOTT; married John PAINTER.

6. Alexander PIGOTT; married BRASSETT; with issue, all living 1728:
  a. John PIGOTT.
  b. Robert PIGOTT.
  c. Starkey PIGOTT.
  d. Elizabeth PIGOTT.

7. Martha PIGOTT; married, probably in or shortly before 1708, Samuel BOWKER, a native of Staffordshire [recorded by his grandson, Pigott BOWKER, in his letter of 1852, now held in the Battye Library, Perth, W.A.]; formerly of Noon (perhaps in error for Naas), County Kildare, and co-signatory (with John PIGOTT) of a memorial, dated 13 August 1700, seeking to re-open the port of New Ross for the exporting of wool; witnessed his brother-in-law John PIGOTT's will, 1708-09; settled at Coulcreagh alias Hophall, Queen's County; named in his brother-in-law Robert PIGOTT's will, 1728; witnessed a deed dated 2 May 1747 (Memorial No 148364) concerning Coulcreagh alias Hophall, but was deceased before that deed was registered in Dublin on 16 November 1763.
Samuel and Martha had issue:
  a. John BOWKER; named on a Handlist of Voters for Maryborough, 1761; and probably died Queen's County, Supervisor of Hearths, May-June 1767.
  b. Samuel BOWKER; probably married with issue (unless he was instead a son of the elder brother John):
    i. Samuel BOWKER, Surveyor of Excise for County Armagh, Monagahan Survey, 1816, at a salary of £150 a year; married by M.L.B., Diocese of Kildare, 1793, Elizabeth MAXWELL, with issue including - a son Robert BOWKER of Trillick, County Tyrone.
  c. Robert BOWKER; named in the handlist of voters of Maryborough, Queen's County, 1761, of Coolcree; married in 1753, his cousin Frances COSBY; issue:
    i. Pigott BOWKER, born Queen's County, about 1768; Storekeeper of a Small Arms Repository (or Armoury) near Chelmsford, Essex, 1812-18; he returned to Queen's County before 1824 to enable his sons to attend the Lancastrine School in Abbeyleix; married with issue including - a son Thomas BOWKER, was set to travel to Australia in 1853.
    ii. John BOWKER, born Queen's County, 1770; died Greenwich, London, 1847; enjoyed a career in the Royal Navy, which included a short period in 1818 as acting Governor of Newfoundland; married in 1801, Mary Beckford YATES, with issue - a daughter Frances BOWKER, born Soberton, Hampshire, ca 1810; and a son John BOWKER, b Newfoundland, 1818, at one time a newspaper editor in Shanghai.
  d. Frances BOWKER; she died before 1779; married as his first wife, her cousin Thomas COSBY (born 1742) of Vicarstown; he died 10 December 1788; he married secondly, by Settlements dated 14 August 1779, Grace JOHNSTONE; he had issue three sons, although it is not clear which, if any, were by Frances:
          i. Thomas COSBY; married 1802.
          ii. Dudley COSBY; drowned at Gallen, King's County, July 1787.
          iii. Francis COSBY; drowned at Cork, 1791.

8. Elizabeth PIGOTT; evidently died about 1705; married, about 1694, as his first wife, Lancelot SANDES, of Kilcavan, Queen's County (born about 1672); he was Captain, 2nd or the Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot, June 1692; wounded at the Battle of Landen, Flanders, 29 July 1693; wrote to his cousin, Robert PIGOTT, in London, 1701, advising him of some "irregularities" in dealings over the family property at Kilcromin; J.P., Queen's County, 1707; Sheriff of Queen's County, 1716; M.P. for Portarlington, 1723-27; died Easter 1728; Prerogative Will Index, 1729.
Lancelot SANDES married secondly, by Settlements dated 7 March 1706, Elizabeth (unknown, perhaps L'ESTRANGE); she made an Indented Deed, dated 20 July 1745 (Memorial No 81840, Deeds Registry, Dublin), in which she relinquished all right and title to an annuity and another charge made on her late husband's estate to Pigott SANDES and his son and heir apparent Lancelot SANDES the younger (this deed cited two earlier deeds made by Lancelot SANDES the elder, now deceased - one dated 6 March 1706, charging his lands with the sum of £300 to go to his wife Elizabeth in the event she had no issue by him - the other dated 7 March, 5th year of the Reign of Queen Ann, i.e. 1706, being Articles made prior to his marriage with the said Elizabeth, and making a charge on his lands of an annuity of £40 per year to go to his said wife Elizabeth in the event she died before him having had issue by him - the deed further recited "...that said Elizabeth had no issue by said Lancelot"); she died in 1757, evidently without issue.
Lancelot and Elizabeth PIGOTT had issue:
  a. Pigott SANDES, born about 1695; Magistrate, Queen's County, 1722; elected Burgomaster, Maryborough Corporation, 29 September 1727 (under influence of William WALL and John PIGOTT); a joint executor of his uncle Robert PIGOTT's will, 1728; named as eldest son and heir in a Deed dated March 1743; his deed dated 1 July 1745 (Memorial No 81612) jointly with his wife Susannah SANDES otherwise WARREN; named in a deed dated 20 July 1745 in which his step-mother Elizabeth SANDES relinquished her right to any annuities arising out of her late husband's estate; he died at Kilcavan, January 1761 [Gent's Magazine]; married by Prerogative License (Dublin Diocese), dated 23 February 1716, Susannah WARREN (daughter of Henry WARREN of Crofton, County Kildare, by Elizabeth EUSTACE); she was probably the Mrs SANDES who died at Kilcavan, a few days before 3 May 1766; they had issue:
    i. Anne (Nancy) SANDES; married in 1750, Rev Matthew PILKINGTON, with a £700 marriage portion from her father; he made his will, 14 February 1754, naming his wife Anne as sole excutrix, and appointing John PIGOTT of Stradbally, Esq, as her Trustee, "...as I can confide in his good nature and generous friendship."
    ii. Lancelot SANDES, born about 1720; of Kilcavan; Sheriff of Queen's County, 1761; died 1788; named as son and heir in his father's deed dated 16 August 1744, being the Marriage Settlements for he and his cousin, Mary Dorothea SANDES (daughter of Lancelot SANDES of Carrigafoyle, County Kerry, by Margaret CROSBIE); Lancelot married secondly, M.L.B. dated 1760, Elizabeth WOLSEY; she died at Kilcavan, a few days before 3 May 1766; he possibly married thirdly, a few days before 9 February 1768, Miss GIFFORD of Portarlington; he had issue - George SANDES, eldest son, born about 1750, adm T.C.D., November 1767, B.A. 1772, of Lincoln's Inns; Susannah SANDES, married at Limerick, 1768, Captain CROKER of Raherline; Elizabeth SANDES, married in 1775, Col Richard CROASDAILE of Wodfrod County Galway and of Rynne, Queen's County; Catherine SANDES, marr 1770, as his third wife, Robert FITZGERALD, Knight of Kerry, Judge of the Admiralty and M.P. for Dingle; Lancelot Charles SANDES, of Kilcavan, died 1828 and married in April 1768, Sarah CROKER of Ballynagard, County Limerick; and Jane SANDES, youngest daughter, married in March 1788, Pigott SANDES of Woodfield, King's County.
  b. Richard SANDES; an joint ex'or of his uncle Robert's will, 1728.
  c. Lancelot SANDES, born 1698.
  d. John SANDES; possibly in error for Lancelot born 1698?
  e. (daughter), married Samuel LOWE with issue.
  f. Elizabeth SANDES, born 1702; possibly married Maurice CROSBIE, with issue.

9. Ann PIGOTT; married Thomas PHILLIPS, of Newton-Limavady; issue:
  a. Mary PHILLIPS.
  b. Elizabeth PHILLIPS.


Robert PIGOTT inherited Dysart from his father in 1702; he was then aged about 37.

He had arrived back in Ireland in 1702, shortly before his father's death, after having resided in London for six years, and his return was said to have been instigated by a letter he received from his nephew, Lancelot SANDES, advising him of rumours gaining ground in the neighbourhood that his father Thomas was selling up parts of the Dysart Estate, Robert's inheritance; he settled in the family seat at Dysart, with his wife Judith.

Robert was about 36 when he married Judith BURGOYNE at Wanstead, in Essex, on 3 July 1701 [Boyd's Marriage Index; and F.H.L. microfilm 1526973, item 8, page 42].
Judith, a daughter of Sir Roger BURGOYNE, the 2nd Baronet of Wroxall by his wife Ann SNELLING, was born in 1655, and was therefore aged about 46, and may have been beyond child-bearing age.
It was her grand-niece Constantia Maria BURGOYNE (1705-1739) who would in January 1730, become the wife of Robert's nephew Captain John PIGOTT (1704-1763), who was almost certainly the son of Robert's next younger brother John.

His brother John was killed in the PARKE Riot in Antigua 1710; then his sister-law Frances died two years later, probably at Kilcromin, in 1712; thereafter, Robert and Judith took the young family of orphans into Dysart, and "...raised them as his own" - although he developed a particular disliking towards his oldest nephew Thomas. See further below.

Robert was a Member of the Irish House of Commons, as one of the two Members representing the Borough of Maryborough (Queen's County); there he represented the interests of the Court Party.
His first term is recorded in the "History of the Irish Parliament" as being from 1699 until 1703, although it appears that there were no sittings of Parliament during this period.
He did sit, as the 2nd member for Maryborough, in the Parliament that sat periodically between 21 September 1703 and 6 May 1713.

Robert's election in 1703 was contested by the man he defeated, John WEAVER, who alleged irregular practices in voting, in particular the make-up of the Burgesses Voting Lists; PIGOTT initially trailed WEAVER, but furnished some additional Burgesses who had not been formally sworn by the date specified on the Election Writ; but WEAVER's challenge collapsed when it was pointed out that PIGOTT's list contained the names of some voters WEAVER himself had included in his own supporters Lists in an earlier election; PIGOTT's "...riotous" friends were his brother Alexander, Mr William WALL (an Attorney), and Mr Edward HARVEY.

In 1711, thirty-one Court Party or "Tory" M.P.'s met in the Fleece Tavern in Nicholas Street, Dublin, to "...concert" their plans for the ensuing session - Robert PIGOTT was in attendance.
In the same year, he voted with the government on the Dublin Mayoralty issue.

Robert was High Sheriff of Queen's County in 1712.

Robert was re-elected to Represent the Borough of Maryborough as the 1st Member (with William WALL) in the Parliaments of 25 November 1713 to 1 August 1714, 12 November 1715 to 11 June 1727, and from 28 November 1727 until his death (when he was succeeded in Parliament by his relation Warner WESTENRA).

In 1717, a Colonel PIGOTT was appointed to a Committee to examine the Petition of Captain Peter FRANCKFORT, lately Captain in Colonel CHURCHILL's Regiment of Marines (this may have been the Regiment in which Robert's brother Walter served), Robert being the only PIGOTT in Lists of Members in that year.
In 1721, Robert was recorded as having voted against the bill seeking to establish a National Bank.

Once again, his final election in 1727 led to claims of "...violent intimidation" of electors at the Poll, which were alleged by William TRENCH, Esq.
This is all looking like a bit like a blue-print for later events involving the Parliamentary seat of Maryborough and the Dysart PIGOTTs (see Captain John PIGOTT's activities there in 1754-55, in his separate blog on this blog-page, posted in May 2008).
It is apparent that the Court Party, which interests Robert supported (this is often the case for those rewarded with High Sheriff appointments), probably had the ascendancy in the Parliament, and that complaints about these irregularities either fell on deaf ears, or were not lodged in the expectation of that treatment.

Robert was described by his "cousin" Pole COSBY as "... a most violent man in his friendships and enmities, and also violent in his principles... a man of no learning nor knowledge in books... a diverting companion and very agreeable when pleased... " [Journal of the County Kildare Archaeological Society, Volume 256].

Robert died in April 1730, and was buried at the Dysart Church; he made his will in 1728 (see a transcript of it in the earlier blog on his nephew "Captain John PIGOTT of Antigua, Dublin and Stradbally") - in it, he desired "... my body, next night after death, may be carried at 10 o/clock at night to the Church of Disart and out into the vault without least expense and laid at the foot of my father and mother, and by his dear wife. I leave and bequeath my plate as follows - the two big decanters, one, if not done before my death, to be made into a flagon for the communion service of the Dysart Church, the other to be made into two flat salvers for the same service of the church" [Memorials of the Dead in Ireland, Journal of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland, Volume 1, 1852, page 478]; Judith had evidently died before him.


John PIGOTT was born about 1668, the second son of Thomas PIGOTT by Elizabeth WELDON, and the next younger brother of Robert PIGOTT of Dysart.

John enlisted in the Regiment Commanded by the Duke of Bolton in 1690; BOLTON had recently returned in the party which accompanied Prince William on his "Glorious" journey from Orange; they were expecting to continue closely in William's service, and had they done so, John would probably have returned to Ireland, and perhaps served in the Battle of the Boyne.
But the government had other ideas, and The Duke of Bolton's Regiment, now under the command of Henry HOLT, found themselves, understaffed and very shabbily attired, on their way to protect English interests in the Caribbean. They arrived in Antigua, as part of WRIGHT's West Indian Squadron, in May 1690.

John's last mention in Antigua, pertaining to his first term of residence, and recorded by OLIVER in his "History of Antigua" was in 1694, when he was listed as a Captain in HOLT's Regiment; in the following year, Army Reductions saw HOLT's Regiment reduced from 13 Companies of 60 men (strength of 780) to 5 Companies of 100 Men; and on 15 May 1695, the list of Standing Officers of it did not include John PIGOTT, who was instead listed (with 4 other Captains, 10 Lieutenants and 7 Ensigns) as:
"Reform'd Offic'rs, who are to receive Halfe-Pay during their Actuall Service and attendance on the Regiment, and to be replaced upon their first vacancies in their Respective Qualities and according to their Seniorities."

Neither the preferment nor the half-pay appears to have come John PIGOTT's way, as indicated in the following Petition to Parliament, dated 8 February 1698:
"Petition of Col Henry HOLT, in behalf of Capt Thomas HOLT, Capt John PIGOTT, Capt John FOSTER, Ensign Samuel CLARKE, Ensign Thomas BISSE, and Ensign John HORNE, late Officers in the Regiment of Foot Commanded by him in the West Indies, was presented to the House, setting forth:
"That the said Regiment was, on 1 May 1695, reduced from 13 companies to Five, and the supernumery Officers, by his Majesty's orders, to attend service, and be subsisted, together with the Regiment, and preferred as vacancies should happen.
"That the aforesaid Officers are all of that Reducement who are not yet provided for; and are excluded before the 10th of September 1697, and therefore are incapable of Preferment on the vacancies which happen, though they are Englishmen, have a great arrears of pay due, and served long in a most unhealthy climate; and undergone greater hardships than those who have served nearer home."
"And praying the House to consider the case of the said Officers; and that they be allowed the some of Benevolence of Half-Pay, as is granted the Officers reduced since 10th September 1697."

The Petition was ordered to lie on the Table; and there is no evidence of it have been subsequently acted upon.

The Regiment was disbanded in the West Indies in 1697; it is highly likely that John PIGOTT thereafter returned to Ireland, perhaps very soon after, and probably before August 1700 (see next item) and certainly before March 1701.

John PIGOTT signed (together with Samuel BOWKER and William POLE) a Memorial dated 13 August 1700, supporting the re-opening of the Port of Rosse for the exportation of wool; he was appointed High Sheriff for the  Queen's County in 1795; and he was a Magistrate for the Queen's County, in 1707, along with Robert BEST, William WALL, Lancelot SANDES and William FLOWER.
It is possible that not all of these John PIGOTT's are our John, but as there are almost no other alternatives, it does appear that that is likely.

John PIGOTT next re-appears in Antigua (OLIVER's "History") in 1709, in a List, dated 8 June 1709, as having been appointed to the Corps of Carbineers; he was subsequently sworn, by Edward BYAM, Esq, on 16 November 1710, as one of the two Members of the Assembly for the Division of New North Sound; and on 11 December 1710, 4 days after his death, the Assembly posthumously awarded him £2 2s for "...expenses for services in public affairs at 6d per diem" - which amounts to 6 weeks service.

All of which is entirely consistent, date-wise, with his making his will in Ireland, on 2 March 1708-09, about to set out on a voyage to the West Indies; perhaps his first return to Antigua in almost 10 years.
And appears to confirm the notion, contained in George FRENCH's 1717 account of the PARKE Riot in 1710, in which John PIGOTT was killed, that he was recently arrived on the Island, and certainly after the arrival there of Governor PARKE. FRENCH wrote, at page 59:
"The General [PARKE] flatter'd himself that his Proposals were such as might make the People easy, and express'd great Satisfaction that the Storm was so well blown over.
"But to his great Surprize, when he expected and waited for the Hostages coming, he hears a March beat, and sees the Rebels coming towards him, who had divided themselves in two Parties, and march'd by two several Ways to attack him; the one commanded by Capt. John PIGGOT, a rash Man, very fit to be made a Tool of on such an Occasion, who had been but lately arriv'd on the Island, and whom the General was so far from giving the least Offence to, that he had no manner of Acquaintance with him, but was drawn into that Faction by Artifice of the Party, and the Apprehension he had of a Suit in Chancery to be commenc'd against him by his Wife's Children, in which they should not fail of having Justice done them.
"The other by one Capt. John PAINTER, a rich Planter, who had as little reason as the former to be the General's Enemy, and a great deal less Courage, in his sober Intervals, to attempt any dangerous Enterprize; but espous'd the Faction chiefly for good Fellowship, and the vain Ambition of being reputed one of the Patriots (as they styl'd themselves) of their Country.
"With these, in the several Divisions, march'd all the Assembly-Men, and surrounded the General's House."

FRENCH's story goes something like this - his 1717 book on the Administration of Colonel PARKE drew in response an anonymous publication which called into doubt FRENCH's "Establishment" version that Captain John PIGOTT was killed by PARKE himself.
FRENCH replied with yet another book, published in 1719, entitled "An Answer to a Scurrilous Libel, etc"; in it, at pages 40-41, he writes, referring to the anonymous author, "... my unknown Correspondent":
"He now returns to the General [PARKE], whom I had truly affirm'd in the History to have kill'd Captain PIGGOT; and purely out of a Spirit of Contradiction, that none of my Assertions might be credited, addresses me in this manner - Let me tell you a SECRET, and pray keep it so (for I fear the like Usage), that Mr Michael AYON came behind that Gentleman's back and shot him: risum teneatis amici.
"Was there ever such a Mixture of Madness and Folly, thus to publish an Infamy to the World, and sarcastically desire it may be kept a SECRET; this is such an Absurdity, as one must have rather expected from the Drunkenness of a Sot, than from a Man's Pen, pretending to be a Judge of Reason, and appealing to the common Natures of Mankind.
"This secret however I have often heard, before my unknown Correspondent was pleas'd to be so communicative; but as it proceeded from such as were not very remarkable; for strictly adhering to the Truth, and I knew the Falsity, I was not at all cautious of affirming the contrary in my Book.
"And tho' I have no Reason at present to give it up, as my Correspondent wou'd have it; yet, I take it to be of no great Consequence by whose Hands the unfortunate Man [PIGOTT] fell, since he had his Desert, for being made the Tool (fn) of that Party."
"(Footnote) - He [PIGOTT] was kept continually Drunk in Town for three Days, to get him to head the Rebellion; and had made a Vow, which he bound with Oaths, never to go to his House 'till he had done Col. PARKE's business."

In the meantime, while John PIGOTT was back in Ireland about 1698-1709, he was engaged in property acquisition, from his father Thomas, of the Estate of Kilcromin in the Queen's County, as we shall see next.
Perhaps John used money he acquired from his wife Frances's estate that she intended for the use of their children, which may have resulted in the threatened "Suit in Chancery" mentioned by FRENCH.


Kilcromin lay near Dysart, but does not appear to have been part of the original 1562 grant made to the original 1558 immigrant Captain John PIGOTT (who died in 1570).
There is some evidence that it was occupied for a time by the FITZGERALD family.

The later stages of its ownership is best described in the early parts of the House of Lords litigation, as follows.

The Appellants Case was made by Richard, Earl of Cavan, and Thomas PIGOTT, the eldest son John PIGOTT of Antigua [my original copy was made for me by the British Library: it is now viewable on-line through ECCO (Eighteenth Century Collections On-line) by Library subscription]; it was dated 1725 (it being the culmination of a series of protracted legal proceedings), and begins thus:
"Thomas PIGGOTT, the Elder, of Dysart in the Queen's County, being seized in Fee of Killcromin, and a very considerable Estate in the said County of Ireland, on the 26th of November 1674, did Mortgage the said Lands of Killcromin to Alexander PIGGOTT [1].
"The said Thomas PIGGOTT having two sons, viz. The Respondent his Eldest Son, and John his Second Son the Appellant Thomas PIGGOTT's Father; and in the year 1700, having Occasion for Money, was obliged to sell several Parts of his Estate; and his son John, having acquired a considerable Personal Estate in the West Indies, the said Thomas PIGGOTT did sell the said Lands of Killcromin unto his said Son John for the sum of £900, which was the full Value thereof.
"The said John PIGOTT having purchased the said Lands, was immediately put into the Possession thereof, and paid the said Mortgage thereon for 100 and took an Assignment thereof, and having paid his said Father the Remainder of the said Purchase-Money, intending to Establish his Family there, he made several considerable Buildings and Improvements on the said Lands, to the amount of  £[obscured integer]00 and upwards."

The Respondent's Case was made by Robert PIGOTT, Esq; it largely corroborated the Appellant's Case in these early stages (which is hardly surprising, as they cited the same pre-Registration deeds), differing perhaps only in emphasis (and in spelling); also dated 1725, it begins:
"Thomas PIGOTT, Esq, late of Dysart, in the Queen's County, and Kingdom of Ireland, deceas'd (Father of the Respondent), being seiz'd in Fee of a very considerable Estate in the said County, by Deeds of Lease and Release dated 24th and 26th of November 1674, Mortgag'd the Lands of Kilcromin to Alexander PIGOTT [1], Esq (also deceas'd) for £100.
"The said Mortgage was, by Indenture dated 9 April 1698, assign'd to Andrew NESBETT [2], Clerk, by Thomas [3], Son of the said Alexander, the original Mortgagee. And the 9th March 1701, the said NESBETT, by Indorsement on the last mentioned Deed, assign't to John PIGOTT, who was father to the Appellant Thomas, and brother to the Respondent.
"The said John PIGOTT, as Assignee of the said Mortgage, got Possession of Kilcromin..."

In passing, several introductions might usefully be made here:
[1]. Alexander PIGOTT, mentioned in both cases, was Thomas PIGOTT Sr's uncle, and the third son of Major John PIGOTT and Martha COLCLOUGH; he lived at Innishannon, County Cork, and died there in 1683; he had issue by his wife Ann ADERLEY, daughter of Sir Edward BOLTON, and widow of Thomas ADERLEY, including a son Thomas [3].
[2]. Andrew NESBITT was the Vicar of Timogue; he died about 1712; he was married to Martha PIGOTT, who was a daughter of yet another of Thomas PIGOTT's uncles, John PIGOTT of Rahineduff (by his wife Mary MOORE alias EDGEWORTH), and so a first cousin of both Robert PIGOTT and his first cousin Thomas PIGOTT [3]; and by her, he was father of Martha NESBITT, the wife of Rev Thomas MOSSE, the Rector of Maryborough (Leighlin will, 1732).
[3]. Thomas PIGOTT was the father of Emanuel PIGOTT of Chetwynd, County Cork; and it was Emanuel to whom Robert PIGOTT, after his failed defence of the 1725 House of Lords Appeal case, sold the Estate of Dysart, reserving himself a right of residence.

From all of which it is becoming apparent that John PIGOTT, on returning to Ireland about 1697, "fresh" from his service in Antigua, invested the profits of his labours there in the "purchase" of the Estate of Kilcromin, thereby relieving some of his father Thomas's financial woes, and perhaps unwittingly thereby also setting up a future legal mine-field, by eroding away some of the value of the Dysart Estate which was his brother Robert's future inheritance.

All of which began as early as 9 March 1701, when John was assigned the Mortgage on that property, discharging the £100 debt remaining on it, and, by some accounts, paying another £900 full purchase price to his father.

John had clearly done well for himself in Antigua.
And for an Army Captain, who had been placed on half-pay in 1695, most of which arrears appear to have been unpaid, the question does arise as to how he accumulated the money he was said to have spent on Kilcromin.
Perhaps the Parliament eventually voted him an ex-gratia payment of his half-pay obligations.
The alternative, which I suspect is much more likely, is that he acquired some personal assets in Antigua through his marriage to Frances PROCTOR; and that it was his investing of these "assets" in Kilcromin that may have been at the bottom of the alleged "Suit in Chancery" by his wife's children, referred to by George FRENCH (in his 1717 account of the PARKE Riot of 1710), as hanging over John PIGOTT since he returned to Antigua.

The difficulty is that there is no surviving evidence of any Real Property acquisitions registered to John PIGOTT in Antigua. And this is further compounded by the absence of several important wills:
1. For the one person who was likely to have favoured Frances PROCTOR and her future PIGOTT children - namely her supposed father, Lieutenant William PROCTOR of Rendezvous Bay near Falmouth.
2. For another who might well have favoured John PIGOTT to look after his GUNTHORPE nephew's interests as Guardian - their father Major John GUNTHORPE.

For it seems that the GUNTHORPE estate, in all probability the contested Plantation formerly known as Buck's Plantation, appears to be the most likely source of the wealth, referred to as his "...considerable personal estate," which John PIGOTT accumulated in Antigua.


The immediate consequence of the success of Thomas PIGOTT and the Earl of Cavan's appeal to the House of Lords appears to have been the decision by Robert PIGOTT to sell the whole of the Dysart Estates, quite possibly to prevent his litigant nephew Thomas getting his hands on it.

Evidence of the sale is contained in a series of Deeds, Registered in the Dublin Registry at Henrietta Street, as such deeds had been required by law to be registered since 1708. Memorials of the Deeds, indexed by names of grantors, are publicly accessible in the Registry's upstairs Index and Reading Rooms.

And it was sold by Robert to his second cousin Emanuel PIGOTT, of Chetwynd, Cork, for a sum of £4,000.
The Deeds of Lease and Release were dated 17 and 18 May 1725 [Memorial 28893, Book 46, page 352], pertaining to:
"...all those the Town and Lands of Dysart, Lochaboe, Ballynelackan, and all those the Impropriations, Rectories, Rectorial and Impropriate Tythes of Dysert and Kilteale, and the Advowsons, Rights of Patronage and Rights of Presentation to the several Churches of Dysart and Kilteale, situate, lying and being in the Baronys of Maryborough and Stradbally in the Queen's County, with the Appurtenances and all his Right and Title thereto..."

This was followed up by an Indented Deed dated 20 March 1726 [Memorial 36363, book 54, page 555], which cited the above deed, noting, despite the wording not being part of the above, that it was:
"...a Deed of Sale made and registered bearing date 18 May 1725 for conveying the reversions and inheritance of the Estate of Dysart after the Death of Robert PIGOTT unto the said Emanuel PIGOTT and his heirs and Assigns..."
In the meantime, the final ownership of Kilcromin had been settled by Deeds of Lease and Release dated 10 and 11 January 1726 [Memorial 33784, book 50, page 453], in which Thomas PIGOTT of Grange, in the Queen's County, Gent, and Mary PIGOTT his wife:
"...for and in consideration of the sum of £2240 pounds, did Grant, Bargain, Sell, Alien, Release and Confirm unto the said Richard, Earl of Cavan, All that and Those the Town and Lands of Kilcromin and Mullenagha, situate, lying and being in the Barony of Maryborough and the Queen's County aforesaid, with all and every of their Rights, Members, Appurtenances..."

And further to this deed, Robert PIGOTT ("...son and heir of Thomas PIGOTT Senior, late of Dysart, deceased") also handed over any residual right to Kilcromin by Deeds of Lease and Release dated 12 and 13 January 1726 [Memorial 33785, book 52, page 110], for the more miserly sum of 5 shillings sterling, to the same Richard, Earl of Cavan.

The Earl of Cavan, Richard LAMBERT, was related of the PIGOTTs of Dysart, by virtue of his descent from Castillana GILBERT, a daughter of Sir William GILBERT of Kilminchy by Catherine CASTILLION, and thereby a sister of Ann GILBERT, who was Thomas PIGOTT Senior's mother.


As we find, from Robert PIGOTT's case as the Respondent in the House of Lords Litigation over Kilcromin, Robert and Judith adopted his brother John's young family. This took place after John's widow Frances had died in 1712.

Robert wrote that he, the Respondent, hereafter subsituted with the term [Robert]:
"...being Uncle to the Infants, by Consent of the other Executors, took upon him the same; and having no Child of his own, took the Appellant Thomas, and his eight Brothers and Sisters, home to his House, esteeming them as his own; and designing the said Appellant should inherit [Robert]'s Real Estate, subject to such provisions for his Brothers and Sisters as [Robert] should think fit.
"But the Appellant Thomas, from the Death of Frances, taking to a Course of Life injurious to himself, and, as such, offensive to the [Robert], all Intimacy and Correspondence was broke off between them, till about the year 1716.
"When, The Appellant Thomas (coming of age) expressing a Concern for his Misbehaviour, and prevailing with some Relations to intercede for him, so far reconciled the [Robert] to him, as to advise him in his Affairs; particularly, to go to the West Indies, to look after a considerable Estate, left there by the said John his father; in order to which, and to answer other pressing Occasions, the said Appellant proposed [Robert], that if he could lend him 200, and execute a power of attorney to him, to Act in the West Indies, the said Appellant, to secure the said £200, and the more amply also to secure the said £1900 to his Brothers and Sisters, would convey his Moiety of Kilcromin, which he claimed by his father's will, to the Respondent.
"Accordingly, by Deeds of Lease and Release, dated 8th and 9th of June, 1716, the Appellant Thomas did convey the same to [Robert] and the said Lancelot SANDS; and soon after went to the West Indies."
"The said Conveyance of the said Moiety of Kilcromin, for the said £200, and Children's Portions, recited that it was the Real Estate of the Appellant Thomas, and he Covenanted that he was seized thereof in Fee.  And [Robert] and the said SANDS, in conjunction with the said Appellant Thomas, executed a Lease of Kilcromin for 21 years to the other Appellant, the Earl of Cavan; in which Lease there was a Proviso, that the said Earl should surrender at the End of 13 Years, if said Thomas should be minded to live at Kilcromin, [Robert] wholly consulting the Interest and Satisfaction of the Appellant, his Nephew; and not being undeceiv'd as to the aforesaid Supposition, that his Father had sold Kilcromin.
"The Appellant Thomas return'd from the West Indies about the Beginning of the Year 1718, having acted so weakly and extravagantly there, that he had spent almost the whole Estate left there by his Father. And [Robert] desiring him to pay off his Brothers and Sisters Portions, advis'd him, if he could not do it otherwise, to endeavour to get £1300 (which seemed the Sum then wanting) from some Person, on a lower Interest than the National. Upon which the Appellant Thomas, having by this time borrow'd £300 from the Appellant Lord Cavan, on his Bond and Judgement, unknown to [Robert], applied for the £1300 to Lord Cavan , who came to [Robert, and discours'd him on that Occasion; and letting fall some Expressions, intimating that he wanted the Inheritance from Thomas, [Robert] was alarm'd, and greatly provoked at his Nephew's Intention, to sell the Inheritance of an Estate which had been 160 years in the Family."

And so the stage was set, and litigation was entered into; Robert exhibited his Bill in the Court of Chancery in June 1718; Thomas made his Answer in January 1719; Lord Cavan made his Answer in February 1719, and followed that up with a Cross-Bill in November 1719; and when decisions were reached in Robert's favour, the nephew Thomas PIGOTT and Richard, the Earl of Cavan, lodged their Appeal to the House of Lords.


There a number of mentions of PIGOTT family members in Congregational Records of the Quakers in Queen's County (images of these records are viewable on findmypast.co.uk, courtesy of the Historical Committee of the Religious Society of Friends in Ireland Archives).

I originally published them here, but have now created a new blog-page, published 20 May 2016, dedicated entirely to the tithe records themselves.


William Dowdall PIGOTT was an Irishman, and an Army Ordnance Clerk, before retiring on a half-pay pension to Canada.
In 1851, he served as a Census Enumerator for the area in which he had settled, Fitzroy Harbor, in Ontario. William had a penchant for recording people's places of origin in some detail, for which many a present-day genealogist has been given good cause to be grateful - and in the enumeration of his own family, he recorded that he himself was born at Dysart in the Queen's County of Ireland.
There is a small difficulty with this detail - there had been no PIGOTT family living at Dysart since about the mid 1700's. But given his middle name was Dowdall, and there are known DOWDALL ancestors of the junior branch of the Dysart PIGOTT family who had lived for some generations a little to the north of Dysart at Capard, near Mountmellick, it is quite likely that those may have been his more immediate origins.
Unless he was a son of Rev Edward PIGOTT (1749-1797), of the Chetwynd in County Cork branch, who was, for a time, the Rector of Dysart and Kilteale Parish (presented in June 1772; succeeded in 1797), but probably not residing at the former PIGOTT home of Dysart, within the parish.
Edward was a son of Rev William PIGOTT, Archdeacon of Clonfert, by his first wife Frances CLARKE, and whose widow, his second wife, Mary MOORE, in her will dated 1797, did mention that her late step-son Edward had other issue surviving, without naming them (it is a known that Edward had, by his wife Ann BILLING, a daughter named Frances Mary Ann Billing PIGOTT).
There was an Edward PIGOTT, Esq, of Dysart, who subscribed in 1791 to the publication in Dublin of "Galatea, a Pastoral Romance, imitated from Cervantes," by M. Clarins de FLORIAN - but this was an Esquire, not a Clerk in Holy Orders or Reverend gentleman.

William Dowdall PIGOTT is believed to have been born at Dysart Castle on 29 September 1790 (as recorded on his gravestone); he was appointed Ordnance Clerk, Ballincolleg, Ireland, December 1805; he removed to Clonmel, 1807, and was residing at Clonmell, County Tipperary, in 1815, Single, and a Clerk with the Board of Ordnance, Ireland; he was placed on half-pay, 1816; Ordnance Board, order for pension, 13 December 1817, amount £40.

William D. PIGOTT, of Taghmon, County Wexford, 1827, when mentioned in a file of papers held in the National Archives of Ireland, Reference CSO/RP/1827/2100 (date range 4 April to 18 June 1827), relating to a memorial of Richard LANE, late Barrack sergeant at New Ross and currently a prisoner in Wexford Gaol, as having written an "... additional letter to George CARR, [?New] Ross, informing him of a possibility that the removal of LANE will be delayed 'until a rehearing of his case... he may be pardoned the question is whether this will be an advantage to him'."

W. D. PIGOTT, then residing in Maryborough, Queen's County, was named in proceedings brought before the High Court of  Chancery in Dublin on 22 June 1835, in the case of BALDWIN v. BRIDGES, concerning a renewable leasehold in an un-named property or premises in or near Maryborough, Queen's County; he was made a trustee of the estates in 1827 by agreement of an earlier trustee, Mr MOSSE, and the parties concerned, in order to pay off certain encumbrances, including £2,000 debts pertaining to several renewals of the Lease; he transferred that trust to John BALDWIN, one of the Plaintiffs, in January 1833, "...being about to leave the country"; but before that, he had visited England to meet with the defendant, Brook BRIDGES, to make on offer on the debts which his agent, Mr FREKE, had rejected, and in October 1832, he abstracted dates of the burials in Maryborough in 1805 and 1818 of two of the deceased "lives for terms" of earlier leases, evidently a sticking point in calculating the fines for renewal after the deaths of those lives (Jonathan BALDWIN in January 1805; and his brother James BALDWIN in September 1818). This W. D. PIGOTT could, in my view, have been none other than our William Dowdall PIGOTT.
His involvement suggests a possibility that William may have been related to the BALDWIN family, and William naming one of his sons Edward David Baldwin PIGOTT adds weight to that possibility. Indeed, there was a David BALDWIN, of Raheenduff, who was buried in the Dysart Churchyard on on 9 May 1834, aged  69, and whose wife Charlotte died on 9 February 1849, aged 73, and was buried with him - although they could not have had a daughter old enough to have been William Dowdall PIGOTT's mother - and in 1791, David was residing at Dysart. However, David had a sister, and William BALDWIN, of New York, in his "Genealogy of Baldwins from Queen's County, etc," published in 1918, records, at page 72, that John BALDWIN of Dysart (he died in 1797), had issue by his wife Elizabeth CAMBIE, six children, including the above David BALDWIN, and "..a daughter, who married a Mr PIGOTT" - and these two appear very likely to be candidates for the parents of William Dowdall PIGOTT. Further, any child of hers would very likely have been born in the family home at Dysart, under the watchful eye of her mother Elizabeth, especially if it was her first-born.

William was re-employed by the Ordnance Board in March 1832, for service in Malta; he was appointed vice BEEVOR, on a salary of 90 pounds per annum, the sixth of six clerks in the Malta Ordnance Department's listing of Storekeepers; he had children born in Valetta, Malta, in August 1833, May 1835 and February 1837; ditto in Belfast, February 1840, and in County Wexford (including Enniscorthy), about 1841-45; he retired from the Army, January 1844, on a "half-pay" pension of £59; emigrated to Canada about 1846-47; Postmaster and Clerk of Commissioner's Court, Fitzroy Harbour, Carleton County, Canada West, 1857; Half-pay officer, Fitzroy, Carleton County, 1880 Census, aged 90; he died at Renfrew County, Ontario, 24 February 1882.
William was married, by License of the Diocese of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin, Ireland, in 1832, to Eliza Jane COLLEY (born at Bellcarrig, County Wexford, on 1 August 1808, a daughter of Rev Arthur COLLEY and Ann PENTLAND); she died at Carleton County, Ontario, 26 April 1929 (but this year is impossible), aged 96.
They had issue:
1. Edward PIGOTT, born about January 1833; buried at Malta, 28 August 1833, aged 7 months.
2. Anne Charity PIGOTT, born at Valetta, Malta, 14 May 1835; aged 26, with husband and two daughters, 1861; at Valleyfield, Culross, Perthshire, 1891 Census, aged 53, residing with her son, with her daughters Lillias and Mary; at Henlade House, Henlade near Taunton, 1911 Census, aged 73, widow, residing with her MURRAY son-in-law and daughter Eliza; she died at Taunton, Somerset, March quarter 1917, aged 79 [Vol.5c, p.468]; she married at Fitzroy, Canada West, 15 June 1856, Rev William Colin CLARKE, Rector of Elizabethtown, Diocese of Toronto, second son of the late Robert CLARKE, Esq, of Comrie Castle, Perthshire, Scotland [Morning Chronicle, London, Sat 19 July 1856]; he was born at Culross, Fifeshire, 12 July 1810, son of Robert CLARKE and Isabella WELLWOOD; at Enumeration District 1, Fenelon township, Victoria County, 1861 Census, aged 45, Minister, with wife and 2 daughters; in 1864, he inherited the Valleyfield estate in Fifeshire of the late Sir Robert PRESTON (after his last surviving niece, Lady Ann HAY, had died in 1862); he assumed the additional surname of PRESTON, and returned to Scotland to take up that inheritance.

[An engraving (by John PELTRO after Humphrey REPTON) of Valleyfield, as it appeared in Peacock's Polite Repository, September 1802.]
William died at Valleyfield House, Culross, on 7 December 1870 [Dundee Courier and Argus, Friday 9 December], aged 60; they had issue:
     a. Eliza Isabella Wellwood CLARKE, born at North Augusta, Canada West, about 1857-58; aged 3, with parents, 1861 Census; she died in 1949; she married at Holy Trinity, Chester, Cheshire, 4 October 1877, Henry Edward MURRAY (afterwards MURRAY-ANDERSON or ANDERDON).
     b. Isabella (Ella) Marianne CLARKE, born at Fenelon Falls, Ontario, about 1859-60; aged 1, with parents, 1861 Census; aged 51, Spinster, with her mother, 1911, residing with her MURRAY brother-in-law ans sister Eliza.
     c. Mary Ann Ferguson CLARKE, born at Fenelon Falls, Canada West, 18 June 1861; she married at St Mary's, Chester, Cheshire, 14 August 1883, Arthur HASSALL, a History Professor.
     d. Jane CLARKE PRESTON, born at Rue Lake, Canada West, 3 June 1863; married at Delhi, Bengal Presidency, 15 February 1889, Norman Stuart OGILVIE, Royal Artillery.
     e. Robert William Pigott CLARKE PRESTON, born at Culross, Fifeshire, 17 June 1865; at Valleyfield, Culross, 1891 Census, aged 25, Proprietor of Lands living on private means, with mother, two sisters and HASSALL brother-in-law.
     f. Lillie Campbell CLARKE PRESTON, born at Culross, 26 June 1867; aged 23, Unmarried, with brother, 1891.
     g. Arthur Colley CLARKE PRESTON, born at Culross, 6 November 1869.
3. Isabel Jane PIGOTT, born at Valetta, Malta, 2 February 1837; died at Carleton County, Ontario, 20 August 1904, aged 87; apparently unmarried.
4. Arthur Colley Wellesley PIGOTT, born at Belfast, County Antrim, 10 February 1840 [Belfast Newsletter, 21 February]; died at Carleton County, Ontario, 26 April 1927; married at Pembroke, Renfrew County, Ontario, 11 October 1882, Janet Carmichael ROBERTSON, with issue.
5. Edward David Baldwin PIGOTT, born at Wexford, Ireland, about 1840-41; died at Fitzroy, Ontario, October 1868, aged 17.
6. Elizabeth Georgina, born at Wexford, about 1842-43; died at Ottawa, 1904; married at Fitzroy, Ontario, 26 October 1871, Samuel FETHERSTON[HAUGH], with issue.
7. John Alexander Wellington PIGOTT, born at Enniscorthy, County Wexford, about 1846; died at Carleton County, Ontario, 21 May 1929; married at Fitzroy Harbour, Ontario, 29 June  1882, Olivia POOLE, with issue.
8. Mary Ann PIGOTT, born in Ontario, about 1847; informed her brother John's death, 1929, apparently unmarried.
9. Frances H. PIGOTT, born in Canada; aged 2, 1851 Census; died at Carlton County, Ontario, 26 August 1878, "aged 25"; apparently unmarried.
10. Charlotte M. PIGOTT, born in Ontario, about 1856-57; aged 24, 1881 Census.